Journal Office


Milledgeville, April 24, 1814.
We have information from the Creek Nation which may be relied on, to the following purport;
That the great body of the Hostile Indians have dispersed and fled precipitately towards the Spanish posts of St. Marks and Pensacola-that in their flight they were met by Col. Russell’s army, who killed a great number of them-their principal Prophet Francis was among the slain. Our armies have concentrated in the neighbourhood of Hoith-le wau le.
It is reported, that some of the hostile Creeks have sued for peace and delivered up the Tallassee King to our officers-but how they have contrived to resuscitate this old King, who was killed at Autossee, we cannot imagine.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-May 6, 1814.


Compensating Widows and Orphans

The Widows and Orphans of Officers, Seamen and Marines, who have been slain, or have died in consequence of wounds recevied on board any of the public ships or vessels in the service of the United Staes, since the delcaration of war against Great Britain, on the 18th day of June, 1812, will be entitled to a pension agreeably to the Act of Congress passed the 4th March 1814 on producing or forwarding to the Navy Department, a certificate of lawful marriage on the part of a widow, and that she still continues the widow of a deceased seaman or marine, and of the number of children living (if any) under the age of sixteen years; which certificate must be signed and duly authenticated, by one or more of the principal magistrates of the county or town, where such widow may reside.
Navy Department, Washington,
April 23d, 1814.

From Sackett's Harbor


By the politeness of an officer at Utica we are enabled to remove any doubts respecting our affairs at Sackett’s Harbor, by the following extract of a letter received by express from a gentleman of rank at the Harbor.


“Sackett’s Harbor, April 23.
“We have ascertained that the enemy’s intention at attack us, arose from a report he had received from our side that our fleet had sailed up the lake to co-operate with Major Gen. Brown’s division of the army at Niagara. An intelligent person lately from the vicinity of Kingston, informs us that the expedition was abandoned as soon as it was found that our fleet was yet in the harbor. The enemy’s fleet, including 2 new ships launched a week ago, will be out by the 4th or 5th of May, & by that time we shall be ready to meet them on the lake and on this place, as we feel ourselves sufficiently strong to receive any force the enemy may be able to send against us. Lieut. Smyth arrived yesterday morning, with his command in good order. His men are amongst the best looking recruits I have seen.”


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-May 13, 1814.


Act to Grant Pensions to Officers...

act to grant pensions to officers and seamen serving on board revenue cutters, whilst employed in consort with, ir in the dates of, our naval armaments. Nor ought we, under  this head, to omit to notice the honorary votes of thanks to the officers and crew of our marined vessels who have distinguished themselves by gallant feats since the last session of Congress, or the more substantial reward given by the act authorizing the purchase by the government of the vessels captured from the enemy on Lake Erie. Among those acts, too, which will have as great a tendency as any other ever passed, to perpetuate the spirit which achieved the victories that have distinguished and we hope will continue to grace our arms by land and sea, is the act for the preservation and display in the Capitol of the flags captured from the enemies of the United States. In this latter act, and in that alone, have Congress equally honored the Army and the Navy. Of the utter neglect to award like public honors to the memory of our gallant soldiers fallen in battle, as have been justly awarded to our valiant seamen, we shall take occasion to speak more particularly hereafter.
Of a commercial nature, with the exception of the great measure first noticed, the acts passed at the present session have been few and unimportant--relating principally to remissions of penalties in favor of isolated cases of hardship. No one of these is believed to involve any principle of moment.
On the subject of the public lands, various laws were passed, besides the usual and almost matter-of-course law giving further time to the purchasers of public lands to complete their payments. The law first in importance in relation to the Public Lands, was the law for a settlement of the Yazoo claims, which, though it passed the Senate by a large majority, was barely squeezed through the House of Representatives. Besides this act, the titles of which is "An act to provide for the indemnification of certain claims of Public Land in the Mississippi territory," acts were also passed for the final adjustment of land titles in the state of Louisiana and territory of Missouri; confirming certain claims to land in the Illinois territory and providing for their location; concerning certificates of confirmation of claims to land in the state of Louisiana; and supplementary to the act for ascertaining the titles and claims in that part of Louisiana which lies East of the river Mississippi and island of New Orleans. There were all the acts of a general nature that were passed relative to the public lands.
To guard against so long a recess in an eventful period, as would otherwise have ensued the present adjournment, an act was passed fixing the last day of October next for the next meeting of Congress, which will limit the recess to little more than six months.
No law was passed during the session to lay additional taxes on the People, though two or three acts were passed explanatory of the acts for this purpose passed at the last session. The only acts respecting revenue which were passed, were the act to authorise a loan, and to authorise the issuing of Treasury Notes; both acts together, calculated, with the aid of the revenue from existing impost and internal duties, to raise a sufficient sum to meet the large appropriations made for the service of the current year.
We have cursorily noticed all the acts of a public nature which passed during the last session. There were many bills of considerable importance lost in either House, of which it may be worth a while on another day to give a separate detail.
A vessel arrived at the Spanish port of Havanna on the 15th ult. from Africa. having on board one hundred and eighty eight slaves, out of eight hundred and four, the remained having died on the passage!
A Boston Centinel of Saturday last observes, "We have conversed with a gentleman from New Providence, who informs, that about the 9th February, a fleet consisting of 13 sails, with prize cotton, sugars, coffee, &c. left there for Bermuda and England under convoy of the Moselle and Rifleman brigsl and that they were all manned with American sailors. As there had been no exchange of prisoners there, and many of them having been confined 8 or 10 months, they had it at their option to remain prisoners, or to navigate the above, vessels to Englans; and they readily accepted the latter:--some giving a premium for the preference. Ther are to have 30 dollars per month; are furnished with passports from Mr. Lord, our commissary, and a protection from the British authorities.

