From Mr. Troup to John Armstrong

Committee Room
June 30, 1813

I am directed, by the Committee on Military Affairs, to whom has been referred a resolution instructing them to inquire what alterations are necessary in the act of the 28th of April, 1813, providing for the arming the whole body of the militia of the United States, to ask information on the following points, viz.
1st. What number of arms have been received by the United States since the 24th day of December, 1812, under contracts or purchases, for carrying into effect aforesaid act of 23rd April, 1808?
2d. Whether, since the 24th day of December, 1812, any further disposition has been made of the arms acquired under the act of the 23rd April, 1808, and, if any further disposition, to what amount, to what States and territories, and the number to each, respectively?
3d. By what authority eight thousand one hundred stand of arms have been, as appears by a report from your Department, made to the House of Representatives, 24th December, 1812, loaned to several States and territories, and whether the arms so loaned were acquired under the authority of the aforesaid act of the 23rd of April, 1808?
Or any other information in possession of your Department touching the distribution of arms acquired under the act of 1808, and which will enable the committee to comply with the instruction of the House.

John Armstrong

Courtesy of Library of Congress

From Fort Meigs



The following interesting intelligence form the North Western Army, was politely furnished us by His Excellency Governor Meigs, who passed through here on Monday for Chilicothe. In addition to what is contained in the following extracts, we are informed, that it is highly probable Col. Johnston’s regiment had left Fort Winchester before General Clay’s orders for their march to Fort Meigs had arrived. He was to have made an expedition to some of the Indian towns, & proceed from thence to Brownstown. If he shall have proceeded from thence to Brownstown and meets an enemy of larger force, his situation will be truly critical.

Mess. Edit.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-July 16, 1813.


Distribution of Arms

Copy of a letter to the Secretary of War respecting the distribution of arms.

Committee Room, June 30, 1813.
SIR-I am directed by the committee on military affairs, to whom has been referred a resolution instructing them to inquire what alterations are necessary in the act of the 23d April, 1808, providing for the arming the whole body of the militia of the U. States, to ask information on the following points, viz.

1st-What number of arms have been received by the United States since the 24th day of December, 1812, under contracts or purchases for carrying into effect the aforesaid act of 23rd April, 1808?

2d-Whether, since the 24th day of December, 1812, any further disposition has been made of the arms required under the act of 23d April, 1808, and, if any further disposition, to what amount, to what states and territories, and the number to each respectively?

3d-By what authority eight thousand one hundred stand of arms have been, as appears by a reports from your department made to the house of representatives the 24th December, 1812, loaned to several states and territories, and whether the arms so loaned were arms acquired under the authority of the aforesaid act of the 23d of April, 1808; or any other information in possession of your department, touching the distribution of arms acquired under the act of 1808, and which will enable the committee to comply with the instruction of the house.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 6, 1813.

Latest from Virginia

Latest from Virginia.

RICHMOND, JULY 29-Depatches have been received, which announce the arrival of the Triumph, of 74 guns, in Hampton Roads, with transports and troops; and of a brig and sch. From sea-the latter apparently full of men.

RICHMOND, JUNE 30.-The enemy have evacuated Hampton, and are cruising up James River. Great alarm prevails here, and many persons are removing their effects. The British, it is said, have received a large reinforcement, including some of their West-India regiments, which are composed of black troops.

A letter from Richmond, 30th ult states the arrival there of an express, with intelligence that the enemy had landed at Sandy Point-that the alarm-bell was summoning the inhabitants to arms-and that by forced marches the enemy might reach Richmond the following morning.

There is a report, that the British have captured Yorktown.-[The same place where Lord Cornwallis and his army surrendered, in 1781.-It contains about 80 houses; is a port of entry, capital of York county, and is 21 miles N.W. of Hampton.]


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 9, 1813.

From the Geneva Gazette, of June 30

From the Geneva Gazette, of June 30.

By a gentleman arrived yesterday from the West; we learn, that an engagement took place on Thursday or Friday last, between a party of British and a detachment of American troops, at Beaver Dam, about 6 miles back of Queenstown.-It is said to consist of about 3500 effective men, and is under the immediate command of Brig. Gen. Boyd-Gen. Dearborn being still sick and unable to attend to July.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 9, 1813.


Reaction by British Admiral to reported atrocities

June 29, 1813
British General Taylor’s letter of protest to British Admiral Warren after learning what had happened at Hampton,” I have heard with grief and astonishment of the excesses both to property and persons committed by the (British) land troops who took possession of Hampton……The world will suppose those acts to have been approved…(by us)…”

The following is an extract of a letter from Augusta, dated June 29

The following is an extract of a letter from Augusta, dated June 29;

“A gentleman came to town yesterday from Col. B. Hawkins’s, who reports, that the Creek Nation of Indians is at present divided into two parties, one in favor of an alliance with those Nations of Indians in league with the British Government-and the other opposed to such alliance, and in favor of Peace. The War party exceeds the number of those disposed for Peace, and is so determined on British alliance, that a civil war is expected to break out amongst them. Col. Hawkins has requested aid of the Governor of this State on behalf of the peace-party. Should not aid be granted from a part of the Militia of this State it is believed the friendly party will be exterminated.”


