St. Lawrence Surrenders to Privateer Chasseur

February 26, 1814

The American Privateer Chasseur overtook the Royal Navy Schooner St. Lawrence, mistakenly believing it was a merchant vessel. The two ships fought a short battle before the St. Lawrence surrendered.
Captain Boyle, captain of the Chasseur, wrote to the owners of the Chasseur:

“I should not willingly, perhaps, have sought a contest with a King’s vessel, knowing it is not our object. But my expectations at first were a valuable vessel, and a valuable cargo. When I found myself deceived, the honor of the flag intrusted to my care was not to be disgraced by flight.”

Chillicothe, February 26

Chillicothe, February 26.

During the last week considerable alarm was manifested by the citizens of this place in consequence of a design entertained by the British prisoners of war here, but which was happily discovered in time to prevent the threatened mischief. An order having been recently sent from the War Office to Col. Campbell, commanding officer at this post, to take charge of the British officers on parole here, and send them to Frankfort Kentucky, they were confined in jail until preparations could be made for their removal. Early on the morning of the 11th inst. two gentlemen of respectability gave information to Col. Campbell, that the British officers were conspiring with prisoners at the garrison a short distance above this place, for the purpose of forcibly effecting their escape. The disclosure of the plan was made by two of the British officers, in great confidence to one of the gentlemen who considered it his duty to make the plan known, and accordingly consulted with a friend on the proper manner to proceed. In consequence of this information, Col. Campbell, having first consulted with Governor Meigs and obtained his most decided approbation and concurrence, ordered eleven of the officers to be put in irons, and took such other measures as would completely render any attempt at escape ineffectual. The Mayor also procured a part of militia to patrol the streets and suburbs of the town to make assurance doubly sure. It appears from developments subsequent to the first disclosure, that a part of the plan was, after the prisoners at the garrison had forced the guard, to set fire to the town and while the citizens would necessarily be engaged in extinguishing the fire to rescue the officers in confinement, and then all make their escape in the best manner possible. It may not however be improper to state that the British officers deny any intentions of the above nature were entertained by them; but that such a design was in agitation there can be no doubt, as the officers acknowledge that propositions were made by the soldiery at the garrison, and assurances given of their readiness to put them in execution.

On Monday last the officers were sent from here in a boat to Frankfort, Kentucky.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-March 11, 1814.





Pittsburg, March 2

Pittsburg March 2.

Extract of a letter from Erie dated February 24, 1814.
“Two days since Major Marlin received a letter by express from Colonel Burn, of the 2d regt. light dragons, dated at Sackett’s Harbor, the 17th inst. He states that certain information has been received at that post that 1500 regulars and 500 seamen were on their march from Kingston with a view to destroy the shipping on the upper lake. The enemy have a great number of boats at Long Point. The ice in the lake is nearly destroyed; and, should this weather continue much longer, we may expect a visit from that place. The block house on the peninsula is a very strong work, but I am informed that there are sand hills within cannon shot of it, from behind which batteries might be placed to play upon it and the fleet. A block house was nearly finished at the old American fort. Major Marlin has had it pulled down, and is about building one on the plan of Capt. Elliot’s block house.
“Gen. Mead still continues here. The General has received orders to keep the whole militia force in service as long as there is a prospect of danger. In consequence of this, the General had determined to call out the 1st brigade again, but they have not yet arrived. I presume that the information recently received will induce the Gen. to hurry them.”


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-March 25, 1814.


Secretary of State Monroe to Governor of Pennsylvania

Department of State

Feb. 23, 1814

Sir- the conduct of the enemy in seizing and transporting to Great Britain for trial, as traitors, under the claim of perpetual allegiance to the British sovereign, certain American prisoners of war, having compelled the government of the United States to resort to a just and indispensable measure of retaliation, and certain British prisoners having been with that view taken into close custody, as hostages for the safety of the American prisoners thus seized and transported, the president requests that you would authorize them to be received and confined in the penitentiary at Philadelphia, whither they will be conducted without delay, and placed under the general superintendence of John Smith, Esq. the marshal of the United States for the District of Pennsylvania.

