Letter from Andrew Jackson to James Winchester

Head Quarters 7. M. District
31 Jan: 1815

     The express has just reached me with your letters of the 15th. & 22d. Inst.
     I am lament exceedingly the situation of your supplies; & did hope that the precautions which had been used, would have prevented a scarcity at any point That I might not be disappointed, I had dispatched Capt William Lauderdale about the 15th. October with ample powers to purchase, on the failure of the Contractos, & with strict injunctions to push on the supplies with the utmost dispatch to the idfferent points ordered. I received a letter from him on his arrival at Ft. Strother, & have heard nothing of him since. Having had the fullest confidence in his activity & zeal, I am greatly astonished, both at his silence, & his failure to execute the business upon which he was sent. Be pleased to write him, & learn the situation of the supplies & the causes which have so long delayed their arrival.
     While we rejoice in the happy result which has attended our arms & offer up sincere thanksgiving for the remarkable interposition of Heaven on our behalf, it is impossible not to lament that the slow provisions of government, 7 the dilatory movements of its agents should have prevented our success from being complete. Had the arms destined for the use of this army reached it in time, I have very little doubt that the whole force of our invaders might & would have been captured or destroyed
     Whether the enemy will sail direct for Bermuda, or, in a fit of madness, attempt something farther before he leaves our Coast, is not easy to be determined. I am satisfied however that he is too much cripled to meditate any thing serious. Perhaps Nichols & Woodbine may again visit the Apalachala, & endeavour to stir  up the Indians; but I believe their machinations will be counteracted by the representations of Francis & McQueen (should they get back) who were witnesses of the defeat of their army here.
     I cannot bring myself to think the enemy will make any attempt on Ft. Bowyer in returning; yet you will not relax in your former vigilance & exertions I have the honor to be very respectfully Yr. Ob. St.


Letter to Andrew Jackson from William Charles Cole Claiborne

New Orleans 31st January 1815

     Applications being hourly addressed to me by the militia officers of the state, to learn the disposition to be made of the various Detachments, now at this place, and finding, a wish very general on the part of the citizens to return to their respective Homes; I take the liberty to ask, whether in your Judgment the services of the whole or what part of the militia of this state now in the service of the united states can be dispensed with, & at what period? May I also ask whether since the date of your last letter upon the subject, you have heard any thing further, from the British commander respecting the negro slaves? you will excuse me solicitude upon a subject so immediately interesting to many good citizens of teh state, and in whose behalf, in my character as civil Governor I would wish to address a letter to the British commander, & to convey it by three distingushed citizens, if you hsould not already, have effected the restoration of their property I am sir very Respectfully your hble servt

William C. C. Claiborne


Letter to Thomas jefferson re: Jefferson's objection to British vandalism

30 January 1815
Open letter to Thomas Jefferson re: Jefferson's objection to British "vandalism" in burning Washington:
Reverend John Strachan to Thomas Jefferson:
“Sir…you are angry with the British for the destruction of the public buildings at Washington, and attempt, with your accustomed candour to compare that transaction to the devastations committed by the Barbarians in the middle ages. As….you must have known that it was a small retaliation after …those actions of the army of the United States in the Canada…A stranger to the history of the last three years, on reading this part of your letter, would naturally suppose that Great Britain, in the pride of power, had taken advantage of the weak and defenseless situation of the United States to wreak her vengeance upon them. But what would be his astonishment when told that the nation (the United States)…had provoked and first declared the war, and carried it on offensively for two years with a ferocity unexampled, before the British had the means of making effectual resistance. War was declared against Great Britain by the United States of America in June, 1812 – and Washington was taken in August 1814 ….In July, 1812 General Hull invaded the British province of Upper Canada, and took possession of the town of Sandwich. He threatened (by a Proclamation) to exterminate the inhabitants if they made any resistance; he plundered those with whom he had been in habits of intimacy for years before the war – their plate and linen were found in his possession after his surrender to General Brock; he marked out the loyal subjects of the King as objects of peculiar resentment and consigned their property to pillage and conflagration. In autumn, 1812, some houses and barns were burnt by the American forces near Fort Erie….In Aril, 1813, the public buildings at York, the capital of Upper Canada, were burnt by the troops of the United States, contrary to the articles of capitulation. …….The library and all the papers and records …were consumed…The church was robbed and the town library totally pillaged. Commodore Chauncey, who has generally behaved honorably, was so ashamed of this last transaction, that he endeavored to collect the books….and actually sent back two boxes….Much private property was plundered and several houses left in a state of ruin. ..why (are) the public buildings and library at Washington …more sacred…the army of your friend General Wilkinson committed great depredations…systematic pillage…proves, beyond dispute that you had reduced fire and pillage to a regular system…property taken and destroyed (enumerates towns) …On our part, Sir, the war has been carried on in the most forbearing manner. During the two first campaigns, we abstained from any acts of retaliation….not till the horrible destruction of Newark (Canada), attended with so many acts of atrocity, that we burnt the villages….Our captured troops…treated with harshness, often with cruelty… American government brands us as worse than savages, for fighting by the side of Indians, and at first threatened our extermination is we did so, although they employed all the Indians they could….the first scalp taken this war was by the Americans…Kentuckians….burned Indians as a pastime…All this is nothing compared to the recent massacre of the Creeks……….”

Letter from Thomas Langford Butler to Silas Dinsmoor

H Q 7 M D N Orleans Jany 30

     The Majr Genl. commanding has recd your communication of the [27] Inst. and takes a pleasure in acknowledging his obligations to you for the zeal and activity with which you have on this an many other occasions enlisted yourself to collect and bring to the service of the U S the Choctaws. he feels the utmost confidence that these exertions will be continued to repel the attempts which the enemy may make to sew disaffection amongst the Indians, and that they will feel a common interest with him in driving from our shores an enemy who would only use them so long as they might be serviceaable, and ultimately abandon them to the mercy of the goverment which has always had too much cause to punish with rigour the inocent savage who has been swaid to the commission of murder of his friends & thus made the instrument of his own destruction by false professions of friendship on the part of his and our common enemies. Provisions have been forwarded to chefonta, subject to the order of colo Nixon, and the Genl. intends to have arms forwarded to you very soon. I have the honour to be respectfully yr. obedt Servt

By command
T L B aid de camp


From New-Orleans


At length we have received the Mail from New-Orleans, due on Saturday last which has afforded us the highly interesting information contained in the following extracts.
This day we expect a mail which is to announce the triumph justly due to the patriotism of the Louisianans and their brave fellow-citizens from Tennessee and Kentucky; or to confirm the awful apprehensions which we entertain for the ultimate safety of that highly important section of the Union.
Betide it what may, the people of Louisianna, have already shewn a noble which would grace the character of older states in the Union. They have, besides, a commander in whom they place the utmost possible confidence, and whose military character entitles him to all the confidence they can repose in him. If the enemy do succeed, Jackson will sell them the dearest victory they ever purchased against any thing like equal force: if they fail in their attempt, the commander with forces which defeat their object will merit the highest plaudits of a grateful country.


Published in the Maryland Gazette-January 28, 1815.


National Intelligencer-Extra


Washington, Jan. 28, 12 o’clock,
Clarion Office, Nashville,
January 10, 12 A.M.
Extract from a letter to his Excellency, Gov. Blount, from Col. Andrew Hynes, dated Orleans City, Dec. 30.
The British have landed with a large army, and are now within about five miles of the city of New Orleans. We began fighting them on the night of the 23d inst. and have been at it almost ever since, but the principle mischief has been done by cannonading. Gen. Coffee’s division of the army covered themselves with glory, on the night of the 23rd. His loss was considerable, among whom were the brave Colonel Lauderdale and Major Cavenaugh-Cols. Dyer and Gibson were wounded. Whatever may be the issue of the pending conflict, rest only with Heaven. We pray to the Almighty that we may not tarnish the reputation of the troops of Tennessee. A detachment is this moment advancing from our lines on the enemy, and our heavy artillery are firing almost constantly on them.
Day before yesterday the brave col. Henderson and some others were killed by the advance of the enemy’s column on the left wing of our army.
Gen. Jackson, Carroll and Coffee are worth more than their weight in gold to the American government.
Adm. Cochrane is said to be with the army, and perhaps is not more than a miles from us.
This is said to be the army that took the City of Washington.
Gen. Kean is said to be the commander.


