David Jones to James Madison, November 30, 1812, on Politics, the Northwest Army, and Canada

Eastown Chester County Nov 30. 1812.
Dear Sir,
            god has given you the higest Station in the united States. it is in your power to do much good or much evil. it is your Duty, to obey the will of the People expressed by the Majority. it must be your wish to know what the People think, if they are in the habit of thinking on our publick affairs. suppose my Communications are disagreeable to you, it can do no harm to know my Mind, for other Persons may think as I think. The Newspapers inform us of some kind of Proposals for an armistice. it is my opinion this is desinged to gain Time, & I know some of the best Pollititians are of the Same opinion. Their view is to amuse you & throw you off your gard, and relax your Exertions for war. never was England in a worse Situation than at present, and knows not what to do. she justly fears insurrections. Trade is ruined, & never will be regained. The Inhabitants are enraged. what is to be done? they must pretend to be willing to redress our Rongs. but all is Deception, they are not yet reduced low enough. will they give up the Lake Trade totally? I beleive they will not till they are compelled. Besides the Indian war has been very expensive, and we cannot, on Just Principles, make peace without a Compensation; and must at least give up upper Canada. I told you last march that I feared taking Quebec would cost too much blood. let us take all the rest of Canada, & Quebec will fall of course: you must not depend on Militia only on Immergencies. they are extreamly useful, but they soon wish to return home to attend to their domestic affairs. you will see several Numbers in Duanes paper under the Signature of the old Soldier, I am the author. my object was to demonstrate, that our old Custom of Treaties is rong. that we must never solicit a a Treaty. that we must humble the Savages. that they must, as a Conquered People ask for peace. that we must grant it only on Condition that they shall apply themselves to a farming Life, and abandon their former made of Life.
            With respect to the north west army, I believe Harrison will be Equal to the Task, if he can be properly supported. it is my opinion, he will meet with little opposition on his way to Detroit. but what can he do there? he cannot attempt Ft. Maulden without two mortars and heavy artiliry, for no Doubt, the british have made it strong. I have heard of no artiliry sent to Harrison. the Israelites could not make brick without Straw. I received a letter from New Connecticut, which gave information that one of gen. Hull’s Captains Names Fose said that after his Capture, a britih officer told him, that the britih did not intend to fight, if the americans had approached the fort. the Terms of Capitilation were drawn up & ready to be signed, but Hull retreated as a Drunkard, & Coward & a Treator. if he is fooll enough to appear on trial, he must be condemned as a Treator or a Coward, either of these Charges is Sufficient to condemn any man in a Court martial.
I hope a large army will be raised to make short work 20000d  may not be too Large for Canada. we should run no risque. I am pointedly against a large Navy. it is impossible for us to equal England. I should think it much more eligible to apply to France for 5 or 6 frigats to come to our Coasts, where they can serve France more effectually than at home, where they are roting. I meet with no man of any military knowledge pleased with the Commander in Chief of the army. I hope some man better Qualified can be found. in the Circle of my acquaintance, there is no man Superior to general Armstrong, but your knowledge may be more extensive.
when I had the honour of conversing with you last march, I told you I had no thoughts of Serving in the army as a Chaplain; but I have changed my mind on the Subject, & from Patriotism, I cannot stay at home, it rest with you to say whether I shall visit the army on my own Expenses or the Publicks. I think I know well the Duty of that Station, and if there should be a vacancy I will accept of it at least for one year.
            Should Clinton succeed in the Tory Ticket, I shall Stand no Chance, for he will soon be informed, that I have used all my Influence against him
            Should you see proper to [write] to me, you must direct. The Revd. David Jones Eastown Chester County Pennsylvania. to be left at the spread Eagle post office LanCaster Turn pike.
            Should you wish for any information about me I would refer you to Mr Smiley, mr Roberts, mr Finley, who all are well acquainted with me.
            Praying you may be directed by him who is the fountain of grace & wisdom, & that you be enabled to direct the helm through the present Storm I am with much respect, your most obedient & humble Servt.
                                                David Jones

James Madison to John Galusha, November 30, 1812, regarding the resolution of the General Assembly of Vermont

            I have just recd your letter of the 7th. instant communicating a Resolution of the General Assembly of Vermont pledging their co-operation with the General Govt. & with the Nation, in the present contest with a Foreign Power. Had this contest originated in causes appealing with a less indiscriminate force to the common interests & honorable feelings of every portion of our fellow Citizens, that respect for the will of the majority, regularly proclaimed, which is the vital principle of our free Constitution, would have imposed on all, the sacred duty which is thus laudably recognized by the State of Vermont; and the discharge of which is enforced by the powerful consideration, that nothing can more contribute to prolong the contest and embarrass the attainment of its just objects, than the encouragement afforded to the hopes of the Enemy, by appearances of discord & discontent among ourselves.
            In doing justice to the patriotism which dictated the Resolution transmitted, I take a pleasure in remarking that it is heightened by the particular exposure of Vermont to the pressure which the war necessarily brings with it, and in assuring myself that proportionate exertions of her Citizens, will add new lustre to their character. In the war which made us an Independent Nation, their valor had a conspicuous share. In a war which maintains the rights and attributes of Independence on the ocean, where they are not less the gift of nature and of nature’s God, than on the land, the same zeal & perseverance may be confidently expected from the same pride of liberty & love of Country.
            Accept Sir assurance of my high respect & best wishes
                                                                        J. M

Northern Army On Their Return to Winter Quarters

Northern Army on their return to Winter quarters.

ALBANY, NOV. 30- Letters were last evening received in this city from different officers with the Northern Army, dated on Wednesday last, (Nov. 25) stating its return to Plattsburgh-that the Canadian expedition was given up-and that the army would immediately go into Winter quarters-the light artillery, except one company, would return to Greenbush-the 5th, 15th and 16th regiments, and one company of light artillery, would remain at Plattsburgh-and the residue of the regular army, and the Vermont militia, were to return to Burlington.
WESTERN ARMY.-We have nothing further from this army, now called the “Army of the Centre,” than the arrival of the Pennsylvania militia on the 18th, and the following:
BUFFALO, NOV. 18-It is said notice has this day been sent across the river, that the armistice will be considered at an end to-morrow evening at 9 o’clock. If so, something will be done, or attempted to be done, within a few days. It is the opinion of every well informed man, that Gen. Smyth will not have more than 4000 effective men under his command: This force must be considered small to go into an enemy’s country FOR WINTER QUARTERS; but the attempt will undoubtedly be made, and time only can determine the result. The regular troops continue quite sickly, but deaths are less frequent among them than a few days since-one was shot for desertion on Monday last.”
When our squadron lately made an attack at Kingston, Upper Canada, 7 or 8 house were demolished by our fire.
Capt. Brock, a British Officer, lately taken prisoner on Lake Ontario, has been released on parole.
The Canadian militia men taken prisoners, after being marched 350 miles, have been released.
The late law of Vermont for raising two Brigades in that State, to serve 3 or 4 months, and to give the soldiers 10 dollars per month, must nearly annihilate for the present in that State recruiting for the regular army of the U. States. WASHINGTON, in his time, complained of such laws.



Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-December 4, 1812


Reasin Beall to Return Meigs

New Lisbon
30th. Novr. 1812

Dr. sir,

Agreeably to your orders I have caused repairs &c to be made to the muskets, cartouch boxes, belts &c. one hundred in number, which were de- posited in this place for the use of my Brigade, and which are at this time in the public service, the expenses amount to fifty two dollars thirty sevin and one half Cents -- acct. of which I have forwarded by Colo. Kinney, who is authorised to receive and receipt for the same. --

It was not in my power to comply with your orders relative to opening the road to the Miami rapids, owing to tile interference of Major General Wadsworth, he arrested me for disobedience of his orders, which were counter to yours, and although I was unanimously acquited upon trial, I am nevertheless of opinion that the public has been injured by his conducts I am alive Sir, to the importance of Cherishing unanimity and concord in our public councils at all times, and more especially at the present Critical period, and if it were a sacrifice to private feelings alone, I might perhaps succumb for a time -- But Sir, believing as I do that the crisis requires all the energies we possess, and when the public interests are so closely interwoven with the character and conduct of the public officer,it becomes essential in order to promote the public good that a line should be drawn between Imbecillity and Energy, Sinister motives and Patriotism, and the delinquent wherever he may be found treated according to his demerits, and will at the same time be opening a channel through which the faithful officer will receive the reward his conduct merits; with a view therefore to a more full investigation of the subject, and to determine the wisdom and novel question, whether a part is greater than the whole. I call upon you as the Commander in Chief of Ohio to take such measures in the premises as you may deem Warranted by sound policy, and authorised by the laws, customs and usages of war in such cases --

I have the honor to be with these sentiments and impressions your most obt. most Humble Servt. --

Reasin Beall
Brig Genl

Courtesy of the Ohio Historical Society


Letter from Andrew Jackson to George Washington Campbell

[November 29, 1812]

I had the pleasure of receiving from you by mail the Presidents communication to Congress, from which I plainly see, that war must rage until the pride of England, Humbled - If ever a nation, did refuse such fair and honourable, (which includes Just) propositions as has been made by our government lately to england, I have never come across it in print - and those propositions made too at a time when england must know, that in six months with our presen[t] preparations, we can conquor all her north am[er]ican possessions - There cannot after a rejection of the terms offerred by our goverment to england, be one single decenting voice in america, that our war is not only Just, but necessary, and must continue untill our national and individual rights are permanantly Secured - This is the Voice here - and we have set to work in good earnest - I have been engaged for about ten days organizing the Voluntters - The Governor on the 21st. Instant commissioned by order of the President 41 forty one captains - we have organized three regiments; there will be a fourth - one of the finest Regiments of Cavalry I ever saw, they have chosen Coffee to command them - they are not quite equipt - Pistols cannot be had here - Colo. Coffee has equip with swords (Eighty), They are in uniform of homespun, blue, with caps complete - The regiment is full - and the only thing wanting is arms, I wish about 500 swords and 250 cases of pistols could be forward - The two regiments of infantry in a short time with the General and regimental staff that is selected will be in a good state to render service to their country, and with the officers selected, I have no doubt could be marched any where that the Goverment requires service - on the 10th. next month we rendezvous at Nashville by the 15th. I hope to send on the Cavalry and one Regiment of Infantry for the defence of the lower country and by the 20th. or 25th. I expect [to] be able to follow with the ballance of the detachment. In the organization of the Staff, we were obliged from necessity to depart from the law - The acts of congress say that the staff must be taken from the line - in the line we could not get proper materials - in the line of a regular army proper materials can always be had - I had to invite from higher grades fit persons for adjutants &c - their compensation - (they not being taken from the line) is not adequate and I do hope you will have provisions made by law in all such cases - say that they shall receive a Lieutenants or Captains pay in the line - and then the extra pay now allowed by law - The late retrograde movements of the ohio and Kentuckey Volunteers, has tarnished the reputation of their States - with this before my eyes when I view the materials of my Detachment, I feel confident they will "quit themselves like men and fight." and they have too much pride ever to leave their duty without orders - There is but one thing I fear, Should we be ordered to Join Genl. Wilkinson, he is so universally disliked by our citizens, that something unpleasant may arise - It was whispered that he was to command - It raged like wild fire - and it was only laid by the governor stating positively in his order that I was to command them - as to myself, you know my sentiments - it is a bitter pill to have to act with[h] him, but for my countries good I will swallow [it]. I go with the true Spirit of a Soldier - to defend m[y coun]try and to fight her battles - and should any thing [come ] between him and myself to put a speedy end t[o it with]out injuring the service or disturbing the Publi[c. It is] much to be wished that he would be moved from the South and west - I have just seen a letter from an officer from Washington M.T. saying the militia in west florida has refused to be commanded by him - Why then not let us have an officer in whom we have confidence, why corode the feelings of an extensive & rising country in these trying times, by keeping him in command in a quarter where the people have no confidence in him at all - advise goverment of the fact, and then let them act - It required some adress & some exertion to prevent a unanimous remonstrance from all the officers to the President on this Subject - and the only thing that prevented it was, that it was stated to them that it was an improper time, and it would be said it was only a pretext to avoid the service - to this they yielded - receive my best wishes,

Andrew Jackson


American Pride and Boast

American Pride and Boast.

Arrived at New-York in 13 days from Bermuda, the cartel brig Diamond, Capt. Williams, with the officers and crew of the U. S. sleep of war Wasp, captured by the British ship Poictiers, of 74 guns. By this arrival is received the following particulars of the action and capture of the British sloop of war Frolie, by the U.S. sloop Wasp, Capt. Jones, affording another proof of the decided superiority of American bravery and skill.