I have the honor to be, with great consideration, sir, your obedient humble servant,

James Monroe

Published in the Niles Weekly Register - March 19, 1814


From Sackett's Harbor

Extract of a letter of the 21st of February,
“This place is very strong, and defies attack. We have six black houses calculated to rake every point of approach, and the squadron is advantageously arranged for defensive and destructive purposes. Captain Chauncey is building three vessels of war and converting the Sylph [schr.] into a brig.
“Some are of opinion, that Gen. Wilkinson will undertake an expedition from Plattsburg this winter.-Colonel Scott has marched to the Niagara Frontier with a detachment of regulars. Lieut. Colonel Mitchell reached this post on the 19th inst. with the 3d. regiment of artillery and detachment of the 2d light artillery, from the French Mills; having performed the march in seven days.-Col. Ripley has also arrived, after a very expeditious march, at Watertown with the 11th and 21st regiments of infantry. The troops are healthy Accommodations are better here than formerly as the town is much improved.”
Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-March 11, 1814.



Letter to Rachel Jackson from Andrew Jackson

Head quarters Fort Strother
February 21rst 1814

My love,

        I have this moment recd, your letter of the 10th Instant, and am grieved to think the pain my absence occasions, but when you reflect, that I am in the field, and cannot retire when I please, without disgrace I am in hopes that your good sense, will yield to it yet a little while with resolution and firmness, and my love as it respects my safety, when you reflect, that I am protected by that same overuling providence when in the heart of the creek nation, as I am at home his protecting hand can Shield me as well from danger here as there, and the only difference is that his protecting hand is more conspicous in the field of Battle than in our own peaceful dwellings when we are surrounded, by our boosom friends.
           The brave must die, in a state of war the brave must face the enemy, or the rights of  our country, could never be maintained--It was the fate of our brave Nephew Alexander Donelson to fall, but he fell like a hero well supported by his brave comrades in arms--and he has only gone in the prime of life, when we had a right to expect, we would be gratified with his society for a few years--but still we know we have to die, still the pleasing heavenly thought that we are to meet on high never to part again where we will enjoy happiness unmingled, by the interruption of human depravity & corruption--yes, my love our young friend has gone, but he died like a hero he fell roman like--and we must resign from him--it is a pleasing rcollection, when we reflect, that he is taken from us, that he has left no, stain behind that his friends can with pleasure review his conduct, and speak of his virtues and his valour with pleasure--I have said the brave must die, and if the escape in Battle, it is only yet a little, and the must die--Therefore as his death was so glorious, so ought to be our resolution freely to resign him--I have therefore to request that you will retain your usual firmness--and should it be the will of divine providence, to smile upon my honest exertions, I have a pleasing hope of seeing you before long--can I get up my supplies shortly I will soon put an end to the Creek war, as soon as this is done and I can honourably, retire, I shall, return to your arms on the wings of love & affection, to spend with you the remainder of my days in peaceful domestick retirement nothing would have given me more pleasure than to have returned as far as Huntsville, and have sent for you to have met me there; I found this would not do. If I left my post--every thing here would be delayed and neglected--and I have felt satisfied I did not attempt it--or all would have been delay & destruction that might have proved fatal to a speedy termination of the campaign--I shall be with you the moment--I can with honor and safety to my country--untill then my dearest heart--summons up your resolution and bear my absence with fortitude--
        say to my little darling Andrew--that his sweet papa will be home shortly, and that he sends him three sweet kisses--I have not heard whether Genl Coffee has taken on to him little Lyncoya--I have got another Pett--given to me by the chief Jame Fife, that I intend for my other little Andrew Donelson and if I can a third I will give it to little Andrew Hutchings
       My love I write you as often as time and convayences will permit, and I have a pleasing hope we will with the protection and permission of him who governs all, meet shortly--I wrote you a few days since, requesting you would send the copy of the secratary of wars letter and the copy I had enclosed to Genl Coffee of general Pinckneys letter which I directed to be sent on with my letter to you--To William B Lewis at Nashville--If you have not please to do it on the receipt of this, give my compliments to all friends and believe me affectionately yours, &c &c

