8.31.2013

North Western Army

North Western Army.

CANANDAIGUA, AUG. 31.-We have had a conversation with a gentleman of respectability, lately from Fort George; the following is the amount of his intelligence;

Our troops are sickly at the Fort, and their sickness is increasing. The friendly Indian Chiefs at the Fort are dissatisfied with General Boyd’s conduct, and reproach the regular troops with want of courage, in not assisting their Indians in the skirmish at the outposts, on the 17th and 18th inst.

Sheaffe has collected 4000 regulars and a large number of Indians, and is hourly expected to appear before Fort George. It is reported, that a large number of (4 or 5000) Indians from the N.W. Wilds, who have come from a point so distant from the reach of civilization, as to have no ideas of a fire arm, have entered Canada and offered their services to the British General.-Two of our armed vessels lay at Niagara, and are effectually prevented from co-operating with our fleet. The sailing-master of the Scourge and one seaman, after going down in that vessel and remaining long under water, came up to the surface, and to the astonishment of the crew of an enemy’s vessel, laying near, were discovered trying to buoy themselves on the surface by catching hold of a spar.  They were taken off by the enemy, and while going down by land to Little York, under a guard, escaped and got over to our side with the greatest difficulty. While passing down as prisoners, (says our informant) just at dusk, they ran from the guard, and jumping into a thicket of thornbushes, &c. remained concealed, and head the officer’s order, (who swore that no second Chapin trick should be played) to find and bring them back at any hazard. The country was patrolled in every direction, especially along the Lake for 20 or 30 miles.—Notwithstanding the hunt was vigilant, they eluded pursuit, and eventually effected their escape.

 

Published the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 10, 1813.

ALBANY, AUGUST 31


ALBANY, AUGUST 31.-It is understood that Commodore Chauncey did not leave Sackett’s Harbor until Friday (27th.) We understand General Wilkinson contemplated going in the squadron to Fort George.

About 500 troops arrived at Greenbush on Sunday from the southward.
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There are rumors of great disturbances at Amelia, by the revolutionists. It is said that not less than 15 of the inhabitants or soldiers have been killed or wounded.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 3, 1813.

8.30.2013

ALBANY, AUG. 30


ALBANY, AUG. 30.-“All the idle stories (says the Columbian) about some of our lieutenants having resigned in disgust with the conduct of Com. Chauncey, are utterly unfounded. If any dissatisfaction exists among them, it is solely imputable to their having been superseded in their rank by the appointment of junior officers over them.”
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An Ohio paper of August 9, says, FIFTEEN THOUSAND of the militia of the upper part of this State, are now on their march to join General Harrison.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 10, 1813.

 

Further Particulars. From the Charleston City Gazette, August 30

Further Particulars.

From the Charleston City Gazette, August 30.

From Sullivan’s Island-We learnt that the situation of the inhabitants was distressing to a degree.  How many lives were lost, we have not been able to learn, but it is ascertained there were form 14 to 20-among them, 5 young women out of 6,  who were in one house; their names we have not learned; and 7 or 8 negroes. Also, a number of houses destroyed; among them the one occupied by Mrs. Chambers, at the landing. She was fortunately in town, having attempted to go down, but was compelled to put back from the badness of the weather. She lost her furniture, clothing, &c. [Since the above was in type, we have learnt that 19 dead bodies have already been found.]

From the plantations on the coast we have learnt nothing particular, but much is to be feared that the crops about Georgetown, South and North Santee Rivers, &c. have been greatly injured if not totally lost. We have heard some planters express an opinion that there will be five thousand tierces of rice lost, besides cotton and other articles.

From Beaufort.-By the passengers in a boat from Beaufort, which left there since the gale, we learn that the enemy’s brig of war Moselle, that was on shore, has gone entirely to pieces; crew saved and taken on board the Colibri. It was the general opinion at Beaufort that the Colibri was destroyed in the gale, as there was scarcely a change for her escape, from the situation in which she was previously. We further learn the gale was not felt very severely at Beaufort, and has done little injury. A number of inland coasters are on shore in different places, but will be got off without much damage.

From Edists Island-We learn that the entire crops of cotton, corn, &c. are totally destroyed, and several houses blown down.

From Goose Creek-That so violent was the gale, trees 2 feet in diameter were torn up by the roots; from which the destruction in that neighborhood may be judged.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 10, 1813.

8.28.2013

Extract of a letter from an American gentleman dated Liverpool, 28th August, 1813

Extract of a letter from an American gentleman dated Liverpool. 28th August, 1813.

“Before I left London I was pretty well satisfied, or rather I had very good authority for believing, that the mediation of Russia had been rejected by this government; but if that was the case it did not preclude the hope that a negotiation would be opened on the continent between our ministers and those of this country, now at or on the way to the head-quarters of the allied powers. But nothing official has transpired relative to the subject, and the result, if negotiation takes place, can only be matter of speculation and conjecture-But it is the general opinion, as far as I can collect it, that unless the American ministers are authorized to abate very largely in the pretentions (as they are called here) set forth the president’s message of May 1st, peace cannot be looked for. I must still hope, however, that if our ministers are met at all, the happy result will show that they have not been hampered and tied down by instructions which require the settled practice and rules of nations to be altered upon abstract principles. But, after all, our concerns are of such minor importance to those which engage and almost engross this country, that it much depends on the events growing out of these more important interests as to when, and the temper in which, our propositions and claims may be entertained-The report is arrived to day of the rupture of the armistice, and of Austria having sided with the allies. If the news be true, all negotiation with the American ministers would probably be suspended for the great events which must in all probability speedily ensue.
Postscript.-August 29.-The mail from London confirms beyond all doubt the rupture of the armistice, and the declaration of Austria against France. The notice was given by the allies the 10th instant, and Austria announced her declaration on the 11th. A great battle is supposed already to have taken place in Lusatia. Hostilities were begun by Davoust near Hamburg on or about the 17th. I have seen the Courier detailing these events, which are officially known to the government, at least with respect to the main facts.”

