John Armstrong to William Henry Harrison


I have the honor to ack owledge the reciet of your dispatches of the 5th. & 24th. inst.
The dispatch by Capt. Brown and which with him was lost in Lake Erie, suggested, as an Ulterior movement, the coming down to the Niagara & the pulling yourself on the right and rear of Dr Rothenberg's positions before Fort George -- Which Gen. McChere[?] with his brigade should approach them in front. The Enemy seems to have been aware of this or of some other movement of similar character & tendancy -- as he began his retreat on the 9th. and did not stop 'till he reached the head of Burling- ton bay, where, by report, I understand he now is. This is his last strong hold within the Peninsula & if routed from this, must surrender. His force is estimated at 1200 effectives. The capture of this would be a glorious finale for your campaign.

Our operations here, are but beginning, when they ought to have ended. But the weather is how fine, and will I hope be turned to good account. I shall loiter here or at some point nearer Utica, untill I know what may be done. I beg you General, to accept the assurances of my great respect & most cordial good wishes.

John Armstrong

War Dept. 30th. [011.] 1813

P.S. If the enemy should have left the head of the bay of Burlington - it would be well to direct Gen. McClure to occupy that point and the Town of York also with a portion of his command.


Third Victory over the Creeks

Third Victory over the Creeks.

We received by yesterday’s Mail, the following account of a Third victory over the Creeks-a brilliant, and to us a bloodless victory-Behold the fruits-65 killed, 251 taken prisoners-while we have not lost a man nor a single one wounded!
It is thus that the Savage Allies of the British are sinking in all quarters-They now sue for mercy-they are already learning from their white [illegible] the benefits of employing the white flag! We spare them, though at Ft. Mimms they spared neither women nor children.
Knoxville, Nov. 29.
Victory over the Creek Indians!!

Messrs. Carrick and Dean, of the quarter master’s department for the East Tennessee troops, & Moses White of this place, arrived here last night.-From them we learn the following highly gratifying intelligence. On the 12th inst, Gen. White was detached from Fort Armstrong on the Coosa, with about eleven hundred mounted men, (including upwards of three hundred Cherokee Indians) for the purpose of attacking the Hillabee towns, on the west side of Tallipoosa River.
On the 17 about 1 o’clock at night the detachment marched within 8 miles of the upper town, received information from one of their spies, a half breed and son of a Mr. Grayson who had considerable property and resided at that place, that his family and property would be sacrificed by the Indians on the morning of the next day, if Gen. White did not relieve him. General White with alacrity dismounted 3 hundred of his troops with part of the Indians and marched to surprize the town before daylight. Having large creeks to wade and the van having to tarry some time for the rear which had fallen behind some distance, the town was not reached until sunrise on the 18th when the town was completely surrounded and the savage enemy received our first fire without the least notice of our approach.-They fired several guns, but our men charged home upon them with loaded muskets and charge of bayonets, and in 10 or 15 minutes they held up a flag and the firing ceased.-Is this Rencontre, we have killed 65 and taken 251 prisoners without having lost a man, or a single one wounded. Col. Morgan and his Cherokees acted with promptitude and bravery-and every man of the detachment was ardent on the march and cool intrepid in the conflict. Gen. White, has since arrived at fort Armstrong with all his force and prisoners.-Our informants were in the engagement.

Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-December 17, 1813.



Letter from Thomas Pinckney to Andrew Jackson

Head Quarters Milledgeville
29th November 1813.


     You will herewith receive a letter which I had the honor of addressing to you from Charleston directed to the care of the late Governor Mitchell at this place, hoping that a communication of intelligence between you & the Commanding Officer of the Georgia Troops had been established; but finding on my arrival here that desirable measure has not been effected I now forward it by express.
     I have received no intelligence or instruction from Government since I wrote that letter which has induced me to alter the opinion I then formed of the best mode of effectually subduing the Creek Nation, having at the same time in view what may possibly be the ulterior intention of our Government in this Expedition. temporary incursions of short duration which alone can take place when the Troops are to be supplied with provisions by waggons or pack horses may harrass and distress the Enemy, but will be far less efficatious than the establishment of good Posts in the heart of their country whence expeditions may be made in every direction with the certainty of an adequate supply of provisions and a retreat to a place of security in case of misfortune; add to this that if the Indians accept the invitation said to be given to them by the Spaniards, to take refuge with them, we should not be able to pursue them unless we have Depots of provisions whence the Army can be supplied.
    These considerations have induced me after obtaining the best information to be had at this place to send my Aid de Camp Lt. Morris to the places whereat our transportation by Land from the fertile settlements of Georgia & Tennessee to the head of boat navigation on the waters of the Chatahouchie and Alabama Rivers may be effected; directing him to proceed to Col. R.J.Meigs at Highwassee who it is presumed can furnish accurate information of the practicability and best mode of effecting  the objects in contemplation: He will thence forward to you this Dispatch together with such further information as he may obtain on this subject and is authorised, if he shall find it necessary, to proceed to have a personal communication with you. if he should not, you will please to send your answer to this dispatch by the express; wherein you will please to communicate all necessary information concerning your situation & prospects: the Adjutant General of the District writes to the Officer acting as such with you for the necessary returns which you will please to forward at the same time.
    By our last accounts Genl. Floyd commanding the Georgia Troops had reached Coweta on the Chatahouchie, where he is directed to establish a Post, and whereat we are endeavoring to collect a Depot of Provisions.
   Genl. Adams who commands a Body of Five hundred mounted Infantry of Georgia, will proceed from the Oakmulgee on an expedition against the Oakfusgee Towns near the burnt Village on the Eighth or Ninth of this month; the distance about ninety miles; if this information should reach you in time it would be desirable that you should send a detachment to operate in the same quarter at the same time.
    Genl. Floyd who is within about sixty miles of the same point, will be instructed to make a simultaneous attack from his present position.
    If you have any late intelligence from or concerning Genl. Flournoy, Genl. Claiborne or the Officer commanding any Troops which may be destined for this expedition from the 7th military District, you will oblige me by communicating it.
         I have the honor to be very respectfully Sir your most Obedient Servant

                                                                                  Thomas Pinckney


Letter from John Cocke to Andrew Jackson

Ft Armstong.
Nov. 27th. 1813

Dear Genl.