DEAR SIR-On the 17th instant, in 1at 35, 20, and long 65, W. about 11 P.M. a fleet of seven sail were discovered near the Wasp. Being unable to ascertain what they were, we stood from them for some time. At length we hauled our wind, and stood the same tack they were standing on. Early the next morning, (the 18th they were again discovered, and proved to be five ships and two brigs, one of the brigs being the protector of the convoy. We immediately made sail, and on nearing the brig, discovered that she had Spanish colors flying. About 10 o’clock, she made a signal to the convoy to make sail; and she lay too awaiting our approach.
At 27 minutes past 11 A.M. being near her, we hauled up our courses, and bore down on her larboard side to the windward. At 32 minutes past eleven, we hailed her, when she hauled down Spanish colors, hoisted the British Ensign, and fired. The action then commenced. About 5 minutes afterwards, our main-topmast, and mizen topgallant-mast were shot away. We still continued the action with great vigor, our guns being well directed and our men in high spirits. About ten minutes past 12, we wore sip and run on board the brig, with her starboard bow on our larboard quarter. Her bowsprit, it being immediately shot away, hung over our quarter. She was then boarded by the gallant Lieut. Rodgers at the head of his division, accompanied by the brave Lieutenants Biddle and Booth, and several Midshipmen. At 15 minutes past 12, her colors were hauled down’ and in a few minutes after, her masts went by the board.
“We had 4 killed, and 5 wounded, one of whom is since dead. The captain of the brig informed Lieut. Rapp, that he had 50 killed, and 48 wounded.
“The conduct of Capt. JONES, evinced that cool collectedness which is ever the character of the brave and intrepid hero. To do justice to his merits, or to the merits of Lieuts. RODGERS, BIDDLE, BOOTH and RAPP, and Mr. KNIGHT, the sailing master, requires far greater talents than I possess. Suffice it to say, that the American flag never gained greater honor, since we have had a navy, than on the 18th inst. Every other officer and man behaved with the utmost courage and coolness, and deserve well of their country.
The brig is called the Frolic. She mounted 18 thirty-two pounders, and 2 long twelves, and had 120 men; equally manned with us, and superior in guns.
“About three hours after the action, another sail was discovered, bearing down to us.-We immediately cleared for another action. On nearing us, she proved to be a 74; and being considerably disabled in our rigging, we were obligated to haul down our colours to the Poictiers, capt. Beresford. This would have been extremely mortifying, had we not the consoltation to know, that we have convinced the British, that we with equal force, can always bear the palm of victory.
We are now near Bermuda, and shall go in tomorrow.

I am, sir, with high respect, Your obd’t servant,



Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 28, 1812.


From Washington

From Washington.

“Nov. 27. Congress appears to me, at least out of doors, to be very favorable to a Naval Establishment. Many prefer 76’s to 74’s, on account of the year of our independence. Very well. If the bill reported passes, I shall think the foundation of a Navy laid; if not, there will be no longer any doubt of the determination of our present rulers not to have any.
“Congress have not yet determined what to do with the Merchants’ Bonds-The question is or will be submitted to Mr. Gallatin, who it is now thought will prefer having the Goods entered, and take the duties, rather than run the risk of exacting “the pound of flesh.”
“We have two sea reports in circulation one that Commodore Bainbridge had captured the British ship Africa, of 64 guns;-the other, that the United States frigate had been captured by the British. They are mere gab flies.
Nov. 30-Mr. Seaver, presented the petition from owners of privateers, praying that prize goods may be exempted from duties, &c. Referred to the committee of ways and means.
“Mr. Cheves gave notice that he should call up the report of the committee of ways and means on the subject of the bonds on Wednesday next.
“There being no business offered to the consideration of the House-On motion, adjourned, by 43 votes to 42.”


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-December 11, 1812.

War Events

Reports from the Northern army of a late date, and entitled to credit, mention that it had proceeded on the lines, and that the two armies were in sight of each other, and would probably soon be engaged. All accounts agree in this, that Gen. Dearborn has orders to winter in Montreal.
[Albany Register.

A letter from Gen. Harrison, dated at Huron, (near Cleveland) on the 1st of November inst. to a gentleman in Buffaloe, states-
That he, (Gen. Harrison) had then under his command 4500 men well appointed-that by the 10th he should arrived at Sandusky-by the 20th he would be at Miama- at this point, which is only six days march from Detroit, Gen. Winchester with 2 or 3000 men it is expected will form a junction with Harrison. The army was well provisioned.

A letter from Quebec, dated 7th Nov. says, “About 400 of Gen. Wadsworth’s troops arrived here this day, and are put on board transports.”

The U.S. troops surrendered at Detroit have arrived in this harbor from Quebec.
David Howell, Esq. is appointed District Judge of Rhode-Island, vice D.L. Barnes, Esq. deceased.
By a gentleman from Burlington, (Ver.) we learn, that an officer of the U. States’ Army informed him, that the deaths in the U.S. Camp averaged 8 every twenty-four hours.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 27, 1812.

To the People of Kentucky


Head-Quarters, Piqua, Sept. 25, 1812.

Fellow Citizens-The executive of your state, acting, as was believed, in unison with your wishes, conferred on me the command of that part of the quota of militia which was destined to relieve Detroit; and the general government has confirmed and extended my command to all the troops which have been called into service from the eastern states. Upon the point of leading these brave men into a rigorous northern climate, I discover that many of them are without blankets, and much the greater part of them totally destitute of every articles of winter clothing. It is impracticable to procure the articles necessary for them from the stores; and there is no alternative but in your feeling and patriotism. A contribution of articles which will not be felt by you, will enable your soldiers to withstand the keen northern blasts with as much fortitude as they will the assaults of the enemy.
Can any patriot sleep easy in his bed of down, when he reflects upon the situation of a sentinel exposed to the cold of a winter’s night in Canada, in a linen hunting shirt? Will the amiable fair sex suffer their brave defenders to be mutilated by the frost for the want of mittens and socks, which they can with so little exertion procure them? I trust that I know my fair country women too well to believe that this appeal to their patriotism will be ineffectual! Blankets, overalls, round-about jackets, shoes, socks, and mittens, are the articles wanted. Colonel Thomas Buford, deputy commissary general, will provide for the transportation of the articles, and will pay for the blankets and shoes, should it be required. Lindsey round-abouts, double or lined, will answer the purpose.



Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 27, 1812.

History of Affairs in the North-West

History of Affairs in the North-West.

The different accounts of proceedings in the North-west, since the surrender of Detroit, have been so detached, and from so uncertain sources, that we have not generally thought them worth a place in our paper. Lately, however, there have been some movements in that quarter, which ought to result in events interesting to the country. We shall therefore recur to the period of Gen. Hull’s capitulation, and give as complete a history as we are able, of the measures taken for recovering the territory lost by the failure of our first warlike expedition.
But first, we shall present before our readers two interesting letters, which will explain very fully the situation of the conquered territory since it has been in the possession of the British. On the day of the capitulation, Gen. Brock issued his proclamation, which we have published, announcing, among other things, that the laws heretofore existing should continue in force in the district, and immediately left the management of affairs with Col. Procter. The colonel wishing to know something about the laws which he was to enforce, applied to Chief Justice Woodward for information respecting them, and respecting the extent and condition of the district generally. The judge in reply furnished the desired information. From his letter, which is too long to be here inserted, we extract two short passages.
In describing the extent of the district, he observes,
“Its greatest length may be five hundred miles, its greatest length may be five hundred miles, its greatest breadth tree hundred. It includes two peninsulas-one very large, the other small.”
The government is described in the following extract.
As a colonial establishment, distinct from the several states, the government consisted of one governor, three judges and one secretary. The salary of the governor was four hundred and fifty pounds sterling per annum. The salary of each of the three judges was two hundred and seventy pounds sterling. The salary of the secretary was two hundred and twenty-five pounds sterling. Seventy-eight pounds fifteen shillings were allowed for incidental and contingent charges. All these expenses were defrayed by the general government of the United States, and all these officers were required to reside in the territory. They were further required to be possessed of certain portions of land.
“The civil government, unquestionably, cannot be reorganized without a civil governor. He must supply the several offices which are vacant. One judge may hold the courts in the absence of the others. The secretary also is necessary, in the capacity of lieutenant governor, and for the preservation and transmission of executive and legislative transactions. The legislative regulations were required to be adopted from those of the original American states by a majority of the governor and judges.”
The most important part this correspondence is repeated in then two following letters.



Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 27, 1812.



Advertisement from a Jamaican Newspaper

Port Royal
November 25, 1812

Masters of vessels about to proceed to England with convoy, are informed that they may be supplied with a limited number of American seamen (prisoners of war) assist in navigating their vessels, on the usual terms, by applying to
George Maude, Agent

Extract from a memorial addressed to the Secretary of State, by James Orm, Joseph B. Cook, Thomas Humphries and others, masters of American vessels, who were prisoners of war in England, and returned to the United States in the cartel ship Robinson Potter.

"We shall now proceed to give as correct a statement as we can of the treatment of our countrymen (prisoners of war) by the British in England. On the arrival at Plymouth of the masters, first mates, supercargoes, and passengers, they are sent to Mill prison, for one day and night; they have an iron bedstead to sleep on, with a small mattress which might easily be put into a countryman's wallet, and a small coarse blanket.  The allowance for twenty-four hours, is three small salt herrings, or about the same weight of salted cod-fish, or half a pound of beef, one and a half pounds of black bread, a little salt, &c, &c.  The second day they are paroled and sent to Ashburton, twenty-four miles from Plymouth; they must pay their own expenses to get there. While they are there they are allowed 1s. 3d. per diem, or 8s. 6d. sterling per week.  Beef is 10d. per pound, bread in proportion, and every other necessary equally dear.  The mates, who have nothing but their pay to live upon, join together, eight or ten in a mess, hire a room, and do their own cooking, washing, &c, &c. and in this way make out to keep from starving. Masters, supercargoes, and passengers, generally, have other resources, through their correspondents in England, and make out to live, by great economy, at from 30s. to 35s. sterling per week; the second mates and other officers are sent on board the different prison ships.  On board some of them they are treated by the commanding officer as well as the nature of their situation will admit; on board of some others, they are very badly treated.  This, it will naturally occur to you, sir, is owing to the different character of the different commanders.  Their allowance in 101 lb. brown bread, 2 1/2 lb. beef, 2lb. bad fish, 2 lb. potatoes, and 10 ounces barley per week for each man, and 5 ounces barley per week for each man, and 5 ounces salt per week for ten men.  The prison ships are kept very filthy, and the prisoners are confined below at 4 P.M. and are kept in that situation until 7 or 8 A.M. At Portsmouth, particularly, they are very sickly, and we are informed die very fast, some days from eight to ten; in fact, they are very sickly on board all of them; several of this description came home with us in the Robinson Potter cartel, and had, when they came on board, the appearance of having made their escape from a church yard. It it not perhaps amiss, that we should state what we firmly believe; that is, it is the policy of the British Government to select the sickly to be first sent in cartels, and keep the hate and hardy seamen until they become sickly; thus rendering the whole of those gallant sons of Neptune, who escape death, when they return to their homes, at least for some time, perfectly useless to themselves, and quite so to their country, from their debilitated state; and it fact, the probability is, that many of them will carry to their graves the indelible stamp upon their constitutions of the treatment which they received on board British prison ships; for that nation seems to have lost its boasted humanity, and if we did not find the word in their vocabulary, we should suppose it had never found a place there. Many of the seamen, prisoners on board those prison ships, are impressed Americans, who have given themselves up, refusing to fight against their country.  Four hundred on board the fleet in the Mediterranean, a short time before we left England, surrendered themselves and were sent to Gibraltar and England; several of them were most severely flogged for refusing to do their duty, were put in irons, and most of them, to their immortal credit, submitted to the severest punishment in preference to assist the enemies of their country. Some of us, whose signatures are annexed, were witnesses to the cruel fact. A tablet of gold is not rich enough to inscribe the names of such men upon; and when a country can boast of such seamen, she has nothing to fear from the enemy on the ocean on a equal footing.  Captain Jeduthan Upton, late master of the private armed brig Hunter, of Salem, of fourteen guns, because he threw them overboard in chase, was not allowed his parole, but kept in close confinement for a long time in Mill prison, and lately has been sent on board a prison ship at Chatham.  We mention these facts in hopes that government will retaliate exactly in the same way.  Captain Samuel Turner, late master of the Purse schooner, of New York, was taken on his passage to France, in October, 1811, prior to the war, and in retaking his vessel, the prize master, a British midshipman, was killed; he arrived safely in France, and on his return to America, was again taken, in June, 1812, and sent to England, when being recognised, he was immediately arrested and sent on board the St. Salvador, Admiral Calder's flag ship, at Plymouth, where he remained a close prisoner until about January or February last, when he was sent on board the prison ship at Chatham, where we fear he will take, without delay, the case of Captain Turner into their serious consideration; it is a case which we think demands it; and the only way to prevent that nation from committing further outrages so degrading to human nature.  We find in Roman history, that an injury or insult offered to a Roman citizen by a foreign Power, was considered as an insult offered to the whole Roman nation, and hope this will also be the American creed, because we believe it will be the surest way to putting a stop to those indignities which Americans have so often been obliged to suffer.  We are, however, no advocates for cruelty, but, on the contrary, for lenity; yet we still believe, that in certain cases retaliation is not only necessary, but becomes a duty to prevent further cruelties on the part of an enemy."

Baltimore Rioters at Buffalo!

Nov. 25, 1812.

   "I have hardly time to give you a description of a Mob in this village. It was composed of the same miscreants who were in the Baltimore Riot. They are the Volunteers from Baltimore; and their Lieutenant is the Editor of the Baltimore Whig. - There arose a small dispute between Pomeroy who keeps the Hotel, and some of the these fellows. They became outrageous, and swore that they would tear down the house of every federalist in the village - that they "would kill all the federalists and damn'd tories." - They began about 4 o'clock on Pomeroy's house; broke out all his windows, and broke his furniture which was very valuable. They then cut down his sign post, and attempted to pull down the house; not succeeding in this they set fire to the house three or four times; which, if it had not been extinguished would have destroyed the whole village. I saw the danger, and ran down to the place; immediately two of the fellows came at me with their bayonets; I stopped one of them with an Andiron which I held in my hand, and then retreated. - Two others then pursued me with their bayonets - I stumbled and fell - But just as they were attempting to plunge them into me, I recovered and caught them in my hand - I succeeded in bringing both of them to the ground, and should certainly have prevented their acting a part in any future MOB, when others behind me plunged a bayonet into my side. I providentially succeeded in rescuing myself from the blood thirsty miscreants, without any very dangerous wound.
   Col. Porter, (not Peter B. Porter) came up with his flying artillery and ordered a charge, sword in hand. Three of the MOB were mortally wounded - Col. Porter, Col. McClure, Captain Babcock, of your county (Columbia,) Captain Maher, of the Albany Greens, Lt. Whiting, Adjutants Swartwout and Burn, and Major Noon, were prompt and decided in quelling the riot. They have done themselves great honor.
   We are all yet in confusion, tho' the MOB is put down. We have a guard of three hundred regulars posted at the village; but they all cross to Canada to-morrow morning, and what our fate will be, God only knows. I am confined with my wounds, but trust I shall be out in a few days, when I will write you more fully."