 

Published in the Maryland Gazette-October 14, 1813.

 

Movement of the North Western Army

Movement of the North Western Army.

Extract of a letter, dated
“FORT MEIGS, August 28.

“I embrace this opportunity of writing to you for the last time from this place. Early on tomorrow morning we shall set off for camp Seneca, via the Lake. Gen. M’Arther arrived here yesterday, and has superceded Gen. Clay. At 10 o’clock, he took command, and issued an order to raise volunteer seamen for our fleet, it begin deficient in men. About fifty volunteered, two out of our company, John H. Smith and William Harrison.

They will start this evening, under the command of Lt. Henderson. A navel engagement is daily expected. I expect it will be desperate-They are nearly of an equal force- and it depends principally on the success of our flotilla, to ascertain at what moment the army will be transported across the Lake.”
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Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Ohio, to his friend in N. York, dated “Grand Camp, O.M. Upper Sandusky, Aug. 29.”

“We expect the Governor will discharge all the militia at this camp in the course of the present week. An express arrived at camp last evening, bearing letters from Gen. Harrison written yesterday afternoon, advising Gov. Meigs that the service of the militia was no longer necessary, except a few to garrison the forts at Upper Sandusky, Finley’s, and M’Arthur’s.”

“The day before yesterday we heard a heavy cannonading in the direction of Malden, which it is supposed proceeded form the fleet which had sailed out in search of the enemy; and it was probable had fallen in with them.”

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 24, 1813.

Dreadful Gale in Charleston

Dreadful Gale in Charleston.

Extract of a letter from Charleston, S. C. dated 28th August, 1813.

“Yesterday, about noon, a most violent gale came on from the N.E. and continued till daylight this morning. The damage done is immense. Every wharf in town is rendered unfit for a vessel to lie at. We may say, with safety, that every vessel in the harbour (except the U.S. schooners Non-such and Carolina, which are safe) has been injured. The prison ship drifted from her mornings, and has run ashore near Bennet’s rice mill, James Island. The ship Canton, of New-York, drifted into the stream, and sunk. The ships Sally, Webster, of Boston, Jupiter, and Jane, of Saco, are so high up in the marsh, near the foundery, that it will be almost impossible to get them off again. A large ship lies along side the fish market, where she may lay for ever, as it is utterly impossible ever to get her off. The privateer Decatur and one of her prizes, are both half way on Prioleau’s wharf. The prize ship has injured herself and the Belle greatly. The brig Eliza, belonging to Fenno &Cox, is on the top of Bailey’s wharf. Two ships are driven up back of Mr. James George’s house, a place where one would suppose that it would be impossible to get a packet boat. Several wood boats have sunk at the wharves, and all the Sullivan’s Island packets, except one, and she is on the wharf. We have not yet been able to hear from the Island, but suppose they must have suffered greatly-Many houses and stores are partly unroofed, and goods damaged. The cellars in the vendue range are almost all full of water. The bridge across Ashley river is carried away, from the draw gate to the other side of the river. We have not as yet, heard of any lives being lost, but fear there must be many. ONE MILLION OF DOLLARS will not pay for the loss of property. Many persons suppose this gale to be more severe than the one in 1804, or that of 1811.


Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 10, 1813.

8.27.2013

From Fort George

FROM FORT GEORGE

Letters have been received by the express mail, of as late date as the 15th inst. no active operations have recently taken place by land. The American and British squadrons had separated without any general engagement. Their forces are said to be very nearly equal, commodore Chauncey having unfortunately lost two of his smallest vessels in a severe squall of wind; and as report said, two others of the same description having been intercepted by the enemy.

Nat. Int.

 

Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-August 27, 1813.

BURLINGTON, AUG. 27

BURINGTON, AUG. 27.-By information which may be relied upon, we learn that the enemy have at St. Johns, two sets of carpenters fitting up and arming the water craft, which they took on Lake Champlain at the time of their late expedition out in our waters. One set of hands work during day light, the other by candle light through the night. They have a brig. Building at Missisque bay; she is in a state of forwardness, and is to carry twenty guns.

We may expect another visit from them in the course of ten or twelve days. We understand the Canadians are volunteering their services on condition that they may plunder.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly messenger-September 3, 1813.

Kentucky

Another appeal has been made to the patriotism of the state of Kentucky, and the Governor, Shelby, proposes to head in person, the volunteers that may come forward to aid in crushing the power of the enemy in the North-West.-They are required to rendezvous at Newport, by the last day of the present month.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 27, 1813.

Letter from Fort George

We have seen a letter from Fort George, of the 5th inst. containing some curious facts. One is, that “when Gen. Dearborn left the army, the command devolved on General Boyd, without any orders how to act-neither did he know the intentions of government, as he was not consulted when the two Major Generals were here-He wrote to the Secretary of War for instructions; but in reply, Gen. Boyd received PEREMPTORY orders to act only on the defensive, until further orders, since which no orders have been sent him.”

[N.Y. Gaz..

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 27, 1813.

Near Fort Meigs

Near Fort Meigs.

It is stated in letters from the Lower Seneca towns, that previous to the gallant defence of fort Stephenson, (Sandusky,) a Council of War, at which General Harrison presided, had determined, that orders should be sent to Maj. Croghan to burn the fort, and retreat to Lower Seneca; but that he refused to obey the order, declaring his ability and willingness to defend his post.-In consequence the General abandoned the idea.