                                                                                                        Andrew Jackson


Secretary Jones to Joshua Barney: Planning Flotilla

February 18, 1814

Letter from Secretary of the Navy Jones to Joshua Barney:

Joshua Barney Esquire
Navy Department
Commanding the U.S. Flotilla Baltimore,

February 18th, 1814

I have received your Letter of the 15th current, the U States Cutter Scorpion is ordered to Baltimore subject to your command, and it was my intention to order the Schooner Asp also, but she sails so indifferently that I have ordered her to be employed in the transportation of Stores.

It will be of importance to have a very fast sailing pilot Boat attached to the Flotilla as a Despatch or
look out Boat, and a single carronade on a pivot. You will therefore ascertain whether a small Boat of first rate character for sailing, can be purchased upon reasonable terms and at what rate.
I am of opinion that the Barges now building at St. Michaels had better be armed with a long 12 pr. instead of a heavy 18 and a 32 pd. carronade instead of a 24—they will be equally formidable, the two Guns will balance each other and the Barges will row lighter. We have beautiful long 12 prs. at the Navy Yard and abundance of Ammunition.

What progress is making with the Barges at St Michaels? Are they to be brought over to be armed, or is their armament to be transported to them? It is time to be moving, we shall have warm work. How comes on the recruiting? We have 80 or 90 men belonging to the Gunboats and Barges here but the Potomac must not be left without protection. We shall expect you to keep the Enemy below the Potomac, and then the whole force can unite.

I am clearly of opinion your force will be fully competent to repel any force the enemy can put in Boats & if we can confine them to their Ships, they can do us but little harm; I trust even there they will not be undisturbed.

The Enemy has a strong desire to destroy this place, and will assuredly make an effort for that purpose, your force is our principal shield, and all eyes will be upon you.

The people on the Shores of the Chesapeake are calling out for a Barge here and there to protect local positions but this is idle, they would all be cut off in detail. To act with effect, the whole force must be concentrated.

How are you off for light Boats? Will you not want a couple of light fleet Barges? If you do, I will direct one of the best descriptions to be built here 35 feet long.

If you are not very busily engaged, you had better come down here and let us finally arrange all that may be necessary to your command.

I am respectfully your obedient Servant
W Jones.