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Register-July 9, 1813.

Richmond, June 29

Richmond, June 29.

An official dispatch received this morning, by the Execute, from Major Crutchfild, states the force of the enemy which attacked Hampton on the morning of the 25th, to have been upwards of 2500, of whom 400 were riflemen. Our loss did not exceed 20, while that of the enemy was at least 200. The British force at Hampton is between 4 and 5,000. They are pillaging in all directions, and determined to mount all the horses which they can collect with Riflemen, and pursue our little army.

The batteries at Hampton, were under the command of Capt. B.W. Pryor, and were well served. And after handling the enemy severely, he spiked his cannon, swam across the creek, and retreated in the rear of the enemy.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-July 2, 1813.

From Washington, June 29

 From Washington, June 29.

“Yesterday the bill, laying Direct Taxes, passed to be read a third time on Wednesday next; but I do not think this to be absolutely decisive of its fate. Never was an act more reluctantly supported; and such has been the want of concert among the majority, upon this measure, that I have hardly ventured to exercise my native right of guessing; and I feel by no means positive now. The democratic leaders are all in favor of it; but it is hard work to get their troops up to it; but something must be done to make a new loan feasible. Without a knowledge of the instructions given our Envoys to Russia, we have hardly ground to form a conjecture, as to the issue of this mission; but I think that our Warhawks are in a pretty fair way of being satiated with the new war feast, and will probably then be willing to have peace.”


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 9, 1813.

Affairs on the Frontiers

Affairs on the Frontiers.

ALBANY, JUNE 29-Gen. Boyd remained with the army at Fort George the 21st. inst. where he was repairing the fortifications; and from whence it was reported, he would march forward in a few days.

The British army was about 16 miles distant, and had been reinforced by 500 men, who had augmented them to rising 2000; more reinforcements were daily expected from Kingston. A detachment had been sent to Malden, where Gen. Proctor remained at the last dates!

We have advices from Sacket’s Harbour to the 25th inst. Gen. Lewis was on his way thither to relieve Col Tuttle, who had a strong force there. The fleet under Com Chauncey was not expected to sail until the General Pike was ready-which, from the destruction of her sails, rigging, &c. in the late fire, would not probably be until the middle of July.

Maj. Gen. Hampton, and suite, have arrived here on their way to Burlington, where a considerable force is collecting. For what? He now commands the 9th Military District, [which comprises all the posts from Lake Erie to Lake Champlain, including Albany, &c.] as Senior Major-General.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 9, 1813.

From the Manlius Times, June 29

From the Manlius Times, June 29.

By a gentleman who left Fort George on Thursday last at noon, we are informed that an engagement had taken place between a detachment of about a thousand from our army, and the enemy at or near Beaver Dam, about 7 miles in the rear of Queenstown. He conversed with two or three citizens who came across to Lewiston, who informed that a large number of the Americans were killed, and many taken prisoners. When our informant left the river at Lewiston he saw a body of troops on their march from Fort George up the river, supposed to be a reinforcement for those engaged. This information is given as received, but we fear that our loss has been considerable in the recent encounter.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 9, 1813.

Disastrous News from the North-Western Frontier.

Disastrous News from the North-Western Frontier.

CANANDAIGUA, JUNE 29.-By a gentleman who arrived here yesterday from Buffalo, we are informed that on Friday last, about 5 miles from Queenstown, a battle was fought between a detachment from General Boyd’s army, at Fort George, under the command of Col. Boerstler, and a British and Indian force. The engagement continued about an hour and a half, and terminated in the overthrow and capture of the American troops, consisting of about 900 regulars, with a mounted volunteer corps under Capt. Cyrenus Chapin, of about 70 men. The number killed not known.

Such is the unfortunate result of this affair, as related by a few soldiers who escaped, to a gentleman, who was within three miles of the field of action, and who told our informant. We anxiously wait for a more satisfactory account.

The number of troops under Gen. Dearborn on the Niagara, is stated at between 2000 and 3000 effective men.

The militia is Genessee county have been ordered to march to the frontier.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 9, 1813.



Creek Nation


Camp near Fort Jackson, June 10, 1814.
Mr. Gales.
SIR-You will do me the favour to publish in your paper the enclosed certificates, & thereby perform an act of common justice to the brave men from Rowan county, who altho’ they did every thing in their power to avert the declaration of War, yet when called upon by the constitution-all authorities of their country to bear their portion of its dangers and its sufferings, have obeyed the call without a murmur; and ask nothing of their political opponents, but to speak of them truly, or to speak not at all.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-July 8, 1814.

