10.10.2014

Letter to John Rhea from Andrew Jackson

Headquarters, 7th M. District, Mobile
Oct. 10th, 1814.


Sir:

        I regret to learn the distruction of our capital and the national disgrace, but whilst I feel regret on the one hand, I rejoice that it will produce uninimity of feeling throughout the united states, and unity of action in the deliberative councils of that nation,  and without counting the cost we will be viewed in the midst of war, that requires the whole energies of the nation, and the means of carrying on this war, to an honorable termination, will be sought better without calculating the expense of the necessary means.
       The folly of an attempt of negotiation I hope is seen & felt by all, that our commissioners have been sent for, has been presumed, and peace will not again be asked for by the American nation. The whole force Britain can bring into the field, we are now contending against. It is daily increasing, hence the necessity of manfully pushing the war. Britain will ask for peace as soon as her present army is crippled, and when she asks, it will be in a different tone than she speaks at present. Then, let the means of carrying the war be sought for, and the expense calculated at the end of the war--
       We have been visitted in this quarter by Sr. Wm. Henry & Col. Nichols. Major Lawrence gave them  such a cavalier reception, that it has become doubtful whether the nobility likes the climate--Sir Wm. has lost his ship, and the Col. an eye--on their first respects to us--and have retired to Pensacola to rest, at which place they prepared the expedition--We will be better prepared to receive them on the next visit, the Fort had been dismounted. I reached Mobile in the morning of the 21st of August, the detachment sailed on that day to take position--on the 25th they effected a landing--and on the 15th of Sept. was attacked.
       I hope Congress will see the necessity of placing the militia in a state, that when called for, they can be relied on--the length of their service ought to be extended at least to one year--and a law passed declaring that any of the militia when once called into service, who leave it without a regular discharge should be apprehended, and transferred to the regular service and compelled to serve during the present war. This will alone put down the spirit of mutiny and desertion that prevade our militia--and let it be recollected that short enlistments is the greatest curse to a nation in a state of war--and such army can never be in a state to opperate. To make therefore the militia the bullwark of the nation you must extend their term of service to one or two years. I am respectfully, Yr. mo. ob. serv.

                                                                                      Andrew Jackson
P.S. I am just recovered from a severe attack of the fever--it was violent tho not long. I will be glad to hear from you.

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