Extract of a letter to a gentleman in Baltimore, dated.
"Bordeaux, February 20.
"On the 10th, 11th and 12th inst. the Emperor had an engagement with the army of Silesia, composed of 80,000 Russians and Prussians under the command of Gen. Blucher. The Emperor has completely dispersed and in a great measure destroyed the army. Besides their loss in killed, better than twenty thousand men are made prisoners--all their artillery, waggons, &c. are destroyed or taken, and the remnant of the troops are in full flight.
New York, April 18.
"The Spanish Cortez has issued a Proclamation forbidding any Spanish subject to obey Lord Wellington or any other British authority. His situation is perilous in the extreme. A powerful French army had assembled at Geneva to cut off the allies, retreating through Switzerland. The peasantry of Framce had risen en maese. The French are destroying all the bridges and causeways which could facilitate the flight of the allies. I just learn that gen. Blucher and four more distinguished Russian Generals are prisoners."
[From Paris Papers.]
  Paris, Feb 28.
Extracts from the Representations made by the Deputies from the cities of Montereau, Suzanne, Nogent on the Seine, Provins, and of the Chateau-Thierry to the municipal body of Paris, of the progress and proceedings of the allies in those cities.
The municipal council of Sezanne say, 'The 4th of Feb. we had the misfortune of being invaded by 2000 Cossacks and three squadrons of Prussian light horse. Vexations of every kind, requisitions on requisitions, the most extravagant demands succeeding each other. Such was their conduct. This first visit of the enemy, which lasted 4 days, did more harm to our city than 10,000 regular troops would done in 15 days. No more safety for citizens, no more respect for women. Nevertheless, this misfortune would have been forgotten, if, conquered a second time by an enemy much more numerous they had not commiserated our miseries. It was then, general, that we felt most deeply our painful situation-robbery, rapes, horrid treatments was the order of the day; new demands hourly increasing, and which it was impossible to satisfy, became for our enemies a pretext to exercise on our weak and inoffensive inhabitants the abominable vexations.

The Deputation from the City of  Nogent on the Seine.

'The excesses were not the work of a few stragglers; the Generals themselves in the houses where they lodged, after having eat up all the provisions of their host, openly took such property as they pleased, such as clocks, table linen, &c. By order of the Generals, objects intended for the supply of Paris, paticularly coals, were burnt or sunk. They even let loose fire batteaux, in the hope, without doubt, of burning all the banks of the Seine. The presence even of Gen. Barlay de Tolly, the King of Prussia and Emperor of Russia, could not arrest the plundering.'
"In the intoxication which their emphermeral successes inspired them, the Russians publicly announced their speedy entry into Paris, and their intention to carry away all the precious Monuments-immortal trophies of our victories: to five Paris up to pillage, to send all our women to people  their horrid desarts: to blow up the Thuilleries, and to make in one word the seat of the fine arts but one heap of raisins. Such is the faithful picture of the facts of which we have been sorrowing victims; and we can assure you; gentlemen, that notwithstanding the horror which we feel it is rather short of the truth than exaggerated."

The deputation of the City of Provins.

Gen. Rudler took up his quarters and that of his staff the 13th in the evening, this general immediately made forced requisitions at the houses of the inhabitants of Champaign, Bordeaux and Burgundy wine, of Brandy and of Sugar. The next day the officers of his staff compelled the mayor to make further demands for them of cloths, muslins, linen, iron, tobacco, skins of all kinds, and the horse nails which were in the city. During this, the Russian soldiers, Cossack, Baskirs, and Kalmucks, took up their quarters in the city and suburbs, where they seized the stores, provisions and forage, and robbed many of the inhabitants and farmers of Provins and its environs. They assassinated peaceable inhabitants: quartered a mayor: put a child in the fire to obtain from his unhappy mother what they wanted: to satisfy their brutal passions, they violated, in many places, girls and married women, of whome one was 60 years old, one was pregnant, who was brought to bed some moments after. They even broke, with a kind of fury, into the asylum of misfortune by entering on horseback and armed the very hospitals, robbed and mangled all the French they there found. They spread every where death and destruction.--Notwithstanding all their horros, German and Prussian Princes, and men of the first distinction among our enemies, commanded or accompanied the allied armies, and never gave the least order, nor made any effort to arrest these scenes of desolation.
These cruel and barbarous savages boasted with an ironical and insulting presumption, that they would hear the clocks strike 12 the 18th in Paris; and that they flattered themselves to be soon able to satiate the vengeance with which they were inspired for the burning of Moscow, and if we may judge from the ravages committed among us they would plunder this capital (Paris) of all her precious monuments, or destroy them; they would sack, pillage, devastate, and burn your beautiful city. The vengeance with which they swelled would only be assuaged by its entire destruction. If the inhabitants of Paris could only visit our cities and villages, they would shudder at the fact which awaited them, and the horrid calamities which they have escaped only by the victories of our Emperor.

