Maj. Gen. Pinckney,
SIRI feel peculiarly happy in being able to communicate to you the fortunate eventuation of my expedition to the Tallapoosie. I reached the bend near Emucfau (called by the whites the Horse Shoe) about ten o’clock in the forenoon of yesterday, where I found the strength of the neighboring towns collected; expecting our approach, they had gathered in from Oakfuskee, Oakchaga, New Yaucau, Hillibees, the Fish Pond and Eufaulee towns, to the number it is said of 1000. It is difficult to conceive a situation more eligible for defence than they had chose, or one rendered more secure by the skill with which they had erected their breastwork. It was from 5 to 8 feet high and extended across the point in such a direction as that a force approaching it would be exposed to a double fire while they lay in perfect security behind. A cannon planted at one extremity could have raked it to no advantage.
Determining to exterminate them, I detached General Coffee with the mounted men and nearly the whole of the Indian force early on the morning of yesterday to cross the river about two miles below their encampment, and to surround the vend in such a manner, as that none of them should escape by attempting to cross the river. With the infantry I proceeded slowly and in order along the point of land which led to the front of their breast-work; having planted my cannon (one six and one three pounder) on an eminence at the distance of 150 to 200 yards from it, I opened a very brisk fire, playing upon the enemy with the muskets and rifles whenever they shewed themselves beyond it; this was kept up, with short interruptions, for about two hours, when a part of the Indian force, and Captain Russel’s and Lieut. Bean’s companies of Spies, who had accompanied General Coffee, crossed over in canoes to the extremity of the bend and set fire to a few of the buildings which were there situated, they then advanced with great gallantry towards the breat-work, and commenced a spirited fire upon the enemy behind it. Finding that this force, notwithstanding the bravery they displayed, was wholly insufficient to dislodge them, and that General Coffee had entirely secured the opposite bank of the river, I now determined to take their works by storm. The men by whom this was to be effected had been waiting with impatience to receive their order, and hailed it with acclimation.
The spirit which animated them was a sure augury of the success which was to follow. The history of warfare I think furnishes few instances of a more brilliant attack-the regulars led on by their intrepid and skillful commander, Col. Williams, and by the gallant maj. Montgomery, soon gained possession of the work’s in the midst of a most tremendous fire from behind them, and the militia of the venerable General Doherty’s brigade accompanied them in the charge with a vivacity and firmness which would have down honor to regulars. The enemy were completely routed. Five hundred and fifty-seven were left dead on the peninsula, and a great number of them were killed by the horsemen in attempting to cross the river; it is believed that no more than ten had escaped.
The fighting continued with some severity above five hours, but we continued to destroy many of them who had concealed themselves under the banks of the river until we were prevented by the night. This morning we killed 16 which had been concealed. We took 250 prisoners, all women and children except two or three. Our loss is 100 wounded and 26 killed. Maj. M’Intosh [the Coweteu] who joined my army with a part of his tribe, greatly distinguished himself. When I get an hour’s leisure I will send you a more detailed account. According to my original purpose I commenced my return march to Fort Williams to-day, and shall, if I find sufficient supplies there, hasten to the Hickory ground. The power of the Creeks, is I think, forever broken.
I send you a hasty sketch, taken by the eye, of the situation on which the enemy were encamped, and of the manner in which I approached them.
I have the honor to be,With great respect,
Your obedient servant,
Maj. Gen. Pinckney.
Published in the Maryland Gazette-April 21, 1814.