Published in the Maryland Gazette-February 2, 1815.


Letter to Andrew Jackson from Silas Dinsmoor

Camp Pearl River near Fords
27th. January 1815
     I wrote you in haste yesterday morning by General Winchester's express. Since which the Sixtown Indians have increased their numbers to seventy two, badly armed, there being only seven Rifles, & twenty three common trading guns, most of them in bad order. Apprehensive of a deficiency in arms, I applied to Genl Winchester when at Mobile for a supply. He declined furnishing, because he had no order to send arms out of the limits of his command; & because he believed the Indians would be ordered to Mobile.
     Col Nixon has advised you by the present express, of the report of the Contractor's Agent declaring his inability to supply the militia & Indians, for more than a few days, with bread stuff & forage. This report, & the want of funds in the Q.M. department, to make purchases, are much to be lamented, as it has defeated all the arrangements of Col. Nixon, with whose zeal for the public interest, you are sufficiently acquainted, to duly appretiate. I am much indebted to the Col. for the means he has taken to keep the Indians embodied & subsisted (til we can receive your orders) by ordering one hundred and bushels of peas, with which I shall make them satisfied while they last. I shall keep the Indians, which may join me, amused at least, & by showing scouts, of those who have arms, on the coast, may have a good effect, to check the marauding parties of the enemy who may attempt foraging. And I hold myself responsible to defeat every attempt made, or to be made, to seduce the Indians from their attachment to the United States, & will not suffer myself to doubt that you will afford the necessary means to enable them to render efficient service. I have the honour to be very respectfully Sir, your obedient servant

Silas Dinsmoor

New Orleans, Jan. 27


On Tuesday we celebrated, in as splendid a manner as possible, our victory and the defeat of the enemy, by the performance of the Catholic religious ceremony of TeDeum, at which General Jackson assisted; and a procession of ladies honoured him with a triumphant arch erected in the square in front of the church, through which he had to pass in his way to the city, where he was received by the city volunteer corps and 18 virgins, representing the 18 states and in passing under the arch he was crowned by two infants representing the goddess of Liberty and Justice. The remainder of the day was spent in hilarity, and in the evening an allumination and public balls took place.
Philad. Gaz.


Published in the Maryland Gazette-March 2, 1815.


Letter from Andrew Jackson to James Brown

Head quarters 7th. M. District
N Orleans January 26th. [27] 1815
half after 10 oclock p.m.

     I have Just time to say to you that the officer of the piquet guard at chefmenteur states from his look out tree, that the last British sail disappeared at half past 11 a.m. to day, and Louisiana is again freed from her enemy, whether they will attempt to rally their shattered forces, and return to the invasion of this country, I cannot say-- I shall not relax in my preparations for defence, but the government must recollect how inadequate the regular force here is to the defence of the country--Genl Coffees brave Volunteers time of service will soon expire, and a reenforcement ought to be up in time to relieve them-- this hint you will please give to the secratary of war-- The arms has at length reached me on yesterday, had they been up on the 7th. I think on the 8th. the whole B. forces would have been captured, I was too weak to risque and bold project-- 3200 effectives met on the line 9500 of the choice of Wellingtons army two thirds of whom (says the last prisoners taken) were destroyed since the landed-- they estimate (says the prisoners) their loss in killed wounded & missing to 6500, and state that Genl Kean is since dead of his wounds-- I enclose you my adress and Genl order to my army, adieu respectfully

Andrew Jackson

Letter to Andrew Jackson from James Jackson

Nashville Jany. 26th. [27] 1815

Dear Genl.
     Last tuesdays mail brought us the glorious news of the defeat of the British on the 8th. Inst. a victory un[e]qualed since the war commenced--
     Mrs. Jackson on wednesday (day before yesterday) with Mrs. Colonel Butler & Mrs. Major Overton in comapny, under special care of Doctor William Butler, took their departure for Orleans & am in hopes they will have a speedy & safe passage. The man who owns the Boat & takes the Ladies down, Mr. Green, is a worthy man, has been very accomodating & no doubt will continue to be so & is worthy of a recommendation to any person who may have freight to send up the River--
     The Ladies were on the point of setting out when the first News of the aproach of British to New Orleans reached us, but, thoWe had ever confidance in the result, Colonel Hays myself & other friends advised them to defer to setting out untill something decissive occured being in our opinon a necessary prudence, the have now gon with the consent & good wishes of all their friends--
     I have not heard from Mr. Sims since my last relative to your Land nor has any thing occured in your business necessary to write about-- I have never seen such general joi here as was created by the defeat of British, the most sanguine expectations were exceeded--
     Tell Washington [Jackson] (when you see him) that I have nothing worth communicating to him at Orleans & that I wish him to aid Mr. Green who takes Mrs. Jackson down, in procureing a freight --all friends well sincerely yours

James Jackson

Letter from Andrew Jackson to Robert Hays

Head quarters 7 M. District
N Orleans January 26, 1815--
Dr. Colo.
     I have this moment recd yours of the 17th. am happy to find the ladies have started at last-- I hope there will be no danger from a return of the enemy--you say you wish I would write often, were you to see the business with which I am surrounded you would I know readily excuse me-- I rejoice to hear of the health of our friends there, and thank my god, we have all escaped here altho I do not enjoy good health at present-- I thank you for your attention to my farm, and beg you to see it now & then Tell Knox to take care of my stock, my colts & lambs particularly--
     I enclose you a paper including my adress and Genl order to the Troops since which, about Eighty prisoners has been taken--who state that the Total Loss of the enemy amounts to six thousand five hundred, and Major Genl Kean has died of his wounds-- It appears that the unerring hand of providence shielded my men from the Powers of Balls, bombs & Rocketts, when every Ball & Bomb from our guns carried with them the mission of death-- Tell your good lady & family god bless them-- & give my respects to all friends--aideu--

Andrew Jackson


Letter to Andrew Jackson from Thomas Hinds

Cavalry Camp N Orleans
January 25th. 1815
     Pursuant to your order of yesterday I proceeded with my comd. composed of onehundred and fifty of the Missisippi Dragoons dismounted and with muskets to Villeries Canal at which place I joined by two hundred Kentuckians under the comd. of Major Wood. together with about fifty of the Louisiana militia. with this force (about four hundred) I marched at Dark down the East Bank of Bayou Bienvenue and after a toilsome march of three hourse came in view of the Enemies redoubt at the distance of 600 yards. the narowness of the pass and the many obstructions occasioned by the Enemy in his retreat having Broken up all the Bridges which he had erected over the many Bayous on the rout necessarily retarded and lengthened my line of march and prevented my formin the Troops in any close order-- at the distance of about four hundred yards our aproach was perceved by the Enemy when he immediately commenced a brisk fire of grapeshot from to small pieces of artilery we had not advanced far when to my mortification I found teh Enemy were posted on the oposite Bank of Bayou Bienvenue (at that place about 60 or 80 yards wide) behind a redoubt which secured him against the fire of our mskerry so that it was impossible to assail with out the assistance of Boats. the fire from his artilery was incessanly kept up an in the mean time one of his Barges was dispatched down the Bayou with information of our aproach or to procure assistance as I suppose-- In this situation finding it impracticable to get at the Enemy I resolved to take a position below him and endevour to cut of his communication with the main army. but here again I was baffled by a Bayou, which intersected Bayou Bienvenue on that side here being exposed to the Enemies Fire without the possibility of returning it with effect. determined to retreat in the same Order I had advanced. and for that purpose sent my adjt. with orders to Major Wood to halt in his position until the Dragoons who were in front should Countermarch--but to my surprise, Adjt. [Samuel] Calvit returned and reported that the Kentuckians had already fled. I am unable to say [what] was the conduct of Major Wood and his officers in this affair or what were their exertions to rally their men but am inclined to think that the very unmilitary conduct of this detatchment was owing principaly to a spirit of insubordination which seemed to prevail among the Kentucky Troops I returned to Camp about three oclock this morning with the loss of one man of the Miss. Dragoons kiled and one wounded having every reason to be pleased with steady good conduct of the officers and men of the Dragoons I have the hnor to be respectfully yr. Obt

