9.30.2014

Letter from George Douglas on Battles of North Point and Fort Mc Henry


September 30, 1814

Letter from George Douglas, Baltimore merchant and Private, Baltimore Fencibles, writing to a friend:

“I give you joy, my dear friend; after a tremendous conflict we have got rid of the enemy for the present.  Baltimore has maintained its honor.  It has not only saved itself, but it must tend to save the country by showing Philadelphia, New York and other cities how to contend against the enemy with spirit, bravery and unanimity, all of which have been shown in the memorable days and nights of the 12th, 13th and 14th of September 1814.”

Letter to William Charles Cole Claiborne from Andrew Jackson

Head Quarters, 7th Mily District. Mobile,
Septr. 30th. 1814.

Sir,

         Your several letters by Col.Fortier and the schooner Genl. Pike, have come safely to hand. The encomium bestowed on your Aid de Camp was merited; his genteel exterior and general information, independent of your recommendation, rendered him a welcome visitant at Head Quarters.
         I am much pleased to learn that the Louisianians have become sensible of the importance of the contest in which we find ourselves engaged, to their local interests. As far as the law permits me will I go hand in hand with you, in drawing forth the energies of your member of the Union. I particularly approve the call upon the mounted men of Feliciana. As to the Corps to be raised in New Orleans, I will guarantee the promises made to them by you, and steps will be taken to furnish the necessary supplies.
        Permit me to express my extreme regret and astonishment, that those wretches, the refugees from Barataria and its dependencies, should find an asylum in your city; that they should even be permitted to remain in it, without being strictly scrutinized under your existing vagrant laws. Should not your consultations with the City Council and Parish Jury have already eventuated in some provisions on this head, let me beg you, immediately, to cause them to be arrested and detained, until further advice. Unlesss some precautions of this nature are used, you rest in a fatal security, you will have to lament your country ravaged, and your city reduced to ashed by these incendiaries.
       I am much at a loss with regard to the topography of the west bank of the Mississippi. You will therefore, if you please, procure, and transmit as early as possible, a correct chart of the country including Opelousas, Atakapas, Barataria and the Balize. I am credibly informed that Lafon's Map is very inaccurate in these particular points. Therefore forbid a reference to his authority.
      Until this desireable information is obtained, together with an exact sounding of the shores of Grand Isle, Grand Terre, Cheniere Caminada, La Temple, &c. it is morally impossible for me to form a correct estimate of the force requisite for, or the impropriety of occupying that point. Indeed, under my present impressions, the position would serve as for little more than a bait for the enemy. A vast length of time would be consumed in erecting works, and should the enemy advance before those works should be completed, the troops would have no other means,--than a speedy, disgraceful retreat. Disgraceful, because in occupying the ground they had thrown the gauntlet.
     However, sir, I await, further, more minute details of that particular section of the state, until when I suspend and further comment on your suggestions.
     You were very correct in enforcing the propriety of drawing more extensively from your own resources. The example has been given by the neighboring Territory and our sister states. Unless we stretch our own hands in self defence, in vain do we look for the aid of a stranger.
    The Quarter Mr. Genl. Col. Piatt, has full instructions and ample powers to furnish the articles of supply within his department, under your requisitions, countersigned by Leiut. Col. MacRea; and to him a refer you, to satisfy the demands of your militia and volunteer force. With respect, & By Command of Majr. Genl. Jackson (too unwell to sign)

                                                                           Thos. Gales, Aid de Camp.