Letter to William Carrol from Andrew Jackson

Head Quarters Ft. Strother
February 17th. 1814

Dr. Sir

        By express on last evening, I recd yours of the 14th. inclosing the secratary of wars of January 13th; and yours of the 14th. intended to have been forwarded by Captain Douglass--The liberty you have taken in opening the letter from the secratary of war was "proper" and I thank you for forwarding it--altho a letter Received by Colo. Williams a few days since direct from the war office of date the 4th. of January confines him & his Regt. to my orders--still this not being known at Huntsville makes it proper, that this to me should be sent up by express--
       I am happy to hear Major Reed has reached Huntsville (I presume it is my aid) I wish him here anxiously, I am much pressed with business, and if I did not calculate that he has left Huntsville before the express could reach him I would write him--It is certainly unaccountable the delay of Mr. Claiborne, and still more unaccountable that he should delay the Publick dispatches, finding himself delayed he ought to have pushed on the dispatches by express--I am happy to here that there are flattering prospects of transportation for our provisions from fort Deposit to this place--I wish they were up--I am still more anxious from late advices, to push the campaign--I have heard nothing from Major Baxter since the 9th; he was exerting every power--the very moment supplies for twenty days reaches me I will order you up, be in readiness for I shall expect you up like Desaix marched to the battle of moringo, or we marched from Fayetteville to relieve Genl. Coffee. Have your arms in good order--a halt cannot be made to repair them, unless they are in the hands of those left to protect the fort & keep open the communication in the rear--and their arms ought to be good--
        I am happy to hear that the troops are mostly orderly and fast acquiring a knowledge of discipline--I am also happy to hear that you have so effectually noticed, that disorderly soldier in Huntsville--the citizens of Huntsville must not again be disturbed, by the disorder of disorderly soldiers, or must the character of Tennessee be again sullied, by the reproach of sedition mutiny and disorderly behavior in the ranks, punishment must await every individual of the army, that disobeys orders, or who does not religiously observe, the rights of the citizens thro whose country they pass--The examples that may be set by the present General court martial--& the example set by a garrison court martial a few days since on two disorderly soldiers has had a good effect, & reduced perfect order in my camp. you must establish & keep order--
       The disorder that prevailed amongst officers & men in our late excursion, was a striking example, and a sufficient warning never to enter the country of our enemy with troops not reduced to some kind of obedience & order--I have barely to add, that you must have every disobedience of order, religiously punished, and repetition will not be made--I an interrupted by an express from Major Genl. Pinckney, and have to close this letter by requesting you to urge every exertion of the Quarter masters & their agents to procure waggons & push up the supplies--the Hemp for Boats--the powder & lead & paper for the catridges must be up-- the hemp & catridge paper by the most expeditious conveyance, the powder & lead by the brigade--
      I have to add that 119 of the Kielegian warriors with their families have got up, and chiefs visitd me yesturday with several of their women--& one chief with several of their warriors are now here I have given them the talk, and I have sent it over their whole country--it is shortly this, that they must take their side--they must be with us, or expect to be treated as out enemies I am Sir Respectfully yr. mo. ob. servt

                                                                                                            Andrew Jackson
                                                                                                            Major Genl.

Letter from Andrew Jackson to John Coffee

Fort Strother
February 17th. 1814.
12 oclock at night

      Inclosed I send you a copy of Genl Pinckneys letter to me in answer to my report of the late excursion into the creek nation, the Battles of Emuckfa and Entochopco. This is gratefull to me as it will kill dead our enemies--I inclosed to Mrs. Jackson, a letter recd from the Secratary of war, fully approbatory of my conduct and yours. I wish you to see it, and I wish Mrs. Jackson to have the inclosed after you take a copy I have wrote to Mrs. Jackson to furnish them both to Major William B. Lewis, that he may use them if necessary in some comments before the public in answer to some remarks that has been made by Colo. Roucher--I have not seen nor heard its contents--therefore have barely named to him, that Mrs, Jackson will furnish him with the two letters and can use them as he may think prudent in any remarks he may make in answer to any remarks that may have been made concerning me in my absence--It may be proper to have the last published, as a tribute due to the late volunteers--I recd another letter from the secratary of war of date January 13th. 1814 late last night it is in answer to mine of the 16th of Decbr. respecting the volunteers. I copy it for your satisfaction--

            Sir your letter of the 16th. Decbr has been recd. The steps you have taken are approved. Colo. Williams has been ordered to Join you with the recruits of the 39th. Regt. I am Sir verry respectfully you mo ob servant J Armstrong

The snarling curs may grin--lie--and falsly swear but the will die with their own bite--all we have to do is to perform our duty, and they are politically doomed. I wrote you some time since--I have a great wish you could be with me and command they combined mounted men--I am fearfull your wounds will prevent you--I have ordered the mounted men to proceed and scour the cohoba I have directed Colo. Dyer to take the command should he be up at Fayette--should he not be there, Colo. Brown of East Tennessee will command--Capt Hammonds has been with me and I presume regrets his attachment to those vipers, who has been attempting to destroy his benefactors--I expect he will attend to his duty better, or I will arrest him--The four Captains are on their trial for mutiny-- it will end tomorrow--I will arrest the general tomorrow--the Testimony will shew the General in his true colours--and I expect the whole will be Cashiered. The general says he expects to be disgraced--
         I would be happy to see Colo Dyer in the field at the head of the west Tennessee mounted gunmen and old Cavalry--I gave you in my last authority to order him into the field I will expect  to hear from you shortly--with respects to Polly believe me to be sincerely your friend

                                                                                        Andrew Jackson
I wish Judge Overton to see these two letters of approbation the one from the secratary of war the other from Genl Pinckney. I know there is none of our friends that will be more gratified--I hope in  few days I will be able to move forward, {shortly} with supplies, that will enable me to put an end to the war--I write in haste as I have several letters to write--I have to send on the express to general Pinckney and Rosses, and to Huntsvill early tomorrow morning, it is hard duty-- A.J.