Tho Hinds Lt. Col
Com Mis Dragoons

Letter from Andrew Jackson to James Monroe

Head Quarters 7. M. District
New Orleans
25. Jan. 1815
     I advised you on the 20th that the enemy had two nights before, decamped & returned to his fltilla. No circumstances have since transpired to make it certain whether he intends to abandon his orginal purpose altogether or to exert his efforts for its accomplishment at some other point. I am persuaded however that the discomfiture he has met with has left him without the means of prosecuting it for the present with any hopes of success; But having manifested, by bringing with him all the preparations for the immediate establishment of colonial government, not only the facility with which he calculated on attaining his object, but the high value which he set upon it, it is not improbable that though disappointed in his hopes of easy success he may not have finally relinquished his intention.  The interval of his absence ought there fore to be industriously employed in providing the most effectual means against his possible return.  My opinion is that for the effectual defence of this District, should the enemy meditate a renewal of his attempts, not less than 5000 regular troops are necessary; & for permanent defence, that is the only description of troops upon which reliance can be placed. It is true, the militia who were sent hither from the country above, on the late emergency have approved themselves worthy the high confidence we had in them, & shewn indeed, that for such a purpose they are inferior to no troops in the in the world; but it is only for purposes thus temporary that they can be considered as valuable. The short periods of their engagements, not more than their habits of life by which when they have made one excursion or fought one battle, they are so strongly recalled to their familes & home render them a very unequal match, in continued warfare, for men who following arms as a profession, are scarcely entitled to merit for perseverance.
     The secrecy & expedition with which the enemy was enabled to approach us with so powerful a force, is also a proof that that by which his arrival or be subject to delay in its application.
     As composing a part of the force which may be necessary for the defence of this country I would beg leave to recommend 6 companies of Light artillery, & 1000 riflemen as peculiarly suitable; & permit me also to remark that an able engineer is greatly wanted here, & cannot be sent too soon.
     Officers are greatly wanted to complete the 3d. 7th. & 44th Regts which are very deficient.
     The innumerable bayous & outlets from the Lakes which had hitherto been so little known or regarded, gave to the enemy on his late incursion facilities <advantages> of which it will be my duty to deprive him hereafter; & when I shall have succeeded in that, the force which would otherwise be necessary for the defence of this country, will bear considerable diminution.
     I will further take the liberty to suggest that the Block ship, now lying on lake Ponchartrain in an unfinished state ought immediately to be completed; Why she has been thus left I am quite at a loss to conjecture, as she is peculiarly adapted to the defence of the lakes. What makes it the more remarkable is that the covering which has been provided for her has probably cost the government more than it would to have completed her.
     Col Haynes to whom this is entrusted will be enabled from the opportunities he has had, & his accuracy of observation to afford much useful information on the several points to which I have referred as well as on others relative to the situation & the proper defences of this country.


Letter from William Charles Cole Claiborne to Andrew Jackson

New Orleans Jany 22nd. 1815
     Your letter of this date has been received. I have forwarded Instructions to General McCausland "to transmit direct to you, a return of the whole strength of his present command, stating particularly the number of Riflemen, of Artillerists, Infantry and Indians," and to communicate also to you, "the position which the Light pieces now occupy; the advantages and disadvantages of the same, and to represent also in detail, the reasons which induced him to think a removal of two of these pieces to the fortified camp desireable."
     As regards the reinforcement of 250 men, of which you speak, it has not been ordered by me and the following explanation, will I presume, be satisfactory. At the very moment of receiving your Instructions to reinforce the Post at Chef Menteur, I sent Colonel Shaumburn (my aid) to carry the same into execution, & of which I informed you by Letter; But Shaumburg (to whose care the Letter was committed) was specially instructed to say to you, that General Vilere's command from which the reinforcements could alone be taken, were for the most part without arms. On Shaumburg's Return, he represented, "that in a conversation with you upon the subject, you had said to him, "that having found out the Villere's command were unarmed, and that they had four of five hundred Negroes to take care of, you had ordered the Dragoons & some mounted men to Chef Menteur." Hence Shaumburg concluded, and so stated to me, that no further reinforcement was then expected from me. But you desire, that a reinforcemtn of 250 men be now forwarded. I have in fact no Troops to call upon. General Morgan who commands on the opposite shore does not consider himself subject to my orders; Generals Vilere & [Stephen A.] Hopkin's command are immediately at your dispostion, the different Detachemtns of militia coming from the Interior, have in obedience to your orders been instructed by Major General [Philemon] Thomas to report themselves immediately to you, and the several uniform and volunteer Battalions remain under your command. Under these circumstances, I must ask you to pint out the corps from which the reinforcement to Chef Menteur is to be taken. I am Sir, respectfully your hble srvt

William C. C. Claiborne


Letter from John Lambert to Andrew Jackson

Jany. 20th. 1815.

     Mr. Celestin Chiapella the bearer of this, is a Person, whom, previous to the British Force making a movement on the night of the 18th. I had from some particular circumstances thought right to detain for a few days.  I shall send him back tomorrow and I have requested him to deliver, this, the object of which is to acquaint you that to my great surprise, I found on reaching my Head Quarters, that a considerable number of Slaves had assembled there under the idea of embarking with the army. Every pains has been taken to persuade them to remain peaceabley at home, Mr. Celestin has taken with him those that chose to return with him, & the remainder will be given to any proprietors that may claim them & sending a Person who may have influence with them as soon as possible, will be the readiest mode & I will add every facility to their being sent back. I have the Honor to be Sir Your Obedient Servant

John Lambert
M.G.   Commd.


Letter from Andrew Jackson to James Winchester

Head quarters 7th M District
Camp 4 miles below N Orleans
January 19th 1815

Dr. Genl
     From the affair of the 8th. to 12 oclock P M on the 18th I kept up a harrassing fire on the enemy when he precipitately retreated to his flotilla leaving Eighty wounded including two officers, and fourteen peaces of heave artillery, six Eighteen pounders on their carriages compleat-- The enemy on the morning of the 18th retreated from before Fort. St. Phillips after bombarding it for nine days with no other effect than killing one man & wounding seven-- throwing upwards of 1000 shells from a 13 1/2 Inch mortar-- Louisiana is now clear of an enemy, where he may attempt to strike, or whether he is able to strike at all is uncertain-- The Prisoner acknowledge a loss of upwards of 4000, the Flower of their army and all their valuable officers-- Lt. Genl Packingham, and Major Genl Gibbs are both dead-- Major General Kean is badly wounded-- Major Genl Lambart is said to have went crazy, and the British army now commanded by a Colo. Still we must be vigilent and on the alert-- My whole effectives with arms on the 8th instant did no amount to 4000 three thousand on the left bank engaged. My regular force 550 nearly two thirds of whom are not better than raw militia-- But with this force with vigilence I have defeated this Boasted army of Lord Wellingtons-- double my numbers at least--Should this crippled army attemp to vissit you on their passage home you will give a good account of them.  I think they are bound for Bermuda, there to await further orders-- and as soon as there defeat reaches gent-- we will have peace in my oppinion-- respectfully yours in haste,