          The dachment ordered under Genl White to the Hillibees has  returned--On the 18th. Inst. they attacked the town at dawn--killed 64 warriors & took 256 prisoners, 29 of whom are warriors, the residue women & children--The prisoners I have sent to Highwassee Garrison--In this affair I did not loose one man either killed or wounded. I have one of the principal warriors among these prisoners by the name of Billy Scott. he was slightly wounded at Lashley Fort--I am as yet unprovided with provisions--I am building boats to transport supplies down the river--Cattle are scare among the Cherokees- I dispair of geting a considerable number from them--I have men however in all directions in search for beef--they will return in eight or nine days--I shall then march for Ft Strother--Should you not hear from me again before the 6th of next month, you may rely on meeting me at the Fort by the 12th. with the force at least which you required--Should I be able to move sooner I will inform you by express
           I am most respt. yrs

                                                                                                   John Cocke
                                                                                                   Major Genl.


Letter from Willie Blount to Andrew Jackson

Novr. 24th. 1813

Dear Sir,

     I have just recd. your several letters by Major Searcy all which shall be attended to as fully as in my power--I have forwarded copies to the War Dept. of Grierson's letters to you, & a copy of yours to me of the 20th. Instant, for the information of the President; and for his determination respecting the term of service by the Volunteers; for his order for raising an equal number to supply their places if he orders their discharge, and for a supply of Blankets &c. The discharge of U.S. Troops, & the order for raising others for that service, solely belongs to him to determine on & to order--my authority does not extend to such cases--my confidence in the volunteers is so great, and the confidence of their countrymen in them is so great, and the object before them is so great, and the laurels before them so great, for it is to give peace to our country by their valor, that I do not believe that they would wish to be discharged before they reap those laurels--their privations have been great but I hope & believe they are now at an end--for their firmness & valor they have obtained the plaudits of their country--but former successes tho' considerable are not to be compared to those which are to be atchieved by their valor--were I to say that they ought to be discharged on the 10th. Decr.,  I have no power to order their discharge; neither have I any orders to call out an equal number of  men--and without such an order to call them out to do so would be to treat men ill because their pay & supplies would be doubtful--I have said to the Secy. War that the orders of the Government would be attended to on these subjects--I can only say for myself that was I a volunteer under the act of Congress that I should consider myself bound to serve twelve months if called upon as such to serve, if under present circumstances I as a volunteer was in service I should feel myself in honor bound to await the order of Government for a discharge--This is my indivisual opinion: as an Executive officer of a State having no instructions from the President, & no right to controul men in the U.S. service I can give no binding opinion on the act of Congress in question; therefore I can only say what my private opinion is, as above expressed-- I without further authority than I have to interfere would feel great delicacy in offering an opinion of the law which should affect others--I feel a peculiar pleasure in doing any thing I can to promote the public service at any time, but particularly when our brave Tennesseans are the actors in that description of service which is calculated to permanently secure the best interest of this fine section of the United States--we look to your Heroes for this important good to be effected--The Creek country & the Floridas added to ours would do it exactly--
      Your answer to the Hillabees is very good, but there is a propriety in annexing one or two other conditions to a peace with the Creeks, to wit, that we shall at any time in future be at liberty to navigate their rivers unmolested, to improve the beds of those rivers, build places of deposit for produce, Garrisons &c.; and open roads thro' their country and travel them without passports, just as we do thro' our own settlements--I am told that a Mr. Morgan has gone out to your Camp to act as a sutler & if he has not he can get all the articles you suggested on your speaking to him about it--I am with respect & esteem, with the fullest confidence that harmony will prevail in your camp & that every good will be produced by your actions
     your friend

                                                               Willie Blount


Letter to Thomas Jefferson from James Monroe

November 23, 1813
James Monroe Letter to Thomas Jefferson
Washington November 23, 1813
Dear Sir
The enclosed was written before my late visit to Albemarle, and detained in consequence of it, to be delivered in person, but afterwards forgotten and left here. I need not add my sincere desire that you will have the goodness, to decide that question to which it relates.
We have nothing from abroad, immediately concerning our own affairs; and no new light as to the result, of the great battles near Dresdon. Nor do we yet know whether our troops are to take their quarters in Montreal, forcing the enemy into Quebec, or to retire within our former limits. The former is still more than probable.
With great respect & esteem I am sincerely your friend Jas. Monroe


Latest from Hampton's Army


Plattsburgh, November 21.
It is generally said here, and I have no doubt of the truth of it, that General Hampton received orders yesterday from General Wilkinson to march his army from this place, where it had already cut and drawn log to build huts, to French Mill. It is also said and believed, that Gen. H. immediately ordered his troops to get ready to march at a moment’s warning, but sent off an express to Gen. W. to endeavor to obtain a countermand of the order on account of the lateness of the season. When the express returns, I supposed the army of course will march or not, as shall be directed by General Wilkinson, unless the Secretary of War, to whom it said an express has been sent for his interference in the premises, should order him to stay here.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-December 10, 1813.


Letter from Andrew Jackson to Rachel Jackson

Dittos landing
Novbr. 21st 1813

My Dear

      I wrote you on yesterday by Mr Searcy but to find out the certainty of supplies I have come on this far with Major Searcy and Genl Coffee--and since writing you on yesterday, I have determined to send on Colo. S. D Hays who is quarter master Genl to lay in farther supplies for my army
     You may Judge of my hurry when you see in mine of yesterday that I overlooked that part of your letter that related to the distresses of Mrs.Cafferry, have a house put up for her on any part of the tract where she will be convenient to us and where you choose, or let her live in the house with us as you please, we can always raise a supply for her as well as ourselves, present her with my best wishes & compliments to Betsy Green, tell Andrew god bless him & his mother affectionately farewell

                                                                                              Andrew Jackson


New York Nov. 20

New-York Nov. 20.

By a gentleman from the Northward, we learn, that in consequence of the movements of our armies, all the women and children had been sent from Montreal to Quebec, together with all moveable property; and that eight Regiments of Regulars had lately arrived at Quebec in the Cork fleet and from Halifax, and were on their march for Montreal.
Our informant added that every possible exertion had been made to defend Montreal; and gives it as his opinion, that if it is taken, it will be after a most tremendous struggle, unless the pluck of the British commander should fail him.
It is the opinion of our informant, that the battle will take place at LaChine, where the enemy has erected strong fortifications, which command the Lake and where the principal forces of the enemy is stationed.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-December 3, 1813.

Letter from William Carroll to Andrew Jackson

Camp Strother
Novr. 20th: 1813

Dear Genl.