Albany, February 15

Albany, February 15.

The camp at French Mills, we understand, has been broken up. Two thousand of the troops were expected to reach Sacket’s Harbor on Friday last. The residue have proceeded to Malone and Plattsburgh, at the former of which places the sic had arrived on the 2d inst. The boats have been removed by land.
Three vessels of war are building with all possible dispatch at Sacket’s Harbor; one a ship, intended to mount 44 guns-the other two, heavy brigs. The troops are remarkably healthy.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-March 4, 1814.


Boston, Feb. 12

Boston, Feb. 12.

On Thursday morning last, an examination was held at the old court house in this place, before the Hon. John Davis, Judge of the U.S. district court of Massachasetts district, on the information and complaint of G. Blake, Esq. the district attorney, against sundry persons inhabitants of the town of Barre, for the alledged offence of having aided and assisted in the late escape of certain British officers from the county jail in Worcester. The complaint having been read, and the grounds of the accusation very fully stated by the district attorney, a number of witnesses were examined on behalf of the prosecutor and several others on the part of the respondents; after which an elaborate discussion of the evidence ensued through the day, in which the arguments were conducted by Messrs, Prescott and F. Blake for the defendants, and concluded by G. Blake, for the United States. It was decided by the Judge, that the evidence adduced, as against one of the respondents, a Mr. Jacob Bigelow, was sufficient on this preliminary inquiry, to support the accusation , and he was accordingly holden by recognizance to take his trial at the next circuit court in May.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-February 25, 1814.



Letter to William Carroll from Andrew Jackson

Head Quarters Fort Strother
February 8th. 1814


            It is important from advices recd. from Major Genl. Pinckney since you left me, that every exertions should be made to get up the supplies, to enable me to make a movement--Our late excursion of I am rightly informed will have a happy effect--I expect Proctor with all his warriors, family and property here in a few days to sue for peace & protection--and with him all the prisoners taken at Fort Mimms--This is the information if correct, it will be verified in a few days--In the mean time this ought  to double our diligence in getting up supplies and to make a movement--you will please push all agents of the Quarter masters & contractors--that they have every waggon that can be had engaged in the service, untill the supplies can be got up--I am pushing the boats, but as yet not a single tool has been sent up--I wish you to order the Quarter master or his agents to have them sent up by express, without delay. I rely on your exertion to be in supplies here to make a movement on the 20th. or at the farthest on the 25th. In your hurry of business you must not forget, that it is necessary, that Genl. Roberts should be here on the 15th. Instant, and Colo. Brown. Genl. Roberts must be here, the prisoners require it--and if he does not attend, they will be continued in confinement untill he does--It becomes absolutely necessary that they should be tried, & without his presence they cannot. I hope he will not hesitate, but if he should, coercion, will be resorted to me must be here--I would not believe that he would hesitate, but the Captains say they think he will not attend, and intimate that they will prove his statement & effectual report to be false by his own oath--This intimation I think if he has feeling ought to bring him--But they begin to believe and say that they believe that he will immediately resign to get clear of an investigation--this he cannot do for I have notified the govenor of his situation, and requested if his resignation is tendered, that it must not be received--as I believe this investigation will bring forth to the world, the whole origin of mutiny & sedition in my camp--I am determined to have it fairly investigated and the General must attend--he must be here--you will have to see him yourself or send a confidential officer for him. I am, Sir, very Respectfully yr. mo. ob. servt.

                                                                                         Andrew Jackson
                                                                                         Major Genl.