The deputation from the City of Chateau-Thiery, says,

"Gentlemen--If all the citizens of the same nation ought to recollect that they are brothers, it is above all in these times of mourning where the miseries which weigh down one portion, meance the other. Certain of finding among you the sentiments which we feel, we come, gentlemen, our hearts overwhelmed with grief, to deposit in your bosom a faint sketches of the excesses which our unfortunate city had been, during the stay of our barbarous enemy in it, at once the theatre and the victim. [After describing in detail all the horrors which their own city, and the country around experienced, they go on to say:]
"We only cite to you some scattered traits of this vast picture of horros; but what we ought not to be silent about are their abominable designs on this capital. Gentlemen, the genius of the Emperor has dispersed [unable to decipher] off the thunder which already rolled over our heads; but if new storms should again menace you, learn and dread their terrible effects. We have been witness of the hopes of our enemies; we have heard their declarations. in proportion as they approached, their object, they believed in their foolish pride, that disquise was no longer necessary--Know then that Paris was to have been erased from the list of cities: that already they devoured in imagination, not only those precious monuments which victory has collected within your walls, but your riches--your women, and your children--know that these dear objects of your affections, after having seen consumed by fire every thing which an insatiable cupidity could not carry off, were to be forcibly torn away to people their desarts."

Extract from an Official Report made to the Municipality of Paris, on what took place in the city of Troyes, when in possession of the Allies.

"On the arrival of the three sovereigns in the city, the unfortunate inhabitants, oppressed in the most cruel manner, dared to hope that the presence of the Allied Monarchs would bring some alleviation to their misfortunes. They have been entirely deceived in their expectations. The troops, under their eyes committed the same excesses; and no order has been given out to repel them. Upon the complaints which were given, each prince condemned the want of discipline of the troops of other powers, and never wished to believe that his own subjects did any thing wrong. Differences existed between the combined forces. The companies charged with the maintenance of the police in the interior, have constantly refused to relieve the inhabitants who experience vexations from the military of other nations. The administration who saw with grief the distressed situation of the inhabitants, appeared before the Emperors of Austria and Russia, to implore their pity and favor. Their application failed of success. They were informed, that the present state of things was inseperable from the evils of war adding, that the difference of manners and characters of the combines people, even the prejudice which existed among them, opposed every measure which could alleviate the lot of the invaded countries. Thus the disturbances have been the same during their stay at Troyes."

Extract of a letter dated,
Bordeaux, March 5, 1814.
"There have been three severe engagements: the vanguard of the allies, composed of 10, 000 men, was cut to pieces. On the 27th of February a general battle, through the whole line, was won by the French. Three columns of Cossacks, composed each of 6000 men, have passed through Paris-- These barbarians have seen the elelgant city; but not as conquerors. There is a very numerous armu before Geneva. Pulic stocks, the themometer of the policital feeling, have risen. It would appear that Napoleon has concealed the extent of his forces even from France--they are now developing and are found immense. The allies attempted to take Antwerp, where they were literally cut to pieces.
"Wellington is at Mount Marson, 20 leagues from Bordeaux; but he left Bayonne behind him, where Soult is, and has it in his power to make his junction with Suchet. Nevertheless, a great deal of alarm prevailed at Bordeax. It appears there were two severe actions on the 10th and 11th of February.
'The corps d'armee of Blucher and Sacken are totally destroyed; Sacken himself mortally wounded. General D'York died at Chateau Thierry of his wounds. The peasants are enraged against the Cossacs to such a degree that they prefer going and surrendering at the head-quarters of the French to falling into their hands. The allies are in full retreat. A requisition was necessary to bury the dead bodies of our enemies.'

Norfolk, Va. April 16.
Idle Rumour. The propensity which some persons have for circulating false rumours, is suprizing, considering how greatly it subjects those who indulge in it to public contempt. In ordinary times this disposition is productive of no public inconvenience; but in the present state of things, this practice deserves to be reprehended in the severest terms. We are led to these reflections, by what happened here on Thursday last. About 2 o'clock it was reported in a manner so circumstantial as to gain general belief, that Admiral Cochrane had arrived with twenty four transports, having at least 5000 troops. By night the transports disappeared, and four ships of the line had arrived; and at last it turned out, that one frigate or sloop of war had arrived, and gone up the bay. We look for "Norfolk News," and have no doubt a few days will bring us imortant articles, such as "From our correspondent at Norfolk:"--"Extract of a letter from Norfolk," &c. &cc.-- We think it would desirable to ascertain facts, before letters are written, calculated to excite alarm, and perhaps loss and injury, in a variety of ways, that may be well imagined.       [Ledger.

Military Executions--Two soldiers were shot at Fort Mifflin, near Philadelphia, on Thursday last, for the crime of desertion. It is well to notice such instances; for it sometimes becomes necessary that lenity should give place to law, as a warning to deter others from like aggravated offences. [Col.