We have no correct accounts that Fort Meigs has recently been seriously besieged. Gen. Harrison appears to keep a distance from it. Six thousand of the Ohio militia are said to have assembled at his H.Q. at Seneca, about 9 miles from Lower Sandusky.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 27, 1813.

From the Frontiers

From the Frontiers.

ALBANY, AUGUST 24-A letter from Fort George, dated the 17th, says the British fleet have been some days cruising off there, with the two schooners captured from us in company, and that the squadron were then bound down the lake.

A passenger in the Sunday stage, informs that it was reported and believed in Utica, that Commodore Chauncey had returned to Sacket’s Harbor on Wednesday, having lost a sch’r in a gale the proceeding day; and that the British Fleet had gone into Kingston.

A letter received in town, dated at Sacket’s Harbor on Friday, makes no mention of any of the above rumors, but says, “Gen. Wilkinson arrived here this afternoon. A flag came in this evening from Kingston, and informs, that we had only one man killed on board the schooner that was taken.”

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 27, 1813.

"The depradations committed on our frontier"


To his excellency the Governor of the State of Ohio

The depredations committed on our frontier have induced the Citizens of this County to take some measures for the better security of the in- habitants, and as the measures adopted are only temporary -- we address your Honour as the only source from whence a perminent system of security can flow. -- We feel, not only a wish, to have a better regulated system of defence, but also a desire to endeavour if possible, to remove a prejudius we are inform'd your has conciev'd unfavourable to the Inhabitants of this County, the cause of which if true might be easily removed, could your Honour have the subject fairly & impartially inves- tigated. -- We feel, as we ought to as, the ties that bind us in the general compact, and are willing, and ready, at all times to perform our part in the Contest that is to decide the fate of our beloved Country. - But sir there is a time when obedience to superiors in command would become a crime, that time has come, and we will endeavour to convince your Honour, that in the present case, the crime of disobedience were of less Magnitude, than the act of obeying. -- in justification to our conduct it will be necessary to inform you, but your Honour will recollect with what primptitude the people of this County have obeyed the different calls, and some of those calls at a time when their mere existance depended on their attension at hom -- all this was but a secondary consideration when their country claim'd their assistance -- and the late call would have been as readily attended to as former ones, had the superior Officers conducted themselves with that propriety, that was look'd for from Men of their rank -- and sorry are we to state, (but the honour of this County demands it) that their has been sufficient reason for the people of this County to believe that their superior officers, (viz Colonel Enas & Majr. Kratzer) have been endeavoring to speculate on the necessities of the people in their official capacity -- this Sir is the almost universal opinion of the people of Knox County and that opinion appearing to be well founded have with some other specimens of their conduct at the time of the late call, induced the people to withdraw their support from those Officers -- We think this sufficient to shew the cause (altho' at the time of the call the Harvest was not near gather'd in] of there being so free[?] to go on with the Officers. -- If these officers we have pointed out, should feel themselves agriv'd, we feel desirous a fair and im- partial investigation should tale place, on that ground we feel ready & willing to meet them. --
Majr. Watson being very much indisposed, requests us to inform your Honour that immediately after the last alarm and depredation was committed at Mansfield, he order'd out from the Regiment 30 Men on a tour of 20 days to range the frontier -- and he further wishes instructions on the propriety of continueing men on the Frontier -- the maner by which they must be supply'd with provisions Amunition &c. -- the Men that are on duty have been supply'd with provisions on the Credit of the States, of which a regular return will be made -- but from this source [torn] will be very sufficient to draw supplies. --
We may further state to you[r] Honour that if other depredations should be committed and no regular force out, that the Frontier Inhabitants will leave their homes, and where the frontier will be we cant pretend to say. -
With sentiments of respect we subscribe ourselves yours &c &c, -
John Mills
Wm H Tarquhay
John Tremble
Samuel Watson, Major
August 27th 1813


Courtesy of the Ohio Historical Society

8.25.2013

Kent Island


Kent Island.

BALTIMORE, AUG. 25-Three fishermen state, that they have been detained at Kent Island ever since the arrival of the enemy; that the regular troops had all been landed and encamped at four places; that they had plundered the property of absentees, but had done little injury to those who remained at their house; that they had (under a threat of sending to Halifax all those who had arms, if they did not deliver them up) deprived the militia of the state arms; that they had taken off 20 fine horses, and 42 slaves, men, women and children; that they took only such slaves as voluntarily offered themselves; that they landed all their regular troops and encamped them; that they did not exceed 2000; that the burning seen was from the woods, being accidentally set on fire, and a large quantity of pine wood burnt by accident.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 3, 1813.

8.24.2013

Buffalo, Aug. 24

BUFFALO, Aug. 24.

Our volunteers have some of them returned form Fort George, their occupations being of such a nature as to render it difficult to be absent from their homes any considerable length of time. A few of the Indians have also returned, but in case their services are wanted they will be prompt to take the field. Our Indians have certainly acquired the reputation of being good soldiers; their conduct is not marked by that savage barbarity which we have experienced from those of the enemy.
The British army occupy nearly the same ground as mentioned in our last.
General Wilkinson was in Utica on Wednesday last, and will probably this day arrived at Fort George.
Between 30 and 40 Light Dragoons stationed in this village, passed down on Sunday to join the army.
Our readers will perceive that in the extracts of letters from Sackett’s Harbor, it is stated that the schr. Growler, on Lake Ontario, was sunk by the fire of the enemy, but which we suspect, however, is incorrect. For the British fleet as been seen from Ft. George since the action, with two additional sail.
In our paper sometime since, we stated that Mr. N.D. Keep, one of Maj. Chapin’s volunteers, was taken asleep near Lundy’s Lane; but we were misinformed-the fact was Mr. Keep was sick, when taken, and unable to make his escape.

 

Published in the Maryland Gazette-September 9, 1813.

