It is with real regret that his excellency the governor-general and commander of the forces, announces to the troops under his command, and to the public, the failure of an important arrangement, lately entered into between major-general Dearborn, commander in chief of the forces of the United States of America, and himself, for a suspension of active hostilities, and which his excellency had hoped might have ultimately teraduated in an amicable settlement of the differences, subsisting between the two countries.
Captain Pinkney, aid-de-camp to general Dearborn, arrived at 9 o’clock last night, being the bearer of despatches from the commander in chief of the American forces, with the information that the president of the U. States of America had not thought proper to authorise a continuance of the provisional measures entered into by his excellency and general Dearborn, through the adjutant general col. Baynes, and that consequently the armistice was to cease in 4 days from the time of the communication reaching Montreal and the posts at Kingston and fort George. At the same time that his excellency cannot but lament so unlooked for a decision upon the friendly proposition made by him, through general Dearborne to the government of the U. States, he trusts it will be matter of high satisfaction to all his majesty’s subjects in this province to know that he has used all the means in his power to prevent a further increase of the breach subsisting between Great Britain and America, and to ward off from these provinces the calamities of war, with which they are threatened. in the same spirit of conciliation which has uniformly influenced his majesty’s ministers in their late negociations with the government of the U. States, his excellency availed himself of the earliest opportunity of communicating to the commander in chief of the American forces, the despatches he had received from Mr. Foster at Halifax containing the intentions of his majesty’s government respecting the repeal of the orders in council; and as his excellency could not doubt but that this conciliatory message, removing the alleged principal ground of difference between Great Britain and America and which had been committed to the government of the U. States through Mr. Baker, late secretary of legation at Washington, would be met by a similar disposition on their part, be submitted to general Dearborne the propriety of a suspension of hostilities until the determination of the president should be made known upon the subject. The ready acquiescence of that officer in this proposal, excepting as far as it related to general Hull, who was acting under the immediate orders of the executive government of America, and the order immediately issued by him, strongly manifested his friendly disposition on the occasion, and led to a reasonable expectation that his government would not fail to approve of his conduct, and to confirm the armistice he had entered into. In this expectation his excellency has been disappointed, and the American government by refusing to continue the suspension of hostilities, though with the certain evidence before them of the actual repeal of the orders in council, has proclaimed in language not to be misunderstood, that other objects independent of those held out to the American people as the grounds of the war, were originally in their contemplation. That the conquest of the Canadas, either for the purpose of extending their own territories, or of gratifying their desire of annoying and embarrassing Great Britain was one amongst others of these objects, cannot be doubted. the invasion of the upper province undertaken so immediately after the declaration of war, shews in the strongest manner how fully they had prepared themselves for that event, and how highly they had flattered themselves with finding it easy conquest from the supposed weakness of the force opposed to them, and the spirit of disaffection which they had previously endeavored to excite amongst its inhabitants--Foiled as they have been in this attempt by the brave and united efforts of the regular forces, militia and Indians of that province, under the command of their disanguished leader, their whole army with its general captured, and their only remaining fortress and post in the adjoining territory wrested from them, it is not to be doubted but that the American government will keenly feel this disappointment of their hopes, and consequently endeavor to avail themselves of the surrender of Detroit, to term it an invasion of their country, and to make it a ground for calling upon the militia to march to the frontiers for the conquest of the Canadas. A pretext so weak and unfounded, though it may deceive some, will not fail to be received in its proper light by others-and it will be immediately perceived by those who will give them selves the trouble to reflect upon the subject, that the pursuit of an invading army into their own territory, is but a natural consequence of the first invasion, and the capture of the place to which they may retire for safety, a measure indispensably necessary for the security and protection of the country originally attacked.
Under all these circumstances so strongly indicative of the moderation, forbearance and true spirit of conciliation manifested on the part of his majesty’s government towards the United States of America, and of their determined hostility to Great Britain. His excellency the commander of the forces trusts that the troops, regulars and militia, under his command, as well as all his majesty’s other subjects in this part of his dominions, animated with sentiments of just indignation at the extraordinary pretensions of the enemy and their unwarrantable views of conquest upon the Canadas, will be prepared to repel with firmness, and with that invincible spirit and true British courage which as so gloriously manifested itself in Upper Canada in the total defeat and capture of the invading foe, any further attempt the enemy may have the temerity to make ; and his excellency looks with confidence, under the protection of Divine Providence, to the confirmed discipline of his majesty’s troops, and to the zeal, loyalty and courage of all descriptions of persons in these provinces, as a certain pledge of the same glorious result. EDWARD BAYNES,