St. Louis, Missouri, March 26.
Elijah and Abraham Eastwood, two brothers, of this county, went our in the month of December last, to the Gasconage to trap Beaver: having concealed the skins they had taken, they resolved to extend their hunr to the head of the east fork of White river; where they had not been long before they were attacked by a large party of Osages. These young men were employed in procuring fuel at the time of the attakc, and paid little attention to the savages on their first approach, nor did the surviving brother apprehend danger until he observed them knock his brother down and discharge their pieces at him, when he ran from them and escaped amid the fire of nearly 100 shots, which were aimed at him. We understand the govenor intends demanding the murderers.

March to Paris-- A dramatic piece under this titles, written by Mr. Eustaphieve, was got up in Boston last week and a troop of Cossacs, in full costume, exhibited on the stage. The melo dramatic force, if continues this week will produce tragic phizzes on the loyal Bostonians; like the effects produced on the British officers in 1776, when they were amusing themselves at the theatre in witnessing a burlesque representation of Yankee soldiery, and called from their sport in great haste to thei posts, by the alarm of a real attack from the American troops. The Cossacs, in serious earnest, have marched to Paris, [us prisoners.]--Colum.

In this city, on Thursday evening last, by the Rev. Mr. Waugh, the Hon. Johnathan Roberts, a Senator in Congress from Pennsylvania, to Miss Elizabeth Bushby, daughter of the late Mr. Bushby of this city.

Yesterday in this city, after an illness of four or five days only, Samuel A. Otis, Esquire, late Secretary of the Seate, AE. 73. His long and faithful services in many important public offices and especially in that if Secretary of the Senate from the first organization of the General Government, to the last day of the last session of the Senate, (during which time he was never absent a single day from the duties of the Senate while in session) entitles him to the grateful rememberance of his country.
His friends and the citizens of the District are invited to attend his funeral this day at 3 o'clock P.M. from his late residence on the Capitol-hill.

April 12, 1814.
At an election for President and Directors of the Bank of Somerset, held in conformity to an act of the General Assembly of Maryland, the following gentlemen were chosen for the ensuing year.
L.D. Teackle
John Stewart
Geo. Handy
Tho. Robertson
G.W. Jackson
J.C. Wilson Jr.
R.J. King
M. Dashiell
John Rackliffe
L. Ballard
W. Jones.
April 23.

Will be sold, on Thursday the 28th of Aprilm at William Rhodes' on Capitol Hill, all this household and kitchen furniture, consisting of ten feather Beds and Furniture, Tables, Chairs, Carpeting, Knives and Forks, Plates and Dishes, &c. &c,
sale, all sums under fifty dollars, cash, all sums over fifty, four months credit, with approved indorsers.
Sale commence at 11o'clock--Terms of
N.S. QUEEN, Auc'r.
April 23-3t.

Agreeably to the last will and testament of the late Dr. James Eldelen, the subscribers will sell all the real estate whereof he died posessed, consisting of a farm adjoining the town of Piscataway, in Prince Georges county, containing about 1400 acres.
This place is well improved with a comfortable and commodious dwelling House, and all convenient and necessary out-houses, barns, stables, quarters, &c. of a superior quality; the most healthy situation in that part of the the country. On this land are several well prepared timothy meadows; and a very considerable quantity of this land is well adapted to and easy of preparation for timothy, the soil is generally fertile, and well adapted to the growth of wheat, corn, &c. From dseveral experiments, plaister acts well on this land:some of it a great abundance of timber and wood. It will be solf on the premises to the highest bidder on Tuesday the 21st day of June next, if fair, if not, the next fair day. Terms of sale, three equal payments at the end of 6, 12, and 18 months; the purchaser giving bond with approved securities, with a lien upon the land until the purchase money is paid.
At the same time and on the same terms, will be sold a Tract of Land lying in Cornwallia's Neck, Charles county, containing 500 acres. It is deemed useless to give a minute description, as purchasers will view the premises before the day of sale.
Executors of Dr. James Edelen.
April 13-wt3.