Published in the Maryland Gazette - December 17, 1812.


Return Jonathan Meigs to James Madison, November 24, 1812, regarding General Harrison

Chilicothe Novr 24
            A report is here in Circulation that General Harrison is suspended – or superceded in the Command of the N W Army – & creates a general anxiety. I truly hope that arrangements may be made to reconcile or obviate any difficulties which may oppose his retaining the Command of the Army.
            It is in my opinion all important that he should command that Army, if he should not I fear that the objects of the Campaign may be lost.
            Nothing but the sincerest Desire of the ultimate Success of that Army would permit me to obtrude my opinion.
                        I have the Honor
                             to be respectfully
                                 yr Obt St
                                    R J Meigs

From Alexander M'Leay To Mr. Beasley

November 24, 1812

"The commissioners (of the transport office) are instructed (by the lords commissioners of the admiralty) to continue to require from you an unconditional receipt, as prisoners of war, for all persons of this description previous to their being permitted to return to America."

December 23, 1812

"I have received and laid before the commissioners for the transport service, &c. your letter of the 15th instant, and in return am directed to acquaint you that, at present, they are only authorized to deliver up to you the Americans mentioned in the list transmitted by  you on the 3rd of November."

Northern Army

Northern Army.

MONTPELIER, NOV. 24-The Northern Army consisting of seven regiments of Infantry, two companies of heavy Artillery, one regiment of Light Dragoons, and two companies of Flying Artillery, is now encamped at Champlain, N. York, within 80 rods of the Canada line. Gen. Dearborn joined the army on the 17th inst. to command in person.
The whole of the Militia late at Plattsburg, Burlington, Swanton, &c. have joined the man army on the lines; and it is understood have generally volunteered to march into Canada.
A number of scouting parties have already been over the lines. In an attempt to surround and take a number of Indians, two of the scouting party were wounded by our own men and the Indian’s escaped.
A full company of Light Horse, raised in this State, passed through Plattsburg on Tuesday of last week to join the army.
It is said a company of sixty, from Plattsburg and Peru, and another from Chazy have volunteered, and marched with their guns and axes to clear the road which the British have blocked up by falling trees.
A regiment from the westward, commanded by Col. Vosburg, joined the army since its encampment at Champlain.
The Plattsburg Republican of Friday last says “a number of aged patriots of the revolution, residents of this county, have shouldered their muskets, and gone with the army to fight again the battle of their country.”
A gentleman who has resided for considerable time at Plattsburg, informs us that from three to five funerals a day had been attended among the soldiers previous to their departure from that place.
An officer in the Northern Army writes thus-“We have at this place between 4 and 5000 regular troops, and 2 or 3000 militia; a great proportion of the latter are from Vermont and have volunteered. Whether we go into winter quarters on this side the line or look for them in Montreal, must be decided in a very few days.”


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-December 4, 1812

General Order from Andrew Jackson to the Tennessee Volunteers

[November 24, 1812]

General Order!
The major Gen. of the 2nd. Division is commanded by his Excellency governor Blount to call into service the organised volunteers who are destined for the defence of New Orleans and the lower Mississippi. The whole of the volunteers from the second Division are included in this order. They will accordingly rendezvous in Nashville on Saturday the tenth of December, prepared to descend the river without delay. The Cavalry will provide themselves with Pistols & Sabres; the Infantry with rifles as far as it may be convenient; for which they will be allowed a fair compensation. Such of the non-commissioned officers and privates as bring with them a blanket for their own use will be paid for it a full price. They are particularly requested to furnish themselves with this article.
On their arrival at the place of rendezvous, the officers, non-commissioned officers & privates will receive two months pay in advance, and the non-commissioned officers & privates will receive seventeen dollars for the half pay of one year's clothing.
The Major Gen. informs the volunteers that upon a consultation with the field officers, it has been resolved that the respective companies which form the detachment will appear in uniforms dark blue, or brown has been prescribed for service, of homspun or not, at the election of the wearer - hunting shirts or coats at the option of the different companies, with pantaloons and dark colored socks, white pantaloons, vests &c. may be worn upon parade. As the expedition will not terminate under five or six months and will include the winter and the spring, the volunteers will see the propriety of adapting their clothing, in quantity and quality to both seasons.
The field officers will wear the uniform which is prescribed for officers of the same grade in the army of the U. States. Company officers will conform to the same regulations, if convenient otherwise they will conform to the uniform of their companies.
The constant and honorable zeal which the volunteers have evinced, excludes the idea that any one of them will voluntary absent themselves, now that they have received the final summons to repair to the field of honor and of danger. If sickness, inevitable necessity, or real absence from the state, should detain any one, he will make known his situation to the commanding officer of the company. In all cases where this is not done to the satisfaction of the Major Gen. the absentee will be put upon the list of Deserters, exposed to the scorn of his fellow-citizens and the severest penalties which the laws will inflict upon him.
Capt. William Carroll of the Nashville volunteers is appointed brigade inspector to the organised volunteers and [Thomas H.] Fletcher - is appointed second aid to the Major General in place of Major John Coffee promoted; the officers and privates of the volunteer detachment are commanded to honor and obey them as such.
The colonels commanding regiments will distribute their orders by express; the expense of which will be reimbursed by the assistant Deputy Quarter Master [William B. Lewis].

Andrew Jackson
Majr. Gen. 2nd. Division Ten.


"I hope your Excellency... may be enabled to discover the true interests of the United States before the Cord is fastened," Samuel Harrison to James Madison, November 23, 1812

Chittenden Vt. Nov 23rd. 1812.