Extract from a letter received at Washington, dated 28th June, Fort George

Extract from a letter received at Washington, dated 28th June, Fort George.

“The 15th Regiment and detachments from other corps to the amount of three hundred, were yesterday ordered to reinforce Boerstler who had been sent off with near six hundred picked troops to best in or skirmish with, the enemy’s advanced posts at the distance of fifteen miles, and who had fallen into an ambuscade, extricated himself from it and retired to a position which he thought a strong one, where he determined to remain, till he could be supported.-Christie commanded our detachment, and we proceeded as far as Queenstown when, he received information that the enemy, collecting his whole force, fell upon Boerstler’s position about twelve o’clock and after a most obstinate conflict of one hour and fifty minutes, compelled his brave but ill-fated band to surrender. Not a man out of the whole number escaped, but one, to tell the story.

Boerstler ought to have retreated.-His stand was gallant, but injudicious; the fault was that of a brave but uninstructed or ill-devised officer. How much less blameable however than detaching at all without sustained the detachment?

When shall we learn the first principles of the art? When obey the first dictates of common sense? Shall we perish in detail, in the face of a beaten and inferior foe, the dupes and victims of the little artificers of the petite guerre? Our detachment was made in the same folly-900 men were to fight an army that keeps cooped up at Fort George a division of 4000 effectives! I languish for the sight of a man who, understanding his business, will do justice to the army and the country. Under such a man there is both honor and renown-under any other, confusion, disaster and disgrace. Adieu-we hope for better times.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-July 16, 1813.

English Extracts


LONDON, JUNE 28-It is confidently reported on the Exchange, that government has recalled Admiral Warren from the American station, and that he is to be replaced by Lord Keith. The causes assigned, are the second escape of Com. Rodgers, and the permission given by him to the American Negotiators to sail to Russia.

LONDON, JULY 8.-The American Envoys have arrived at Copenhagen, to excite new animosities against Great Britain, and the cause of Europe. We cannot flatter ourselves with any prospect of Peace, from them, since they have commenced their diplomatic tour by a visit to Copenhagen.

JULY 8.-Lord Cochrane has taken command of the Saturn, and is about to sail for North America.

LONDON, JULY 10-We have news again of Com. Rogers, and we hope that the President will share the fate of the Chesapeake. Com. Rodgers was upon the coast of Norway. He took in water at Bergen, and left that place with intention to capture some English vessels from Greenland. We are told an English ship of the line and a frigate is upon that station.

Another articles states the capture of the Duke of Montrose packet, by the President, and observes the Congress parted company the 5th of June.

JULY 13.-Two frigates passed Yarmouth yesterday, it was supposed in pursuit of the American Com. Rogers.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 10, 1813.

Washington City, June 28

Washington City, June 28.

Extract of a letter from Sackett’s Harbor to the Secretary of the Navy, dated 18th June.

“On the 16th Lieut. Chauncey fell in with and captured the schooner Lady Murray, from Kingston, bound to York, with an ensign (G. C. Merce) and 15 non-commissioned officers and privates, belonging to the 41st and 104th regiments, loaded with provisions, powder, shot, and fixed ammunition. He arrived this morning with his prize.”


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-July 2, 1813.

British Official Account of the Capture of Col. Boerstler's Detachment

British Official Account of the Capture of Col. Boerstler’s Detachment.


Head-Quarters, Kingston, 28th June, 1813.
The commander of the forces has great satisfaction in announcing to the army, that a report has just been received from Brig. Gen. Vincent, of a most judicious and spirited exploit achieved by a small detachment of the 49th reg. amounting to 40 rank and file, under Lieut. Fitz Gibbon, and a band of Indian warriors, which terminated in the defeat and entire capture of a considerable detachment of the American regular army under the command of Lieut. Col. Boerstler, of the 14th U. States regt, after sustaining considerable loss.

Lieut. Fitz Gibbon, on reconnoitering the enemy’s position, and finding him too numerous to oppose with his small force, with great presence of mind kept him in check, while he sent and summoned him to surrender in the name of Major DeHaren, and which he was fortunately enabled to enforce by the prompt and timely advance of the light division under that officer, by whose vigorous co-operation, the capture of the enemy’s force, consisting of 1 lieut. col. 1 major, 6 captains, 15 inferior officers, 25 sergeanis, 2 drummers, 462 rank and file, one 12 pounder, one 6 pounder, field pieces, and a stand of colours, was effected on the field.

Not a single British soldier is reported to have fallen on this occasion. The Indian warriors behaved with great steadiness and courage, and his Excellency has great satisfaction in learning that they conducted themselves with the greatest humanity and forbearance towards the prisoners, after the action. By his Ex’y’s command,

E. BAYNES, Adj. Gen.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 23, 1813.


Extract of a letter from Washington, June 28

Extract of a letter from Washington, June 28.