19th April, 1814.
According to order, an Extraordinary Course of Enquiry for the 1st regiment of the Columbian Brigade was convened at the Columbian Inn, Georgetown: Present Major Adam King, President, Captains Davidson, Stuil, Hollingshead, Coreoran, Johns, Mackall, Edmonston, Casain, Sprake, Lieut Kuriz, Hazel, Mitchell, Beatty, Members, and Lieut. Cummins adjutant.
On motion, Resolved, that Captain Davison, Suill, Ruth, Lieut. Kuriz, with Adjt. Cummins, be a committee to digest a plan for the organization of the 1st regiment of the 1st brigade of the Militia of the District of Columbia.
Whereupon the committee made the following report:
That the Regiment be divided into twelve companies viz. six volunteer uniform companies, and six battalion companies.
The battalion companies to be designated as follows:
1st. All liable to do miltia duty in the city of Washington and within the Regiment limits, shall compose one company.
2d. All liable to do militia duty in Washington county without the limits of the city of Georgetown, shall compose the second company.
3d. All liable to do militia duty within that part of Georgetown, south of Gay street and east of high and Water streets, shal compose the third company.
4th. All north of Gay street and eat of High street continued, shall compose the fourth company/
5th. All south of First street and west of High and Water streets, shall compose the fifth company.
6th. All north of First street and west of High street continued, shall compose the sixth compant.
Which Report was concurred in by the Court.
On motion, Resolved, that Capt. Briscoe command the first district or company, with Lieut. John Ross and Ensign Hines subalterns.
On motion, Resolved, that Capt. Corcoran command the second district or compant with Lieut. Leonard, subaltern.
On motion, Resolved, that Capt. Mackall command the third company or district with Lt. Lowndes and Ensign Ross, subalterns.
On motion, Resolved, that Capt. Cassin command the fourth company or district, with Lieut. M'kenney and Ensign Myers, subalterns.
On motion, Resolved, that Capt. Hollingshead command the fifth compant or district, with Lt. Wingerd and Ensign Brookes, subalterns.
On motion, Resolved, that Capt. Johns command the sixth company or district, with Lieutenant Morton and Ensign Fenwick, subalterns.
Resolved, That the companies commanded by Captain Davidson, Briscoe, Stuil, Cassin, Mackall, Fowler, compose the first battalion and be commanded by Lieut. Colonel Thompson; and that they companies commande by Captains Hollingshead, Ruth, Edmonston, Johns, Corcoran, and Lieutenant Kuriz, compose the second battalion and be commande by Major King.
Resolved, That Captain Speake, Lieutenants Commandant Beatty and Mitchell, and Lieut. Warren hold their respective rank in the first regiment of the Columbian brigade, and that they be entitled according to precedence to the command of the first companies that may become vacant by the death, resignation, or removal of thei respective commanders.
Resolved, That the foregoing be published in the Federal Republican and National Intelligencer.
April 23.

Mrs. BOWSON having given up her Boarding House establishment on the Capitol Hill, intends disposing of her furniture at public auction, on Monday the 9th day of May, if fair, if not, the next fair day, consisting of the following articles: Double and single high post and field bedsteads with curtains, double and single beds, bolsters and pillows as good as new, dining, drawing and bed room window curtains, hair mattrasses, Merseilles, cotton and quilt counterpaines, bureaus, desks, dressing, toilet and other tables suitable for chambers, wash stand, bason and pitcher, dining and drawing room and chamber looking glasses, large and small English ingrain carpets of various sizes, to suit the different rooms, all good: side-board, sophas, settes, mahogany dining tables with claw feet, mahogany card and tea tables, plated castors, knoves and forks, chairs and writing desks, table and tea China and queens ware pyramids of different sizes and flasses to suit, tumblers, jelly and wine glasses and decanters, Japan plate warmers, shovel and tongs and irons, wire fenders, brass mounted, iron and tin fenders for chambers, rose blankets of various sizes, diaper table clothes, linen and cotton sheets, passage and stair carpets, passage lamps, waiters, large and small, stone pots for pickles and preserves, iron ports, gridirons, frying pans, washing tubs iron bound, chicken coops, and other househould and kitchen furniture too tedious to mention. The terms of sale are, for all sums under thirty dollars, cash, and for all sums over thirty dollars, a credit of nine months will be given, the purchasers to give their notes with approved endorsers, to bear interest from the day of sale.
April 23.

THE subcriber offers for sale Three Hundred and Forty Acres of Land, situated in Prince George's county, Md. near the high road leading from Washington City to Upper Malboro, about eight miles from the former place; the soil is friendly to the culture of clover, with plaister there is a great proportion of wood land, abounding with rail and shinhle timber, three small tenements interspersed with several small streams of excellent water, and some meadow land. Also, this tract of land whereon the subscriber now lives situate about four miles from the latter place, containing three hundred acres; the improvements are a comfortable dwelling house and other our houses, the soil is well adapted to corn, wheat, and tobacco, which might be converted into excellent meadow with little expence. An indisputable title will be given to the purchaser. For terms apply to
April 12-1w3w.


Washington City, April 22

Washington City, April 22.

It is with great satisfaction we are enabled to state that the public authorities of the United States and Great Britain are relaxing in their measures of retaliation. In consequence of the indulgence shown to Gen. Winder in the permission granted to him by Sir Geo. Prevost to return for a time to his home, the President immediately extended a like indulgence to the British officers similarly situated.
About the period that our executive was thus manifesting his willingness to keep pace with the adversary in acts tending to promote the cause of humanity, Sir George Prevost, without any knowledge of the fact allowed Colonel Lewis and Maj. Madison to leave Quebec, on parole, for the United States-and, in pursuance of the same philanthropic spirit, the President, we understand, has given direction for the discharge, on parole, of all the British officers, now in custody as hostages, with permission for them to proceed to Canada.
Thus the retaliatory system, which, at its commencement, wore a menacing and terrible appearance, is gradually losing its aspect of ferocity-and in a way, too, which promises to leave little or no irritation on either side. The indulgence granted to the hostages, by the public authorities both in Canada and the United States are voluntary acts of benevolence, and have been sufficiently simultaneous to deprive either government of the exclusive merit of having commenced them.

Nat. Int.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-May 6, 1814.