9.27.2014

Report of Admiral Cochrane on the Battle of Bladensburg & burning of Washington


September 27, 1814
London Gazette newspaper report:
Admiralty – office Sept. 27 – Captain Wainwright, of the Tonnant, arrived this morning with dispatches from vice-Adm. The Hon. Sir A. Cochrane, of which the following are copies:
Tonnant, in the Patuxent, September 2
Sir, I have the honour to acquaint you, for the information of my Lords Commissioner of the Admiralty, of the proceedings of his Majesty’s Combined Sea and Land Forces since my arrival with the fleet within the Capes of Virginia; and I beg leave to offer my congratulations to their Lordships upon the successful termination of an Expedition, in which the whole of the Enemy’s flotilla, under Commodore Barney, has been captured or destroyed; his army, though greatly superior in number, and strongly posted, with cannon, defeated at Bladensburg – the city of Washington taken, the capital, with all the public buildings, military arsenals, dock yard and the rest of their naval establishments, together with a vast quantity of naval and military stores, a frigate of the largest class ready to launch and a sloop of war afloat, either blown up or reduced to ashes. – Such a series of successes in the centre of an Enemy’s country, surrounded by a numerous population, could not be acquired without loss; …..but, considering the difficulties the forces had to contend with, the extreme heat of the climate and their coming into action at the end of a long march, our casualties are astonishingly few. ….. the Rear Admiral joined me on the 17th, and as I had gained information from Read –adm. Cockburn, whom I found in the Potowmack, that commodore Barney, with the Baltimore flotilla, had taken shelter at the head of the Patuxent, this afforded a pretext for ascending that river to attack him near its source, above Pig Point, while the ultimate destination of the combined force was Washington, should it be found that the attempt might be made with any prospect of success…..I send a sketch of the country upon which the movements of the army and navy are portrayed; …will observe that the best approach to Washington is by Port Tobacco upon the Potowmack, and Benedict upon the Patuxent, from both of which are direct and good roads to that city, and their distances nearly alike………Previously to my entering the Patuxent, I detached Capt. Gordon, of his Majesty’s ship Seahorse, with that ship, and the ships and bombs named…. up the Potowmack, to bombard fort Washington…..with a view of destroying that fort…..
Capt. Sir Peter Parker, in the Menelaus, with some small vessels, was sent up the Chesapeake, above Baltimore, to divert the attention of the Enemy in that quarter; and I proceeded with the remainder of the naval force and the troops up this river and landed the army upon the 19th and 20th at Benedict…… Ross moved toward Nottingham, while our flotilla,…under the command of Rear admiral Cockburn, passed up the river…Calvert County, which secured a safe retreat to the ships, should it be judged necessary. – The army reached Nottingham upon the 21st, and on the following day arrived at Marlborough; the flotilla continued advancing toward the station of Commodore Barney, about three miles above Pig Point, who, although much superior in force to that sent against him, did not wait an attack, but at the appearance of our boats, set fire to his flotilla, and the whole of his vessels, excepting one, were blown up. For the particulars of this well-executed service, I must refer their Lordships to read adm Cockburn’s report No. 1…  I have not yet received any return from the ships employed in the Potowmack, the winds having been unfavorable to their coming down; but by the information I gain from the country people, they have completely succeeded in the capture and destruction of Fort Washington, which has been blown up…..
Alex. Cochrane, vice Admiral and Commander in chief