“From the West our news is unpleasant. The British are scouring the margin of the lake, without any controut; the stores collected at Black Rock, Sodus, and Oswego, have fallen into their hands, amounting in value, including military stores and provisions to half a million of dollars. Among other articles, they have taken the cannon destined to fit out the frigate General Pike, now building at Sacket’s Harbour.-The President is pronounced to day to be better by his Physicians. Possibly the disagreeable intelligence both from the south and north, may occasion a relapse.”


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 9, 1813.



From Hampton


Extract of a letter from Richmond, dated June 27, to a gentleman in New York.

“Hampton is not destroyed, but in possession of the enemy, who may readily scour the country as high up as Little York, in which neighbourhood meat, water, &c. may be had in abundance.

“The British attacked the place in two detachments of 40 barges each; one landing below, while the other came immediately up Hampton Creek. Our corps of militia, about 500 strong, behaved with great gallantry and intrepidity; gave the enemy a warm reception at both points, and, when unable to maintain this contest longer made retreats in small detachments in handsome style. Our loss is said to be small, 25 to 40; very few if any officers. Major Corbin is not killed, but wounded in the arm and leg. The enemy, it is believed, lost 200 killed and wounded.

“A company of Riflemen took a favorable position in a ditch behind a fence, on a rising ground along the road where the enemy passed, and opened a galling and destructive fire upon him.

“This day it is expected our people, about 1500 strong, will attack the enemy at Hampton. We receive expresses every 4 or 6 hours. By tomorrow afternoon, I hope to have some good news for you.”


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 9, 1813.


From the Northern Army


New-York, June 26.

An officer who left Fort George on the 15th, states that our troops were in good health and spirits at the fort, amounting to about 4000. Gen. Boyd in command. General Dearborn continuing very ill Gen. Lewis will take the command at Sackett’s Harbour. The British main body (about 3000) were at Twenty-mile creek; their advance guard at Twelve-mile Creek. The British had landed at Lodies, and carried off all the stores and provisions at that place, and had proceeded to Oswego. Two letters received in Albany confirm the above, with this addition, that all the public stores had been taken off by three of our vessels sent form Sackett’s Harbor for that purpose. The Lady of the Lake has sent a prize into the Harbor, valued at 20,000 dollars, with a British lieutenant and 20 men on board.

Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-July 2, 1813.



NEW-LONDON, JUNE 26.-Yesterday the schr. Eagle, Riker, of N. York, was captured off Mill Stone Point; the captain and crew having got on shore near the light house. She was brought to anchor about three fourths of a mile from the Ramilies, and soon after blew up with a terrible explosion. Two boats crews were supposed be on board her at the time as one was along side and another veered astern with two men in her.-After the explosion, not a piece of the wrecks could be seen with a spy-glass at the light house; and probably 20 or 30 seamen were sent to eternity in an instant. The master of the schooner, Riker, says, she was fitted out as a fire ship, having on board a secret machine for blowing her up.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 2, 1813.


Successful British attack on Hampton, VA

June 25, 1813
British Officer writing about the successful British attack on Frenchtown and the resultant atrocities committed against the Americans by the French members of the British force:
“One (Frenchman) robbed a poor Yankee and pretended all sorts of anxiety for him; it was the custom of war he said to rob a prisoner, but he was sorry for him. When he had thus coaxed the man into confidence he told him to walk on before, as he must go to the general; the poor wretch obeyed, and when his back was turned the musket was fired into his brains……………………….(The British general) ought to have hanged several villains…had he so done the Americans would not have complained; but every horror was committed, rape, murder, pillage: and not a man was punished….. Much as I wished to shoot some of (the Frenchmen) …I had no opportunity. …The 102nd Regiment almost mutinied at my preventing them from joining in the sack of that unfortunate town.”

Norfolk, June 25

Norfolk, June 25.

Just as our paper was ready for press an express arrived in town, bringing an account of the enemy’s having attacked Hampton about 4 o’clock this morning, and after an hour and forty minutes constant firing, the town surrendered.

A detachment from the 54th regt. under Lieut. Broughton marched from hence this mornig for Richmond with the deserters and prisoners taken from the British forces which landed to attack Crany-Island on Monday last.

Letters received by this morning’s mail slate, that the frigate Essex has arrived at Portland with a considerable quantity of specie on board.

Richmond, June 26.

We have just received the distressing intelligence that Hampton is in ashes, and that the brave Corbin, with a great part, if not the whole of the small patriotic band under his command have sealed their devotion to their country, by dining at their post. Our Hampton correspondent, out Brother was among them said to be killed or taken.-We hope he has done his duty.-This is no time for private grief.-Let him who has feeling, feel for his country.

[Brought by express to the Executive this morning at one o’clock.]

