10.17.2014

Enclosed General Orders to Tennessee Troops contained in Letter to John Williams

                                                        ENCLOSURE I: GENERAL ORDER

Head Quarters 7th. M: District
Adjutant Generals Office.
Town of Mobile.
17th. October 1814.

General Orders,

         At a General court martial, held at Knoxville in the state of Tennessee on the 19th. and continued by adjournment 'till the 29th. September 1814. of which Majr. Francis W. Armstrong of the 24th. regiment Infantry is president was tried Jacob K. Snap Ensign of the 39th. U.S. Infantry charged with "conduct unbecoming an Officer and a Gentlemen" and with "disobedience of Orders." To which charges with the several specifications the prisoner pleaded "not guilty." The Court after an examination of the evidence, on mature deliberation find the prisoner guilty of the charges and specifications, except the first specification of the first charge, which is as follows--viz. "That the said Ensign Jacob. K. Snapp on the 13th. May 1814. at Washington in Rhea County did take Edmund Hunt a drummer in the 39th. Infantry with him to a house in Washington and became drunk or deeply intoxicated, and associated with said Hunt where he was kettling on the drum." The Court sentence Ensign Jacob K. Snapp "To be dismissed the service of the United States: and they consider him unfit ever hereafter to hold any Office of profit or honor under the government of the United States."
        The Majr. General approves the foregoing sentence, and orders that Jacob K Snap be stricken from the rolls of the Army.
        Was also tried John Haygood a private soldier of the 39th. Regiment Infantry charged with "Desertion." to which he pleaded "not guilty." The court on the testimony adduced find the prisoner guilty as charged and sentence him John Haygood of the 39th. regiment of Infantry to suffer Death by shooting--Was also tried Thomas Warren a private in the 3d regiment U:S: Rifflemen charged with "Desertion," to which the prisoner pleaded "not guilty." The court find the prisoner guilty as charged and sentence him to suffer death by shooting--Was also tried Richard Wise a private soldier of the 2nd regt. U:S: artillery charged with "Desertion" to which the prisoner pleaded "not guilty." The court find the prisoner guilty as charged and sentence him to suffer death by shooting--was also tried John D Dawes charged with "Desertion" to which he pleaded "not guilty." The court find the prisoner guilty as charged and sentence him to suffer death by shooting--Was also tried Jacob Settlemier a private of Captain Donoho's company of Artillery charged with "Destertion." to which he plead "not guilty." The court find the prisoner guilty as charged and sentence him to suffer death by shooting--Was also tried Henry McCurdy a private of the 24th. regiment Infantry charged with "Desertion" to which he pleaded "guilty." The court find him Henry McCurdy guilty as charged and sentence him to suffer death by shooting
      The Majr. General approves the foregoing sentences of death passed on John Haygood, Thomas Warren, Richard Wise, John D. Dawes, Jacob Settlemeir, and Henry McCurdy soldiers of the army of the United States and orders that their execution take place at such time as Colo. Williams or the senior officer at Knoxville Tennessee shall direct--
       To put a stop to the disorganizing and abhorrent practice of deserting is the fixed determination of the Majr. General, and to this end he calls on every officer within the district he has the honor to command, to use the most prompt and efficient means to apprehend and bring to condign punishment all such Military offenders. The number of examples already made, added to the above, carries with it this determination and he most sincerely hopes it will prove a salutary warning to the troops under his command, and prevent the recurrence of a crime which every good solder shudders at--The General Court Martial of which Majr. F.W: Armstrong is president, is hereby dissolved. From the recommendation of Majr. Woodruff. Lieut. J F Ross is appointed Regimental Quarter Master to the 3d regiment of Infantry, to take effect on the 1st. Instant--The appointment of Captain H Chotard is announced to the troops as Assistant Adjutant General subject to the approval of the President of the United States; he will report to the Adjutant General tomorrow morning. By Command.

C: Sign                                                                                                     Robert L Butler
W: Word                                                                                                 Adjutant General                      

                                          
                                         ENCLOSURE II: AFTER GENERAL ORDERS

       Thomas Warren, Richard Wise, John D. Dawes, and Jacob Settlemeir Soldiers of the army of the United States;
        You have been severally found guilty of the attrocious crime of deserting from the standard of your country--The honorable court before whom you were arraigned have deservedly passed on you the sentence of death, yet, from considerations made known by said court, they have recommended each of you as fit subjects for mercy--The Majr. General in extending this mercy, deems it of importance to inform you that it is not given because you deserve it--The man who will violate his oath of fidelity to his country cannot ask her for mercy: and to bestow life when legally forfeited, would seem to require a future devotion to her service, which no circumstances should counteract--You are severally pardoned, and severally admonishd. in the most solemn manner to deserve the existance thus granted you, in retrieving your characters by a steady and honorable attention to duty-Each of you will renew the oath of fidelity to your country and her service--You will kneel before her flag staff holding it in your left hand, with your right hand raised, when the oath will be administered. after which ceremony you will return to duty--By Command

                                                                                                        Robert L. Butler
                                                                                                        Adjutant General

 

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