 

Albany, Aug. 24

Albany, Aug. 24.

About 400 troops arrived at Greenbush on Sunday from the southward.
It is understood that comm.. Chauncey did not leave Sacket’s Harbour until Friday. We understand Gen. Wilkinson contemplated going in the squadron to Fort George.

Albany, Aug. 27.
A letter from Fort George, of the 18th says “On the night of the 10th maj. Chapin went out with a party of volunteers and Indians to attack the British piquets; he returned yesterday bringing in 5 whites and 14 Indians prisoners, having killed 13 British and 15 Indians. Our Indians fight like tigers.”

Another letter states our loss at two Indians killed and one wounded.
A letter dated the 15th says-“It seems the British fleet can keep together and at the same time outsail our small craft, which enables them to evade an action with our whole fleet. The consequence is that com Chauncey must fight them with our heavy ships only which are not sufficient to encounter the enemy, or not fight at all.
The Delaware and Shawnee Indians on this frontier have turned out about 200 men who have marched to the relief of gen. Harrison. The Wyandots within our lines, the Senecas and Mingoes have also turned out their disposable force, about 200 more. The whole intend to continue with the army during the campaign.

Ohio pap.

 

Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-September 10, 1813.

8.23.2013

On Lake Erie

On Lake Erie.

FORT MEIGS, AUG 23-Gen. M’Arthur commands here; and has issued an order to raise volunteers to man Com Perry’s squadron. Fifty have volunteered. A naval engagement is expected.”

“Grand Comp, Upper Sandusky, Aug. 29-Gen. Harrison has advised Gov. Meigs that the service of the Ohio Militia were no longer necessary, excepting enough to garrison two or three forts.

“The day before yesterday a heavy cannonading was heard in the direction of Malden;-probably the attack of Com. Perry on the British flotilla there.”

The Montreal paper confesses that the British force on Lake Erie, is much inferior to that of Com. Perry, in guns, tons, and men.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 24, 1813.

From Sackett's Harbor, Aug. 23

From Sackett’s Harbor, Aug. 23.

It appears by the latest accounts from this place, that Gen. Wilkinson was preparing for some expedition on the Canada side of the Lake; that he had reviewed the troops at that station, who were supposed to be 4000 strong that Com. Chauncey had completed the repairs of his squadron, and was expected to sail immediately, having added to his force the new sch. Sylph, mounting 20 guns.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 10, 1813.

8.22.2013

Benjamin Whiteman to Return Meigs


Falls Little Miami 
August 22d. 1813

His Excellency
Return J. Meigs
Dr. Sir
Your order of the 19th Inst by Mr. Vance I received last evening which I have now before me -- By an order from Genl. Harrison to me through Genl. McArthur I ordered a company sometime in May from this Division to Fort McArthur, where they yet remain under the command of Capt McClelland, I suppose there is at this time 60 effective men at that post, of this, I presume you and Genl. Harrison must be apprised-- you state that Genl. Harrison has requested and you wish me to send one full com- pany to McArthurs "from this I suppose you deem it important that an additional company should be stationed at that post -- this order I shall proceed to execute so soon as it is in my power, but in the present state of things it is utterly impossible owing to the scarcity of private arms and ammunition in this quarter and a total want of public -- until lately there has been deposited at Urbanna arms & ammunition with which the militia has been supplied when called into actual services recently they have been removed and upon enquiry of the Quarter Master at that place some three or four days past I was informed that there was neither arms nor ammunition fit for service - independent of the company stationed at McArthurs I have ordered a company to the head of Lost Creek there to build a Block House, another Company I have ordered to rendezvous at Urbanna and then to be divided upon[?] to be stationed at McPhersons and the residue to Zanes s -- I have moreover had divers companies scout-- ing on the frontiers -- the companies now ordered out I know not how they will be supplied with arms and ammunition, but do suppose that many will be compelled to be discharged for w ant of them. I am confident there is not more than one fourth of the Malitia in this Division armed -- Mr. Vance informs me in a letter to me upon his return, that you observed, that "there was no necessity of giving me any further instructions about supporting the frontiers, as this Division is set apart for that purpose" if this is the fact I have not before understood it, for we have always furnished our proportion of every draft from the commencement of hostili- ties -- the calls upon this division for frontier duty and general duty upon state calls has been really burthensom upon the people, especially which we taken into view the irregularity of many requisitions, so much so that the individuals get neither credit for duty performed or pay for actual service -- My powers as it respects calling out the militia I con- ceive to be limited, in cases of urgent necessity I consider myself auth- orized to order out the militia until they can be regularly called upon -- but whenever they can be regularly called upon by an order eminating from the commander in Chief of the State, I think it most proper for it so to be done - your ideas upon this subject I should be glad to receive and how far they are entitled to pay when thus ordered out by a militia officer Our frontier is at present in considerable alarm, arising from the murders recently committed, and I believe by some who pretent to wear the face of friendship - Two men by the name of Thomas on the night of the 12th. were killed at Solomons Town -- on Friday a party went out to bring them in, and on their return between where the men were killed and McPhersons, they met with a party of Indians of those professing friendship , the Indians as soon as they saw them raised the war hoof and in other respects acted as if an attack was intended, they were fired upon by one of our men and with much a do our men were restrained from destroying them all - the Indians acted in a manner, indicating exultation or defiance as I am informed - a few days since as I am informed a man by the name of Gurtridge being out on a scout came across an Indian lying asleep with three rifles by him, two of those it is conjectured belonged to the Thomas's whether this is a fact or not, has not as yet been ascertained the Indian:and guns were brought in -- On the 18th in the evening a man was shot by an Indian near the head of lost Creek and a woman tomhawked -- the man ran and was pursued by the Indian -- the Indian at length fell, and upon my [?] returned to the woman without his gun, left the children that were with their parents in the flax patch and went off -- the man lay near them that night the next day he was found, the Indians gun was also found -- A Mr. Keizer upon seeing the gun -- after it was found stated that he would swear that he shot at a mark in Washington with an Indian who shot with that gun, the gun is rather a remarkable one and can easily be recognized after having been once seen -- about the same time of the same day another man was killed about three miles off -- On the llth a woman was shot in the arm by an Indian six miles west of Springfield -- Those are the injuries which have been done on our frontiers so far as I have been informed -- I am well assured that unless the Indians are removed from our frontiers that the people will rise enmasse and remove them, if they cannot by gentle method by force, for I do assure you so long as they remain on the frontier it is impossible to guard against mischief -- we know not a hostile Indian until too late -- I was last evening informed by Mr. Wilson that there was a party of about 1000 men out with the determination of bringing the Indians in and to kill all who would not consent to come in --
You may rest assured sir that every thing in my power to protect the frontier shall be done, I should be happy to receive your answer by the first opportunity - With every sentiment of respect believe me to re- main your very Hble Servt
Benjamin Whiteman
Maj Genl Commdg. 5th Division O Militia