Andrew Jackson

Letter from Andrew Jackson to James Monroe

Head Quarters 7. M. District
Camp 4 miles below Orleans
19. Jan. 1815

     Last night at 12 Oclk the enemy precipitately decamped & returned to his boats-- leaving behind him, under medical attendance, eighty of his wounded, including two officers-- fourteen pieces of his heavy artillery, & a quantity of shot, having destroyed much of his powder. Such was the situation of the ground which he abandoned, & of that through which he retired-- protected by Canals, redoubts, entrenchments & swamps on his Right, & the river on his Left that I could not, without encountering a risque, which my true policy did not seem to require or to authorise, attempt to annoy him much on his retreat.  We took only eight prisoners.
     Whether it is the purpose of the enemy to abandon the expedition altogether or renew his efforts at some other point, I do not pretend to determine with positiveness. In my own mind however there is but little doubt that his last exertions have been made in this quarter, at any rate for the present season; &by the next, I hope we shall be fully prepared for him. In this belief I am strengthened not only by the prodigious loss he has sustained at the position he has just quitted, but by the failure of his fleet to pass Ft. St. Phillip
     His loss, on this ground, since the debarkation of his troops, as stated by all the last prisoners & deserters, & as confirmed by many additional circumstances, must have exceeded four thousand; & was greater, in the action of the 8th. than was estimated, from the most correct data then in his possession, by the Inspector General, whose report has been forwarded you. I am more & more satisfied in the belief that had the arms destined for the use of this army reached us in time (& they have not reached us yet) the whole British army, in this quarter, would before now, have been captured or destroyed.   We succeeded, however, on that day, in getting from the enemy about 1000 stand, of various descriptions.
     Since the action of the 8th the enemy have been allowed very little respite--my artillery, from both sides of the river being constantly employed, til the night, & indeed until the hour of their retreat, in annoying them. No doubt they thought it quite time to quit a position on which so little rest could be found!
     I am advised by Major Overton who commands at Ft. St. Phillips, in a letter of the 18th, that the enemy having bombarded his Fort for 8 or 9 days from 13 inch mortars without effect, had, on the morning of that day, retired. I have little doubt that he would have been able to have sunk their vessels had they attempted to run by.
     Giving the proper weight to all theses considerations I believe you will not think me too sanguine in the belief that Louisiana is now clear of its enemy. I hope however, I need not assure you that wherever I command, such a believe shall never occasion any relaxation in the measures for resistance: I am but too sensible that the moment when the enemy is opposing us is not the most proper to provide them. I have the honor to be Sir with great respect Yr very Obt St

Andrew Jackson
Major Genl  comdg.

P.S. On the 18th. our prisoners, on shore, were delivered to us--an exchange having been previously agreed to. Those who are on board the fleet will be delivered at Petit Coquille-- after which I shall still have in my hands an excess of several hundred.


20th. Mr. Shields purser in the Navy, has today taken fifty four prisoners, among are 4 officers



Letter from Andrew Jackson to David Holmes

Head Quarters 7. M. District
Camp 4 miles below N. Orleans
18 Jan: 1815

     The repulse which the enemy met with on the 8th has, I believe, proved fatal to their hopes. Their loss on that day, was prodigious--exceeding according to their own accounts as well as to ours, 2600 Amongst their killed were genl Packingham the commander in chief, & Major general Gibbs who died the day after the action. Major general Kean was wounded, but still lives. Their army is, at present, conducted by Major general Lambert, who, if I mistake not, finds himself in a very great perplexity. To advance he cannot--to retreat is shameful. Reduced to this unhappy dilemma, I believe he is disposed to encounter disgrace rather than ruin, & will, as soon as his arrangements for this purpose effected, return to his shipping.  This, at any rate, is the design to which many symptoms seem to point.  Probably, when it is attempted to be put in execution I shall accompany him a short distance.
     If ever there was a occasion on which providence interfered, immediately, in the affairs of men it seems to have been on this.  What but such an interposition could have saved this country? Let us mingle our joys & our thanksgiving together.
     At a moment when my feelings are thus alive I should do violence to them if I did not hasten to offer you my thanks, as well for the good disposition you have manifested, as for the important services you have rendered. With the highest respect I have the honor to be Sir Yr. very Obt Sr.

Andrew Jackson
Major genl comdg. 

Letter from Andrew Jackson to William Charles Cole Claiborne

Head Quarters 7h. M. District
January 18h. 1815

     When you solicited my permission to pass to the right bank of the Mississippi; it was as you expressed & as I understood it, to encourage the troops, & eradicate the seeds of discontent that had taken place.
     I am sorry to find, from your letter of this date, that you have overrated, or not sufficiently exerted, your influence; and that your presence there has failed to produce the effects which were expected and desired.
     As to the Arms, you must be sensible Sir, that the proportion in the hands of the troops on the right is equal to that on the left bank, and that it is the duty of the commander of both stations to make the most of the resources in their power, and not to give way to such desponding Sentiments as are contained in your letter.
     I am however the less surprised at the expression of those sentiments, since I have been informed of the purport of your conversation with General Carrick to day, relative to his command; The stile of which was altogether different from what ought to have been expected from one whose duty so strongly inculcated the recommendation of union, and the suppression of all jealousies relative to rank.
     I must not close my letter without remaking on the wonderful difference which appears between the statement you have made, relative to the force & equipments on the other side of the river, & that made by General Morgan on the 17h. Instant. The General represent the aggregate of men to be 1463: and computes the effective force at 1356. there being 170 without arms. 
     To what am I to ascribe this sudden reduction of force under your own inspection and Government? Can it be possible that you have been so incautious as to use to the Officers of that corps language similar to that you used to General Carrick; and must I ascribe to that cause, in any degree, the unhappy deficiency of which you complain.
     This sir is not a time for complaint, or equivocation. A moment which requires, so imperiously, the strictest performance of duties, must be fooled by another in which an Explanation will be demanded for every failure. If the Chief Magistrate of the State shall be unable to render a satisfactory one, he neither will nor ought to derive any apology, or support from the dignity of his Station. I am respectfully Yr. Obt. Servt.

Andrew Jackson
Majr. General Comd'g


Agreement for Exchange of Prisoners between Edward Livingston and Andrew Jackson

Head Quarters 7th Military District
Jany. 17. 1815

     Provisional articles agreed on between Major Smith authorised by Major Genl Lambert and Edward Livingston aid de camp to Major Genl Jackson authorised by him for that purposed subject to the ratification of the respective commanders of the two armies Between the lines Jany 17. 1815.
     1.It being understood that Admiral Sr. Alexander Cochrane has sent or will immediately send the American prisoners as well of the Army as Navy now on board the british fleet to the mouth of the Rigolets It is agreed that a nominal & descriptive receipt shall be given for the same upon honor and that on the receipt of the said Prisoners a number of british prisoners equal in rank and number to those so sent to the Rigolets together with those confined in the british camp shall be sent to the Mouth of the River & be received by ships appointed for that purpose by the Admiral.
     2. At the same time all the prisoners now in the british Camp shall be sent to the American Lines and receipted for as above not to serve until an Equal number of English prisoners sahll be delivered
     3. Officers of Equal Rank shall be exchanged for Equal Rank & wounded for wounded as far as circumstances will permit

Edw Livingston
H G Smith

I approve and ratify the above arrangement

Andrew Jackson
Major Genl comdg

Letter from Andrew Jackson to William Charles Cole Claiborne

Head Quarters 7h. M. D.
January 17h. 1815

     Complaint has been made to me, by the Soldiery, on the right Bank of the River Mississippi; for the want of rations.
     That they have to go to N. Orleans; and the agent of the contractor has stated; that this arrangement has been entered into by you with the contractor. I have to ask you for an explanation of this thing-- And in the mean time State to you that the rations must be delivered by the contractor at the camp; And this I have ordered.
     To enable the Contractor to do this, if he requires it; the Commanding Officer of the troops on the right bank will have detained a small detachment for this service. But on no account must the Troops be permitted to leave the Camp.
     The Enemy is, from his Manovers is about to make a movement-- And all hands must be at their post. an enterprising, daring Officer, at Chef Menteur, with the reinforcement ordered, would reap brilliant laurels, Genl. Morgan with Col. Declouetts Regt. will beheld in readiness to move at a moments warning to the English Turn, or such other point, as the movement of the enemy, may make necessary. I am respectfully
Andrew Jackson
Majr. Genl. Comdg.


