4.24.2015

Letter from Andrew Jackson to John Coffee


Gibson Port April 24th. 1815

Dr. General
    I hope ere this you are with your amiable little family, enjoying health and ease, which your late Toils and labor so much deserve-- you meet with the reward in this country for your services, that the so much merit, that is full approbation—every where I halt I have the pleasure of hearing you named in the highest terms of approbation-- I have no doubt you have heard the cause of my detention-- it terminated in the very way my friends wished it, the damnation of my enemies cost me one thousand dollars I send my defence to James Jackson, offerred to the court on the rule to shew cause why an attachment should not issue, which was not permitted to be ready by the court-- the report of the case is in the press and will reach Nashville I expect before me-- In Neworleans, there was two public dinners given to me and suit-- one up the coast at which a number of the Most respectable citizens of Orleans attended with Col. Fortiers band, and every place dinners were prepared, I could not partake of the whole, at Natches Ball & Supper was given to Ms. Jackson and the next day a dining to my myself & suit at Washington, and on yesterday a dinner at Greenville and this is the first evening I have had leisure to write you-- I have given the necessary orders to Major Kavenaugh respecting the sick and will Hurry on to Nashville as fast as possible where I will be happy to meet you, to consult on certain matters and things, at present time will not permit me to enumerate-- be good enough to forward the enclosed to Capt John Hutchings, I want him to meet me in Nashville when I arrive on business of some importance-- I had like to have Lost my son yesterday-- he behaved like a soldier and Escaped with very little injury-- his horse run off with him, in the midst of three loose horses, he stuck his horse for half a mile before he fell-- he never hollowed-- give my best respects to Polly and kiss your sweet little children for me, and accept my best wishes, we are all well adieu--

Andrew Jackson

4.21.2015

Letter from Andrew Jackson to Isaac Shelby

Natchez April 21st. 1815

Sir
    Previous to the departure of the Kentucky and Tennessee Troops from New Orleans, I issued a general order directing the commg. Officers of corps to keep their men together, and march them to their places of rendezvous to be there mustered and discharged. To enable them to accomplish this important object I directed the Qr. Mr. General to provide such transportation as the officers commanding corps should require, the Hospital surgeon was directed to furnish ample supplies of medicines and hospital stores, and the contractor, rations at all points necessary to facilitate their movement, special instructions were given to the comdg. Officers to pay the most strict regard tot he comfort of their sick, under the most positive injunction to leave an officer and surgeon at all points where it should become requisite to establish Hospitals on the march, with ample powers delegated to them to procure everything which might indue to their comfort and speedy restoration. And least the proper departments should fail to comply with my orders, I gave to the generals commanding authority to draw upon me in Nashville for any sums of  money requisite to enable them to comply with my order--
    Upon my arrival in this place to my great mortification I found about forty of the Ky. Troops left sick in the most wretched situation without either officer or surgeon to administer to their wants, and but for the humanity of Doctor Seipes & Cox and the citizens many of them must have perished for want of provisions-- This I informed is the situation of the sick at several places on the road, but I am in hopes by my exertions to alleviate their situation and restore them to their families--
    I trust sir that you will interpose your authority to bring to punishment the officers of your troops who have thus wantonly and barbarously abandoned their soldiers, and disobeyed my orders—Accept my assurances of personal Esteem, and believe me respectfully-- Yr. Obt. Servt.

Andrew Jackson
Majr. General
Comg 7 m: District

4.20.2015

Letter to Andrew Jackson from William Henry Harrison


Northbend Ohio 20th. Apl. 1815

Sir
    At the request of Mr. Delaplaine who is a friend of mine & a connexion of my wifes I have done myself the Honor to transmit to you the enclosed letter. Whatever you may think proper to do to satisfy the wishes of Mr. D. will be very gratifying to me.
    Altho I have not had the satisfaction to be personally known to you I recollect with pleasure that we had formerly some correspondence & that at a most critical period of my life you were so frienly as to make preparations to assist & support me. How sincerely did I reciprocate this disposition in your late arduous & glorious struggle? How gladly would I have joined you & served under your command even at the Head of a Regiment? My adverse fortune did not however permit this but condemned me to a lfie of ease & retirement when my whole soul was devoted to the profession which I had been compelled to abandon
    That you may long live to enjoy the fruits of yr. Valour & conduct is the ardent wish of Dr sir yr friend & Hum Sevt.