From the Frontier


At a late hour last evening, we were politely favored with the perusal of a letter from a gentleman in Plattsburg to his friend in this town, dated Friday morning, April 1. Its great length renders it impossible for us to give any thing more than a hasty summary of its contents.
The important facts communicated, are that our army advanced into Odletown on the 30th ult. with a view of attacking the enemy at La Cole mill; that having proceeded about two and a half miles it was found they had mistaken the road to Montreal for that of the mill; that on wheeling to regain the road they had missed they were attacked by a picket of 30 regulars and 100 militia, who were sheltered in a barn. They were soon dispersed by the fire of a piece of light artillery, with the loss of one taken prisoner and three deserted.-Our loss was 20 killed and wounded; among the later Ensign Parker thro’ the breast.-Major Bernard and Totten had their horses shot under them.
The army proceeded by a cross road to La Cole Mill, where they arrived between three and four P.M. with the light artillery and one 12 pounder, the 18’s being prevented from coming up by the badness of the roads. The twelve pounder was opened upon the mill which sheltered the enemy with some little effect; they made a sally to take it, but with loss. Capt. M’Pherson commanded the piece and was wounded through the neck and hip; the latter supposed to be mortal. After his fall Lieut. Sheldon of the heavy artillery, took the command of the piece. He fought till every man about him was either killed, wounded or driven away, when he loaded and fired the piece himself, discharging it (the match being gone) with the flash of a musket.-He was soon supported by infantry. The attack continued until after sunset, when, no impression being made on the Mill, a retreat was ordered to Odletown. The heavy artillery arrived at Champlain that night.
Our loss is computed at from 100 to 150 killed and wounded. No officer was killed. The wounded are Capt. M’Pherson Lieut. Larrabee & Green, of the artillery, Ensign Parker of the infantry and Ensign Carr of the rifle corps.
The writer of the letter, of which the foregoing is a brief summary, says he was an eye-witness to the facts therein stated.
[The editors of the National Intelligencer have seen more detailed accounts of this affair; but the main facts accounts of this affair; but the main facts they glean from all the accounts are, that the style lasted two or three hours, thence enemy was repulsed whenever he attempted to make an assault on our line, and with considerable loss; that our loss was about seventy killed and wounded, that of the enemy being believed to be much greater; and that owing to the strength of the fortified post our army retired from before it in good order and high spirits, without accomplishing its reduction on that day. Gen. Wilkinson commanded in person.]

Nat. Int.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-April 22, 1814.



Further Particulars

Further Particulars.

We understand that our troops, while attacking the Stone Mills, were much annoyed by a gun boat; that a piece of artillery was brought up to be directed against her; that about sixty of the British rushed from the Mills and got possession of our piece, that while a grenadier was spiking it, Col. Forsyth approached with a party to recover it, when an American officer at the moment of attacking the grenadier, was with the grenadier, killed with one ball probably fired from the gun boat; that col. F. recovered the piece, and then retreated with the party; that of the sixty British who sallied from the Mills, all but eleven were either killed or wounded; that the Americans brought away 27 sleigh loads of killed and wounded, and left 7 killed. Some hours after this affair, a brisk firing was again heard in the direction of Missiquoi Bay; & it is probable the British followed our troops.


Published in the Maryland Gazette-April 21, 1814.

From the Northern Frontier

From the Northern Frontier.

A gentleman from Burlington, which place he left on Monday last, reports that Col. Clark, had advanced into the enemy’s country as far as South River, within 6 miles of Isle au Noix, captured the enemy’s advanced guard, &c. After which he returned to Missiquoi Bay, where he was reinforced, (his whole force said to consist of 2000 men) and left that place on the 26th ult. for the Stone Mills. About five miles from that place, attacked the picket guard, drove and pursued them to the Mills, where, on the 30th he attacked the enemy’s troops stationed there (consisting of about five hundred men,) when after a severe contest, he was compelled to retreat with the loss of 40 killed, 30 missing, and 100 wounded, and left the British in possession of the Mills.


Published in the Maryland Gazette-April 21, 1814.

Account of the Invincible's cruise

April 21, 1814.

Yesterday forenoon arrived at this port the letter of marque ship Invincible, of New York (formerly the French corvette Invincible Napoleon) Peter Destebecho, Jr. Commander, armed with 16 guns and 60 men. Thro' the politeness of her officers we have obtained the following