Courtesy of the Ohio Historical Society

8.21.2013

Kingston

KINGSTON, (JAM.) AUG. 21.-At length we have some authentic information, respecting the United States’ frigate Essex. By a letter from Lima, dated May 20, to a mercantile house in this city, we ascertain that she anchored off that harbour on the 5th of April, having in charge 2 ships, supposed to be her prizes, English South seamen-and that she shortly after proceeded to cruise off the Gallapagos islands.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-October 1, 1813.

Latest from the Enemy

Latest from the Enemy.

Evening’s Report to Major-General Smith.

BALTIMORE, AUG. 21-About 9 A.M. the ship that got under weight at the upper end of Kent-Island, beat down to the fleet and anchored near the Admiral’s ship. This moment a sch has made its appearance from the Western side of the bay, standing towards Kent-Island, doubtless to join the fleet. Eleven ships, two brigs and a 1 sch. along Kent-Island. Below Sandy Point, 2 ships and 1 sch. (tender.) At the upper end of Kent-Island, 1 brig off Chester river.-August 20-6 o’clock.

Morning’s Report to Major-General Smith.

I do not perceive that the enemy made any movements during the night. The number and positions appear to be the same as they were last evening.-August 21-7 o’clock.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 27, 1813.

8.20.2013

Letter from Lemuel Taylor to Sec. of Navy Jones re: appointment of Joshua Barnet to command

August 20, 1813
Letter from Taylor to Secretary of the Navy William Jones upon the appointment of Joshua Barney to command and organize a flotilla:
Dear Sir:
I know that our acquaintance does not justify my using such familiar terms as I have began with but I feel so much on the subject I am about to mention that I could not help addressing you as I am convinced I should always do if we were better acquainted. Here mentioned in one of our prints this Evening that Joshua Barney is appointed to the command of our flotilla for myself I do not believe it because I presume you are acquainted with his Character, but if you are not permit me to inform you that he is a most abandoned rascal both as to politics and morals and that he is despised by 9/10 of all that have taken an active part in the defence of Balto (Baltimore) and by none more than by Capt. George Stiles whose zeal and activity you must have heard of and in truth if Barney is appointed to any command most of the most usefull men will be obliged to retire. If tis not done let me beg you for Sake of the Gov’ment, the safety of Balto and your own character not to make such and appointment. All I ask of you is to believe me when I say I have nothing in view in writing this but the good of my Country, Government & the City where I reside.
I am Dear Sir
Your very obnt (obedient) Servant
Lemuel Taylor

Letter from Sec. of Navy Jones to Joshua Barney re: command and flotilla plan

20 August 1813
Excerpt from letter from Secretary of the Navy William Jones to Joshua Barney re: Command and flotilla plan:
“Sir,
The nature of the force, necessary for the defence of the extensive Bays and rivers of the U. States, and the means of manning and employing that force, requiring an organization, in some degree different from that of the general Naval Establishment, the President of the U. States,…has determined to select, for special command of the Flotilla, on the upper part of the Chesapeake, a Citizen, in whose fidelity, skill, local knowledge, and commanding influence with the Mariners of the District, reliance may be placed in case of emergency.
I have, therefore, the pleasure to offer to you that Special Command, subject only to orders of this Department…
It is not intended, because it would be incompatible with the rights of others, to appoint you, by Commission , to any regular and permanent rank in the Navy of the U. States; but , for the purpose and direction of your command, you will be considered as Acting Commandant, in the Navy of the U. States, respected, and obeyed as such as Master Commandant….
The Officers immediately subordinate to you, as commander, will be Sailing masters in the Navy of the U. States, and such other subordinate and petty officers as this Department shall direct…
They will moreover be shipped for twelve months, for special service of the Flotilla, and not be liable to be draughted for any other service….”

Impressment!

Impressment!

The Boston Patriot, a few days since, asserted, that Samuel Littlefield, of Wells, after being impressed on board of an English armed vessel, had escaped there from by flight, and not by the discharge of his captors. In contradiction to this, Mr. Littlefield, has published a note in the last Kennebunk paper, wherein he says-“That on my return to the Island of Tobago, in the sch’r (which impressed me) I was immediately discharged from her through the influence of an American merchant, and that I did not make my escape, as stated in the Boston Patriot-And I further certify and say that the Lieutenant who impressed me, after having given me my discharge, went on board two American vessels in order to procure me a passage home to the United States.”