Willm. Henry Harrison

4.12.2015

Letter to Andrew Jackson from Alexander James Dallas

Department of War
12th. April 1815.

Sir,
    As soon as the first credible account of the peace was received at Washington, a letter stating the fact was addressed to you from this Department, dated the 14th of February; and as soon as the Treaty of peace was ratified by the President and Senate, the event was communicated to you in another letter; dated the 16th of February, with instructions for the disposal of the force under your command. It is regretted that any accident should prevent the delivery of either of these letters in due course, but I presume that  both of them have long ago reached your hands; and that the instructions have been carried into effect.
    I assure you, Sir, that it is a very painful task to disturb, for a moment the enjoyment of the honorable gratification which you must derive, as well from the consciousness of the great service that you have rendered to your country, as from the expressions of approbation and applause, which the nation has bestwoed upon those services. But representations have been recently made to the President, respecting certain acts of military opposition ot the civil magistrae, that require immediate attention, not only in vindication of the just authority of the laws, but to rescue your own conduct form all unmerited reproach.
    There have been transmitted to the President copies of the letter of Mr. Reed, your aid-de-camp to the Editor of the Louisianna Courrier, dated 21st of February; of your general orders, dated the 28 of February, commanding certain French subjects to retire form New Orleans; of a publication in the Louisianna Courrier of the 3d. Of March, under the signature of “ a citizen of Louisianna of French Origin” animadverting upon the General order; of a second General Order of the 5th. Of march, inforcing the Order of the 28th. Of February ; of your letter of the 6th. Of February, announcing the unofficial intelligence of the peace; and of a third General Order of the 8th of March, suspending the execution of the order of the 28th. Of February, expcept as far as it relates to the Chevalier de Tousard.
    These documetns have been accompanied with a statement, that on the 5th. Of march, the writer of the publication of the 3d. Of March, Mr. Louallier, a member of the Legislature of the State of Louisiana, was arrested by your order, on account of the publication, and lodged in the barracks, that on the same day Mr. Hall, the Judge of the District, issued a writ of Habeas corpus in the case of Mr. Louallier; but before the writ was served the Judge himself was arrested, by your order, for issuing it, and conducted under a strong guard to the barracks; that on the 8th. Of March Mr. Dick, the Attorney of the United States , having obtained from Mr. Lewis, a State Judge, a write of Habeas Corpus in the case of Judge Hall, which was served upon you, he was arrested by your order, and lodged in the barracks; that Judge Hall was released on the 12th. Of March, but escorted to a place out of the city of New Orleans, with orders not to return, until information of peace was officially announced; and that Mr. Dick was released on the same day, and permitted to remain in town, but with orders to report himself, from day to day, until discharged.
    From these repesentations it would appear, that the Judicial power of the United States has been resisted, the liberty of the press has been suspeded, and the consul and subjects of a friendly Government have been exposed to great inconvenience, by an exercise of Military force and command. The President views the subject, in its present aspect, with surprize and solicitude: but in the absence of all information from yourself, relative to your conduct and the motives for your conduct, he abstains from any decision, or even the expression of an Opinion, upon the case, in hopes that such explanations may be afforded, as will reconcile his sense of public duty with a continuance of the confidence, which he reposes in your Judgment, discretion, and patriotism. He instructs me, therefore, to request, that you will with all possible dispatch, transmit to this Department a full report of the transactions, which have been stated. And, in the meantime, it is presumed, that every extraordinary exertion of militray authority has ceased, in consequence of the cessation of all danger, open or covert, upon the restoration of peace.
    The President instructs me to take this opportunity of requesting, that a conciliatory deportment may be observed towards the state authorities, and the citizens of New Orleans. He is persuaded, that Louisianna justly estimates the value of the talents and valour, which have been displayed for her defense and safety; and that there will be no dispostion in any part of the nation , to review, with severity, the efforts of a commander, acting in a crisis of unparalleled difficulty, upon the impulse of the purest patriotism. I have the honor to be, very respectuflly sir your most Obedt. Servant.