      We commenced work very early on the morning of the 18th. and almost compleated the picketing of our fort last night--we had no lazy man, our own safety mad s industrious--The men you sent back arrived last night--we have them encamped in good order--Some difficulty took place on their arrival about who should command--The two Generals command in conjunction. I was persuaded of the right being in Hall by virtue of your order, but he is a gentleman and would concede any thing for the benfit of the service--a private in Capt Coles company brot. in a scalp last evening--he killed the Indian some distance from this place I have Just interrogated him and have no doubt but he must have been a creek Spy--Our Spies report last evening that they saw where an Indian had been the evening before--he was no doubt a spy--we will have order in camp, till your return, those who are not on fatigue, shall be driled. I fear you will have some dificulty in getting back the troops--That no dificulty may take place, I beg leave to suggest the propriety of stating a time to them, when you think the campaign will terminate--You will please to ove that the Militia were enrolled for 3 Mos. their time will expire about the first Jany. the object of the campaign can be compleated, in that, and an assurance from you that the whole of the troops will be discharged at that time, will quell the turbalent disposition that exists not only among the soldiers but officers--The officers of the volunteers know, that they were enrolled for a year on the 10th Decr. last, their time they presume, ends the 10th. this Decr.
       We have done much; our actions will be recorded in the history of the American Republic--and I pray God, they may not be bloted by the desertion of those who once had the confidence of their country--I feel as great a disposition to serve my country as any man, but this campaign terminates my military career if one act of the army be calculated to tarnish the fame we have already purchased at the expense of some of our best citizens
      My dear Genl., Militia becomes restive on lying at one place, have nng t do--would'nt it be best for the drited men to return (as soon as provisions can be attained), and pursue the campaign 2000 effective man, can do every thing you want done, a rapid push without baggage will soon put an end to creek hostility--That you may soon b with is in good health is the Sincere wish of Sir, Yr. Servt. & c.

                                                                                              Wm. Carroll


Reported Battle


From the Albany Argus, Extra of Nov. 19.

“Colonel King of the army, arrived in town this morning with dispatches for the secretary of war. We understand the most material facts brought by him are as follows:
“That the British garrisons of Kingston and Prescott, (as soon as Montreal was known to be the object of our expedition) assembled and pursued our army-their force about 2000 men.-they found means to overtake the rear of it (about 1600) on the 11th inst. at a place opposite to the village of Hampton, on the Canada side, about 30 miles below Prescott. An action ensued, in which the enemy was driven back about half a mile. Here they rallied and took a position their right upon the river, and their left covered by 7 pieces of artillery. Three charges of the bayonet were made upon them, one of which, point to point, lasted ten minutes. The enemy was again broken, and our rear guard returned unmolested and to its place I the line. Our loss is computed at 150 or 200-that of the enemy at double the number. Twelve of the enemy were taken, who state that most of their field and staff officers were killed or wounded. Of our army General Covington is said to be mortally wounded-several field and platoon officers slightly so. General Boyd commanded in this affair.”


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-December 3, 1813.


General Jackson, Tennessee River

General Jackson, with his army, have crossed the Tennessee River, against the Indians.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-November 19, 1813.


Letter from Andrew Jackson to John Cocke

Camp Chennubee.
Nov 18th. 1813.


        I am compelled by the embarrasments of my army, occasioned by the want of supplies, to set out last evening with all the forces that then remained with me (except 150 whom I left to compleat & defend Ft Strother in my absence) for Fort Deposit--Previous to my setting out, a flag arrived from the Hillabee's accompanied by a letter from Robt Grayson, soliciting peace for the Indians of those towns, & offering to receive it upon any terms I might think proper to propose--They admit that the late engagement at Talladega had proved fatal to their hopes, & they believed it had brought the greater part of the nation to a proper sense of their duty--I stated to the Hillabies the terms on which we would cease to reckon them among our enemies Viz: that they should deliver up forthwith all the property & prisoners that they had taken from they whites for the friendly Creeks, that they should deliver up the murderers of our citizens & the instigators of the war--& that on our arrival in that Quarter they should unite their forces with ours in the prosecution of the war against those who still held out--Believing that two thousand men in the center of the nation would speedily bring an termination, I must request that you will detach to Ft Strother 600 men at least with as little delay as possible, & with as full a supply as you can obtain--
          Be good enough to take measures for having purchased all the hogs & cattle that can be furnished by the Cherokees--I say all, presuming they will not have more to spare than we will stand in need of--At this place (which is about 12 miles from Ft Strother) I met about 150 beeves & nine waggons of flour sent on by our Contractor--In consequence of this I shall order back to Ft. Strother a greater part of who have been returning with me. I myself shall continue to Deposit & endeavor to provide against any future sarcity--This I have not a doubt I shall be able to effect in a few days & then I shall return to Ft Strother with a force which when united with yours, will be fully sufficient for the accomplishment of our object--
      I am exceedingly anxious to be in the center of the nation, but we must prepare the means beforehand of retaining our position afterwards. The supplies I met to day & the assurances of the contractors, have given me a confidence, which I was far from possessing a few days ago. Whatever supplies may be obtained in the Cherokee nation or in E. Tennessee for the benefit of the army under my command, I wish to be forwarded to Deposit or the mouth of Thomsons creek--
     I shall be happy to see you with the detachment you may send to Ft Strother--I would not by any means pretend to regulate the number of men to compose the detachment--I have stated the number which I suppose would be necessary & sufficient--but you will exercise your own discretion on this subject
     Yrs & c

                                                                                     Andrew Jackson
                                                                                     Major Genl.


Another Victory over the Indians

Another Victory over the Indians.

Nashville, Nov. 17, 1813.
Mr. Thomas H. Fletcher, of this town, has just arrived from Gen. Jackson’s army and states, that on the evening of the 7th instant General Jackson received intelligence that a large body of Indians were besieging a fort of friendly Indians, situated about 30 miles below the Ten Islands of Goose River. At 12 o’clock that night, a detachment of the army, (2000 strong) took up the line of march, and arrived at the Fort about seven o’clock on the 9th:
The action was brought on by Captains Deadrick’s, Capterton’s and Bledsoe’s companies. The advance was led on by Colonel Carroll, in handsome style. The Indians were totally routed-in half an hour the pursuit commenced which continued an hour and a half longer. Of the enemy, 278 were found dead on the ground-though many more were certainly killed. The battle field was very large, and entirely covered with grass-of course many were killed who could not be found.
We had 15 killed and 84 wounded-generally slightly. The Indian force was at least 1100. Gen Jackson commanded in person.
Provisions are scarce in camp. It is thought that if the army had had ten days provisions on hand after the battle of Talladega, the Creek war, would have terminated in that time. The battle was fought only 30 miles from the Hickory Ground.
Mr. Fletcher was the bearer of a stand of colors taken from the enemy, bearing the Spanish cross.
Colonel Lauderale, of the cavalry, is wounded in the leg; Col. M’Croy’s left arm is broke; col. Pillow, shot through the body; Major Richard Boyd’s right arm broke.
Colonel Carroll led the advance, and displayed the utmost bravery and skill. Among the killed are Lieutenants Moore and Barke, and Mr. Taylor, White county.
The Indians were drawn up behind a small swamp, and in good order. Col. Brown [illegible]. The men of this [illegible] fought well-the fort was regularly presented and tolerably strong, was commanded by Lashe, a half breed.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-December 10, 1813.