Secretary of the Navy Rejects Master Commandant Spencer's Request

February 7, 1814

Secretary of the Navy Jones’s answer to Master Commandant Spence (who had asked to recruit in New York for Chesapeake Bay sailors); after this reply from the Secretary of the Navy, Spence continued to lobby for his request.

Robert T. Spence Esquire
Navy Department
U.S. Navy Baltimore.
February 7th. 1814


I have received your letter of yesterday. The reiteration of your request to recruit in New York is superfluous, you were explicitly informed, that it was inadmissible. The recruiting for the Lake service at New York will require all that can be obtained there. A surgeon will be ordered to the Ontario in a few days.—
I am respectfully your Obedt. Servant

William Jones
(Secretary of the Navy)


From the Plattsburg Republican of Feb. 5

From the Plattsburg Republican of Feb.5.

Seventy six persons, who were taken prisoners at Buffalo and its vicinity, arrived at this place on Thursday last, having left Montreal on Tuesday. We understand they were exchanged for the militia taken by Col. Clark at Missisquie, last fall.-They state that the enemy have two vessels building at Kingston, which are planked up, one of them rated a 44 gun frigate. Between Kingston and Montreal, they met immense quantities of ordinance, ammunition and military stores of every description, going up. Col. Chapin arrived in Montreal some days before our informants and was immediately sent to Quebec.
Major Millard aid to Gen. Hopkins, and eight militia officers, remain in Montreal paroled to the limits of the city.
Capt. Leonard, it is stated, runs at large in the city, and has sent for his family.
It is worthy of remark, that this same Captain Leonard, in times of yore, was under the immediate command of John Henry, when that traitor held a captain’s commission in the armies of the United State.-Leonard being then a Lieutenant.


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-February 25, 1814.


Captain Robert Barrie to Dolly Gardner Clayton

February 4, 1814

Extract of a letter from British Captain Robert Barrie to Dolly Gardner Clayton (Dolly Gardner Clayton was Barrie's mother)

February 4th 1814

HMS Dragon off Mockjack Bay in the Chesapeake

….... My Letter by the Bramble would acquaint you that at the time of her sailing we were all well though nearly frozen to death, it still is so severely cold that I can scarce hold my pen— Three of my most valuable prizes are either lost or retaken by the Enemy— those that have arrived will not be profitable—however I have the satisfaction of knowing that if we have not enriched ourselves we have greatly distressed the Enemy, for since I was left in command of the Chesapeak Squadron we have destroyed & taken upwards of eighty nine of the Enemies Vessels, besides frequently annoying them on shore— I have now been seven months from Halifax or any friendly port, so you may suppose it is hard times with us—& we are likely to continue out for at least three or four months longer, having received six months provision by some transports— The Americans generally expect Peace will immediately result from the negotiations at Gottenburg—I am not so sanguine—indeed I hope we shall never make any peace with Nathan that does not reduce him to his proper insignificance as a maritime power & I observe the American secretary of state in his reply to Lord Castlereagh’s proposals dwells more on "reciprocity"—than "maritime rights"—& to arrange & agree to the extent of these will be very difficult—however Nathan has suffered in his tender place cash & as my friend the great Napoleon seems going to leeward  Brother Jonathan may find himself in a scrape that he will be glad to get out of on any terms—I have no news to send & am sorry our Naval affairs have not been too brilliant on this coast as they might & should have been—but alas! we are all growing old.

Rear Admiral Cockburn is expected here in a short time but I do not expect he will do much.  I fear he is cramped in his orders— remember me affectionately to all at Lostock & its neighbourhood.  I am glad you have all been so gay & hope you will long continue so—

I am ever my dear Mother your truly affectionate and dutiful Son
Robert Barrie


Letter from Samuel B. Patton, James Harris, and James H. Pickens to Andrew Jackson