Report of Admiral Cockburn on the destruction of Commodore Barney's flotilla


September 27, 1814
Resolution tender, off Mount Calvert 22nd August
Sir, I have the honour to inform you, that after parting from you at Benedict on the evening of the 20th inst. I proceeded up the Patuxent with the boats and tenders, the marines of the ships being embarked in them … being directed to follow us up the river, as far as might prove practicable. The boats and tenders I placed in three divisions…..about mid-day yesterday I…anchored …opposite Lower Marlborough, where I met the General (Ross), and where the army halted for some hours, after which he marched for Nottingham, and I proceeded on for the same place with the boats. On our approaching that town a few shots were exchanged between the leading boats and some of the Enemy’s cavalry; but the appearance of our army advancing caused them to retire with precipitation…..
On approaching Pig Point (where the Enemy’s flotilla was said to be), I landed the marines under Capt. Robyns, on the left bank of the river, and directed him to march round and attack , on the land side, the town situated on the point, to draw from us the attention of such troops as might be there for its defence and the defence of the flotilla; I then proceeded on with the boats, and as we opened the reach above Pig Point, I plainly discovered Commodore Barney’s broad pendant in the headmost vessel, a large sloop, and the remainder of the flotilla extending in a long line astern of her. Our boats now advanced towards them as rapidly as possible; but on nearing them, we observed the sloop bearing the broad pendant to be on fire, and she very soon afterwards blew up. I now saw clearly that they were all abandoned, and on fire, with trains to their magazines; and out of the 17 vessels which composed this formidable and so much vaunted flotilla, 16 were in quick succession blown to atoms, and the 17th (in which the fire had not taken) was captured. The commodore’s sloop was a large armed vessel; the others were gun-boats, all having a long gun in the bow and a carronade in the stern; the caliber of the guns and number of the crew of each differed in proportion to the size of the boat, varying from 32 pounders and 60 men, to 18 pounders and 40 men. I found here, lying above the flotilla, under its protection, 13 merchant schooners, some of which not being worth bringing away, I caused to be burnt; such as were in good condition I directed to be moved to Pig Point. While employed in taking these vessels, a few shot were fired at us by some of the men of the flotilla from the bushes on the shore near us; but Lieutenant Scott…. soon got hold of them, and made them prisoners. Some horsemen likewise showed themselves on the neighbouring heights, but a rocket or two dispersed them; and Capt. Robyns who had got possession of Pig Point without resistance, now spreading his men throughout the country, the Enemy retreated to a distance and left us in quiet possession of the town, the neighbourhood, and our prizes. – A large quantity of tobacco having been found in the town at Pig Pint, I have left Capt. Robyns, with the marines, and Capt. Nourse…. to hold the place and ship the tobacco into the prizes ….the major General, who has been good enough to send his aide-De-camp to inform me of his safe arrival with the army under his command at Upper Marlborough. – In congratulating you, Sir, which I do most sincerely on the complete destruction of this flotilla of the Enemy, which has lately occupied so much of our attention….
G. Cockburn, Rear-adm.

Letter to Andrew Jackson from James Monroe

War Department
September 27th. 1814

Sir,

           I have had the honor to receive your letter of August 10th. by Mr. Cassida and subsequent letters of August 23rd. 24th. 25th, and 27th. by mail.
           By these communications which are strongly supported by others form various quarters there is great cause to believe that the Enemy have set on foot an expedition against Louisiana, thro' the mobile in the expectation what while so strong a pressure was made from Canada and in this quarter, whereby the force of  the Country and attention of the Government would be much engrossed, a favorable opportunity would be afforded them to take possession of the lower parts of that State, and of all the Country along the mobile--In this as in all their other disorganizing and visionary projects they will be defeated by the virtue and gallantry of our people. The European Governments reasoning from examples of their own are always led into false conclusions of the consequences to be expected from attacks on our Union, and the distress of our citizens. this War will give them useful lessons in every quarter of the United States where the experiment may be made.
       By your last letters, it seems probable that a Considerable British force had been landed at Pensacola, with the connivance of the Spanish authorities there, and at Havanna--and by other intelligence it may by presumed that a pressure or at least menace will be made, on the Western side of the Mississippi, by Nacogdoches and Natchitoches which latter will probably be by Spanish Troops and for the purpose of menace only.
       You have had at your command all the regular force in the District with the detailed militia in Louisiana, the Mississippi Territory and Tenessee--and you have also had authority to engage on our side the Warriors of the Chocktaw Chickesaw and Creek nations or so many of them as you might think proper to employ having it in view at the same time to secure the affection and neutrality of all the members of those tribes
       It is known that the regular troops are distributed into many posts and that the militia of Louisiana will be less efficient for general purposes from the dread of domestic insurrection so that on the militia of Tennessee your principal reliance must be.
       The President taking all circumstances into consideration had thought proper to order five thousand additional troops from Tennessee to march to your aid as soon as possible by the most direct and convenient routes unless before they set out on their march  they shall receive countermanding Orders from you--He has likewise requested the Governor of Georgia, to hold in readiness subject to your Order twenty five hundred men on the presumption that a cooperating force from that quarter may possibly be necessary.
       I send you a copy of my letter to the Governor of Tennessee to whom you will hasten to communicate your views and wishes--full confidence is entertained in your judgment in the discharge of this discretionary power vested in you.
       Measures are taken for procuring in the neighboring towns and forwarding to your orders blankets and some other presents for the Creeks Chocktaws and other friendly Indians--These will be sent by waggons directed to-------
       Apprehending much difficulty in the prosecution if your Campaign which it may not be in your power to remove without money I have transmitted to Governor Blount One hundred thousand Dollars in Treasury notes to be applied to the necessary expences of the Campaign, in discharging Indian claims and supplying their wants, an object to be attended to at the present time equally from motives of policy and humanity--you will therefore draw on him for the necessary funds--Of these expenditures you will keep a regular account.
     Should it be found more convenient you are authorised to draw on this Department, for such necessary expenditures at sixty or thirty days sight. I have the honor to be Sir your most obt. servt.