Letter to Robert Grierson from Andrew Jackson

Camp Strother
Novr 17th 1813

      I recd. your letter of the 13th & 15th. Inst. proposing terms of peace for the hostile party in the Hillabies.
     We took up arms in order to bring to a proper sense of duty those barbarians who had committed so many unprovoked depredations upon us, & we shall lay them down only when we are certain we have accomplished this object. I am taking means to enable me to effect this in a short time beyond the reach of doubt. Upon those who are friendly I neither wish nor intend to make war, but then they must furnish me indubitable proof of their sincerity. Let all those who were lately our enemies & who now wish to become our friends restores forthwith all the property & prisoners they may at any time have taken either from the whites or friendly Creeks--Let them deliver up all the Instigators of the present war let them meet me on my arrival with a flag & furnish my army with such provisions as they may have to spare--let them unite their forces with mine in prosecuting the war against those who still hold out & then they may expect my hand in friendship The terms upon which I final peace will be granted them will greatly depend upon their conduct in the meantime
      I cannot say with absolute certainty when I shall be at your Towns; I am preparing supplies to enable me to carry a war of destruction through every part of the Creek nation that remains unfriendly & in a few days I calculate on commencing my march. I will shew them what kind of reliance is to be placed on these prophets & those who instigated them to this war. Long shall they remember Ft. Mims in bitterness & tears

                                                                                                                     Andrew Jackson & &c

P.S. the indian you sent on with Pompey came no further than Talladega


Letter from Thomas Pinckney to Andrew Jackson

Head Quarters Sixth District Charleston
16th November 1813.


       The mail which arrived on Sunday last brought to me the President's order to take the direction of the expedition against the Creek Indians: I purpose in consequence thereof to set out for Millegeville as soon as I shall have made some indispensible arrangements here.
       I am as yet unapprized of the directions given by Governor Mitchell to whom the Command of the expedition was originally confided by the President, nor am I accurately informed of the present positions or actual force of the Enemy or of our own detachments. Until I shall have received more correct intelligence, it would be improper to issue instructions a compliance wherewith might be rendered inexpedient by circumstances of which I am ignorant: I think it right however to communicate to you a general outline of the mode in which I am at present of opinion this Campaign should be conducted which is herewith inclosed: but as more ample information may occasion an alteration in that opinion, you will please to act in conformity to it, only so far as your knowledge of the present circumstances may induce you to think it expedient.
      You will please, Sir, by the return of the Messenger who conveys this, to inform me of your present position and intended movements, of your present supply and future prospect of provision & other necessaries, together with all the information concerning the Enemy which you may have obtained.
       You will also please to order the Officer acting as Adjutant General to the detachment under your command to make a return of the Troops of the State of Tennessee in the Service of the United States upon the expedition against the Creek Indians, to the Adjutant General of the 6th Military District at Milledgeville: and if you will please, Sir, to communicate to me your ideas of the best mode of conducting the operations of the Campaign your suggestions will be received & attended to with all the respect due to your military rank & personal character
      I have the honor to be very respectfully your most obt. sevt.

                                                                                                           Thomas Pinckney

Letter from Andrew Jackson to John Cocke

Head Quarters Camp Strother
16th. Novr. 1813


     I have recd. your letter by Judge White; & perfectly agree with you in opinion that it essential to the success of the campaign that the forces from Tennessee should act in concert, the reason why this has hitherto been prevented, notwithstanding my utmost exertions to effect it have been explained to me by the Judge: & atho. no man can be more disposed than myself, to admit the irresistable of those reasons, yet the consequences of them have proved excessively injurious to my plans--Had Genl. White been able to arrive at this encampment at the time I left it for Talledega & when I had a right to expect he would, I should not have returned hither; but should have been able in a few weeks, notwithstanding all privations & difficulties, to have broken down the Creek force & made them fully sensible that they have heretofore been indebted for their safety to our forbearance alone--But a retrograde motion is dangerous in an Army & becomes fatal when accompanied with hunger The force of this truth I was made to feel on my return to this encampment. Those men who had faced the enemy with so much bravery schrunk on their return from privations which they had previously submitted to with alacrity I was obliged to permit a majority of them to return to Fort Deposit for supplies but when their appetites are satiated & their sense of duty revived, as it will by the first cool view of the prospect before them they will return with cheerfulness to the standard of their country. In the meantime I shall with the forces here go on with the fortification I have begun, & continue to use every exertion for the attainment of the object of the expedition The contractors who have hitherto furnished me so poorly, continue to assure me of supplies & I shall continue to apply to every source where there can be any hope of obtaining them. I beg that you will add your own exertions to mine, & prepare to form a junction with me whenever you shall be advised. The want of punctuality in this respect is calculated to produce consequences of the most dangerous kind
        Whatever supplies you may be able to obtain beyond what may be indispensibly necessary for the support of your own army you will be good enough to forward with all dispatch to Ft. Deposit
        So soon as I shall find myself in a situation to move I will advise you of it by express; & shall then calculate on your speedy arrival & cooperation.
        If you should be able to obtain a sufficiency of supplies & find yourself in a situation to move, previous to any further advises from me you will be good enough to inform me & I will afford you my most hearty cooperation

                                                                                                                  Andrew Jackson
                                                                                                                  Major Genl