Dear Sir
            On the 30th of last Month I addressed your Excellency, again, on the Subject of War.
            And I must exclaim, “My Bowels, my bowels! I am pained at my very heart, my heart maketh a noise in me. I cannot hold my Peace, because thou hast heard O my Soul, the sound of the Trumpet, the Alarm of War.”
            When I view the desolation and destruction of War, when I behold the multitudes of Blessings sacrificed to the Moloch of Inconsideration, and inexperience, I must lament, I cannot help but proclaim to your Excellency, “Destruction upon Destruction is cried, for the whole land is spoiled, suddenly are my Tents spoiled, and My Curtains as in a Moment.”
            I told your Excellency that my name Sake’s, Genl Harrison’s appeal, to the Patriotism, of the Ladies of Ohio, to supply his Southern Brethren, with Lindsey Roundabouts, looked more like Knights Errantry, than an Economical, well digested System”; &c. The Event has proved it – Genl. Tupper has confirmed it and he verifies and important consideration, I communicated to your Excellency, on the 11th. of May. He writes thus to General Harrison, “Thus Sir has terminated an Expidition at one time capable,” &c. “The man whose courage and Patriotism expires when his Rations are reduced, ought never to place himself between his Country, and its enemies.”
            The Arrangements of the Whole Campaign, indicate inexperience, or Blindfold Ignorance. But I will not exclaim! – I will relate an Anecdote directly to the Point.
            A Gentleman in a Sea Port took a Great fancy to a Particular breed of Dogs, whose docility was remarkable, he procured a Puppy, and brought it home; and called his Servant. John, take particular care of this Puppy, feed him well, and as soon as he is capable, teach him all that is Possible for a Dog to learn. A few days elapsed, the Servant was called, and interrogated – well, John, how does your charge come on? Very well, Sir, he grows finely; he is very fat. After seven, or eight days more he was, again, Interrogated. And John made the same reply, that he grew finely, but was yet Blind, and feared he would remain so, as the time for the Canine species, to open their Eyes, was nine Days; and more than double, that time had expired; Well, keep him nine days longer, and if he does not open his Eyes, in that time, you may kill him. The nine days expire, the Puppy does not open his Eyes; John takes a Cord fastens a large Stone to one End, the other he fastens round the neck of the Puppy; and launches him into the Water. His Master again calls John, to enquire about the Puppy: John relates the circumstances, that he had Obeyed his Orders, the Puppy remained blind, until he last Agonies; And just when drowning, and when alas! too late! he opened his Eyes.
            I will not apply this Anecdote, the Application is obvious. I hope your Excellency and all the Advocates of War may be enabled to discover the true Interests of the United States; before the Cord is fastened, and the Nation precipitated, into remediless Ruin for then, it will be too late to open your Eyes.
            I remain with Respect and Esteem
                        Your most Obedient Servant.
                                    Saml. Harrison

From Mr. Beasley To Mr. Hamilton

November 23, 1812

"I must beg leave to state, that that part of my note of the 12th ultimo, addressed to Lord Castlereagh, relative to American citizens who have been impressed, and are now held in his majesty's naval service, remains unanswered. To the reasons already urged for the discharge of those men, may be added that of compelling them to fight against their country; and I need scarcely add, that, as they were forcibly detained before the commencement of hostilities, it would be very unjust to discharge them merely to make them prisoners. Of the number of those unfortunate persons, many must be in vessels on foreign stations at a great distance. It is a subject of much public interest in the United States, and one which involves the domestic comfort and happiness of many families." 

Courtesy of Library of Congress




The offer now made by Government on this subject to G. Britain, is in substance the same which Lords Holland and Auckland proposed to Messrs Munroe and Pinckney, in the negotiation of 1806. With this proposal, accompanied by an official note from those British ministers, dated Nov. 8, 1806, our ministers were content, and proceeded to frame a Treaty, which Jefferson had the temerity to reject without laying it before the Senate. Messrs Munroe and Pinkney expressly say, in their letter of Nov. 11, 1806, that this arrangement “places the business almost if not altogether on as good a footing as we should have done by treaty, had the project which we offered them been adopted.-This letter, with the note of the British ministers, and Mr. Munroe’s subsequent letter to Mr. Madison, enforcing the same conviction, we shall again publish, and we think it the duty of every Printer in the United States to publish them. It thus becomes a matter of demonstration, that our Government rejected six years ago, the very terms of accommodation, which they now offer, and which are extol’d as the proof of their sincerity and candour.-The British agreed then, to all that Mr. Madison now asks, save only that they declined, (for reasons in which our ministers acquiesced) to embody the stipulation in a treaty. But says Munroe and Pinkney, it is “upon almost as good a footing.”-Mr. Munroe, although he now condescends to play a second to Mr. Madison, is too much a man on honor and spirit, to eat his own words. He will not now deny that a competent provision against the abuses of impressments, were secured by his arrangement. How distressing and sickening is the reflection, that we are now at war for a boon which was long since offered to our infatuated Government!



Published by the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 20, 1812

Exemption of Soldiers from arrest for debt

Exemption of Soldiers from arrest for debt.

Mr. Bacon stated that under the present law, exempting from arrest privates in the army of the U. States in certain cases of debt, frauds had been, and more extensively might be, committed; inasmuch as a soldier who was tired of the service, by giving his bond for a feigned debt for an amount greater than twenty dollars, could procure himself to be arrested and kept out of service, &c. Mr. Bacon further illustrated the evasions to which the present law is liable, and concluded by moving the following resolution:
Resolved, That the Committee on Military Affairs be instructed to enquire into the expediency of providing by law for exempting altogether from liability to arrest, or being taken in execution for debt, of any non-commissioned officer, musician or private belonging to the army of the U. States, or to any volunteer corps, when called into service pursuant to law. The resolution was agreed to.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 20, 1812.


New-England Guard

Yesterday paraded in this town, for the first time in uniform, the new company of New-England Guards, under the command of Capt. SWETT. Their order and discipline, and the promptness and exactness of their maneuvers, would have done honor to longer established corps-and truly reflected the highest credit on their officers. The public attention was attracted, and their applause gained; not by the gaudy glitter of their dress, but by its plainness and simplicity, and more particularly by the soldier-like performance of all their new and various evolutions. An elegant standard, painted by Mr. Penniman in his best style and taste, was presented to the company by Gen. WELLES, with a very appropriate and patriotic address; which was received by Eusign BLAKE, with a handsome reply. The company then partook of refreshments at the invitation of the General. After paying the customary salutes to the standard and its donor, the company were marched to Col OSGOOD’S, (to whose Regiment they are attached) where they also paid the proper salutes, and from thence to the house of their commander, where they partook of an excellent collation, provided by his liberty.
Probably in no town or city in the United States are there more or better disciplined Independent and Militia Companies than in Boston. The Antient of Dragoons, Boston Light Infantry, Winslow Blues, Fusiliers, Washington Infantry, three excellent companies of Artillery, the three full regiments of Infantry, and the Soul of the Soldiery, have all paraded the last season, and in a manner which evinced their knowledge of military tactics, and which reflected at once the highest honor on their officers and themselves.-We are happy to see so patriotic a spirit to see so patriotic a spirit of  emulation excited in Massachusetts, and particularly in the Metropolis, as there appears to be at this moment.-She led the Van in our struggle to gain Liberty, and she will never consent to form the Rear of her defence in present or future times.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 20,1812.

If thine enemy hunger, feed him

“If thine enemy hunger, feed him.”

It is stated by a gentleman from Fort Niagara, that a short time previous to the battle of Queenstown, the officers and soldiers of the American garrison were regularly supplied by the Canadians with their vegetables and refreshments; and that while he was in the fort, the American officers of the fort, received a message from the British commandant, offering him the usual supply. In a few days after this, it is more than probable that these two officers met on the field of battle at Queenstown; where all former benefits were forgotten, and every good feeling lost in a savage ambition of doing the other most injury! Strange and lamentable power of War! Which in the twinkling of an eye, converts the temple of Courtesy into a hateful Pandemonium! Awful responsibility! Which take upon itself to put a dagger into the hand of friendship, and points it against a brother’s bosom!
[Alex. Gaz.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 20, 1812.