                                                                           Jas. Monroe

Report of General Ross on the Battle of Bladensburg & burning of Washington


September 27, 1814
London Gazette Extraordinary
Downing Street Sept 27
Captain Smith arrived this morning with a Dispatch from General Ross, of which the following is a copy-
Tonnant, in the Patuxent, August 30
My Lord, - I have the honour to communicate to your Lordship, that on the night of the 24th inst. After defeating the army of the United States on that day, the troops under my command entered and took possession of the City of Washington.
It was determined between Sir A. Cochrane and myself, to disembark the army at the village of Benedict, on the right bank of the Patuxent, with the intention of cooperating with Rear-adm. Cockburn, in an attack upon a flotilla of the enemy’s gunboats, under the command of Commodore Barney. On the 20th inst. The army commenced its march, having landed the previous day without opposition: on the 21st it reached Nottingham, and on the 22nd moved on to Upper Marlborough, a few miles distant from Pig Point, on the Patuxent where Adm. Cockburn fell in with and defeated the flotilla, taking and destroying the whole. Having advanced to within 16 miles of Washington, and ascertaining the force of the Enemy to be such as might authorize an attempt at carrying his capital, I determined to make it, and accordingly put the troops in movement on the evening of the 23rd. A corps of about 1200 men appeared to oppose us, but retired after firing a few shots. On the 24th, the troops resumed their march, and reached Bladensburg, a village situation on the left bank of the Eastern branch of the Potowmack, about five miles from Washington. On the opposite side of that river the Enemy was discovered strongly posted on very commanding heights, formed in two lines, his advance occupying a fortified house, which, with artillery, covered the bridge over the Eastern branch, across which the British troops had to pass. A broad and straight road leading from the bridge to Washington, ran through the enemy’s position, which was carefully defended by artillery and riflemen. – The disposition for the attack being made, it was commenced with so much impetuosity by the light brigade, consisting of the 85th light infantry and the light infantry companies of the army under the command of Col. Thornton, that the fortified house was shortly carried, the Enemy retiring to the higher grounds.- ……..attacked the Enemy’s left, …with such as effect as to cause him to abandon his guns. His first line giving way, was driven on the second, which, yielding to the irresistible attack of the bayonet, and the well-directed discharge of rockets, got into confusion and fled, leaving the British masters of the field……His artillery, 10 pieces of which fell into our hands, was commanded by Commodore Barney, who was wounded and taken prisoner. …. I determined to march upon Washington, and reached that city at eight o’clock that night. Judging it of consequence to complete the destruction of the public buildings with the least possible delay, so that the army might retire without loss of time, the following buildings were set fire to and consumed – the Capital, including the Senate house and House of Representation, the Arsenal, the Dock-yard, Treasury, war office, President’s Palace, Rope Walk, and in the dock yard a frigate nearly ready to be launched, and a sloop of war were consumed……On the evening of the 29th we reached Benedict, and reembarked the following day. In the performance of the operation I have detailed, it is with the utmost satisfaction I observe to your Lordship , that cheerfulness in undergoing fatigue, and anxiety for the accomplishment of the object, were conspicuous in all ranks. – to Sir A. Cochrane my thanks are due , for his ready compliance with every wish connected with the welfare of the troops and the success of the expedition. – To Rear- adm Cockburn, who suggested the attack upon Washington and who accompanied the army, I confess the greatest obligation for his cordial cooperation and advice……………. As many of the wounded as could be brought off were removed, the others being left with medical care and attendants……The agent for British prisoners of war very fortunately residing at Bladensburg, I have recommended the wounded officers and men to his particular attention, …..The navy yard and arsenal having been set on fire by the enemy before they retired, an immense quantity of stores of every description was destroyed, of which no account could be taken; seven or eight very heavy explosions during the night denoted that there had been large magazines of powder. N.B. The remains of near 20,000 stand of arms were discovered which had been destroyed by the enemy.