Letter from Andrew Jackson to Willie Blount

Camp Strother
Novr. 14th. 1813


       It is with extreme pain I inform you that a turbulent & mutinous disposition has manifested itself in my Camp, from a quarter least expected.
       Petition on petition has been handed from the officers of the different Brigade's containing statements of their privations & sufferings & requesting me to return into the settlements with my Division in order to give the men an opportunity to provide themselves with articles necessary for the campaign & to meet the provisions that was coming on. In reply to their representation of grievances, I made a general order acknowledging to my Division that their sufferings were known & felt by me, & that every exertion had been made by me both to prevent & relieve them. that a number of beeves had been seen in the neighborhood & meal expected hourly from Fort Deposit where I was informed there were ample supplies, that there were several of the wounded whose deaths would be inevitable if moved & farther urged them not to cause the laurels they had so nobly & so bravely won to wither by a disgraceful return in the moment of victory--Limiting the time for departure to two days if provisions did not arrive; when we would all march & lay the blame at the door of those who merited it. Yesterday, as was expected, about forty five beeves were brought into the camp. Still their murmurs were not silenced, but continued to increase until I was compelled to call a council of all the Field Officers & Capts. in my Division. To these officers I stated that information which could be relied on had been given me that there were at Fort Deposit between 50 & 60,000 weight of meal & 266 barrels of flour. that upwards of 100 hogs were on the way which would be here tomorrow or the day after at the farthest & after stating to them the impossibility of carrying on our baggage in consequence of having dispatched the waggons for meal & that we must either destroy or leave it-- after conjuring them not to move or leave their brave comrades who had fought & bled by their sides, after entreating them by their love of country & of glory not to abandon a campaign so gloriously begun without striking the finishing stroke & having the honor of it's completion--I dismissed them with a request that the officers of each Brigade would hold a separate consultation & report their determination. Genls Roberts & Coffees Brigades first reported their resolution to stay by their baggage their wounded & their Genl. until it could be accurately ascertained whether supplies would arrive or not & if they did not in the course of three or four days that then they would return & meet it--Genl Coffee's Brigade also reported that the half or the whole of the cavalry would remain if the camp was deserted by the Infantry--notwithstanding the permission they had had for half of the men to go in to Huntsville & feed their horses which were perishing. Both of these Brigade have my warmest approbation & highest praise & merit the applause of gratitude of their Country for preferring privations & sufferings to disgrace--
      Genl. Hall's Brigade then reported that after taking into consideration & weighing maturely all the circumstances they had determined by the vow of every officer in the Brigade with the exception of Genl. Hall himself to march back to meet the provisions at the same time recommending me to permit the men to go to their homes & make preparations for the campaign & representing if they were not permitted that the Soldiers would forcible desert--such a determination was not expected from those who had been trained & disciplined under my command--I did think they would have followed me through every danger & hardship without a murmur--they are the first to desert me. But the conduct of Genl. Hall is as usual, firm & humane, he says he will stay & die in the camp before he will move the wounded or destroy the baggage or sully the glory they have already acquired.


Personal description of British attacks along Chesapeake Bay to relatives

13 November 1813
The Captain of the 30th Maryland Regiment described the current wartime situation in a letter* to relatives in the Ohio Territory:
“The times in these parts has been trobelsom. Our waters has been peluted with the English since last spring and is yet. Their blockading all our seport towns which causes merchandise of all sorts to be very high espeshaly shoogers and salt…On the 26 Aprile we had orders for marching. The meliche (militia) not being armed we was in a confused state and on the 28th the British landed at Frenchtown too (two) miles below Elckton and set it on fyre, and consumed it to ashes and would have destroyed Elckton if it had not been they got cowed by the shot of one cannon ball for a small batrey thrown up at the land on (Elk Landing) which proved to have a good effect on them….it caused them to retreat by the time the meliche was pretty well collected with a number of armes. They then fell off down the river till the forth day of May, they attempted a landing at Claverde grass (Havre de Grace, Maryland) under a heavy cannonading on both sides. As they had the greatest force they suckseeded in landing and set fire to the town and several small vessels that was there and from there to Cull furnes (furnaces that made  cannons) and consumed the whole to ashes. This I was and eye witness to myself. They then fell down the bay till below Annapolis which they continued there and destroyed several small towns. A part of the regiment was called to Baltimore expecting they would make an etempt there they was called on for six months but they were dischared a the end of too months. There was several of the neibors and one of my sons at Baltimore. They complain much of bad usage and not annuf to eat allowed them. We think the times here bad annuf althow not so hard as you have fronteers I suppose. I am afraid the next year will be worse in these parts if possible thow I expect we will be prepared for them. Much better again their next visit to us. Got send they may all sinck to the bottom before they ever set foot on our land again.”
*Some spelling corrected for clarity

Letter from Robert Grierson to Andrew Jackson

13th. Nov. 1813.

Hond. Sir,

      Altho' perhaps unknown to your Excellency I beg leave as an old residenter, that has long resided in this place, and now suffering under a most grievous disease, the palsey, besides suffering all the outrages of these outrageous lawless band of Savages, who after committing all their outragous depredations on me and my family for five months past, on Saturday fourteen days past, they consumed my house with every thing we possessed, and left me to the inclemency of the weather, without food or raiment for self or family; they this day wait on me begging me to offer to your Excellency terms of pacification with the United States--The glorious action you obtained the victory of, on Tuesday last, has such a good effect on their passions, as soon to wish to sue for peace: I beg leave to communicate to you such things, as needful, by this flag, which I send to you, humbly praying for your protection for myself and family, and Negroes; together with any other property we have left here; and humbly pray, that in your Clemency and mercy, that you will be graciously pleased to consider this my state of affliction, and afford me such aid and assistance, in order to procure my future preservation, as the nature of your Commission will admit you to advance--The Terms they advance to you are, that they the Hillabees from this day forever offer to lay down their arms, and to join in peace and amity with the United States of America, & ever to evade every hostile measure that may be offensive to the interest and peace of the said United States Government; together with any other proposition your Excellency may see cause to enjoin them to: Now as a person properly licensed from the United States agent here, I humbly pray, that if you see cause to admit them to a neutrality, as projected, you will be graciously pleased to cause them to give satisfaction for the murder of David Grierson on the 21st. April last, and Pinckney Hawkins, on the 12th. July, together with their families, with the exile of Walker Williams & Alexander Grierson, with their families, with a restitution of all other property, wilfully destroyed by the Hillabee & Fish Pond Indians--Whatever answer your Excellency may be pleased to confer on such subjects, from me, will be esteemed a favour of the highest importance at such a period as this, you may rely on me confidentially for every thing that is true: If your force is sufficient say 2000. and can march immediately to Saccapatae, and there build a fort, you will be in the centre to act against all the hostile Indians, and will conquer them in two weeks, they are panic struck with Tuesdays defeat and now is the time to follow it up-- they have no ammunition nor resources of any kind--The Oakfuskee, Newyork & Tallapoosa Tribes are out against the (friendly) Cowetas seven days.
      I beg leave to forward this to you by my negro man (Pompey) and beg you to send him with the Indian safe back to me with such Answer as your Excellency may please to confer on, and am to remain with high esteem, wishing God may protect you with your Army, and bless you with success to procure peace and safety to the injured Inhabitants of the land--
     I, am hond. Sir Your Obt. Servant

                                                                                                 Signed       Robt Grierson

                                                                                                              Monday 15th. Nov. 1813.

