8.04.2014

Admiral Cockburn reports on action at Kinsale, VA

August 4, 1814
REAR ADMIRAL GEORGE COCKBURN, R.N., TO VICE ADMIRAL SIR ALEXANDER F. I. COCHRANE, R.N.
Albion in the Potomac 4th August 1814
Sir,
I have the Honor to acquaint you that having (with the assistance of Captain Brown of the Loire) succeeded in my Endeavors to discover a passage for large Ships through the Kettle Bottom Shoals…The Squadron was dropped down on the 2nd Instant near to the entrance of Yocomoco River, (Virginia) and yesterday morning … landed with the Marines and some Seamen within the aforesaid River.
We here found more resistance from the Enemy than usual he having collected in great Force to oppose us, but the ardor and determination of our gallant little Band carried all before them, and after forcing the Enemy to give way, followed him Ten Miles into the Country, capturing from him a Field Piece, and burnt in our Route several Houses which had been converted into Depots for Militia Arms, Ordnance Stores etc.
Learning afterwards that General Hungerford had rallied his Men and collected in some force at Kinsale we proceeded thither, and though the Position the Enemy had there taken was extremely strong he had only time to give us an ineffectual Volley or two of musketry before our People gained the height, when he again retired with precipitation and we saw no more of him.
We then shipped off without further molestation the Stores found at Kinsale, and having burnt the
Store Houses and other Places and Two old Schooners, and destroyed two Batteries, we embarked again …and returned to the Ships taking with us Five Prize Schooners, a large quantity of Tobacco, Flour etc., a Field Piece, five Prisoners and the Horses of General Taylor and his Son, the former of whom being wounded was unhorsed and only escaped being taken by the Thickness of the Wood and Bushes into which he run.
I have the Honor to enclose a List of our killed and wounded on this day; the Enemy I have no doubt suffered much more.
The penetrating with 500 Men Ten Miles into the Enemy's Country at almost a Run, and the Skirmishing March back again surrounded by Woods in the Face of the whole collected Militia of Virginia under Generals Hungerford and Taylor, added to the gallant manner in which the Heights of Kinsale were carried after such a March…
I have the Honor to be Sir Your very faithful and Most Obedient humble Servt.
G: Cockburn
Rear Admiral

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