9.26.2014

Letter to Andrew Hynes from Andrew Jackson

Head quarters 7th. M. District Mobile
Sept. 26th 1814,
11 oclock P.M.

Dr. Sir

          I have this moment, recd. the news that the capital is Burnt--was it not for the national disgrace I am glad of it--It will unite america, and learn the rulers of our nation, to prepare for defence before it is too late-- and leave canvassing for the executive chair, out of view when our nation is invaded and requires all her ennergy to defend it--It will Teach them, not to count their pence but prepare the means, to save our country--It will learn the heads of departments, to listen to information, transmitted, that ought to put them on there guard and prepare for energettic defence before the enemy reaches the interior, the capital--I have been writing, for instructions for three months--I have long since give information of the intended invasion of the south--the combination--forming and under all these circumstances, ordered to discharge the militia, at a time when every information foretold an intended invasion, an intended excitement of the Indians to Hostility--I hope I have checked the rising hostility of  the indians in this quarter, and if I am only half supported I will put down the war here verry shortly--I shall have I hope at least 2000 indians in the field, against the 10th. proximo--and I hope by that time to see the brave Tennesseens, flocking to the standard of their country determined, to maintain their Liberty or die nobly in the last ditch--The drubbing we have give the english on the 15th. instant at Mobile Point was in true american stile, and had they Troops defended the capital, with the same spirit that the brave Lawrence defended Fort Bowyer, the capital would have been defended--and saved--
        Let it not be said that the Tardiness of the Troops from Tennessee occasioned, the loss of Mobile and Neworleans, send them on by forced marches, and I will let you hear before peace, some small retaliation for our disgrace--In haste adieu--

                                                                                                    Andrew Jackson

Letter to Andrew Jackson from Wigton King

Chickasaw Agency,
Sept. 26th. 1814

Dear General,

              I take the Liberty of addressing you at this eventfull crisis, to give you my opinion of my Chickasaw Neighbors &c. Since the Departure of capt. Dinkins they have concluded to call a council of the head men & Warriors, which is to be this day, for the Purpose of turning out volunteers to Join your Army. I am Doubtfull of the result being favorable at this time. I have for some time past Doubted the Zeal of some of the leading Characters in this Nation, and every day seems to confirm that opinion. You may rely sir, they should be roused from their stupor, and be Compell'd to take a firm & Decided stand, to be either for us or against us. It is my sincere opinion, they are laying back awaiting the result of your Army & the British, and then will take part, with whom they think most likely to be victors--This sir is not the Idle opinion of a day, but has been my opinion for a length of time. George Colbert the great Nero, of this nation, appears to be quite luke warm, and from a conversation I had with him a few days ago, thinks when he was last out against the Creeks, that he was not treated with that attention, he considered himself entitled to, by the officers of the 3d. Infantry &c. Since the death of Genl. Robertson, I have taken the Liberty of writing the Secretary at war, & has given him my opinion freely on this Subject. Dear Sir you may be well assured there are some white men, who have been old residents in this Country, who are Tories in their hearts, and are Positively dangerous men at this time, in this Country, as some of them are men, in whom George Colbert & others of the Principal Chiefs, places the most firm Confidence in any talk they receive from them, but I shall keep a hawks Eye on them all, untill the will of the government is known, in the appointment of an Agent, for which office I am an applicant, & have some hopes, from my recommendations, last spring (to get the Choctaw Agency,) but what I may stand a chance for this. Dear General Permit me to solicit a letter from you, to the secry. at war on this subject. Should I be so fortunate as to get your interest, I should then cease to doubt of Success. I am conscious there is no man, it wil give more real satisfaction to, than yourself, in being serviceable to an Unfortunate man, Particularly when you reflect that your timely Interference has been the means of making a support for myself & small family. Should I be successfull in geting this agency, you may rely sir that the Duties of an Agent, shall be Performed, in the best manner I am capable of, for the Benefit of my Government, the tranquillity of the Indians, my own credit and that of my friends who recommends me. In the Interim should you have any Business to transact or any talk to Deliver to these Chiefs, if you will Confide it to me, it shall be performed with zeal & Alacrity. With due Respect, your Excellencys obedt. Servant, & Brother,