The editor of the above mentioned paper, adds, “This is one of the three cases of impressments of American Seamen which have taken place out of the port of Kennebunk since the year 1800: and since that time to the commencement of the present war between Great-Britain and the United States, there have been constantly employed from 40 to 50 sail of vessels in the European and West-India trade (excepting the time of the Embargo.)”

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 20, 1813.

Brig Henry


The brig Henry, arrived at Salem on Wednesday afternoon last, from Halifax, [illegible] on board the bodies of the late Capt. JAMES LAWRENCE and Lieut. LUDLOW. We did not learn the passage of the Henry, nor hear of any news by her. She has been absent but eleven days.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 20, 1813.

 

Operations of the Enemy

Operations of the Enemy.

The following particulars are contained in letters from intelligent gentlemen residing near Kent Island, to their correspondents in Baltimore.

“I wrote you by the last mail, informing you that the British had landed on Kent Island. If we are to judge from appearances, it must be their intention to make it their head quarters, as they have now four encampments there. One is at the Narrows, where they have planted artillery; and three or four brigs and schooners have come up on the eastern side of the Island, where are moored close to the Narrows, so as to command the Causeway. They have likewise cut down all the corn in the field as you approach the Narrows, which will enable them to discovery any attempt upon their position.-They have a second encampment at Broad Creek, a third at Parson’s Point, and a fourth at Kent Point, where it is said they are erecting fortifications. These circumstances lead us to believe that they mean to make a considerable stay on the Island, and it is certainly an eligible position for their predatory warfare, as they can plunder with equal facility Kent, Queen Anne’s, Talbot counties, along the shores of Chester, St. Michaels and Wye Rivers. They have not yet attempted to advance any distance upon the Main; the whole of the lower Regiment in Queen-Anne’s is on duty under the command of Major Nicholson (Col. Wright being sick); and I suppose the upper Regiment will join them immediately.”

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 20, 1813.

The British in the Chesapeake have captured a vessel with 30,000 cartridges

The British in the Chesapeake have captured a vessel with 30,000 cartridges, going to the Eastern shore of Maryland.

The British frigate Acasta. from Halifax, has joined the fleet in the Chesapeake.

The British have captured a sch. in the Rappahannock. She is supposed to have arms, &c. on board intended for the militia of Accomack and Northamton Counties. Capt. Jones and two young ladies are said to have been passengers.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 20, 1813.

8.19.2013

Poor Encouragement for Enlistments

Poor Encouragement for Enlistments.
Extract of a letter from a gentleman at Burlington, to his friend in Albany, under date of August 19th.-“Our army have left their cantonment and gone about 3 miles cast, owing to sickness in the camp-960 are said to be on the sick list and many die daily.”
__

A body of 500 New Brunswickers, have gone on to the N.W. Frontiers.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-September 3, 1813.

 

8.18.2013

Head-Quarters, Fort George, U.C.

Head-Quarters, Fort George, U.C.

Aug. 18, 1813.
Hon. John Armstrong,

SIR,
Yesterday I had the honor to address to you a letter detailing the conduct of the Indians in a late skirmish. Their bravery and humanity were equally conspicuous.-Already the quietness in which our picquets are suffered to remain evinces the benefit arising from their assistance. Permit me to suggest the propriety of immediately depositing the presents for them in the hands of Mr. Granger, of whose exertions, and those of Mr. Parish, I must express my entire approbation.

I have the honor to be, sir, your respectful obedient servant,
JOHN P. BOYD, B.G.

 

Published in the Maryland Gazette-September 2, 1813.

8.17.2013

Washington City, Aug. 26.

WASHINGTON CITY, Aug. 26.

Copies of letters from Brig. Gen. Boyd to the Secretary of War.
Head-Quarters, Fort George, Aug. 17, 1813.

SIR,
In the last letter which I had the honor to address you, I had to communicate the information that Com. Chauncey had left his part of the Lake; yesterday an express [illegible] from the 18 mile Creek, stating that he was then off that place, in pursuit of the British fleet, which was likewise to be seen.
A body of volunteers, militia and Indians under the command of Brig. General Porter of the New-York Militia, having arrived at this place and very impatient to engage the enemy, a plan was this morning concerted to cut off one of his pickets. About 300 volunteers and Indians, under the command of Major Chapin, was to effect this object, supported by 200 regulars under the command of Major Cummings of the 16th infantry. A heavy rain and other untoward circumstances defeated the primary object, but, in a skirmish that ensued, in which the enemy was completely routed, our Indians captured twelve of the British Indians, and four whites. Many of the enemy’s dead were left on the field, among whom is supposed to be the famous Chief, Norton. Our loss was only two Indians, a few slightly wounded. Those who participated in this contest, particularly the Indians, conducted with great bravery and activity. Gen. Porter volunteered in the affair, and Major Chapin evinced his accustomed zeal and courage. The regulars under Major Cummings, as far as they were engaged, conducted well. The principal Chiefs who led the warriors this day were Farmers’ Brother, Red Jacket, Little Billey, Pollard, Black Snake, Johnson, Silver Heels, Captain Halftown, Major Henry O. Ball (Cornplanter’s son) and Capt. Cold, chief of Onondago, who was wounded. In a council which was held with them yesterday, they covenanted not to scalp or murder and I am happy to say, that they treated the prisoners with humanity and committed no wanton cruelties upon the dead.

The Canadian volunteers, under Maj. Wilcox, were active and brave as usual.
I have the honor to be, sir, with great respect, your most obedient servant, JNO. P. BOYD, B.G.C.
Honorable John Armstrong.

 
Published in the Maryland Gazette-September 2, 1813.

 

Copies from Brig. Gen. Boyd, to the Secretary of War

Copies from Brig. Gen. Boyd, to the Secretary of War.

