8.22.2014

Letter to Adm. Cochrane from Adm. Cockburn re: destruction of flotilla

August 22, 1814
REAR ADMIRAL GEORGE COCKBURN, R.N., TO VICE ADMIRAL SIR ALEXANDER F. I. COCHRANE, R.N.
On board the Resolution Tender off Mount Calvert
Monday Night 22nd August 1814
Sir …..I endeavored to Keep with the Boats and Tenders as nearly as possible abreast of the Army under Major General Ross that I might communicate with him as occasions offered, according to the plan previously arranged, and about midday yesterday I accordingly anchored at the Ferry House opposite Lower Marlborough where I met the General and where the Army halted for some hours. After which he marched for Nottingham and I proceeded on for the same place with the Boats……
On approaching Pig Point (where the Enemy’s Flotilla was said to be) I landed the Marines under Captain Robyns on the left bank of the River, and directed him to march round and attack on the Land Side, the Town Situated on the Point to draw from us the attention of Such Troops as might be there for its defence and the defence of the Flotilla; I then proceeded on with the Boats and as we opened the Reach above Pig Point, I plainly discovered Commodore Barney's broad Pendant in the headmost Vessel (a large Sloop) and the remainder of the Flotilla extending in a long line astern of her.
Our Boats now advanced towards them as rapidly as possible but on nearing them we observed the Sloop bearing Broad Pendant to be on fire, and she very soon afterwards blew up, I now Saw clearly that they were all abandoned and on Fire with Trains to their Magazines, and out of the Seventeen Vessels which composed this formidable and So much Vaunted Flotilla, Sixteen were in quick Succession blown to atoms, and the Seventeenth (in which the Fire had not taken) we captured.
The Commodore's Sloop was a large armed Vessel the others were Gun Boats ….
I found here laying above the Flotilla under its protection Thirteen Merchant Schooners, Some of which not being worth bringing away I caused to be burnt, such as were in good Condition I directed to be moved to Pig Point. Whilst employed taking these Vessels a few shot were fired at us, by some of the Men of the Flotilla from the Bushes on the Shore near us, but Lieut. Scott whom I had landed for that purpose, Soon got hold of them and made them Prisoners.
Some Horsemen likewise showed themselves on the Neighbouring Heights but a Rocket or two dispersed them, and Captain Robyns who had got possession of Pig Point without Resistance now Spreading his Men through the Country the Enemy retreated to a distance and left us in quiet possession of the Town, the Neighbourhood and our Prizes.
…I have the honor to be Sir your very faithful and most obedient humble Servant
(Signed) G. Cockburn Rear Admiral



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