Our Relations with England

Our Relations with England

Are veiled with some art in the President’s message and the accompanying documents, but it is easy to discern that they are narrowed to this one question-SHALL WE CONTINUE THE WAR TO PROTECT BIRITISH SEAMEN WHO HAVE BEEN NATURALIZED IN THIS COUNTRY?     
We have made up our minds, and did the decision of the question rest with us, we should promptly answer, NO; and although we are not fond of risking predictions, we venture to fortell, that the American nation will return the same response to the authors of the war-“Here a little and there a little.” So far as depends upon as the subjects shall not be kept out of sight.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 20, 1812.


War Operations

War Operations.

The Montpelier paper of Nov. 19, states the following:-“A letter from a gentleman at Plattsburg, received in town yesterday, mentions that all the militia had left there for Sharsee, to encamp in the woods, where fuel was plenty.-The regular troops were about to march for the French Mills. Many of the militia and regulars were sick, and numbers dying daily.”
The Burlington paper, of same date, gives the following additional news of military operations:
“Gen. Dearborn arrived at Plattsburgh, N.Y. on Sunday last from Greenbush.
“The army of Plattsburgh had marching orders read on Saturday the 14th inst. and on Monday following the camp was broken up.
“The drafted militia under Gen. Ormes, have left Swanton for Champlain, (a township in Clinton county, N.Y. and joins the British Province) where they are to join the army from Plattsburgh.
“The last accounts from Gen. Harrison, says he was at the head of 10,000 men at Franklinton, Ohio.
“Gen. Winchester, at Fort Defiance, will for the left wing of the army. With this formidable force there can be but little doubts as to the successful result of the present campaign.”


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 27, 1812.


Canadians will be fellow citizens

American General Alexander Smyth to his soldiers:

“The time is at hand when you will cross the stream of Niagara, to conquer Canada, and to secure the peace of the American frontier. You will enter a country that is to be one of the United States. You will arrive among a people who are to become your fellow citizens. It is not against them that we come to make war. It is against that government which holds them as vassals.”

Essay by James Monroe

[Newspaper essay written by Secretary of State James Monroe. Published 17 November 1812 in the National Intelligencer]

            All the documents alluded to in the President’s Message to Congress, relating to the communications with the British government since the declaration of war, being now before the public, every citizen is enabled to judge of the propriety of the conduct of the government, and of the nature of the controversy, which he is solemnly called on either to maintain or to abandon.  We are persuaded that every impartial person, who has read with attention these documents, has already concluded that it was impossible for our government to have gone further in advances to an accommodation, without conceding a right in G. Britain to impress our seamen from our own vessels, at pleasure; or, rather, at the pleasure of every petty officer in every petty vessel belonging to the British navy.
            The documents prove incontestably, that the British government has refused to suspend its practice of impressment for a moment, though it be for the purpose of treating for a substitute for that practice.  They prove more; that it has refused to treat for any substitute during the war.  The friendly overtures of the U. States to provide such a substitute have been rejected, and Mr. Russell has been formally notified that if the U. States will lay down their arms, without stirring the question of impressment, and then bring forward a proposition, having for its object either to check abuse in the practice, or as a substitute to it, the British government will receive such proposition, and discuss it in the same amicable manner it has heretofore done.  The replies of Lord Castlereagh, in both his letters to Mr. Russell, the first bearing date on the 29th of August, the second on the 13th of September last, are explicit to this effect.  They admit of no other construction or interpretation.  “Tell your government,” says the British minister, in substance, to Mr. Russell, “to lay down its arms, acknowledge the British right of impressment, and submit to the practice, and it shall then be heard on the subject.”  The British government, it seems, will then receive a memorial or petition from the United States, humbly, praying his Britannic Majesty to suspend the practice of impressment from American vessels, and he will do—what?  Grant your humble prayer?  Relieve you from your supplicating posture?  No such thing.  He will then treat it as he has treated all our former applications on the same subject.
            It is difficult to conceive a proposition more fair or more amicable, than that which has been made by the United States to G. Britain, nor can we adequately express our astonishment at the rejection of it, made the more offensive by the manner, which was evidently sought for the purpose of giving offence.
            The British government, by a series of hostile acts, persevered in for a great length of time, having at last, after refusing all redress or honorable accommodation, driven the U. States into war in their own defence, their government at the moment of the declaration looks to peace with an anxious solicitude, and instructs their agent at London to propose an accommodation on conditions, the justice of which the whole world must acknowledge.  The grounds of complaint were limited to a narrow compass.  They were reduced to two acts, the Orders in Council, acknowledged by G. Britain to be illegal in their origin, and the impressment of our seamen from our own vessels, for which she never had any pretext but that of seizing her own.  As an inducement to suspend this odious and degrading practice, our Charge des Affaires was instructed to propose to the British government a stipulation, whereby all British subjects should be excluded by law from the public and commercial service of the U. States.  To make the latter condition more acceptable, Mr. Russell was instructed in a subsequent letter to modify his proposition in such manner as to agree to an armistice, provided the British government would come to an explicit understanding with him relative to impressment; that is provided they would accept the equivalent in lieu of it.  By the proposition, as modified in the second letter, an effort was obviously made to remove every objection which the British government might entertain to the arrangement contemplated.  It was possible that it might object to a suspension of the practice of impressment, even pending an armistice, though evidently a necessary consequence of it, until the law to exclude British seamen from our service should also take effect.  This claim was waved.  Pride often keeps nations at variance, when it is their interest to accord.  The President seems to have been solicitous to avoid the excitement of any such feeling.  He was willing, that an amicable understanding only, between the two governments, respecting the condition on which this great interest might be adjusted, might be the ground of an armistice, confiding, of course, that, although informal, it would be equally obligatory.  The proposition, therefore, was made in as clear and explicit terms as it was possible to conceive.  The practice to be forborne on the one side was distinctly stated, as was the consideration to be given for such forbearance on the other.  It was also divested of every circumstance which might tend to irritate.
            The manner of Lord Castlereagh’s replies to Mr. Russell’s propositions, merits particular attention.  In his letter of August 20th, he urges, as a principal objection to the proposed armistice, that the British government should be required to suspend the practice of impressment, on the assurance only of the American government that a law should be passed to prohibit the employment of British seamen in the American service.  Fortunately, this objection had been anticipated, and the ground of it removed, in the second letter to Mr. Russell, bearing date on the 27th of July, as a reference to that letter will show.  Lord Castlereagh was then driven to the necessity either of meeting the proposition or of rejecting it, in direct terms, or of resorting to some evasive shift to get rid of it.  He took the latter course.  A modification, which had been dictated by a sentiment of delicacy and adopted from motives of respect to his government, his Lordship treated as an insult.  The proposition, he says, is “covert;” bears on its face disguise; and therefore cannot be accepted.  In what circumstance did it merit such an imputation?  How was it possible to make one more simple or easy to be understood?  It is wonderful, if his government had been disposed to accommodate the difference in the mode proposed, or in any other mode which should secure our seamen from the grasp of British power by suspending the practice of impressment, and there had been any thing in the proposition so abstruse that his Lordship could not fathom it; it is wonderful indeed that he did not obtain, or at least ask, an explanation of it before he rejected it.  It rarely happens, where there is a disposition to accommodate, that any government or individual rejects a proposition, for the reason that it was not understood, especially where it was so easy to obtain an explanation.  We believe that a conduct so peremptory and offensive is never adopted, except where a predetermination exists not to accommodate.
            On the prospect of accommodation afforded through Admiral Warren little need be said.  He makes no proposition relative to impressment.  The Admiral expects, in the spirit of his government, that that question will be given up.  If either of the objections, which were urged by Lord Castlereagh to the proposition made through Mr. Russell, had had any weight in inclining the British government to reject it, and they were not removed by the clear and satisfactory explanations given by him, they doubtless must be obviated by the late communication to Admiral Warren.  By the proposal to arrange an article relative to impressment without an armistice, even the idea of a momentary intermediate suspension of the practice is precluded.  And with respect to the other objection, the obscurity complained of in the proposition heretofore made, we forbear further comment.  If that proposition was not understood, none that our government can make ever will be.  By professing not to understand it, the British government admonished us it was not in that mode it meant to treat on this subject.  By committing the negociation to Admiral Warren, it was strongly implied that if we did not abandon our pretensions relative to impressment, other arguments would be relied on, which it might suppose would be more effectual.  Others may indulge the hope of an accommodation through Admiral Warren.  For our parts we can have none.
            The United States are therefore now called on to abandon, perhaps forever, their fellow-citizens to the mercy of the British cruizers, or to support the right of their flag and the independence of their country, with that firmness which becomes the descendants of those illustrious patriots who achieved it.  Their ability to do so is unquestionable; and to doubt their disposition would be to accuse them of a total destitution of that sensibility to their dearest rights and interests which must always constitute their safest bulwark.
Transcription courtesy of the James Monroe Papers