HEAD-QUARTERS,

Fort George, August 17, 1813.
SIR-In the last letter which I had the honor to address to you, I had to communicate the information that Com. Chauncey had left this part of the Lake. Yesterday an express arrived from the 18 mile creek stating that he was then seen off that place in pursuit of the British fleet which was likewise to be seen.
A body of volunteers, militia and Indians under the command of Brigadier Porter of the New York Militia having arrived at that place and very impatient to engage the enemy, a plan was his morning concerted to cut off one of his pickets. About 300 volunteers and Indians under the command of Major Chapin, was to effect this object, supported by 200 regulars under the command of Major Cumming of the 16th infantry. A heavy rain and other untoward circumstances defeated the primary object, but in a skirmish that ensued in which the enemy was completely routed, our Indians captured twelve of the British Indians and four whites. Many of the enemy’s dead were left on the field among, whom is supposed to be the famous thief Norton. Our loss was only two Indians, and a few slightly wounded. Those who participated in this contest, particularly the Indians, conducted with great bravery and activity. Gen. Porter volunteered in the affair and Major Chapin [illegible] his accustomed zeal and courage. The regulars under Major Cummings, as far as they were engaged, conducted well. The principal chiefs who led the warriors this day were Farmers Brother, Red Jacket, Little Billy, Pollard, Black Snake, Johnson, Silver Heels, Captain Hailtown, Major Henry O. Bal (Corn planter’s son) and Capt. Cold, chief of Onandago, who was wounded. In a council which was head with them yesterday, they covenanted not to scalp or murder; and I am happy to say, that they treated the prisoners with humanity, and committed no wanton cruelties upon the dead.

The Canadian volunteers, under Major Wilcox, were activated and brave as usual.
I have the honor to be, sir, with great respect your most obedient servant.
JNO. P. BOYD, B.G.C.

 
Hon. John Armstrong.

 

Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-September 3, 1813.

 

Savannah, August 17

SAVANNAH, August 17.

BATTLE IN EAST FLORIDA.

Extract of a letter from a gentleman in St. Mary’s, to a friend of his in this city, dated August 13, 1813.

“On Sunday last an engagement took place in East Florida, opposite, and in sight of this place, between the Patriots and Loyalists of that province. A party of about 60 men was raised at Amelia Island, who embarked in boats and proceeded in search of the Patriots, who were collected together some distance up the river, consisting of 70. A few minutes before the boats from Amelia got to Waterman’s bluff, a party of the Patriots, about 30, arrived there, and on the approach of the boats, they were hailed, and ordered to surrender; a fire immediately commenced from the boats, and the Patriots briskly returned it; at that moment a reinforcement of nearly all their number arrived. The action lasted fifteen minutes; the boats drifted away, the tide and wind both being in their favor, the oarsmen having refused to row, fell in the bottom of the boats to screen themselves from the fire of the Patriots. On the side of the Patriots none were injured. The Loyalists lost six killed, and about 12 or 14 wounded-among the latter is Joseph Arredonda, who was shot through the shoulder.

“The Patriots are contiguous to Amelia, and are expected to attack that place soon. The people at Fernandina are much alarmed, and have removed their families, furniture, negroes and effects generally on board vessels, and other places of safety; and the men are preparing for defence. What will be the final result, remains yet to be known.”

 

Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-August 27, 1813.

8.16.2013

Henry Brush to Return Meigs


Head Quarters Ohio Militia
Grand Camp Ohio Malitia 
Augt 16th. 1813

Dr sir
His Excellency directs me to Inform you of the Organization of the Troops here, that it may be made known to the commanding Genl. It would have been Impracticable to form them into two Regiments, as contemplated by the Generals Letter. lst. because such a mode is unknown to the Law of Ohio; and 2d There is no Law of the United States under which they could be thus organized 3d. the temper and Disposition of the Troops could not be made to Yield to such an arrangement. The Best practicable mode then must be resorted to, and in this instance has been addopted and carried into effect not without Some difficulty, from the embarrassments which usually attend such arrangements, but with as much harmony and general Satifaction in the result as could have been expected. Their Time of Service has been limited to forty days from the llth instant for the following reasons 1st. They were called out to repel the Invasion which had taken place destitute of cloathing &:c. and altogether unprepared for a lengthy campaign. 2d The Laws of Ohio (which by the bye they Know too well) declares they shall remain in service no longer than untill they can be releived by a regular draft: 3d In case the time limited will not ensure the purposes of the campaign in the opinion of His Excellency the commanding General the Governor contemplates issuing orders in time to have the Malitia regularly detailed or drafted to take the field before their time (the 40 days) shall expire to be hold in readiness to march at a moments warning and who will be better provided for a lengthened Campaign. Besides in this corps his Excellency expects a considerable portion of Volenteers who will make no question of marching any Where required. Indeed he is Informed by Capt. Pratt direct from Cincinnatti yesterday that there will be about 250 from that Quarter who wish orders to be marched here -- 4th. His Excellency believed it Necessary to retain the number of Troops required; more for the purpose of repelling any Invasion which might take place before the ultimate objects of the Campaign could, in the opinion of the commanding Genl. with propriety be attempted or by such a force in the side of Knovm to the Enemy prevent such Invasion; and the consequent Embarrassments and interuptions in the Opperations of the Army, in forwarding the Provisions & Munitions of War, and Keeping open the Communication, for this purpose. He has already seen the Necessity and utility of this Measure The day before yesterday the Indians Killed & scalped one man and wounded two others between this place and Norton about 12 miles from here. We are correctly informed they have killed two or three in champaign county near Urbanna also one near Mans- field. The Q. Master Genl. at Franklinton has given Information that provisions and munitions of war are advancing from that place and from Manary's Block-house, and requested escorts to meet them which have been sent off. Our Cavelry and and Voltiquers find full employ in this way and in scouting. His Excellency hopes the commanding Genl. will be satis- fied with this arrangement, indispensible from the nature and circumstances of the case, coming nearer to a compliance with his Excellency's re- quisition, than any other mode practicable; and adopted from a conviction of its utility and propriety. The two thousand Infantry are formed into two Brigades, four Regiments, eight Battallions and thirty two companies, two Brigadiers, four Colos. eight Majors and three platoon officers to each Company, one capt one Lieutenant & one Ensign. The two Thousand include noncommissioned officers -- Commissioned Officers & Musicians are extra. or not included in the 2000: neither are the cavelry or mounted Men, at present employed as above Specified.
The will be discharged as soon as their services may be dispensed with, which it is believed will be shortly -
I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of yours, noted and communicated the contents to his Excellency -- The objects of it have been accomplished.
The Baltimore Federal Gazette says Mr. Secy. Monroe has been appoint- ed by the president Commander in chief of the armies of the U.S. Lt Genl.
I am Dr Sir yr. obt.Servt.
Henry Brush aid