Fort Strother
Feby 3rd. 1814

Honoured Sir

       Having for some time laboured under conciderable mortifications with respect the the way we were called and treated by our B.G. we are bound by the ties of honor & patriotism to make known to your honor, the true Statement of the facts relative to the whole procedance--In the first place having received orders from B.G. Roberts to appear in Fayetteville on the 17th. December 1813, with the companies then under our command, then & there to be mustered into service to march against the creek indians--to fill up the deficiency of his brigade then in actual service--there arose some doubts with respect to his authority in calling on companies in that way, also having frequently understood that his brigade then in service was bound for six months We therefore called on our companies to go. as many of them as felt a willingness to serve their country came forward and offered themselves as volunteers for a tour of three months--And not feeling willing to return ourselves under his call of the 9th. entered into certain conditions with him for a three months tour unless sooner discharged, there being no muster master present. the said Roberts agreed to the terms and very faithfully promised to march us home again provided General Jackson did not receive us as three months Volunteers not as deficiency of his brigade, and gave in writing with his own signature to it that we should be dischared at the expiration of three months from the day we mustered into service with him--
            We started from Fayetteville on the 19th on these terms having no doubts but that we would be received and serve our tour. on the 22nd, we met Colo Hays and there was mustered properly by him for three months agreeable to our conditions as above. we then thought all was right however in a little time some talk arose whether or not Genl. Jackson would agree with what had been done, whereas Genl. Roberts was ordered to fill up the deficiency of his Brigade and our return was for three months and Volunteers, the General immediately observed that that would make no difference with us as we were bound to no person yet but himself & if the Genl. Jackson was the least coy about it, that he still should not have us and that he would not suffer us to go into the fort, untill he, Roberts, would first go in and complete the condition in writing not withstanding our having been mustered into service legally. However notwithstanding the numerous obstacles, starvation Queries &c that arose, we surmounted every difficulty that arose still willing to defend the enfringed rights of our country and still taught to believe by our Genl. that we were still free untill our conditions was still sanctioned by our Major General; Under these circumstances we came on till within about 3 miles of this place, where we ordered by our General to halt untill further orders he himself left us in the care of his aid Abner Pillow with orders to come no nearer than that distance untill Genl. Jackson did agree to what he had agreed to with us, and to what the muster master also had done, this was on the evening of the 28th. There was several runners came to our camp that evening from the fort with news that the General that is Genl. Jackson would not receive us except for six months--amongst the rest came a certain Mr. May with orders from Genl. Roberts for us not to offer to come in nor to move from that place, till farther orders which we should receive in the morning--This began to stir the poeple to think of going home. some began to fix to start expecting Roberts would give orders for us to return, and that he would go with us agreeable to his promise (Roberts was then in high estimation with us) However at length the B.G. returned accompanied by the Adjutant General, with an address which he delivered in a very cold manner without saying anything else pro or con. the B.G. then observed Gentlemen you have heard the address read now make your choice, whether or not agreeable to the conditions you can go, in the men being roused by the news received before were somewhat irritated. The B.G. nor A.G. never offered to order us to march in at all, but appeared to leave it to the choice of the men. They soon left the place on the 29th hungry & without provision General Roberts followed us that night to our camp accompanied by Colo. Brown with orders he said to march us back, also he said he had a second address from Genl. Jackson, which he would show to captain Harris in the morning, which he failed to do. when asked by Captain Harris, what the amount of the second address was, he answered near like the first only a litter more flattering. he observed when he received the order from Genl. Jackson to follow us, that he sat down to write a refusal to the order as our terms had not properly been complied with, but on second thoughts concluded to come--he never ordered us to march back at all only observed he was ordered so to do. he observed to us when about to start that he had enployed Lieut Davis to go on forward and buy provision to take us home, but on second thoughts he said probably Jackson would say he was assisting us away. The next news was we were reported deserters--the above are facts that can be proved.

                                                                                                  Signed S.B. Patton
                                                                                                             Jas Harris
                                                                                                             Jas B. Pickins

I certify, that the above is a true copy of a report handed Gel Jackson by S.B.Patton, Jas. Harris, & Jas B. Pickins
                                                                                        Joel Parrish Jr
                                                                                        Secratary &c


Plattsburg, Feb. 2

Plattsburg, Feb. 2.