Letter from William Henry Harrison to William Eustis

Head Quarters Franklinton
17th November 1812

I have heard nothing since my last from Gen Tupper I have the honor to enclose you a letter lately received from Leiut Johnson the asst Deputy Quarter Master at Pittsburg. It is in answer to a complaint which I had equally made of Major Stoddard Lieut Bryson and himself upon my want of information as to the state of supplies under their care and directing them to send me Weekly statements of every thing received forwarded and on hand. From both the other officers I received polite and satisfactory answers. Mr. Johnson alone has thought proper not only to be very insolent upon the occasion but instead of the Docu- ments required to send me those of which copies are herewith Enclosed. One principal object with me in giving the instructions was to know when and where I might expect out articles which I wanted. This information could not as you may suppose could not be obtained by such remarks as he has made as "forwarded overland in part the residue to the Mouth of Scioto" and "part issued and part on hands" The fact is that at the time of receiving his communication I was unable to tell when I should send for certain articles which were much wanted. Gun Slings for instance was much wanted for the mounted Expedition. I knew that they had been at Pittsburg but was at a loss to know whether I should send to Mansfield or to the Mouth of Scioto for them I know not what can be Mr Johnsons motive for this Conduct but it is certain that if persisted in it cannot fail to do great Injury to the Service if not entirely defeat the campaign. He cannot plead ignorance because he received as the Major informs written instructions from Major Stoddard. I have been informed that Mr. Johnson without ever having seen me and before I had any Correspondence with him had been pleased to express the most unfriendly disposition towards me. I am however disposed to pass over his improper Conduct upon receiving assurances that it will not be repeated. This declaration I suppose he will make upon his being informed by you that his continuance in a station so important to the army I command will depend upon my view of the pro- priety with which he discharges its duties.
I have the Honor &c Willm Henry Harrison

Courtesy of the Ohio Historical Society


From Mr. Beasley To Alexander M'Leay

November 16, 1812

"For those American citizens who composed the crews of ships taken in war, I am at all times ready to enter into any engagement which the law and usage of nations require.  But for those whom your laws have invited, or whom misfortune has thrown into your country, whom accident, and not the fortune of war, has placed within your power, I must still urge my request, that they be allowed to depart the kingdom on the conditions proposed in my letter of the 7th instant." But "if the board will enter into an unconditional engagement, that all British subjects who have been permitted to leave the United States since the declaration of war, or who may be permitted to depart therefrom, shall be exchanged for American prisoners of war, I will, in like manner, engage for those American citizens agreeably to your letter." Mr. Beasley adds, "This arrangement, however, I would make with great reluctance; because it would not be in unison with that spirit of liberal warfare entertained by the Government of the United States, and because it would bring within the influence of the war those who might, without detriment to either party, be exempt from its operation."

Courtesy of Library of Congress

Late from Halifax

Late from Halifax.

A gentleman arrived in town on Wednesday, and favored us with the following Memoranda, and with a paper of that place, dated 16th Nov. The only article worthy notice will be found under the Bermuda head, which we give without comment:-
Arrived at Portsmouth, N.H. on Tuesday evening, Cartel Schooner Regulator, of Kennebunk, in 7 days from Halifax, bound to this port. She put in there in consequence of the very severe weather of Monday night and Tuesday morning, and brings a part of the crews of five coasting vessels taken by the Liverpool Packet, on her former cruise. There were about 360 American prisoners, all of whom would probably come away shortly, as there were two American and one English Cartels waiting for them. There had been no late captures of American vessels. The Africa and Spartan sailed for England on the 12th inst. with about 20 sail of merchantmen. The Wanderer sloop, had arrived from Quebec; the Laurestinus, from England with convoy having had a long passage: the Junon frigate and Swiftsure packet, from N. York. The Poictiers, Belvidera, Shannon, Nymph, Toredos, Acasta, Aelous and Maidstone were out cruising in three squadrons, and the Morgiana, Emulous, Plumper and Brunswick were up the Bay. All the men of war in port were fitting out, and would sail, it was conjectured, very soon for Bermuda, whither Sir John Warren was about to repair. There were in port, the San Domingo man of war, Statira, Junon, Orpheus and Laurestina frigates, and Wanderer and Colibri sloops. The Clarence, Chatham and Romilus men of war, and Magician, Staff and Macedonian frigates were expected at Bermuda. Flour 18 to 20 dollars, but for beef and pork there was no demand.
All idea of an accommodation between the two countries was at an end, after Mr. Monroe’s answer to Sir J.B. Warren’s dispatch was received.
Halifax, Nov. 16, An. His Majesty’s ship Lauristinus and Jubilee, 54 days from Lachryan-passengers in the Jubilee, Sir John Wentworth, Bt. Late governor of this Province, and Mr. Ford, Admiral Sawyer sailed in the Africa for England-also went passengers-Miss Sherbrooke, Commissioner Ingefield, Capt’s Dacres, Huskisson, and Mulcaster, Rev. Dr. Inglis, and others.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-November 27, 1812.