Letter from Andrew Jackson to Alexander James Dallas

Nashville 11 July 1815
     I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letters of the 21st. & 24th. ultimo with their enclosures.
     By my general order of the 3d. Inst. heretofore forwarded to you, & my letter to Genl Gaines of the 24th. ult. a copy of which I now send you, you will be advised of the disposition I have deemed it expedient to make of the troops within my Divission.
     By that which has been made of the 24th. & 39th. Regiments, i am persuaded the machination of Col Nichols will be defeated.
     I cannot believe that any considerable body of the Creeks have the least intention to return to hostilities; & the few who have yeilded themselves to improper influences ought, if they continue to manifest an evil disposition, to be brought, at once, to a proper sense of duty. The Seminoles, on whose friendship the least calculations are to be made, will hardly have the audacity to resort to arms, without great encouragement & support from some other power.
     I regret very much the delay of the Commissioners in runing the Creek boundary line. Upon this subject I beg leave to trasmit you a letter just received from majr Strother. To remove any apprehension or danger in the execution of their task I have sent Capt Donelson with his cmopany of rangers to serve as a guard to teh commissioners If Genl. Coffee could be made to fill the place, from which it seems Col Kershaw has retired, I am well satisfied the business would be soon adjusted. I have the Honor to be very respectfully sir Yr. mst. obt St.

Andrew Jackson
Major Genl Comdg
D. of the south--


Letter to Andrew Jackson from Daniel Bissell

St. Louis, M.T.
July 2nd. 1815
     Government having appointed Commissoners to treat with the Indians of the Mississippi and its vicinnity and have invited the different Tribes or nations to send Deputies to a council at Portage Du Souix, the 6h July it is presumed a great number will attend when I consider it an object of great moment, as do the Commissioners (see the enclosed note from there secretary) to preserve good order and to impress them at the same time with an Idea of our strength and importance as a nation. I have therefore taken the necessary steps to concentrate my force as much as circumstances will permit and to make such disposition of the means under my controle as best to effect the object and give security to the frontier. I have found it adviseable and have called on the Governors of Missourie and Illinoies Territories, for a major and two companie of militia (viz) a major and one company from Missourie and one company from Illinois, and have reduced the Garrison at Belle Fountain to a mear safe Guard, principally invaleads and with the force from that place, I have maned two of the largest Gun Boats, (the Governor Clark and Commodore Perry) which are well officered and equiped and already at the Portage. Colo Miller of the 3rd. Infantry is there with about 275 Regulars which he brought on; this officer I have ordered to make Command of the Troops at that place, and any that may arrive. Governor Clark and myself returned from the Portage last evening, having visited that place, to fix on the Encampment &c., and the Govenor has fixed on the place for his Concil House, which I have directed Colo. Miller to have prepared, the Indians already begin to come in, we found some few there, on our arrival, and about twenty canoe Loads arrived when we were there, from what little I have noticed of the deportment of the Indians since I arrived, I think they appear to attach much consequence to themselves, and hold the americans in great contempt as warriors, little better than squaws, however the circumstance of the Brittish having avacuated Prarire du Shein, and Burnt there works, has apparently changed the tone of some of them, and not unlikely all may subscribe to such a treaty as we wish, yet I do not believe we shall have peace long withthem, or that those Indians wille ver respect us as a nation, untill they are well chastised-- I am exstremly awkwardly situated, having much to do and but little to do with, I have neither Quartermaster nor funds for the Department, and know not where I am to git any; the pay master is absent in kentuckey for funds for to pay off the Troops, many of which have not been paid, for more than a year, and the few U.S. troops which I have sen are litterally naked, a part of Captn. Wilkinson Compy 24th Infty. have been about two years in service and have not drawn a particle of Clothing there is not an officer of the present peace establishment, that was in this quarter, when I arrived; I am therefore compelled to continue those on duty, who are droped from the Rolls of the Army, as also the men for during the war, as no arraingment as yet has been made by the Inspectors Dept. to my knowledge for there Discharge and settlement, in fact I fell as if every man we can put on duty at this time quite to little, my call on the Govenors would have been greater, but it is distressing at this season, to call the farmer from his fields. What we may want in numbers, I will endeavour to make up for vigilence, no confidence can as yet be placed in those treacherous beings the indians, in fact they are far from being satisfied.
     The state of Colo Russells health when i releived him was exstremely delicate, he is now at Kaskaskas exstremely ill, quite mentally derainged, his bad health prevented his giving me the necessary information respecting the situation of the District &c. &c., therefore I must report to you as I become acquainted. I find there is the remains of two companies of the 7th. Infantry which belongs to the Troops at Belle Fontain, Viz late Poses and Taylors companies, nine of those men are at Vincinnes, and in all about 50 or 55 for 5 years there are also 3 of the 5th. Infty. and about 13 of the 1st. Infantry in this District, they would all form a good company. I have the Honor to be With great respect sir your obt. servt.