Letter from Capt. John Clavell to Admiral Cockburn re: maintaining embargo of Chesapeake Bay

January 16, 1815
His Majesty’s Ship Orlando at Georges Island in the Potowmac January 16th 1815
…I have a Tender up this River Havannah has one up the Rappahannock and Daundess (who is stationed from Point Lookout to Annapolis) has one up the Patuxent, and you may rely Sir that every exertion shall be used by myself and the Ships under my Orders for the Annoyance and Destruction of the Enemy's Trade in the Rivers within the Capes of the Chesapeake, or [nor] do I believe more than two has escaped Capture, both of which was discovered in the night and given chase to by Pandora and Saracen. The former chased one nearly two hundred miles and could not come up with her.
Saracen will sail in three or four days with the Transports and Prizes for Bermuda when I shall be quite at a loss for small vessels…
Everything goes on well at Tangier— Madagascar has not yet joined. I have had no communication with the Enemy except a Flag of Truce from Captain Gordon of the Constellation requesting that four School Boys taken in the Norfolk Packet may be liberated to which I acceded.
(Signed) John Clavell


Letter from David B. Morgan to Andrew Jackson

Head quarters Drafter Militia
14th. January 1815

     I send for your information a Copy of an Order received from his Excellency Governor Claiborne dated 13th. January 1815. which was handed this Evening by Colo. Shamburgh
     My answer to the Colonel was as follows. That I did not at present consider myself under the Command of Governor, and as a matter of Courtesy I would give him an unofficial copy of the Report of Our Strength--
     For several days I have been informed that it was the intention of his excellency to assume the Command in chief of the Troops under my Orders. I have determined to Recognize no Order except Emanating from you as Commander of the District. I have the Honor to be with Great consideration yr. obt Servt.

David B. Morgan
Brigr Genl Comdg


Letter from James Jackson to Andrew Jackson

Nashville January 13th. 1815
Dear Genl. 
     I redc. by last mail your favour of 30th. ulto. It is with great pleasure I congratulate you & our brave country men under your command on the late success against that inveterate enemy -- The loss of the brave fellow who gloriously fell in the cause of their Country is much lamented, but in War some must fall & generally the most valuable part of an Army. An apprehension prevails here that you will in course of the present contest unnecessarily risk your person & in that event, were you to fall, the safey of N Orleans would be jepordised & I mjust confess those general opinions accord much with my own, however we hope for the best. It is not with us to dictate -- Genl. Coffee's good conduct has shut the mouths of every petty raskal in the Country. Carrol also stands high with his Country. he undoubtedly deserves great credit, for getting to the point of dainger with such expedition--
     It is supposed Genl Cock has been aquit by the Court Martial, all the important witnesses were absent, principally from not expecting he would go into a trial, but there was no exertions made to get them here. Genl Johnson during teh sitting of the Court, become candidate for Governor & It is supposed by some East Tennessee flattery induced him to do so--
     Mrs. Jackson has been in suspense for several Weeks & as far as Nashville on her way to New Orleans, Colonel Butler's and Mjor Overton's ladies in Company. they are well fixed for descending the river. All friends concurring in the opinion that they should not proceed until matters are settled below, have defered proceeding untill information from you will justify their going down--
     Mr. Sims has not had an answer from philadelphia. We have been disapointed in getting aoverseer such as We wished & Mrs. J. prefered leaveing the place in care of John Knox, to any person not known to be suitable in eer respect, I have promised to visit the farm occationally--
     I have agreeable to request continued your Note in Bank & shall attend to Bennett Smith &c I would have written more frequent had there been any thing worth writeing about but as 'tis your wish will write frequently if it is to say nothing more than all is well, please tender my best wishes to Genl. Coffee & Captn. Hutchings & believe me your friend

James Jackson

P.S. Judge White has resigned his seat on the Bench, Judge Samuel Powel appointed to fill his place -- The Answer of Erwin & others has not yet been filed, before Court sits they must put it in

Communicated to the Editors of the Telegraph


Extract of a letter received in this city, from a gentleman of respectability, at New Orleans.
Camp near New Orleans
13th January, 1815.
“The resistance made here is without parallel.-On the 8th inst. about ten minutes before sun-rise, the British army mad a desperate effort to carry our line on the left bank of the river, which terminated in the most complete defeat that any army ever experienced.
“The enemy’s lose, I am certain, in killed and wounded, cannot be less than 1500 men, and ours not more than 20. Their first in command, Lt. Gen. Packenham, is killed, as also their second Maj. Gen. Keane-their third Major General Gibbs, badly wounded, and now the command has devolved on the fourth, Maj. Gen. Lambert.
Their charge on our strong line was probably the most brilliant and daring thing every attempted; but great firmness on our part, behind a well fortified breast work, has cut to pieces the flower of the army; notwithstanding, I see no disposition to retreat. We are going on strengthening our works, and are confident of repelling any further attempts that may be made.”


Published in the Maryland Gazette-February 2, 1815.


Rumors of peace

January 12, 1815
Maryland Gazette and Political Intelligencer reprinted an article from the Office of the Freeman’s Journal:
Philadelphia January 7 – evening; Extract of a letter, Cape May, New Jersey
There is a British ship in the Bay said to be a 74. They sent a flag on shore on Monday last and they report that they had spoke a brig bound to Halifax from England, in a  short passage of 18 days, which told them that Preliminaries of peace had been signed by our commissioners at Ghent. I hope it may prove true – but I have my doubts.


Letter from John Lambert to Andrew Jackson

11th. January 1815.
     I have the Honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter this days date and to inform you that I am Commr. of the Forces acting on the left Bank of the Mississippi.  
     It is no doubt my duty not to allow any correspondence connected with this Force to go through any other hands buy my own, especially when what may be required must have the Sanction of the Commr of the Forces of the U. States army acting on the same territory.
     Vice Admiral Sir A. Cochrane has told me that he had had a correspondence with commodore Patterson, commr  the Naval Forces on this Station on the subject of the exchange of Prisoners but I conceived that this originated from and had reference to those who were taken in the gun boats. I recollect his saying that he considered the terms so explicit and fair that he had no difficulty in embracing them.
     If, I am right, the basis was that there should be a mutual exchange, on each side, as far as equal numbers went, that the residue on either should be given up on Parole, not to serve until regularly exchanged, and that the Wounded whose cases would not admit of removal should remain until sufficiently recovered.
     If, Sir such are your sentiments on the subject, I shall be very happy to concur in the them and as in our situations we find sufficient employment, if you will have the goodness to direct your Adjt. General to make the correspondence relative to it pass through his office, it shall be met with equal attention form that of this Force I have the Honor to be Sir your most obedient Servant

John Lambert
M. General Commd.