Since closing my letter an Indian arrived here, & informs that the Georgia Army are on their march by the Suwanee The Indians are evacuating their War Camps, and flying in every direction--200 invested my Plantation last night--for God sake come forward with your brave men and keep them running--
      These from Hond sir your Obt. Servant

                                                                                                 Signed        Robt Grierson




Of the movements and precise situation of our frontier army, we are unable to give any certain information. All the intelligence of which we are possessed on the subject is verbal. A gentleman, who left Huntsville on last Friday states, that Gen. Jackson, with his army crossed the Tennessee river, at Ditto’s landing, on Wednesday last. Colonel Coffee’s regiment had previously crossed the river, without their horses. But on the arrival of Gen. Jackson, the Colonel was ordered back, and directed to proceed by way of Fort Hampton to cross at the Muscle shores, on towards the 10 Islands of Goose river where it is said, a large body of the Creek Indians had crossed, and were coming on to meet us. We are likewise informed, that a party of spies, belonging to Capt. Mason’s company of Ranger, had discovered the trails of about 200 Indians, and had in consequence, come in to give information.
The report of the death of Major Gibson was not correct.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-November 12, 1813.

Capture of the Inca


On Tuesday last the schooner Inca Capt. Alexander P.Grig of Baltimore, 52 days from La Teste, with a rich cargo of Wines, Brandy, Oil, Silk, crape, &c. was chased ashore on Raccoon Keys, and taken possession of by two British brigs, (one of which no doubt is the [illegible]) and her crew chased ashore and part of them captured after they had landed, by the pursuing British boats-Those who escaped, 9 in number, reached town this morning.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-November 12, 1813.

Movements of Gen. Harrison


From an intelligent correspondent at Presqu’isle, on Lake Erie, we learn that Gen. Harrison arrived at that place on the morning of the 22d from Detroit with his whole disposable force, sailed thence on the evening of the 23d ult. & landed at Black Rock, we believe, on the next morning. The amount of his force is not stated; but, as he has discharged all his militia and volunteers and taken only his effectives of the regulars, it probably does not exceed two thousand. His intention, on leaving Presqu’isle, was to proceed from Black Rock to Niagara, to cooperate with Gen. Wilkinson in his ultimate movements, in expectation, no doubt, that the Ontario fleet would be prepared to convey him to that place. But we already know, and Harrison will no doubt receive information when he reaches Black Rock, that our fleet is otherwise occupied in watching the British squadron and covering the movements of our army; so that, until some decisive advantage is gained over the British naval force on the Lake which will justify Chauncey in leaving his station to convey Harrison’s force down, he must remain in the neighborhood of Fort George. He has however, some work before him. The British Gen. Vincent, with between one and two thousand men, our readers will recollect, was by the last accounts posted on or about Burlington heights, in the rear of Fort George. The General’s attention will of course be immediately directed to that point. If he succeed in capturing or destroying this force, so as to prevent its junction with the body of the British army, the obstacles to our operations at the other end of the Lake will be rendered by so much less formidable than they would have become by the addition of Vincent’s detachment to the forces at and near Kingston.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-November 12, 1813.



Movements of Gen. Harrison


From an intelligent correspondent at Presqu’isle, on Lake Erie, we learn that Gen. Harrison arrived at that place on the morning of the 22d from Detroit with his whole disposable force, sailed thence on the evening of the 23rd from Detroit with his whole disposable force, sailed thence on the evening of the 23rd ult. & landed at Black Rock, we believe, on the next morning. The amount of his force is not stated; but, as he has discharged all his militia and volunteers and taken only his effectives of the regulars, it probably does not exceed two thousand. His intention, on leaving Presqu’isle, was to proceed from Black Rock to Niagara, and thence to Sackett’s Harbor, to co operate with Gen. Wilkinson in his ultimate movements, in expectation, no doubt, that the Ontario fleet would be prepared to convey him to that place. But we already know, and Harrison will no doubt receive information when he reaches Black Rock, that our fleet is otherwise occupied in watching the British squadron and covering the movements of our army; so that, until some decisive advantage is gained over the British naval force on the Lake which will justify Chauncey in leaving his station to convey Harrison’s force down, he must remain in the neighborhood of Fort George. He has however, some work before him. The British Gen. Vincent, with between one and two thousand men, our readers will recollect, was by the last accounts posted on or about Burlington heights, in the rear of Fort George. The General’s attention will of course be immediately directed to that point. If he succeed in capturing or destroying this force, so as to prevent its junction with the body of the British army, the obstacles to our operations at the other end of the Lake will be rendered by so much less formidable than they would have become by the addition of Vincent’s detachment to the forces at and near Kingston.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-November 12, 1813.

From the Albany Argus of the 16th ult.

From the Albany Argus of the 26th ult.

An officer who left Brownville on Wednesday, informs of the capture of an enemy’s gun boat, carrying a 24lb. carronade and 50 men on the 12th inst at Point Peninsula, by Captain Morgan’s company of riflemen! The gun boat put in from stress of weather, and most of the crew landed and took shelter in a small cabin near the shore. At this junction, Capt. Morgan drew his men from the covert where they had been concealed to the beach, and induced the few on board to submit without giving the alarm; he then surrounded the cabin, and compelled the residue to surrender.-The prisoners are on their way to Greenbush.
In part of our last impression, we published a postscript, stating the enemy’s force had precipitately abandoned the Niagara frontier destroying large quantities of his stores, &c. that he was pursued to Twelve Mile creek by Gen. M’Clure, who returned on the 13th by way of Beaverdam, Chippaway and Queenstown; and that Col. Scott had left Fort George o the same day with all the regulars for Sacket’s Harbor. This information is confirmed by the Buffalo Gazette, which adds that our militia, in the expedition, found 1000 barrels of flour, 3 or 400 stand of arms, 500 hides, tallow, hats, bread &c. A part of our force still remained out under Col. Chapin.
The Vermont militia lately called in service, have all been dismissed by Gen. Parker, except those who volunteered to cross the Canada line.
Upwards of 200 British prisoners passed through this city on Saturday, from the Harbor, guarded by Capt. M’Tyre’s company of detached light infantry.
A gentleman has just shown us a letter from Fort George, dated the 15th inst. which states that the British had made a stand at Burlington Heights head of Ontario-that Proctor had arrived there with seventeen men! And that an additional number of militia had been ordered in by Gen. M’Clure.

Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-November 12, 1813.


Letter from William Berkeley Lewis to Andrew Jackson

Nov. 12th. 1813

Dear Genl.