SIR-Mr. Scott has this moment arrived from York. He informs me that an express had arrived there about one o’clock today with the dreadful and melancholy news of the capture of Hampton. This express was sent by Colonel Howard to an officer of the 115th regiment, ordering him to repair to the half way house between Hampton possession of by the enemy. I shall order my regiment out immediately, the greater portion to rendezvous at Williamsburg, the balance at York.-In haste I am

Com. 68th Reg. V.M.
His Exc’y Gov. Barbour.

In addition to the above, it is stated by the Express, who is apparently a man worthy of credit, that the attack on Hampton was made by water yesterday (Friday 25th) at 4 o’clock A.M. that by his rockets he had fired the town before he effected a lading-and that the action lasted 4 hours before the militia retreated. Maj. Corbin and Adjutant Anderson are said to be among the slain.-The enemy had some cavalry.

Daily Compiler.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-July 2, 1813.


Official Despatch

Official Despatch.

Copy of a letter from Major-General Dearborn to the Secretary of War, dated,
Head Quarters, Fort-George,
June 25th, 1813.

Sir- I have the mortification of informing you of an unfortunate and unaccountable event which occurred yesterday. On the 23d, at evening Lieut. Col Boerstler, with 570 men, infantry, artillery, cavalry and riflemen, in due proportion, was ordered to march by the way of Queenstown to a place called the Beaver Dams, on the high ground about eight or nine miles from Queenstown, to attack and disperse a body of the enemy collected there for the purpose of procuring provisions and harassing those inhabitants who are considered friendly to the United States. Their force was, from the most direct information, composed of one company of the 104th reg above 80 strong; from 150 to 200 militia, and from 50 to 60 indians. At 8 o’clock yesterday morning when within about two miles of the Beaver Dams, our detachment was attacked from an ambuscade; but soon drove the enemy some distance into the woods, and then retired to a clear field, and sent an express for a reinforcement, saying he would maintain his position until reinforced; a reinforcement consisting of three hundred men marched immediately under the command of col. Chrystie; but on arriving at Queenstown, Col. Chrystie received authentic information that Lieut. Col. Boerstler with his command had surrendered to the enemy, and the reinforcement returned to camp. A man who belonged to a small corps. of mounted volunteer riflemen, came in this morning, who states that the enemy surrounded our detachment in the woods, and toward 12 o’clk. Commenced a general attack-that our troops fought more than two hours until the artillery had expended the whole of its ammunition and then surrendered; at the time of the surrender the informant made his escape. Why it should have been deemed proper to remain several hours in a position surrounded with woods without either risking a decisive action, or effecting a retreat, remains to be accounted for, as well as the project of waiting for a reinforcement from the distance of fifteen or sixteen miles.

No information has been received of the killed or wounded. The enemy’s fleet has again arrived in our neighborhood. With respect and esteem, I am, sir, yours, &c.


Hon. JOHN ARMSTRONG, Secretary at War.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 16, 1813.


From Albany, July 6

From Albany, July 6.

Extract of a letter to the Editor of the Argus, dated Newark, June 25, 1813.

“A detachment of our troops, consisting of 557 men, left this on Wednesday, under the command of Col. [illegible], Composed of Light Artillery, Infantry and Dragoons, two pieces of cannon; they penetrated about 16 or 18 miles into the interior, at a place called the Beaver Dam, when they were attacked by about 500 regulars, besides militia, and a large number of Indians: the battle lasted some time, when our people retreated into an open field and sent a flag and offered to surrender, finding themselves completely surrounded. The answer of the British officer was, THAT THEY MUST SURRENDER TO THE INDIANS!!! This was refused, and the battle continued; a reinforcement was dispatched yesterday, but could not get our troops. We know not yet how many survive or how many are prisoners.”

It is stated that Maj. Chapin of Buffaloe, with 60 or 70 volunteers, were with the above detachment; that the object of the expedition, which was to cut off the enemy’s supplies, was accomplished-and that the detachment proceeded farther at the particular solicitation of Maj. Chapin; and that our total loss does not exceed 360 men, a company of riflemen and some other corps having come in who were supposed to have been taken prisoners. A letter from Geneva states that the detachment consisted of a part of the 14th, 20th and company of the 6th; and that Capt. M’Chesney was wounded in the arm. We give these as reports, without vouching for their correctness.  


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 9, 1813.

Further Particulars.

Further Particulars.

A letter from Barnstable mentions the arrival at that place of a vessel from Halifax, with letters to the 10th inst.-One of which gives the following particulars. “The Chesapeake was taken in 11 minutes, by the misfortune of having his topsail tie and fire sheet cut away, when endeavouring thwart the bows of the Shannon, for the purpose of boarding: from this circumstance the Chesapeake came into the wind, and gave the enemy the most favorable opportunity of boarding.