Letter from Andrew Jackson to John Lambert

January 11, 1815

     In answer to my request to be furnished with a list of the prisoners taken from this army, I have just recd.  a roster signd. by Mr. Pierre LeBreton Duplessis containing names.
     It has filled me with astonishment, that, that roster contains the names of many persons, who cannot be considered as prisoners of war, while it omits many others who were realy taken in the attack of the 23d. ulto. In setting an exchange of prisoners, the above reasons, added to others, make it absolutely necessary that the correspondence should be carried on, & the arrangement effected, by the Commanders in Chief of the two armies; or by officers specially authorised by them for this purpose.  
     I have the honor to Command the American forces in this quarter; and am willing at any proper moment, to adjust an exchange of Prisoners, with the officer who commands in Chief the British land forces on this Station. If that officer shall feel similarly inclined, he will be good enough to acquaint me with his disposition.
     The reasons will be perceived which make it necessary that in furnishing a list of prisoners to be used in adjusting an exchange, it should express their respective grades, to what corps they belonged, & in what action or on what occasion they were taken.

A Jackson M G comdg


Letter from Andrew Jackson to James Winchester

Head Quarters 7h. M. Dist.
Camp 4 miles below Orleans
10th. Jany 1815 1 Oclock P.M
     I have this moment recd. your letter of the 3d. Inst,
     I am greatly disappointed that the 3d. Regt. is not now far advanced on its way to afford me assistance, believing the Order I sent you was positive to that effect. The enemy having concentrated all his forces in this quarter, & New Orleans being his great Object, it is all important that I should employ all the means in my power to resist his attempt.  
     Such is the understanding and the wish of the Secretary of war. You will there fore order the 3d. Regt. to hasten to join me with all possible dispatch, & when Generals McIntosh & Coulter shall arrive you will without delay order on so many of the forces under their command as you may be able to spare from the immediate defence of Mobile. That being an object of comparitively little importance in the enemeies estimation, it is not to be expected that much of his force will be directed to that point; at any rate for the present.
     Enclosed are 2 letters from General McIntosh & an order to him; which latter you will have forwarded immediately under Cover.
     My Army and that of the Enemy still continue to occupy their former postions, in Cannon Shot of each other. On the morning of the 8h. he made a bold attempt to carry my workds by storm; but was recd. with the utmost firmness by my troops, and repelled with great loss. In dead, wounded, and prisoners, it cannot be estimated at less than 1500.
     Yesterday upwards of 300 of the dead were picked up by my troops, and delivered over to the enemy for burial. We took about 500 prisoners; the greater part of whom were dangerously and many of them mortally wounded. My loss was inconsiderable; being not more than 25 in killed and wounded.

Andrew Jackson
Majr. Genl. Comdg.

"Your post must be defended"

Headquarters 7th Military dist.
10th. Jany 1815
     Immediately upon the receipt of this you will proceed to set fire to and destroy ever house, and remove the fences, in front of your position which may in the Smallest degree interfere with its defence. The materials of the fences will be useful in Comfortably encamping your men. Altho I feel great pain at the destruction of private property, and the infliction of individual injury, yet when the imperious dictates of public duty require the sacrafice I am not allowed to hesitate.
     Your post must be defended -- the safety of the Country and my army in a great measure depends on it. In you I Confide, and from you I expect Corresponding Exertions. In case any Express arrives at your station from Fort St. Philips, I pray your immediate aid in forwarding it to me

Andrew Jackson
Major Genl Comdg


Letter from Andrew Jackson to James Monroe

Camp 4 miles below Orleans
9th Jan: 1815

     During the days of the 6th & 7th. the enemy had been actively employed in making preparations for an attack on my lines.  With infinite labour they had succeeded on the night of the 7th in geting their boats across form the lake to the river, by widening & deepening the canal on which they had effected their disembarkation. It had not been in my power to impede these operations by a general attack. Added to other reasons, the nature of the troops under my command, mostly militia, rendered it to hazardous to attempt extensive offensive movements, in an open country against a numerous & well disciplined army. altho my forces, as to number, had been increased by the arrival of the Kentucky divission my strength had received very little addition, a small portion only of that detachment being provided with arms. Compelled thus to wait the attack of the enemy I took every measure to repell it when it should be made & to defeat the object he had in view. Genl. Morgan with the Orleans contingent -- the Louisiana militia & a strong detachment of the Kentucky troops occupyed an entrenched Camp, on the opposite side of the river protected by strong batteries on the bank erected & superintended by Commodore Patterson.
     In my encampment every thing was ready for action when early on the morning of the 8th the enemy after throwing a heavy shower of bombs & congreve rockets, advanced their columns on my right & left to storm my entrenchments. I cannot speak sufficiently in praise of the firmness & deliberation with which my whole line received their approach: more could not have been expected from veterans inured to war.  For an hour the fire of the small arms was as incessant & severe as can be imagined. The artillery too directed by officers who displayed equal skill & courage did great execution. Yet the columns of the enemy continued to advance with a firmness which reflects upon them the greatest credit. Twice the column which approached me on my left was repulsed by the troops of Genl. Carroll -- those of Genl. Coffee, & a divission of the Kentucky militia, & twice they formed again & renewed the assault. At length however, cut to pieces, they fled in confusion from the field leaving it covered with their dead & wounded. The loss which the enemy sustained on this occassion cannot be estimated at less than 500 in killed wounded & prisoners -- Upwards of three hundred have already been delivered over for burial; & my men are still engaged in picking them up within my lines & carrying them to the point where the enemy are to receive them. This in addition to the dead & wounded whom the enemy have been enabled to carry from the field during & since the action, & to those who have since died of the wounds they received. We have taken about 500 prisoners, upwards of 300 of whom are wounded, & I believe has not amounted to ten killed & as many wounded. The entire destruction of the enemy's army was now inevitable had it not been for an unfortunate occurence which at this moment, took place on the other side of the river.  Simultaneously with his advance upon my lines, he had thrown over in his boats, a considerable force to the other side of the river. Those having landed, were hardy enough to advance against the works of Genl. Morgan; & what is strange & difficult to account for, at the very moment when their entire discomfiture was looked for with a confidence approaching to certainty, the Kentucky reinforcement in whom so much reliance had been placed, ingloriously fled -- drawing after them, by their example, the remainder of the force; & thus, yielding to the enemy, that most fortunate position. The batteries which had rendered me, for many days, the most important ser[vice] tho bravely defended, were of course, now abandoned; not however until the guns had been spiked.
     This unfortunate route had totally changed the aspect of affairs. The enemy now occupied a position from which they might annoy us without hazard, & by means of which they might have been enabled to defeat, in a great measure, the effects of our success on this side of the river.   It became therefore an object of the first consequence to dislodge him as soon as possible. For this object all the means in my power, which I could with any safety use, were immediately put in preparation. Perhaps however it was owing somewhat  to another cause that I succeeded even beyond my expectations. In negotiating the terms of a temporary suspension of hostilities I had required certain propositions to be acceded to as a basis; among which this was one-- that altho' hostilities should  cease on this side the river until 12 Ock of this day yet it was not to be understood that they should cease on the other side; but that no reinforcements should be sent across by either army until the expiration of that hour. His Excellency Majr Genl. Lambert beged time to consider of those propositions until 10 Oclk of to day; & in the meantime recrossed his troops. I need not tell you with how much eagerness I immediately regained possession of the position he had thus hastily quitted.
     The enemy having concerted his forces may again attempt to drive me from my position by storm; whenever he does, I have no doubt my men will act with their usual firmness, & sustain a character now become dear to them. I have the honor to be with great respect yr obt st

Andrew Jackson
Major Genl comdg


Letter from Andrew Jackson to David B. Morgan

Head quarters 7h. M. District
8h. Jany 1815

     This will be handed to you by Mr. Lafitte whom I have sent to you as a man acquainted with the Geography of the Country on your side of the river and will be able to afford you any information you may want with respect to the Canalls and bayous by which the enemy may attempt to penetrate. I have also sent Genl. [Jean Joseph Amable] Humbert, a man in whose bravery I have unbounded Confidence, for the purpose of Carrying the enemy if necessary at the point of the Bayonet. It is my determination he shall be dislodged at all events and I rely upon your determination with the aid I have sent you to accomplish it, they are not more than four hundred strong and our task not a difficult one' we have beat the enemy at all points, with the loss on their side of at least a thousand men---

Andrew Jackson
Major Gen'l Comdg.