Signed Dl. Bissell Br. Gen


Letter from Andrew Jackson to Ninian Edwards and William Clark

Head quarters D. of the South.
Nashville June 27th 1815

     The Indians, on your frontier still hold a menacing attitude of hostility towards the United States. Peace, tranquility and perfect security must be afforded to your frontier. I am just advised that to secure this without a resort to arms, the President of the United States has appointed commissioners to treat with those Tribes bordering on our north west.
     Confidence is not entertained that peace will result from the friendly course adopted by the President of the United States nor can it be expected untill they are made to smart by our arms, and taught to disregard the talks of bad men, agents of British mercenaries to crush these ruthless Mauraders and give peace and safety to the frontier is the present object of the President of the United States in case the proposals of Peace, now offered should be rejected by these deluded wretches. And for this purpose I am authorised to call for an auxiliary force from the Militia of the States or Territories, composing my Division; as you will see in the extract of a letter from the Department of War of date 12th. Instatn herewith enclosed. I have to request you to keep me well advised of the Disposition of the Indians on your frontier. If it should be hostile advise me immediately, and in the mean-time organise for active service the Militia of your Territory, and hold them ready to march at a moments warning. Please advise me of their strength. I have the honor to be with due respect your obt. servt.

Andrew Jackson
Majr. Genl. Comdg.
D. of the South


Letter to Andrew Jackson from Samuel Carswell

Philada. June 26 1815
in confidence
Dear Sir
    Your favor of the 12th of Sepr. 1814, is received and the contents is duly noted; I am sorry to find that you have not had it in your power to drive out of Louisiana all the adherents to the British Government, as well as those that were in arms against you, for a domestic enemy is much more injurious to the Country than foreign; The vote of thanks of the General Assembly of Louisiana, is received in Pennsylvania with disgust, But it is not expected your officers will accept of it; The reason your letter was not acknowledged before this time, was, that it was out of my power to calculate any point to meet you at. The present is to request your age which will confer a particular favor on Your ob. Hble. Sert

Saml Carswell


Letter to Andrew Jackson from John Strother

Ft. Strother June 23d. 1815

Dear General
     I am still at this place with Colo Wm. Barnett, General Seveir not yet arrived, nor no dispatches from him, nor have we heard from Colo. John Kershaw since he left this place in the strange manner he did-- Colo. Barnettt is not only very unpleasantly situated, but in my opinon, very improperly neglected by his colleagues & I am of opinions he feels it sensably but bears it with silence-- this day he sends an express to Genl. Seveir, on the return of which, he will determine on something conclusive. If Genl. Seveir does not come on with the express, or give such assureances of his being on shortly after, I am of opinon, the boundary lines will not be commenced running this season-- should this be the case it may probably take an army to guard the commissioners in running them hereafter-- indeed from every thing which I am capable of drawing correct conclusions from at this place, I am as much disposed to believe that, the principal opposition tothe running the treaty lines will be experianced from the friendly part of the creeks, who I am told states, that they think the Genl. Government are in much of a hurry to get the lands before they, on their part, have compiled with the terms of the treaty in supplying them with provisions &c. Again, I am told that Colo. Hawkins (the notorious hostile cheif) has given it as his opinon, that unless the commissioners are fully authorised to make full & ample remuneration to the Indians for all the losses they had sustained in the course of the War, that blood would be split in running the lines, but more particularly in sectioning the country-- & that he had reason to beleive, & had no doubt, but that the Indians would claim themselves as protected under the provision of the British treaty--as a proof of this latter opinion, he shewed to Colo. Kershaw, or gave him a copy of a letter from Nichols, the British agent, who stated that, the Indians were determined to clim themselves protected by that treaty & through Hawkins forwarned the United States from Interfereing with the Indian lands--as the grounds of his first opinion relative to remuneration for losses--he furnished Colo. Kershaw witha  letter which Genl. Pinkney had sent him stating the terms on which the Genl. Government would make a peace--recollect, this Letter was dated previous to your treaty with them and had no connection with it. why Colo Hawkins should at this time attempt, at this time in this oblique manner, to make impropre impressions on the minds of teh commissioners, or any of them, I leave to be solved by politicians--mathematical objects is my province here, & to that text I stick.
     I fear that Colo Kershaw has received some improper impressions form their great little man Hawkins Colo Barnett will stick close to the text of the treaty & the law-- & if he is well seconded all will be right, & nothing but coercion on the part of the Indians, that with a very formadable force will stop him.
     Genl. Gaines passed this post on the 18th. 19th. Inst. for deposit &c. he apprehends no dainger of our being interupted in running the lines-- he has promised to order on a proper supply to this post, which would be quite acceptable, as we have had nothing except forrage, since we have been here but such private supplys as I had ordered on from Huntsville on my rout out-- The evil spirits stated by the natives to reside in a deep hole in the ten islands, have surely employed all their mischevious machinations to prevent this post from being supplyed with provisions, and thereby determined to starve out all the great men ordered here by the government--surely the place must be inchated-- at least to me it is among the unlucky spots in this world where I have been doomed to see & experience little else but trouble & heartakes--
     Your orders to the officers commanding at the different posts near the lines designated in the creek treaty to furnish the comissioners with such guards as they may call for was received by Colo. Barnett a few days past-- Adieu and believe me respectfully your Obt. Hble. Servant--