“It is said here, that the British came over to Messena point, on our side of the St. Lawrence, about 20 miles above French Mills, and that they began to fortify the Point, to make a permanent stand there, which, if they could have effected, would have given them the complete command of the passage of the river next spring. Forsythe attacked them with his riflemen, killed several, and drove the rest from the Point over the river and followed them; but after being in Canada a short time, the enemy collected so fast in such form that he was obliged to return. He had none killed.”


Published in the Raleigh Register and North Carolina Gazette-February 18, 1814.


Letter to Eli Hammond from Andrew Jackson

Head Quarters Fort Strother
February 1st. 1814


     In the late trying crisis when our frontier was deserted by the soldiary ordered for its defence--when our public stores & magazines were deserted and a protection obliged to be obtained for them from the friendly cherokees--in short when I was abandoned by all the forces ordered in the field & left with my brave guards & fifty men to keep possession of this post & defend the frontier I had a right to expect you at your post with sixty privates exclusive of officers--Instead of this I could hear of you enjoying domestic ease with your family, the frontier entirely exposed and I left without sufficient force to guard a boat and bury a dead men, without the aid of my officers to carry him to his grave--the sickness of Mrs. Hammonds would have furnished an apology with me for yourself--but your conduct in not sending on your men, & coming yourself, the moment, the moment her safety would permit, is such unmilitary and injustifiable conduct, that will not be overlooked without explination or pardoned & for which your conduct must be inquired into--your expression too that no power existed but the president of the United States, to order you out of the country, is well calculated to sow seeds of sedition & disobedience in your company, unmilitary and highly reprehensible in an officer. On the receipt of this you will forthwith encamp your men at some convenient place within the county of Madison where forage can be obtained for your horses--concentrate your company--& make report to me without delay of its strength and condition, and attend personally at head quarters, Fort Strother for further orders--you will leave Lieut. Maury in command of the company and in case any of your men are absent with or without leave, you will detach Lieut Donelson and cornet Owens to bring them up --You must recollect Sir, you are a commissioned officer in the Service of the United States within the 7th. military district, which is commanded by Majr. Genl. Thos Pinckney, and you are subordinate to his command and of course to mine, as I command all the troops from Tennessee in the Service of the United States--here is where the government expects the frontier to be protected, & where she expects to find her officers and men--You will please acknowledge the receipt of this order by the express that carries it and inform me of the number of men now with you in the field, and on what day you will reach head quarters--I am respectfully yr. mo. ob. servt.

                                                                                                    Andrew Jackson
                                                                                                    Major Genl. commanding the troops in
                                                                                                    the service of the United States
                                                                                                    from the State of Tennessee

Letter from Andrew Jackson to Rachel Jackson

Headquarters Fort Strother
February 1st. 1814

My Love

          I had the pleasure of receiving yours send by Colo. Hays, and handed me by express this morning by Captain Baskerville--together with a flannell & cotton shirt, my sleve buttons and watch seal, for which receive my thanks--I wrote you by express on the 28th and by Mr Foster on the 31rst. ultimo--I have only now to add, that I conjure you not to let any calumnies of they vile miscreants, that thro cowardice, has fled from the eagles of their country, to draw that contempt from themselves, that is kindled and kindling in the breast of every virtuous mind against them--attempt to throw a veil over my reputation disturb your mind--they cannot hurt me--so long as I am concious of doing my duty--so long as I meet with the approbation of a peaceful consience, and the full expression of approbation from my goverment--I smile with contempt upon those reptiles--To calmn you mind, I enclose you a copy of a letter this moment recd. from the Secratary of war, expressive of his full approbation--I shall do my duty and with the a continuation of health and the smiles of heaven, when I move again I shall soon put an end to the creek war, carry into effect the ulterior objects of my government and then return to your arms to live & love together thro life--Genl Coffee will take to you little Lyncoya--I know you will treat him like an orphan--present him to andrew, and kiss the son for me--in haste adieu--

                                                                                                           Andrew Jackson

P.S I note your remark of Mr H.