        Yours of the 4th Inst. (Ten Islands Coose) has been recd. and strictly attended to. I have purchased and forwarded for the use of the army under your command, 3101 lbs. lead and 2222 lbs. powder: The powder, I am of opinion, you will find of the best quality. The medicine and hospital stores, as per bill handed by Mr. Rice, have been purchased and forwarded with the waggons transporting the ammunition. I found no difficulty in furnishing every article, except the butter, and instead of 100 lbs. I could only procure between 40 and 50 lbs. I have forwarded, as a complement, one cheese weighing 17 lbs., for your own private use.
       Nothing could have been more gratifying to the people of this place than the inteligence of Genl Coffee's victory over the Creeks. Never was more wine drunk, or, tallow burnt on any occasion, than on that. I hope, indeed I have no doubt but you will accomplish the object of the expedition in the same stilish manner that you have commenced your operations--The pets which you have sent his Excellency as a compliment, arrived here on Tuesday evening last. They have been boarding with brother Hobbs ever since; what ultimate disposition will be made of them I know not, nor do I believe the Govr. knows how to dispose of them. I mean the creek Indian prisoners. No news from the north of any importance by the last mail. I suppose our troops in that quarter will winter in Montreal. The last time I heard from Mrs. Jackson she was well. Your friends are generally well.
     Give my respects to all of my friends and acquaintances and believe me you friend

                                                                                                         W.B. Lewis

Letter from Andrew Jackson to Rachel Jackson

Head quarters Fort Strother 10 Islands 
Novbr. 12th. 1813

My Dear

      On last night I returned, from an excursion against the chosen warriors of the creeks from Ten Towns, who I was informed by express from Tulladego or Lessleys fort, had collected first to destroy the friendly creeks forted there and next to give me battle--This express reached me at 5 oclock on the evening of the 7th. at 12 oclock at night I marched with 2000 men, and on the night of the 8th. lay within 6 miles of the enemy--on the morning of the 9th. I attacked them at 8 oclock, the victory was compleat two hundred and ninety nine of their chosen warriors lay dead on the field, and as many more may be safely calculated to have been killed not found and will die of their wounds--had we had provisions, this stroke by following it up would have put and end to the war--Genl. White had promised to Join me on the 7th at the 10 Islands, not reaching me agreable to promise at 5 oclock I Started an express to him ordering him by a force march to reach my encampment, protect my sick, and those wounded on the 3rd in the battle of Taleshatchey, and leaving instructions for him to leave part of his army to aid in finishing the fort at this place and to follow me with my baggage to Tulladego--on the night of the Eight when in 6 mile of the enemy and late in the night I recd. his answer dated on the 7th. seven mile in the rear of where  he was when he wrote me that on the 7th. he would Join me--you can easily Judge of my feelings, within 6 mile of the main force of the creeks in front, and my sick wounded and baggage twenty five miles in the rear, almost unprotected, and which by the retrograde of Genl White, might fall a sacrifice to the enemy--Still I was compelled to risque my baggage & all to whip the enemy in front I have no doubt, but this order by Genl Cocke to Genl White, was intended to cripple me, and defeat my intended opperations--to shield himself from that censure that will fall upon him for his delay--there was no alternative left me--after whipping they creeks at Tulladego, but to burry our dead and return to this place with my wounded. we were out of provisions, and half starved for many days--and to highten my mortification when we retuned here last evening had not one mouthfull to give the wounded or well; but that god that fed moses in the wilderness--in the night brought us a partial Supply--a small quantity of meat & meal was brought in by the contractor--we have been fed on parched corn half our time one third fasted, and about third had bread & beef--I hope for better times--we have lost some brave fellows, fifteen were killed on the field of battle and Eighty five wounded, two of whom are since dead the carnage of the enemy would have been much greater, I had formed a compleat circle round them, the creeks were about 1000 strong and when they approached the militia line it in part gave way, this occasioned me to dismount my reserve commanded by Colo. Dyer composed of Capt Smiths Tyrrells, Hammonds Edwards and Moltons companies who met them like Bull dogs, and at two fires repulsed them killing 27 on the spot--had I had these men still on horseback in persuit, not one of the 1000 would have Escaped--the Volunteers officers & men did their duty nd the militia officers & men except as above stat lso did theirs--as soon as the reserve checked them, militia that had broke, rallyed and persued there was at no time of the action more than one half of my men engaged--and at every point my men beat them man for man, & when my reserve met them there was at least three indians for one white man--They reserve met them in Eight yards of where I was Standing & at two fires, drove the enemy--I have not time to write to Colo Hays shew him this letter--my mind for the want of provision is harrased--My feelings excoriated with the complaints of the men--I enjoy health--& may god bless you farewell

                                                                                                           Andrew Jackson


Lansingburgh, Nov. 9


Gov. Tompkin’s Army.
The conscript’s which rendezvoused at Waterfod a few weeks since and marched from thence to Plattsburgh, returned home during the last week, not in companies or half companies, but in pairs and singly. It appears, that on their arrival at Plattsburgh, they were ordered to join Gen. Hampton’s army at Chateauguay, for the purpose of assisting in the conquest of Canada. They accordingly proceeded to Chateaugay; when all but about twenty (officers as well as men) availed themselves of their constitutional privilege, and refused to pass the boundary-line of their country. After receiving much abusive language from the General, they were discharged, without their pay, and with but four days rations for their journey to beg their way home. The few who volunteered for Canada, were put under the command of the regular officers, and marched off with the army. 


Published in the Maryland Gazette-November 18, 1813.

Letter from Thomas Flournoy to Andrew Jackson

Mount Vernon
9th. Nov. 1813--


     I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of yours of the 24th. last month, which came to my hands last night--Before this, I presume, you must be at the junction of the Coosa & Tallapoosa.
     I wish it were possible to Send you a supply of provisions immediately--but the distance up to that place, & the danger of sending up boats is so great, & withall, the force under my command in this quarter of the district is so small, that it is impossible for me to give you that timely support, which my wishes, & your necessity calls for.
     I shall without delay adopt a plan which may have the effect of giving you relief, & aiding in crippling the enemy--
     Genl. Claiborne, who commands the united States Volunteers on this frontier, will immediately take a position on the Alabama, at Weatherford's about 100 miles below the junction of the Coosa & Tallapoosa, to which place I shall immediately forward provisions--This is the highest place, I think he can penetrate to, with safety.
     As your men are mounted, it will be much more practicable to make a forced march to that place, than it would be to send up to you, even if I were in sufficient force to venture it--
     I deem it unfortunate that I can not cooperate more effectively with you, but the difficulties I have had to encounter, & the necessity, I am under of returning to Orleans, will prevent the high gratification I should feel in joining you in person, & contributing by every means in my power to your comfort & relief--
     I pray you to corrispond more immediately with Genl. Claiborne, & with Lt. Colo. Russell 3rd Regt. Infty, who will also proceed with his Regiment, to the Alabama--but as he is under orders from the war department to corrispond with, & place himself under the command of the Georgia forces, I consider him independant of my controul--
     I regret that you have not before now given me notice of your movements, & that you have not now mentioned your numbers--But Colo. McKee (who is at Mobile with a number of Choctaw Indians, who will take the field against the Creeks, so soon as they can get ammunition) informs me that you are 5000 strong--
    This force will enable you to put an end to the Creek War in a short time.
    Wishing you the full possession, and enjoyment of that fame, and reputation, which your Conquest is calculated to inspire, I have the honor to be, yr. Brother Soldier