Some Further Particulars.
Several letters from some of the officers of the Chesapeake were received in town on Saturday last form Halifax, via New Bedford. They state the following particulars of the late unhappy affair between the Chesapeake & Shannon frigates. On first broadside, Capt. Lawrence was wounded in his left leg, and immediately after received a musket ball through his body-Lt. Ludlow was also twice wounded by musket or grape shot-Mr. White, the sailing master, killed-Lt. Ballard had his leg shot off.-Lieut. Broome mortally wounded-The Boatswain, also mortally wounded, and the bugle man killed. About this time, the ship had her head sails shot away, spanker brails foul by the cutting away of the rigging. In this situation, the ship became unmanageable and fell on board the Shannon; when nearly 200 of her crew sprang on board the Chesapeake, with Captain Broke at their head, and immediately carried her.

Lt. Budd was wounded in leading his division, and that of Lt. Cox (previously wounded) to repel the boarders. Midshipmen Livingston, Hopewell and Evans, were killed; and Weaver, Nichols, Barry and Abbot, wounded. The letters add, that Lieutenants Ludlow, Budd, and Mr. Abbot, were doing well. Capt. Broke, it is stated, is likely to recover.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-June 25, 1813.



The Chesapeake

The Chesapeake.

By the arrival, on Wednesday, of the ship Henry, from Halifax, we have some further particulars of the fate of our unfortunate frigate, the Chesapeake. Lt. Budd, the senior surviving officer of the ship, states, that they had 48 killed, and 97 wounded, 14 of whom have since died of their wounds; that the Shannon, by the British statement, had 27 killed, and 58 wounded; at the arm chest, on board the Chesapeake, was blown up by a hand grenade, thrown from the Shannon; that the Shannon, had in addition to her usual full complement, one officer and 16 men from the Belle Poole, and a part of the crew belonging to the frigate Tenedos; Lt. Budd also states, that every officer on whom the charge of the Chesapeake, could have devolved, was either killed or wounded, previous to capture Mr. Chew, who is the bearer of this intelligence, further adds, that the S. was very much injured in her bell; so much so, that she could scarcely be kept above water during the night after the action; having received a number of shots between wind and water, and below water.- Mr.Chew, is decidedly of opinion that had not the Chesapeake got foul of the Shannon, the latter, from her very shattered state, must soon have surrendered; and even then, if the officers had not been all killed or wounded, the Shannon could not have succeeded in boarding. Some circumstances, which occurred after the capture, we are sorry to hear, were not honorable to the captors; but until the particulars are fully known we shall abstain from comment.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-June 25, 1813.
A Middlebury (V.) paper of the 16th states, that a battalion of U.S. Troops, under Major Phelps, had just passed through that place for Burlington; and that the militia were ordered out, in the expectation of an attack, which had been considered as a consequence that would succeed the loss of the two sloops of war;-that in several late arrivals at Quebec, from Cork, there were upwards of 6000 troops, including a considerable number of sailors; and that a serious campaign was expected on that frontier.

The same paper repeats, that the loss on board the two sloops, taken on the Lake, was but 1 killed, and 6 wounded; and that the wounded had returned to Champlain.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-June 25, 1813.

Albany Argus, Extra

Albany Argus, Extra.

General Vincent was not killed, as has been supposed. The opinion arose from the circumstance of his horse, hat. &c. being found on the field of battle at day light, and from that of the enemy having sent in 2 or 3 flags, to enquire whether he was killed or a prisoner. A person answering his description was seen by our scouts towards evening making for the British camp with an American sergeant in company; whom it was conjectured he had bribed to facilitate his escape after he had been made prisoner, and before his rank was discovered.

The British fleet had landed a reinforcement, and captured 6 or 7 of our boats. The communication being cut off by water, it had been found very difficult to transport provisions to the army by land, over bad roads, and where teams could not be procured. The army had from these and other causes fallen back upon Fort George on Thursday. The British fleet was still in sight.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-June 25, 1813.


Excellent Sir


“The bearer of my dispatch of the 22d, having been detained by the time necessary to make out the details, I acquaint your Excellency, that we have continued to pursue the enemy, whose rear guard this day entered Pampeluna. We have done the enemy all the injury in his retreat, which the bad weather and the state of the roads would permit. And yesterday our vanguard took the remaining canon which the enemy had left; and consequently he has entered Pompaluna with one howitzer only.

“It is possible the enemy will retire to France.

“I have detached Gen. Giron in pursuit of a convoy which left Vittoria in the morning of the 20th, and have hopes he will overtake them before they arrived at Bayonne. (Signed)


Irurzun, June 24, 1813.



Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 20, 1813.


Extract of a letter from General Harrison to Governor Meigs

Extract of a letter from General Harrison to Governor Meigs, dated


Franklinton, June 23.
DEAR SIR-An express has just arrived from Camp Meigs, bringing information, that an army of British and Indians were about to make another attack upon that place. I think it probably that Fort Meigs is not the object, but that the attack will be upon Lower Sandusky, Cleaveland or Erie. I shall set our early in the morning for Sandusky, and will keep you constantly apprised of the events passing in that direction.

