9.27.2014

Letter to Andrew Jackson from James Monroe

War Department
September 27th. 1814

Sir,

           I have had the honor to receive your letter of August 10th. by Mr. Cassida and subsequent letters of August 23rd. 24th. 25th, and 27th. by mail.
           By these communications which are strongly supported by others form various quarters there is great cause to believe that the Enemy have set on foot an expedition against Louisiana, thro' the mobile in the expectation what while so strong a pressure was made from Canada and in this quarter, whereby the force of  the Country and attention of the Government would be much engrossed, a favorable opportunity would be afforded them to take possession of the lower parts of that State, and of all the Country along the mobile--In this as in all their other disorganizing and visionary projects they will be defeated by the virtue and gallantry of our people. The European Governments reasoning from examples of their own are always led into false conclusions of the consequences to be expected from attacks on our Union, and the distress of our citizens. this War will give them useful lessons in every quarter of the United States where the experiment may be made.
       By your last letters, it seems probable that a Considerable British force had been landed at Pensacola, with the connivance of the Spanish authorities there, and at Havanna--and by other intelligence it may by presumed that a pressure or at least menace will be made, on the Western side of the Mississippi, by Nacogdoches and Natchitoches which latter will probably be by Spanish Troops and for the purpose of menace only.
       You have had at your command all the regular force in the District with the detailed militia in Louisiana, the Mississippi Territory and Tenessee--and you have also had authority to engage on our side the Warriors of the Chocktaw Chickesaw and Creek nations or so many of them as you might think proper to employ having it in view at the same time to secure the affection and neutrality of all the members of those tribes
       It is known that the regular troops are distributed into many posts and that the militia of Louisiana will be less efficient for general purposes from the dread of domestic insurrection so that on the militia of Tennessee your principal reliance must be.
       The President taking all circumstances into consideration had thought proper to order five thousand additional troops from Tennessee to march to your aid as soon as possible by the most direct and convenient routes unless before they set out on their march  they shall receive countermanding Orders from you--He has likewise requested the Governor of Georgia, to hold in readiness subject to your Order twenty five hundred men on the presumption that a cooperating force from that quarter may possibly be necessary.
       I send you a copy of my letter to the Governor of Tennessee to whom you will hasten to communicate your views and wishes--full confidence is entertained in your judgment in the discharge of this discretionary power vested in you.
       Measures are taken for procuring in the neighboring towns and forwarding to your orders blankets and some other presents for the Creeks Chocktaws and other friendly Indians--These will be sent by waggons directed to-------
       Apprehending much difficulty in the prosecution if your Campaign which it may not be in your power to remove without money I have transmitted to Governor Blount One hundred thousand Dollars in Treasury notes to be applied to the necessary expences of the Campaign, in discharging Indian claims and supplying their wants, an object to be attended to at the present time equally from motives of policy and humanity--you will therefore draw on him for the necessary funds--Of these expenditures you will keep a regular account.
     Should it be found more convenient you are authorised to draw on this Department, for such necessary expenditures at sixty or thirty days sight. I have the honor to be Sir your most obt. servt.

                                                                           Jas. Monroe

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