Letter from Louis Valentin Foelckel to Andrew Jackson

Camp 3 miles below New Orleans on
west side of the river
Jan. 8th. 1815

     It is an unpleasant task which has devolved upon me to communicate to you the following detail of occurrences at Camp Morgan on the opposite side of the river this morning
     About 5 o'clock A.M. we recd. information, from our troopers employed in observing the motion of the enemy, that an English force was landing at the distance of a mile & a half below our Battery. Col.      of the Kentucky militia was immediately detached to that point for the purpose of disputing their landing, with orders, if the enemy proved too strong, to retire up the Levee without confusion or disorder and to keep up a constant fire until they should regain our own works. In the mean time by order of Genl. Morgan the following disposition was made of the troops that remained at the Breast works---Col. Declouet's Regt. of drafted militia am'g. to 256 men was placed on the extreme right Col. [Jean Baptiste] Deshon's consisting of 130 men on the extreme left & Col. [Zenon] Cavallier's mustering 254 in the centre---After the detachment of Kentucky miliita had regained our works they were stationed on Col DeClouet's right (mustering about 400) in consequence of a manoevre of the enemy intimating an intention to turn that part of our line. In the space of a few mintues after the return of the Kentuckians, the enemy presented another column advancing upon our left---Without delay we commenced a fire from the three pieces of artillery which I had erected a few hours before the British troops had effected their landing---When the last mentioned column had marched up within 60 yds. of the left of our line where our artillery [was] they fell back & inclined to the right---The troops composing that part of our began immediately to recede & it was not within the power of the officers to rally the men who after firing not two rounds retired without charging their pieces in the greatest possible disorder & with the utmost precipitation, leaving the left no other alternative (the enemy having with little or no opposition scaled our breast work on our right) but that of spiking our guns & retiring likewise---
     The force of the enemy did not exceed four hundred men---
     In corroboration of my statement respecting the dismay with which the right were inspired I have on to add that their flight was so opposite to order & regularity that but four hundred remains of one thousand & upwards to be accounted for & our loss in killed and wound could not have exceeded fifty
     I take the liberty Genl. of suggesting to you what has most probably presented itself already---the necessity of ousting the enemy from Camp Morgan for if suffered to remain in their possession cannot fail to annoy Camp Jackson---With much respect I have the honour to be your Obt. Hmble. Servt.

L. V. Foelckel
acting Brig Major

Letter from Major General Jackson to John Lambert

8 Jany. 1815
Camp below Orleans.

     When A. G. saw the oficer sent first by you this Eveg. he was ignorant of the last letter which you had addressed to. I consider the following to be the result of our communications---viz.
     That hostilities cease on this side the Mississipi untill tomorrow at 12. meridian in order that sufficient time may be afforded you to inter the dead & wounded Paroled & taken off---
     That the dead & Wounded will be taken by my troops to the line of demarcation That hostilities are not made to cease on the other side of the River; but that no reinforcements will be sent from either army thither, untill 12 oclock of tomorrow---
     That the utmost strictness be used to prevent on either side the passing of the Line of demarcation which is understood to be the high ridge of grass designated by my A. G., & to prevent difficulties, it is further understood that your toops are not to penetrate into the woods---
      The wounded in the fields shall be sought after & every comfort administered to them untill they be delievered over. I have the Honor &c &c &c

Andrew Jackson
Major General Commanding

P.S. you will have the goodness to send me back a copy of this signed officially, if approved.
a true copy
John Lambert M. G.

Letter from Andrew Jackson to John Lambert

Head Quarters th. M. District
Lines below Orleans
8h. Jany 1815. 3 Oclock

     I have recd. your dispatch of this date. The Army which I have the honor to command have used every exertion to afford relief to the wounded of your Army, even at the constant risque of thier lives, your men, never intermitting their fire during such exertions. The wounded now on the field beyond my lines, if you think proper may be taken beyond a line to be designeated by my Adjt. General, and be paroled; Otherwise they may be taken to my hospitaland treated with every care and attention. The flag sent by Commodore Patterson at my request, has been detained by Admiral; leaveing him uninformed of the fate of his comand that was taken in the Gun boats---The dead on the field beyond the line, above alluded to, you can inter, Those within that line shall be intered by my troops.
     When a return is made of the wounded and prisoners taken on board the Gun boats, and the few men taken on the night of the 23d. it shall be returned by similar one on my part.
     If you should think proper to accede to the above propositions, you will please suggest any arrangement which you may think best for their Accomplishment. I am respectfully & c

                                                                                                                                A Jackson M G Cg

Glorious Intelligence


On the 8th of January, the British army under Gens. Packenham, Keene, Gibbs, and others, attacked Gen. Jackson in his entrenchments, about 4 miles below New-Orleans. The enemy were repulsed after one hour and a half hard fighting.
The commander in chief of the British army was slain, and most of their other Generals wounded and taken prisoners-2600 of the enemy were killed, wounded and taken prisoners.
The above is confirmed by sundry letters received at Washington on yesterday, from New-Orleans, bearing date, the 13th Jan. and also from Gen. Jackson’s official letters to the Secretary of War.


Published in the Maryland Gazette-February 2, 1815.


From David Bannister Morgan to Andrew Jackson

Head Quarters Drafted Militia
7th. Jany 1815

     Commmodore Patterson has been down opposite Villiere's Canal, and is of opinion the enemy will attempt to cross a force this evening for the purpose of attack upon our lines on this side---he states (it as his opinion that) Villere's Canal is cut out ot the river, That the enemy have about 1,000 men on fatigue, and about 1,500 men, which appearted to be ready to march in any dirction order'd that the enemy appear to be engaged in hauling some cannon down apparently to prepare to cross over---with great Respect your obt. servt.

David B. Morgan
Brigr. Genl. comdg Drafted Militia


A Letter from William Charles Cole Claiborne to Andrew Jackson

      I am requested by your aid de Camp Captain Butler to furnish a sufficient Guard to conduct the Brittish prisoners to Natchez.
     I am really at a loss from what Corps to detach this Guard; Over the militia within the Lines of your camp, I have no Command, and those without, are for the most part in want of arms. If you could spare the Felecianna troop of Caalry, or a detachmt. from Col. [Robert] Youngs Regiment, their places might be supplied by a detail from General Villerie's Command, so soon as it can be supply'd with Arms. I had intended to go to day to Chef Menture, but I feel too unwell to undertake the journey
     The last orders I gave to Col. [Georger W.] Morgan, were in conformity to what I understood to be you wishes; He was directed to retire to a position near Lafons house; to push out his videtta & Patroles to wards the Lake, to guard against surprise and to communicate occurences---The last reports from Col. Morgan conveys his regreat for the sickness of his troops, attributable to the brackish waters the men were obliged to drink and their great anxiety to be relieved---Col. Shaumburgh will shew you Letters addressed to me by Genreal [Robert] McCausland, and Col. [Joshua] Baker; the former is at Chifuncte with near 400 men, & as you will observe pretty well armed---If you shall say to me to order this you will observe, is making arrangements for the defence of the Tache; He asks for a supply of Arms, and a similar demand is made from every Quarter of the state---
     I regret, that it is not  in my power to furnish a single stand. Col. Baker wishes that some permanenet arrangement be made---for Supplying him with provisions; Will you be good enought to inform me, how far you will approve of my requiring the Contractors---&the Commissary of purchases to furnish Bakers Command with necessary supplies. The Tache is certainly an exposed point, & I have it from good authority that some of the British officers, whilst at the Pass of Christiana, said that one Expedition aganist Louisiana was to proceed by this point of the Tache & Attackapas---with respect I am Sir Your Most Obt. Servt

William C. C. Claiborne

Letter to Andrew Jackson from Hatch Dent, Committee Chairman

New Orleans
January 6th. 1815


     In conformity with the joint resolution of both Houses of the Legislature of this state, a certified copy of which is hereunto annexed, I am directed by the joint Committee to apply to your Excellency for an order to Colonel De Clouet, commanding him to appear before said committee at the Government House on to morrow at five o'clock, in the afternoon, in order to answer Such questions as may be put to him relative to the cause of the military measures taken & executed against said Legislature on 28th. December last.
     The joint committee flatter themselves that taking into consideration the importance of the Subject, your Excellency will have no objection in issuing & causing to be executed the above mentioned order. I am very respectfully General, your humble Servant.