I am, your friend,

His Exc. Gov. Meigs.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-July 16, 1813.


Copy of a letter from Com Cassin to the Secretary of the Navy

Copy of a letter from Com Cassin to the Secretary of the Navy.

Navy Yard, Gosport, June 23.

SIR-I have the honor to inform you that on the 20th the enemy got under way, in all, thirteen sail, and dropped up to the mouth of James River, one ship bearing a flag at the mizen.-At 5, P.M. were discovered making great preparation with troops for landing, having a number of boats for the purpose. Finding Craney Island rather weakly manned, Capt. Tarbell directed Lt’s Neale, Shubrick and Sanders, with one hundred seamen, on shore, at 11, P.M. to a small battery on the N.W. point of the Island. Tuesday, 22d, at the dawn, the enemy were discovered landing round the point of Nansemond River, said to be four thousand troops; and, at 8, A.M. the barges attempted to land in front of the Island, out of the reach of the shot from the Gun boats; when Lieut’s Neale, Shubrick and Sanders, with the Sailors, and Lt. Breckenridge with the Marines, of the Constellation, one hundred and fifty in number, opened their fire, which was so well directed that the enemy were glad to get off, after sinking three of their largest boats. One of them, called the Centipede, Admiral Warren’s bots, fifty feet in length, carried seventy five men, the greater part of whom were lost by her sinking. Twenty soldiers and sailors were saved and the boat hauled up. From the boats that were sunk, I presume there were forty prisoners. The troops, that were landed fell back in the rear of the Island and commenced throwing Rockets from Mr. Wise’s house, when Gun-boat No. 67, threw a few shot over that way they dispersed and went back.

We have had all day deserters from the enemy coming in. I have myself taken in twenty-five, and eighteen prisoners belonging to the Cenitpede.

The officers of the Constellation fired their 18 pounder more like riflemen than artillerists. I never saw such shooting, and seriously believe they saved the Island. In the evening the boats came round the point of Nansemond, and, at sunset, were seen returning to their ships, full of men. At dusk they strewed the shore along with fires, in order to run away by the light.

I have the honor to be, &c.


Hon. Mr. JONES, Sec’y of the Navy.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 9, 1813.


Washington, June 22

Washington, June 22.

There is every reason to believe, from later accounts, that the report of a victory over the British forces in Canada, by our army under General Lewis, is unfounded.

June 23.

We have from various sources indistinct and unintelligible rumors of the operations of the army under the command of General Dearborn. We shall state on this head only what we know to be fact, derived from letters from Fort George, dated the 10th, taking it for granted that most of the other particulars we have heard are embellishments from the fancy of those through whose hands and lips the news has passed.

The army, after the repulse of the British forces, remained at Forty Mile Creek, to which they had retreated, the next day. On the morning of the second day of the skirmish, the British fleet was discovered off the shore. Our army was ordered to retreat. Sir Jas. Yeo sent a flag on shore requesting the surrender of our army, to prevent the waste of lives, because our forces were surrounded by Indians, &c. and must be captured. The answer sent by General Lewis was, that such a request did not merit an answer. Our army then pushed on for Fort George, where they arrived on the evening of the 9th, after a hard march. The Indians did not attempt to molest them, except by harassing the stragglers on the rear guard. Major Gen’l Dearborn lay very ill on the 10th-at which time the army was in quarters at Fort George.

For further particulars we shall look for official accounts, as but little reliance is to be placed in the rumors which abound in the public prints.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-July 2, 1813.


Major General Lewis to Sacket's Harbour

Major General Lewis, we understand, is ordered to proceed immediately to Sacket’s Harbour, to take command at that post; and that Brig Gen. Boyd, (on account of Gen. Dearborn, ill health, and until a further appointment is made) will remain in command on the Niagara frontier. The whole of our army is concentrated at Fort George.
No war events have occurred, since the retrocession of our troops to fort George. In the several affairs which took place between them and the enemy, near Forty Mile Creek, it is believed we have lost from 800 to 1000 men. The retreat from that place is represented not much to our credit- we hope the stores now in circulation, when particulars are known, will prove unfounded.

[Canandaigua Gaz.
During and since the capture of fort George, there had been the most shameful acts of rapacity and plunder committed on the innocent inhabitants of the Province. We hear every day, of quantities of plate and other articles being brought from there and sold by the marauders at a small price. We are ashamed to record the commission of acts which stain our national character with such foul disgrace.

The Pittsburg Gazette of June 18, says-“200 Infantry, and a troop of Horse, have marched to join the army under Gen. Dearborn. The same paper also states, that gen. Harrison had gone to fort Meigs, in consequence of some important despatches, received by express, from General Dearborn.
From Albany, June 22.