                                                                                                 Tho. Flournoy

(Be pleased to write me frequently)


Letter from Andrew Jackson to John Lowry

Camp near the ten Islands
Novr. 7th 1813


       Yr. letter of the 7th dated at Turkey Town has this moment been handed me
       The prisoners you found at Tallushatchee belong to the government of the U.S. & I have no power to let you retain them, until I learn the will of the President. In the meantime I shall direct them to be placed under the care of some of General White's surgeons: & after they are sufficiently recovered to be by him sent on to Huntsville, or some other place that shall be appointed, for safe keeping
        The horses & Saddles you found, are no doubt the property of some of the detachment who were ordered to Tallushatchee. We shall expect them to be restored to their owners, on your arrival here
        I am happy to learn that you have a force of 400 Cherokees, under your command. I wish you to bring them on as speedily as you can.
        There are not more than twenty Cherokees with me.
        I am respectfully yours

                                                                            Andw. Jackson

Letter from James White to Andrew Jackson

Camp Turkey Town
Nov. 7th. 1813

My dear Genl.

      I was on my march to meet you at the Ten Islands when I recd. a positive order from Majr. Genl. Cocke to alter my rout & form a junction with him near the mouth of the Chatuga, which I have done. And am sorry so many disappointments have taken place, that our junction has not sooner been formed. I presume Genl. Cocke will in future confer with you he having taken the command
      I am dear Genl & c

                                                                                      James White

Letter from John Lowry to Andrew Jackson and John Strother

Turkey town
7th. November 1813

Dear frinds and Brothers--

               I address you with these few lines to inform you I am well and all of my Men at present and it is my eardant wosh these lines may find you and yours the same. we came to this place on the 3d. of this Inst. and on the 4th. I started with my small company and went to the Creek villeges whare you have distroyed in order to do something but you was two fast for me--I found them compleatly distroyed when I got there. which I think was very well done for my company was small and of corse I should lost a grate many of my Men. but we got 20 Women and children and brought them to this place, but the grater parte of them is badly wounded. we have taken care of them drest there wounds, and gave them something to eate, and my pepeal woshes to keept them by your leave pervided you dont want them your self. if you want them we will give them oup--and also we found 3 horses and 2 saddes which we think belongs to your detachment, brown Gillden and 1 Black Gilden 1 rown mair with a balld face--1 of the saddles is remarkably good you can get them by applying to me--if there are yours, and also the prisinors if you want them. Sir, I wosh you to give me an anstoer as quick as posable, concerning those prisoners and horses and also I wosh you to write me how many Cherokees you have with you. and whether you wosh me to come on to you or not. I will thank you for advice--we have but a small company only about 400 but we shall be reinforstd. I think in a few days--I am Sir without deseption Yours--

                                                                                        Jno. Lowry


The War


Burlington, Nov. 5.
The northern army has returned to the Four Corners, Chatauge. They have had a skirmish with the enemy at the river St. Lawrence, many reports are in circulation respecting the engagement, but the particulars are not known.
The account given in our last, respecting General Wikinson’s being at Ogdensburgh, although it was received from a source which warranted our statement, it now proves to be incorrect. The general opinion is that general Wikinson has gone against Kingston, and that the late movement of Gen. Hampton was to attract the attention of the enemy in this quarter to enable Gen. W. to accomplish the object of his expedition.
By the steam boat of Wednesday evening from Plattsburgh, we learn that on Wednesday morning the British fleet make their appearance in our waters on the lake. Their force is represented to be four sloops and eight row gallies, with an additional number of seamen, eight hundred from Quebec, and that a land force has landed at Little Chazy. General Moore of the New-York militia, has ordered out every man able to bear arms. In Plattsburgh every person having the means to send off his family, furniture and effects is improving it. Several families of women and children arrived her on Wednesday night in the Steam Boat, some have gone further south.
We are momently expecting to hear of a desperate engagement.-Having the utmost confidence in Com. M’Donough, we fear not the result, that the American character will be tarnished by him or the brave crew under his command.
Since the above was in type, we have had information form our fleet, as late as last evening, all was safe, the six scows which have been dismantled and their guns taken on shore are again mounted and have joined the fleet, which gives us the superiority in number of guns.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-November 19, 1813.


Letter to Andrew Jackson from Leroy Pope

Novr. 4th. 1813


        I have recd. your letter dated at Camp Bradley 1st. pr. Lt. Gannaway, together with five prisoners. In consequence of a horrid massacre which took place night before last within 13 miles of this place I have determined to send the whole of the prisoners this day under a strong guard to Nashville; the reasons which have induced me to do this is, we have no place that I can secure the prisoners in our Jail is entirely insufficient. And another strong motive was, the relatives of the unfortunate victims are determined to come to this place & massacre the prisoners, & I was informed last night by two respectable persons of this Town  that they were present when the persons massacred were buried & that upwards of twenty persons offered to assist the son of the man that was kill'd in taking the prisoners and murdering of them. And I sincerely wish I may be able to get them off before the threats are put into execution. Another reason has had great weight with me to send them from here is the consternation & alarm which the country is thrown into in consequence of the murder. A great portion of the Citizens of the County as well as the Town will be immediately called on to guard the frontiers this will leave us a very weak guard at this place
         I hope Sir that this proceedure will meet with your approbation--The number of persons massacred were two men, two women, & one child
         I am Sir &c

                                                                                                          Leroy Pope

Letter from Andrew Jackson to Rachel Jackson

Head quarters 10 Islands Cosa river
Novbr. 4th. 1813

My Dear
      In the hurry of the moment I have but a moment to write you--I detached Genl John Coffee with part of his Brigade of Cavalry and mounted men to destroy the Creek Town Talus,hatchey, he has executed this order in elegant stile leaving dead on the field one hundred and seventy six, and taking 80, prisoners, forty prisoners was left on the ground many of them wounded, others to take care of them--since writing the above Genl Coffee reports 180, found dead, and there is no doubt but 200 was killed--I have here forty two added to the thirty two heretofore captured & sent on to Huntsville, in all 74--I have been and is still badly supplied with provisions, as soon as I can get a supply will proceed on to the heart of the creek nation--Mr Alexander and Jack Donelson were both in the action are safe & behaved like what I could wish & expected, all friends safe, Capt Hammond had 5 of his men wounded--all behaved bravely and as I could wish--I send on a little Indian boy for Andrew to Hunstville--with a request to Colo. Pope to take care of him untill he is sent on--all his family is destroyed--he is about the age of Theodore--In haste your affectionate Husband

                                                                                                                Andrew Jackson