H. Dent
chairman of the committee

Still Later, Extract of a letter to the Editors of the Baltimore Patriot


Extract of a letter to the Editors of the Baltimore Patriot, dated
Nashville, January 6, 1815.
“GENTLEMAN-You are no doubt in a state of anxiety respecting the fate of New-Orleans-I therefore avail myself of a momentary opportunity to inform you, that only one letter was, by this day’s mail, received from Natches, (none from Orleans) dated the 30th Dec.-stating that nothing had transpired since the action on the night of the 23d December, when the enemy were repulsed and pursued by Jackson one mile. It is inferred they re-embarked, and have not since hazarded a battle.
“General Jackson is prepared to meet them, his troops are good, and the very unexpected facility with which General Carroll moved with his detachment from West Tennessee, has enabled him to join Jackson in time to save Orleans; neither the troops from East Tennessee, or those from Kentucky, whose movements were in the usual tardy state, have yet got down-by the mail of Friday next we expect full information.


Published in the Maryland Gazette-January 26, 1815.


Letter to Andrew Jackson from James Winchester

January 3, 1815


     This morning at 6 oClock I had the honor to receive your communiation from Mr McGurties plantation without date, with great interest I perused it. And am sorry to state that at this moment I am unadvised of the approach of either Major Genl McIntosh or Brigadier Genl Coulter; wearied am I with sending after them expresses to expediate their movements, about ten days ago I dispatched an officer to proceed on until he met one of those Generals and continue with him urgeing expedition. Is it not a damning sin that two armies should be jeopardized by the tardy movements of two others. this army was under armes good part of the night before last; more of less of enemy vessels have been seen from Mobile point allmost every day for more than two weeks past, a South wind and flood tide will bring them up in one night; pass for Bowyear under cover of thick fog or the darkness of the night; or small vessels and barges may enter this bay through the pass Heron far our of reach of the fort. I am taking every possble precausion  to prevent the landing of an enemy near this place without my knowledge and to dispute every inch of land with him.
     If Genl McIntosh or Coulter had arrived I could and would reinforce you as you require and if you had so ordered without the condition I would have obeyed as it would have been my duty to have done but it would have left me poor indeed Major Blue himself has not returned two days ago and had ordered Major Russell with about 500 men by the way of fort Jackson to which place I hasten an express having ordered the whole of Gel Coffees Brigade that are under my command to proceed by forced marches to the Mississippi and report to you; funds are placed in the hands of Mr Harry Cage Asst D. Q M Genl. to preceed this detachment and provide forage on the way, so that no delay may take place.
     I have thrown provisions and ammunition into Fort Bowyer and have drawn of the militia and replaced them with regular troops. Col Lawreence will defend it to the last extremity. still the enemy may pass it with all his force and  I expect will rather than pay the price it will cost him That Mobile is his second object I have no doubt let the invasion of New Orleans eventuate as it may.
     The time of service of Col Pipkins Regiment having expired and men gon home I have deemed it prudent to order down all the surplus force from the rear leaving only snug garrisons in the forts If ever Gen McIntosh arrives wtih his division; that part of your order which depended on that even shall be promptly carried into effect if you will signify to me your intention that I shall do so.
     This is an anxious moment for all here feeling as we do a deep interest in the fate of your army but when we consider the skill talents & vigilence of the hand that guides it and the bravery of the troops which compose it; we repose in full confidence of an honorable and victorous result Col [James] Lauderdale I most sincerely lament his untimely end.
     May he who holds the destinies of worlds in his hands preserve and keep you With unmingled esteem I have the honor to be you Obt Servant

J Winchester BG
Com E sec 7th m Dist

Courtesy of the Andrew Jackson Papers Project

Letter from James Brown to Andrew Jackson

Dear Sir,

      A Rheumatism in my right arm and shoulder is so very painful as to render it difficult to write so as to be at all legible---I am however happy in informing you that your arrival in New Orleeans has in some degree revived our desponding spirits, and we now feel a hope that, uniting the exertions of all well disposed citizens, you will be able to render the important key to the western states impregnable. The whole island is a defile and cannon and batteries are in proper defence---These should be well chosen well supplied and numerous---New Orleans saved, every thing else can be regained even if lost That once in the power of the enemy will be retaken with difficulty if at all---The passes of Chef Menteur and the rigolats and lake Borgne cannot be too strong---We have induced the Secretary of War to send the Gallant General Gaines to assist you in case of accidents (from which may heaven preserve you) to supply your place. The latest papers from Georgia annouce the landing of a large British force at Apalachicola and teh Bermuda accounts state that the Cork fleet has arrived at that place. The times will try mens souls but I feel a hope that we shall be found equal to the emergency. Our frenchmen are brave and if by firm conduct but mild treatment they can receive an impulse in right direction, of which I entertain no doubt, they will prove themselves the gallant defenders of their country---We shall pass a Bill authorizing the President to accept state and Volunteer corps fort he service---I write with such difficulty and pain that I can only subscrible myself Dear Sir Your Obedient servt

James Brown

Letter from Andrew Jackson to James Monroe


     Again I must apprise you that the arms I have been so long expecting, have not arrived. All we hear of them is, that the man who has been entrusted with their transportation, has halted on the way for the purposes of private speculation. Depend upon it, this supinesness, this negligence, this criminality  let me call it, of which we witness so many instances in the agents of government, must finally lead, if it be not corrected, to the defeat of our armies & to the disgrace of those who superintend them. It is impossible that I should not feel the utmost solicitude, & even uneasiness, on the occassion. It is true, we have been enabled, for ten days by indefatigable exertion, to protect the city of Orleans, & to maintain our position before an enemy greatly exceeding us in number, in discipline, & in all the preparations for war; but this is an instance of good fortune not to have been expected, & which furnishes no safe foundation for future hope. Every reliance may be placed on the bravery of my men; but, without arms, it is impossible they can effect much.
     Genl. [John] Adair who acts as adjutant general for the detachment from Kentrucky arrived at my quarters last evening, having left the troops at La forche. Their arrival before this time has been prevented by adverse winds; but not more than one third of them are armed, & those very indifferently. I have none here to put into their hands, & can, therefore, make no very useful disposition of them.
     I have made this statement in the hope that government, knowing the value of this country, & being made acquainted with its situation will provide more effectual means for its defence.
     Permit me again to suggest to you the propriety of turning your attention in time to some proper officer to take command of the army here, when my want of health, which I find to be greatly impaired, shall oblige me to retire from it.
     The enemy still occupy their former position, & are engaged in strengthening it: Our time is spent in similar employment, & in exchanging long shot with them. Having hitherto failed in every attempt to drive us from our position I do not know what may be their future design---whether to redouble their efforts, or to apply them elsewhere. With the limited means in my power I am preparing for either event. I have the honor to be very respectfully Yr. Obt St

                                                                                                                       Andrew Jackson
Major Genl Comdg.