Sailed from Portland (Maine) on the 19th Dec. last, bound to New Orleans.
Dec. 23, lat. 38, 9, long. 62, 47, captured the Baltimore built schooner Prince Regent, capt. Hanson, mounting 10 guns and 17 mean, from Halifax bound to New Providence, with part of cargo of fish; she being of little value, destroyed her armament and permitted her to proceed, after taking a receipt for prisoners.
Jan. 7, lat. 36, 45, long. 23, 9, captured the English brig N obe, Captain Cudd, of 10 guns and 15 men, from St. Lucie bound to Liverpool (Eng.) with a cargo of sugar and coffee; the brig was in distress, having lost her rudder; took out part of her cargo and manned her for the first port in the United States.
Jan. 20 lat 56, 7, long 11, 58, captured the British ship Lady Prevost, capt Clark, of 6 guns and 16 men, from Liverpool (Eng.) bound to Demerara, in ballast; being of little value, intended to destroy her, but during a gale separated from her, leaving a prize crew on board, who have since arrived safe in N C rolina.
Jan. 27, in Sight of Santa Cruz off Teneriffe, captured English cutter Lion, from Bristol (Eng.) for Barbadoes, laden with crates, dry goods, &cc. Took out part of the cargo, put on board 18 prisoners, and permitted to proceed.
Jan. 29, close in with Teneriffe, fell in with the British brig Margaretta, of Hult, with cargo of wine, bound from port of Loratava to England; she being within the Spanish waters, permitted to proceed. The Invincible went into Santa Cruz afterwards, where the officers were well treated by the Governor, in consequence of the above conduct.
March 12, off the Island of Palms, captured the English brig Portsea, Capt. Stocks, of 8 guns and 16 men, from London bound to Rio Janeiro, loaded with iron, lead, crates of bottles, &cc. being of little value permitted her to proceed. The Portsea was on of the convoy of forty sail, from Portsmouth bound to the Cape of Good Hope and Brazils from which she had parted 3 days before; went in pursuit of the convoy, and run down as far as the Cape de Verde, which we made on the 19th March, without being able to fall in with the fleet- proceeded from the Cape de Verde, under easy sail, to the Island of Barbados.
April 5, 30 miles east of the Island, captured the letter of marque brig Conway, Capt Harrison, of 10 guns and 16 men, from London bound to Jacquemel, with an assorted cargo of Dry Goods, &cc. took out 43 trunks, 35 cases, and 23 bale of merchandize, manned her and ordered her for the U. States.
Same day captured English schooner Francis and Lucy, Capt. Gruchy, from Halifax bound to Barbados, with fish, oil and lumber; kept possession of her 3 days, when, having cleared the English Islands, put 24 prisoners on board and permitted her to proceed.
The Invincible then proceeded, under easy sail to the U. States, without seeing any thing until the 19th inst. at 12 o'clock at night, fell in with a man of war ship, on the opposite tack; she wore ship and gave chase, when the Invincible soon lost sight of her. At 3 o'clock in the morning got soundings off Charleston bar at 12'o clock, saw Charleston Light-House, fired fora Pilot without obtaining one at 5 o'clock, sent into the U.S schr. non such, which lay in Five fathom Hole, and received a Pilot from her.
The Invincible, besides capturing the above vessels, has fallen in with a number of Neutrals sailing under the Spanish, Swedish and Portuguese flags, which were permitted to proceed unmolested, their papers being correct.


A Court Martial

April 20.

Assembled on board the United States last Friday, and continues to sit from day to day, for the trial of a Lieutenant, two Midshipmen, a boatswain's mate and several seamen of the late U. States ship Chesapeake, charged with misconduct while in action with II. M. ship Shannon on the memorable list of June, 1813.
President of the Court.
Capts. Jones,              Lieuts. Carter,
                       Biddle,                        Boothe,
Lieuts, Gallagher,                   Claxton,
          Sloat,               Shubrick,
Perry,                        Connor.
T.O. Selfridge, Esq. Judge Advocate.

Extract of another letter, written by an officer at Sackett's Harbor, dated April 20

Extract of another letter, written by an officer at Sackett’s Harbor, dated April 20.

‘An attack on this post has been for some days past expected; but we now apprehend that the enemy has too much prudence to hazard such an enterprise.’
Several detachments of Infantry have marched through Albany from the Harbor.
Gen. Brown was at our last dates at Lewistown, with his division.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-May6, 1814.


Zanesville, O. April 20

Zanesville, O. April 20.

By Capt. Alexander Hill, of the U.S. army, direct from Detroit, which place he left on the 4th inst. and passed Upper Sandusky on the 15th, we learn, that scouting parties and spies had been out in different directions, up as far as Delaware on the Thames, say 100 miles above Detroit, and also down the lake; that no enemy was discovered and that the rumor of an expected attack as had been reported by a letter from Detroit to Pittsburg dated April 20, was entirely destitute of foundation. All was well and the garrison in good order.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-May 6, 1814.

News from Zanesville, Ohio

Zanesville, O. 
April 20, 1814

By Captain Alexander Hill, of the U.S. army, direct from Detroit, which place he left on the 4th inst. and passed upper Sandusky on the 15th, we learn-that scouting parties and spies had been out in different directions, up as far as Delaware on the Thames, say 100 miles above Detroit, and also down the lake; that no enemy, not news of the approach of the enemy was discovered, and that the rumor of an expected attack as had been reported by a letter from Detroit to Pittsburgh dated April 20, was entirely destitute of foundation. All was well and the garrison in good order.


Notice from Portsmouth

Portsmouth, N.H.
April 19

The alarm at this place still continues, and the preparations to repel an attack are progressing. We are happy to find our citizens are not waiting to be aroused to the sense of danger, by the thunder of British cannon, or the bayonets of the enemy at their breasts.

Many vessles and other valuable property have been removed to places of safety.

LOOK OUT!-Eight sail of ships of war were seen off Cape-Ann on Wednesday last. Two large ships of war were near the shoals on Sunday; after taking a view of the harbor, they stood to the eastward.