“The cables, anchors, and duck for the sails of the General Pike has just left this city for Sacket’s Harbor. She cannot be got to sea until the middle or latter end of July. General Parker has arrived Gen. Hampton is to command at Burlington.”
Since the capture of the sloops Growler and Eagle by the British on Lake Champlain, they have been completely repaired, equipped and manned, and are actively employed in scouring the Lake. They are of about 100 tons burden, and carry 11 guns each.
It appears, by the latest accounts we have from the N W. Frontiers, that Com. Yeo, is scouring the Am. Coast on Lake Ontario; and that having a large number of troops on board, it was thought prudent to retain a considerable part of our troops at the Niagara station-leaving Gen. Boyd, in the command of those on the British side. The attack on Sodus and Oswego, had excited considerable alarm; but no serious event was expected to result from the expedition.
Extract of a letter from an officer in the North W. army, to a gentleman in the town
“You will see, by the orders of Gen. BOYD, whose scrutinizing eye is as constantly watchful in discerning the merits, as his candour and generosity is prompt to reward bravery, has publicly acknowledged the active services, of Capt. Grafton, acting brigade major. Knowing your esteem for this promising officer, I could not omit informing you of this evidence, of his standing in the army.”


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 2, 1813.

From Norfolk, June 22, 1 P.M.

From Norfolk, June 22, 1 P.M.

“About day-break the enemy were discovered with their barges pulling to shore, about two and an half or three miles above the upper point of Crany Island: about 400 effected their landing without any opposition or loss, there being no force to oppose them, and being out of reach of the artillery on Crany Island:-But another detachment which pulled directly for Crany Island, met with a different reception. The batteries were manned with the troops stationed on the Island, and a detachment of seamen commanded by the officers of the Constellation, who opened a heavy fire, which compelled the enemy to retreat with great loss. Three barges were sunk; one was taken with eighteen men on board, belonging to a foreign regiment. Our officers, soldiers, seamen and marines exhibited the utmost coolness and enthusiasm.

“Foiled in the attempt on Crany Island, the enemy has landed the whole of the force embarked, about three miles above the island, where he remained.

“The prisoners state that the expedition was commanded by Admiral Cockburn.-They also report that the Junon received nine shot in her hull, had many men killed, and her rigging much damaged.

“The enemy threw many rockets but without effect.

“The infantry and riflemen have not had their share of the action, as the enemy was so roughly handled by the artillery, that he did not come within the reach of small arms. An attack is expected to-night, but the island will be defended to the last extremity.

“The number of troops, including marines for landing, are said to be about 5000-those already landed from 1000 to 1200-This we give as report.”


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 2, 1813.



Official Account


Of the late Naval Affair in the Chesapeake.

Copy of a letter from Commodore John Cassin to the Secretary of the Navy.
Navy Yard, Gosport, June 21, 1813.

SIR-On Saturday at 11 P.M. Capt. Tarbell moved with the flotilla under has command, consisting of 15 gun-boats, in two divisions, lieut. John M. Gardner 1st  division, and lieut. Robert Hanley the 2d, manned from the frigate, and 50 musketeers gen. Taylor ordered from Canary Island, and proceeded down the river; but adverse winds and squalls prevented his approaching the enemy until Sunday morning at 4 P.M. when the flotilla commenced a heavy galling fire on a frigate, at bout three quarters of a mile distance, laying well up the roads, two other frigates laying in sight. At half past 4 a breeze sprung up from ENE, which enabled the two frigates to get under way, one a razee or a very heavy ship, and the other a frigate, to come nearer into action. The boats in consequence of their approach hauled off, though keeping up a well directed fire on the razee and other ship, which gave us several broadsides. The frigate first engaged, supposed to be the Junon, was certainly very severely handled-had the calm continued, one half hour, that frigate must have fallen into our hands or been destroyed. She must have slipt her moorings so as to drop nearer the razee, who had all sails set coming up with the other frigate. The action continued one hour and a half with the three ships. Shortly after the action, the razee got along side of the ship, and had her upon a deep careen in a little time with a number of boats and stages round her. I am satisfied considerable damage was done to her, for she was silenced some time, until the razee opened her fire, when she commenced again. Our loss is very trifling, Mr. Allinson, master’s mate on board No. 139 was killed early in the action by an 18lb. ball, which passed through him and lodged in the mast. No. 154 had a shot between wind and water. No. 67 had her Franklin shot away, and several of them had some of their sweeps as well as their stations shot away, and two men slightly injured by the splinters from the sweeps; on the flood tide several ships of the line and frigates came into the roads and we did expect an attack last night.-There are now in the Roads, 13 ships of the line and frigates, one brig and several tenders.

I cannot say too much for the officers and crews on this occasion; for every man appeared to go into action with so much cheerfulness, apparently to do their duty, resolved to conquer. I had a better opportunity of discovering their actions than any one else, being in my boat the whole of the action.

I have the honor to be, &c.

Secretary of the Navy, Washington.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-July 2, 1813.