                                                                                                           Wigton King

9.24.2014

Armistead reports on the attack on Fort Mc Henry



LIEUTENANT COLONEL GEORGE ARMISTEAD, U.S.A., TO ACTING SECRETARY OF WAR MONROE
Fort McHenry 24th September 1814

Sir
A severe indisposition, the effect of great fatigue and exposure, has prevented me heretofore from presenting You with an account of the Attack on this Post—
On the night of Saturday the 10th inst. the British Fleet consisting of Ships of the line, heavy Frigates, and Bomb vessels, amounting in the whole to 30 Sail, appeared at the mouth of the River Patapsco, with every indication of an attempt on the City of Baltimore.
My own Force consisted of (list follows)… the total amounting to about one thousand Effective men—
On Monday Morning very early, it was perceived that the Enemy was landing troops on the East side of the Patapsco, distant about ten Miles—
During that day and the ensuing night He had brought Sixteen Ships (including five Bomb Ships) within about two Miles and an half of this Fort— …
On Tuesday Morning about Sun rise, the Enemy commenced the Attack from his five Bomb Vessels, at the distance of about two Miles, when finding that his Shells reached us. He anchored and kept up an incessant and well directed Bombardment—
We immediately opened Our Batteries and Kept up a brisk fire from Our Guns and Mortars, but unfortunately our Shot and Shells all fell considerably Short of him; this was to me a most distressing circumstance as it left Us exposed to a constant and tremendous Shower of Shells without the most remote possibility of our doing him the slightest injury.
It affords me the highest gratification to State, that although We were left thus exposed, and thus inactive, not a Man Shrunk from the conflict— About 2 O’clock P.M. one of the 24 pounders on the South West Bastion under the immediate command of Capt. Nicholson, was dismounted by a Shell, the explosion from which Killed his 2d Lieut. and wounded several of his Men; the bustle necessarily produced in removing the Wounded and remounting the Gun, probably induced the Enemy to suspect that We were in a state of confusion, as He brought in three of his Bomb Ships to what I believed to be good striking distance; I immediately ordered a fire to be opened, which was obeyed with alacrity through the whole Garrison, and in half an hour those intruders again sheltered themselves by withdrawing beyond our reach,
We gave three Cheers and again ceased firing— The Enemy continued throwing Shells with one or
two Slight intermissions, till one O’clock in the Morning of Wednesday, when it was discovered that He had availed himself of the darkness of the Night, and had thrown a considerable force above to our right; they had approached very near to Fort Covington, when they began to throw Rockets, intended I presume to give them an opportunity of examining the Shores, as I have since understood they had detached 1250 picked Men with Scaling ladders for the purpose of Storming this Fort— We once more had an opportunity of opening our Batteries and Kept up a continued blaze for nearly two Hours, which had the effect again to drive them off— In justice to Lieut. Newcomb of the U.S. Navy, who commanded at Fort Covington with a Detachment of Sailors and Lieut. Webster of the Flotilla who commanded the 6 Gun Battery near that Fort, I ought to State that during this time they Kept up an animated and I believe a very destructive fire, to which I am persuaded We are much indebted in repulsing the Enemy—
One of their sunken Barges has since been found with two dead men in it, others have been seen floating in the River. The only means we had of directing Our Guns was by the blaze of their Rockets and the flashes of their Guns, had they ventured to the same situation in the day time, not a Man would have escaped—
The Bombardment continued on the part of the Enemy until Seven O’clock on Wednesday Morning, when it ceased and about Nine they [their] Ships got under weigh and Stood down the River—
During the Bombardment which continued 25 Hours, (with two slight intermissions) from the best calculation I can make, from fifteen to Eighteen hundred Shells were [ thrown] by the Enemy, a few of these fell Short, a large proportion burst over Us, throwing their fragments among us and threatening destruction, many passed over, and about four hundred fell within the Works—two of the Public Buildings are materially injured, the others but slightly— I am happy to inform You (wonderful as it may appear) that our loss amounts only to four Men Killed and twenty four Wounded, the latter will all recover—
Among the Killed I have to lament the loss of Lieut. Clagett and Sergeant Clemm, both of Capt. Nicholson’s Volunteers, two Men whose fate is to be deplored, not only for their personal bravery, but for their high Standing, amiable Demeanor, and spotless integrity in private life—
Lieut. Russel of the Company under Lt. Pennington received early in the attack a severe contusion in the Heel, notwithstanding which He remained at his post during the whole Bombardment—
Was I to name any individuals who signalized themselves, it would be doing injustice to others, suffice it to say, that every Officer and Soldier under my Command did their duty to my entire satisfaction— I have the honor to remain respectfully
Your Ob Sent
G Armistead Lieut. Col U.S.A.