Courtesy of the Ohio Historical Society

The N.W. Army

The N.W. Army.

The dissentions which have crept into our army, are a subject of mortification to every man who has a feeling sense of national character.-From the subsequent remarks of a letter writer, now at Fort George, it appears, that Gen. Boyd, who has heretofore escaped the jealousy of his compeers in arms, is in danger of being assailed in a similar manner.

“Gen. Boyd (and there is not a braver General in the service) has now the command: and with pain I see that the same spiders by which Dearborn and the army have nearly been destroyed, already begin to crawl around him.-If he does not soon brush them off, if he suffers himself to be entangled in their web, he may rest assured, that the career of his popularity will speedily be terminated.”

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 16, 1813.

Fort Meigs Besieged

Fort Meigs Besieged.

An express from Gen. Clay to Gen. Harrison, Gov. Meigs and Col. Cass, reached Sandusky on the 23rd July, informing them that on the 21st, a small force of British and Indians landed under cover of the night in the neighbourhood of Fort Meigs, and killed and captured the picquet guard, consisting of 7 men. On the morning of the 22d, the enemy landed from their boats fifteen hundred men, within two hundred yards of the fort, that an assault was momently expected. General Harrison was at Sandusky, and had under his command 500 regulars and about 100 militia. It was expected he would set out immediately to relive General Clay, who with between 3 and 400 men he had in the Fort, would be enabled to hold out until he could be reinforced. The express rider heard a heavy cannonading shortly after he left Fort Meigs, which is about 40 miles from Sandusky.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 16, 1813.

Conscription-or Levy

Conscription-or Levy.

The Governor of New-York, in compliance with orders from the President of the U.S. has ordered out a part of the militia of that State, for the defence of its frontiers. The detachment is to consist of 4650 men, and are to serve for three months.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 16, 1813.

Secretary of War (says the National Intelligencer)

It is said, and we believe correctly, (says the National Intelligencer) that the Secretary of War is about to proceed in person to the Northern frontier, to be nearer the seat of war, and with the greater dispatch and effect to perform the functions of his station, at this moment so important to be discharged with promptitude and decision. We have not heard at what point the Secretary will locate himself, or whether it be not his purpose to examine in person the state of our various frontier positions. Gen. Wilkinson, who is now in this city, will proceed in a few days for the lines.

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 16, 1813.

British Squadrons

British Squadrons.

The British vessels, which were lately before New-London, remained near Gardiner’s Island at last dates. The New-York Evening Post of Saturday says, “an American prisoner who was a few days since discharged from the Ramilies, Sir Thomas Hardy’s ship, represents that he told him he was aware of all the attempts to destroy his ship; that he should do all in his power to prevent it, but if the Americans succeeded in blowing up the Ramiles, fifty Americans would bear him company into the other world; fore that he and all the other British commanders had resolved always to keep that number of Americans on board, unless exchanged. Sir Thomas further said he had formerly send ashore the Americans on parole, as soon as taken, but that he was now obliged to send them to Halifax and Bermuda, in consequence of our government not exchanging an officer and four men of his ship prisoners at New-London.”

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 16, 1813.

The rulers of America

The rulers of America, (says the Con. Courant) while they exclaim against the cruelties of the British forces, would fain have it believed that the way on our part has been conducted from first to last, with as much humanity as is consistent with such a state of things. Happy had it been for the American character were this true; but it is notoriously false.

The war commenced with clear indications, on our part, of the most blood-thirsty dispositions.-On the 3d of July, Gen. Hull, with his command, landed on the Canada shore; where he met with no opposition. On the 5th, he attacked Sandwich, a small and defenceless village, situated two miles below Detroit, on the Canada side. The manner of that attack is described in he following extract of a letter from Dr. James Reynolds, dated Detroit, July 7th, 1812. “On the 5th inst. (as Dr. Reynolds expresses it) the artillery opened on the British dogs in Sandwhich, and we continued firing 24 pounders on them till 10 o’clk, while they were forcing their way with boats, loaded with produce out of their warehouse. We have reason to believe a number of them were killed. I saw one of the balls strike among a great crowd of them-how the rascals ran-one ball made its way through their meeting-house-it was a pleasing scene to me.”

Seven days after Gen. Hull had made this magnanimous attack up on the unoffending, unresisting, frightened inhabitants of Sandwhich-a promiscuous throng of men, women and children-he issued his exterminating proclamation.

From this specimen let the reader judge with how much humanity the war upon Canada had been conducted if the American arms were crowned with the success that was expected. Those French republicans, who fell like bloodhounds upon defenceless villagers, and even sported themselves with their fears and with their blood; what would they not have done had they marched through Canada in triumph?

 

Published in the Boston Weekly Messenger-August 16, 1813.