Letter to Willie Blount from Andrew Jackson

Camp at the junction of the coosee & Tallipoosee
18th April 1814


      I am happy to inform you that the campaign is, at length drawing to a prosperous close. We have scoured the coosee & the Tallipoosee, & the intervening country. A part of the enemy on the latter river made their escape across it, just before our arrival, & are flying in consternation towards Pensacola. Many of those on the coosee, & from the neighbouring country, have come in & surrendered unconditionally; & others are on the way & hourly arriving to submit in the same way. we will overtake those who fled, & make them sensible that there is no more safety in flight than in resistance. They must supplicate peace if they would enjoy it--Many of the negroes who were taken at Ft. Mimms have been delivered up; & one white woman (Polly Jones) with her three children. They will be properly taken care of. The Tallisee King has been arrested, & is here in confinement. The Fooshatchee King of the Hickory ground tribe, has delivered himself up. Weatherford has been with me & I did not confine him. He will be with me again in a few days. Peter McQueen was taken, but escaped. He must be taken again. Hilleshagee their great prophet, has absconded, but he will be found. These were the instigators of the war, & such is their situation--
        The advance of the Eastern division formed a junction with me at Hothlewaulee, & accompanied me down the Tallipoosee: The balance now at Ft. Decatur, opposite Tuccabatchee, will arrive in a few days, except what will be left for the retention of the post. Major Genl. Pinckney will join the army at this place, tomorrow or next day. The business of the campaign will not, I presume, require that I or my troops remain much longer. Genl. Pinckney, & Col. Hawkins, who is now with me, have been appointed to make the treaty I am Sir very respectfully yr. mo ob. Servt.

                                                                                                         Andrew Jackson
                                                                                                         Major Genl.

"To provide for the collection and preservation of such flags, standards and colors..."

To provide for the collection and preservation of such flags, standards and colors as shall have been or may hereafter be taken by the land and naval forces of the United States from their enemies.
BE it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of American in Congress assembled, That the secretaries of the war and navy departments be, and they are hereby directed to cause to be collected and transmitted to them, at the seat of the government of the United States, all such flags, standards and colors as shall have been or may hereafter be taken by the army and navy of the United States, from their enemies.
Sec. 2. And it be further enacted, That all the flags, standards, and colors of the description aforesaid, which are now in the possession of the departments aforesaid, and such as may be hereafter transmitted to them, be, with all convenient dispatch, delivered to the President of the United States, for the purpose of being, under his direction preserved and displayed in such public place as he shall deem proper.
Sec. 3 And be it further enacted, That the sum of five hundred dollars, and the same is hereby appropriated for the above purposes, out of any monies in the treasury not otherwise appropriated.

Speaker of the House of Representatives
Vice President of the United States, and President of the Senate.
April 18, 1814

Alarm at Portsmouth

New York, 
April 18, 1814

A letter from Portsmouth, dated on Monday, (published in yesterday's Newburyport Herald) states that accounts had been received there direct from Halifax, of an expedition fitting at that place, consisting of three 74's and several frigates, for the purpose of destroying the 74 building at Portsmouth. The letter adds, that the inhabitants were preparing for defence-that an express had been forwarded to Gov. Gilman &c. [This probably gave rise to the report current yesterday, that a large British squadron have arrived off Portsmouth.]  

Published in the Salem Register

Joshua Barney to Secretary Jones Returning to Baltimore

April 18, 1814


Off Annapolis. April 18th 1814


Yesterday I left Baltimore with ten Barges, Scorpion, Galley & Gunboat 138. We had fresh Winds, I find the 2d class does not answer well; they shipped much water and are dangerous in anything of a Sea.

The Enemy (by information from a Craft this morning) was off Piankitank two days ago, having gone down the Bay, unless some of them were up Potomac, which he could not see.

I shall return to Baltimore in the Morning, as three of the Barges, has Twisted off the head of their Rudders, they will require Rudders of more depth— I hope very shortly to be in a situation to resume my Station.

The remainder of my Barges are fitting at Baltimore under Mr. Rutter. We still continue to pick up
men. I hope to man two more boats in a few days—

I am respectfully your Obt. Servt.

Joshua Barney

Flotilla Needs for Men is Important

April 18, 1814

Secretary of the Navy Jones yields to Commodore Spence’s request that he be able to stay in Baltimore because of his health rather than going to Sackett’s Harbor. Jones emphasizes the need to keep a minimum of men with him as the (Barney) flotilla’s needs are great.

To Capt: R. T. Spence
Navy Department
U.S. Navy Baltimore

April 18th, 1814


Your letter of the 9th is received.   I regret that the state of your health should have prevented your participating in the enterprise on the Lakes, but it is evidently too much impaired for that service.  You will, therefore, remain on the Baltimore station until your health is restored; and you will Keep an Eye to the Erie and Ontario, and Keep them in order with as few men as possible.  Indeed, one very small gang will answer for both vessels. The Officers in charge must be Vigilant and must not sleep out of their ships.

Every man that can possibly be spared must be transferred to the Flotilla. That object in the present state of things is all important.

I am respectfully etc.

W Jones

P.S. Be pleased to return by some safe conveyance to this Department your private signals until they shall hereafter be required.