9.23.2014

Letter to Andrew Jackson from William Carroll

Nashville
September 23rd. 1814

Dear Sir,

                   I have Just recovered from an illness that has confined me for the last four weeks--and now hasten to give you an acct. of Genl. Coocks trial-- or rather the meeting of the members of the court to try him--I had urged the Adjt. Genl. from time to time to summon a certain number of Supernumerey members-- this however was neglected, and the dificulty that I had always foresaw, presented itself on the day appointed for the trial--viz--the nonattendance of some of the members--I was confined by sickness and the five members that were present formed themselves into a court--Got the Govr. to appoint a Judge advocate and proceeded with the business--on hearing it I remonstrated against the illegality of the procedure and through Majr. Searcy, obtained an adjournment--to meet the first monday in Decr. next--When all former dificulties, I hope, will be done away--The Govr. has seen the want of supernumery members, and will order them to be summoned--You have never informed me how you were pleased with the charges & specifications--My dear Genl. you need not fear, he shall have Justice. No exertion on my part will be wanting. It would be a disgrace to the state, were we to permit such a wretch to continue in office--Indeed every days experience shews me, that we have more such men in the country than I could have immagined--An Officer of high rank in a neighbouring county has done all he could against the present volunteering. Perhaps he may lay him self liable to an arrest, if so, Ill bring him to Justice. The better to do Justice to Genl Coocke, I have employed Whitesides and engaged to give him a fee of one hundred dollars I would rather pay that sum than he should escape--
              A few of the old volunteers belonging to the infantry, who remained with you during the Creek campaign, have not recd. pay, and as they can only be paid on certificate, and no officer being here authorized to give such certificates will you (that they may get Justice) authorize [so]me person to give such certificates When we left Natchez in 1813 a number of horses,  belonging to the cavalry, were delivered to the quarter master as unfit for service--Is there any way by which the owners can obtain payment--
           Please let me hear from; if you have any likelihood of hard fighting, I must go and see how it comes on--but my late illness and my brothers absence prevent it at this time--No local news In haste yr. friend
                                                                                      Wm. Carroll

9.22.2014

Newspaper report of the attack on Baltimore




September 22, 1814
MARYLAND GAZETTE:
ATTACK ON BALTIMORE
Baltimore Sept. 15
We cannot as yet, describe the various particulars of this tremendous conflict – All we can say with truth (until we have authentic accounts from the proper authorities) is, that on Monday an advanced corps from our garrison, consisting of a part of the 3rd Brigade and two companies of Volunteers attached to the 5th regiment met the enemy shortly after the landing at North Pt. and gave them battle., or retreated as circumstances required, until the enemy’s columns reached within five miles of the city.
On Tuesday morning, the enemy’s fleet arranged in a most formidable half circle before Fort McHenry, to the amount of about 30 sail, which kept up a most furious attack with shot, shells, and rockets, for 21 hours without any intermission.
About one ‘clock yesterday morning, he advanced his bomb and rocket vessels beyond Fort McHenry into the Patapsco, and threw a number of shells and rockets towards the city itself – but he was here met by a most tremendous and well directed fire, not only from the main fortress, but also from the forts Covington and Patapsco, principally manned by our gallant seamen, which obliged the enemy to retire with precipitation; and yesterday morning about nine o’clock their fleet got under way and went down the river.
Our loss in the various engagements has not been so great in number as of several valuable citizens who died or bled in defence of their country. The enemy has suffered a loss, as near as can be ascertained, of about 400 men, among them is their leader, Gen. Ross, who made so distinguished a figure in the attack on Washington.