A.J. Dallas

4.03.2015

Letter to Andrew Jackson from Daniel Todd Patterson

New Orleans 3rd April 1815

Sir,
    In an answer to your note yesterday, I have the honor to state; that the apearance, of the Enemy's force, on this coast, and their capture of our Gun Boats; the weak state of this city and its environs; and the situation of the country generally, was such, as in my opinon, made the declartion of Martial Law indispensible. I know that the same opinion was held by the Executive of this State; and that the State Legislature thought so likewise; was fully proved, by the acts passed by them previous to the proclomation of Martial Law, authorizing the impressment of seamen and laying an Embargo measures, wholly growing out of the necessity of the case and exigencies of the times.
    I had; at the time little opportunity of knowing the opinion of the Judiciary; my personal duties occupied me wholly; but the discharge of these very duties, made me know that Mr Lewis, one of the State Judges served in the Ranks of a volunteer company of Militia, as a private soldier, and being afterwards chosen and appointed a Lieutenant he served in the same compnay until the peace.
    I do believe that the proclamation, & enforcement of Martial Law was necessary, for the defense of the Country and preservation of the City; and that by those measures, it could alone be saved; and at the time such was the universal sentiment of all good citizens.
    Under the Law of the state I did press into the naval service of the United States, a number of seamen and held them in service, until the peace took place; my impressments were made in open day in the most frequented parts of the City and were of course matter of notriety. I have the honor to be with great respect your ob sert.


Danl T. Patterson
Comg the U.S. Naval Forces
on the New Orleans Station

3.30.2015

Letter from Andrew Jackson to Simeon Knight


March 30, 1815

    The quarter Master General Simeon Knight will pay for the powder stated in the above account agreable to the recpt of Henry Flower of the 23d. Of Decbr 1814 and the certificate of Major Genl Philamon Thomas of the 14th. of March 1815 hereto annexed, whatever was the markett price of rifle powder at the date of the delivery thereof-- and not more-- one dollar pr pound appearing to be extravagant--

Andrew Jackson
Mjor Genl comdg
7th . M. District--

3.18.2015


Head Quarters
Isle Dauphine
March 18th 1815--

Sir
    I received with great pleasure by the hands of Major Woodruff on the evening of the 16th. About 9 oclock yours of the 13th Inst. I communicated the contents immediately to Rear Admiral Malcolm and orders were issued for the cessation of hostilities, and to all detached Posts and ships to be withdrawn in our Respective Commands. I daily expect an Official communication (similar to what you received) from Mr Baker, in the meantime every preparation is making for the embarkation of this Force, and Ships are now sent away when we are able to put sufficient Provisions on board to take them to Bermuda, Victuallers from Jamaica must be here in a very few days when everything will be put on boards as quickly as possible and should I, by that time not have received any intelligence the Admiral and myself will have no hesitation of putting to Sea directly. I have requested Major Woodruff who went up to Mobile yesterday to acquaint the Commanding Officer that I would let him know the moment we were prepared to give up the For, which would be when the Transports could get out of the Bay, the Fort would be restored in every respect as when it fell into our possession with the exception only of a Brass Mortar cast in George the 2nd reign which had been sent away the day after.
    In the fulfilling the 1st Article of the Treaty I cannot consider the Meaning of “not causing  any destruction or carrying away any Artillery, or other Public Property, originally captured in the said forts or Places, and which shall remain therein upon the exchange of the ratification of this treaty, or any Slaves or other Property” having reference to any antecedent Period to the 18th Febry. The day of the exchange of Ratifications, because it is only from that time that the Article could be fulfilled in a long War; If those Negroes (the matter now in Question) belonged to the territory or City we were actually in occupation of, I should conceive we had no right to take them away; but by their coming away, they are virtually the same as Deserters or property taken away at any time of the War. I am obliged to say so much in justification of the right, but I have from the first, done all I could to prevent, and subsequently together with Admiral Malcolm have given every facility, and used every persuasion, that they should Return to their Masters, and many have done so; but I could not reconcile it to myself to abandon any, who from false reasoning perhaps, joined us during the Period of Hostilities, and have thus acted in violation of the laws of their Country and besides become obnoxious to their masters.
    Had it been an object to take the Negroes away they could have been embarked in the first Instance, but they have been permitted to remain in the hopes, that they might Return.
    I am much obliged to you for your offer of supplies and comforts for the sick and wounded. I send a Commissary to make a few purchases, and have directed him to call Upon Mr Livingston with this letter. I have the honor to be Sir Your obedient Servant.


John Lambert
General Commd