8.10.2014

Letter to John Coffee from Andrew Jackson

Head quarters 7th M District
August 10th. 1814


Dr. Genl

       When I left you I expected, to have the pleasure of detailing to you the result of the mission to the creek nation personally--but the threatening aspect on our southern coasts deprives me of this pleasure and hastens me to mobile, I sail tomorrow--my horses, are in the act of setting out by land--at half past 2 P.M. yesterday, the convention was finally executed, ceding to the U.S. about 20 millions of acres, including all west of the cosee, from the Cherokee line and from the great shoals on the cosee East to Hothlewalee, south crossing the Tallapoosee, and up the fooshatche creek ten miles, thence a direct line to a point on the chattehotchey river, thence East to the line between Georgia and the creek nation, all south & west of this line is ceeded to the U.S. all north & East remains to the creeks--This you will observe secures to the U.S. a free settlement from Georgia to Mobile and cuts off (as soon as settled) all foreign influence from the Indians, and gives to the U.S. perfect security added to this in my oppinion the best unsettled country in america--This place perhaps once of the healthiest in the U.S. The 3rd. regt. enjoys unusual good health--I have no doubt, so soon as congress meets, a law will be passed, directing these lines to be run, the country sectioned & prepared for sale--on which event, I hope you will be appointed surveyor--In effecting this erangement I met with considerable dificulty, owing to a letter written by Genl Pinckney to Colo. Hawkins, containing the terms of peace, and holding out promises to the friendly Indians which my instructions did not embrace, and which letter by the order of Genl. Pinckney had been made publick to the chiefs by Colo. Hawkins before my arrival here--They chiefs took up an idea that I had full powers to carry, (or rather to incorporate these promises in the convention) these promises into full effect, and when I gave them my talk they did believe it was a false talk--however I told them at last the heard the line it must be run--and those who was our friends would sign it--and those who were not might go to the British--that I would furnish them with provisions to take them there and then I would persue and drive them and the British into the sea--I have been seven times interrupted since I sat down to write this letter I have requested Colo. Butler to call by & give you the whole information--I have only time to add to the above The chiefs afterwards got into a good humor, and proposed in open council that I should accept, as a token of national gratitude, three miles square--This I could not accept but they have still urged their wishes, and sent on a request to the President that their wishes should be carried into effect--with my best respects to Polly & your little daughter, Mr Easton & lady--I have to bid you adieu--god only knows when I shall be able to return to Tennessee When I reach mobile you shall hear from me--

                                                                                        Andrew Jackson

P.S. Colo. Hawkins was of great service to me in bringing to a close the convention--he is certainly a man of fine understanding, of great experience                              A--J--

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