9.12.2014

Admiral Cochrane prepares to attack Baltimore


September 12, 1814

VICE ADMIRAL SIR ALEXANDER F. I. COCHRANE, R.N., TO MAJOR GENERAL ROBERT ROSS, BRITISH ARMY

Surprise 12 Sept. 1814
My dear General

We have moved up to About four miles from the Fort to wait the Arrival of the Bombs—which will All five in No. be here this Evening. Asia and the Three Frigates are arrived. Their Marines and Seamen Will be Made to Join somewhere above as you shall Appoint— 

The Enemy have been Sinking Ships Across their Harbour All day, and in front of the Fort— They have A Number of Men At Work to the NE—of The Town upon Ground which forms a kind of Irregular Ridge …— I can see that they are forming throwing up breast Works with redoubts at different distances This Ridge terminates North—at the Eastern extremity—but it Appears to Me that the Whole of this … Ridge may be turned as the Backland Shows that it does not extend to any great distance back. It seems to be a Continuation of the Ground upon which the Town is built from which this Circumstance inclines me to think it may be completely Turned—without the necessity taking it in front. 

The Numbers of persons employed I cannot Speak Ascertain of, of Course they have all at Work they Can lay hold of—but I have seen Several divisions of Armed Men— I hope you will be Able to Understand what I now Send.

Their frigate is not burned On Way— I trust you will get her—at daylight we begin.

God Bless You and Success to Bombard the fort Attend You—

Yours Ever Sincerely
Alex* Cochrane
we Shall place the Bombs and begin to Bombard the Fort. You will find them over upon the Eastern Shore as the Enemy have forts upon the Western Side which it is not necessary to encounter
AC

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