John Strother


Letter from Andrew Jackson to John Reid

Nashville 13th. of June 1815

Dr. Sir,
    I had the pleasure this moment of receiving your note of yesterday and regret exceedingly your Indisposition, the complaint you are affected with is one of the most disagreable, altho not dangerous-- I am sorry I have not a register to send you-- you will find it correctly published in the national inteligencer-- I have just been gratified with a few lines from our friend Duncan-- he asks where are you, that he has not heard of, or from you-- his reply to the Legislature is not finished, he is waiting for the explosion of two of the senators-- who are about to explode and let the treason out-- he says to me he will bust the whole-- I have had a laborious siege of it, and wanted your aid verry much-- the various communications to be made has kept us verry busy-- but we are now closing for the present mail--
     I will expect to see you either here or at my house as soon as your health will permit-- with respects to your lady & best wishes for your speedy recovery adieu

Andrew Jackson


Letter from Andrew Jackson to Alexander James Dallas

Head Quarters 7th. M. District
23. May 1815

     I hasten to reply to your letter of the 12th ultimo, which I have, this moment, received.
     The express which was forwarded from the war department on the 14th. February, bore an open letter of that date from the Postmaster general stating that he was charged with dispatches relative to the peace; but when the pacquet was opened it was found to contain nothing but a letter from the sec. of war of the 13th directing me to raise 2 Regiments for the defence of the 7th District & a few copies of the Act of Congress authorising it.
     The letter of the 16th. February communicating the ratification of the Treaty, did not arrive til a considerable time afterwards-- So soon as it did arrive its instructions relative to the disposition of the troops under my command were strictly attended to.
     As explanatory of my conduct, & of the motives which influenced it during the late invasion of Louisiana, I enclose you, for the inspection of the President the Answer which I had prepared on a Rule to shew cause &c. issued from the District Court of which Mr. Hall is judge. It will be found I believe, to refer to most of the matters of which the President has received secret intelligence. I shall feel a satisfaction in going into a more particular explanation & defence of my several acts when my accusers can be known, & it shall be thought necessary.
     I persuade myself the President will have no objection to furnish me with the names of those persons who transmitted to him the communications & complaints to which you allude. I have but little doubt they will be found to belong to those who would have betrayed their Country, or skulked from its defence.
     If the peculiar circumstances under which I was compelled to act, do not justify the measure I pursued I neither deserve confidence, no am ambitious to retain it.
     The consciousness of the manner in which my exertions were directed to the performance of my duty as well as the expressions of approbation which the result of those endeavours has drawn forth from my countrymen in general & from those in particular among whom I immediately acted have indeed afforded me great gratification--such as I cannot be deprived of nor easily disturbed in. I have the Honor to be Sir with great respect yr. obt st

Andrew Jackson
Major Genl comdg.
7th. M. District--