Letter to Andrew Jackson from Thomas Hinds

Cavalry Camp N Orleans
January 25th. 1815
     Pursuant to your order of yesterday I proceeded with my comd. composed of onehundred and fifty of the Missisippi Dragoons dismounted and with muskets to Villeries Canal at which place I joined by two hundred Kentuckians under the comd. of Major Wood. together with about fifty of the Louisiana militia. with this force (about four hundred) I marched at Dark down the East Bank of Bayou Bienvenue and after a toilsome march of three hourse came in view of the Enemies redoubt at the distance of 600 yards. the narowness of the pass and the many obstructions occasioned by the Enemy in his retreat having Broken up all the Bridges which he had erected over the many Bayous on the rout necessarily retarded and lengthened my line of march and prevented my formin the Troops in any close order-- at the distance of about four hundred yards our aproach was perceved by the Enemy when he immediately commenced a brisk fire of grapeshot from to small pieces of artilery we had not advanced far when to my mortification I found teh Enemy were posted on the oposite Bank of Bayou Bienvenue (at that place about 60 or 80 yards wide) behind a redoubt which secured him against the fire of our mskerry so that it was impossible to assail with out the assistance of Boats. the fire from his artilery was incessanly kept up an in the mean time one of his Barges was dispatched down the Bayou with information of our aproach or to procure assistance as I suppose-- In this situation finding it impracticable to get at the Enemy I resolved to take a position below him and endevour to cut of his communication with the main army. but here again I was baffled by a Bayou, which intersected Bayou Bienvenue on that side here being exposed to the Enemies Fire without the possibility of returning it with effect. determined to retreat in the same Order I had advanced. and for that purpose sent my adjt. with orders to Major Wood to halt in his position until the Dragoons who were in front should Countermarch--but to my surprise, Adjt. [Samuel] Calvit returned and reported that the Kentuckians had already fled. I am unable to say [what] was the conduct of Major Wood and his officers in this affair or what were their exertions to rally their men but am inclined to think that the very unmilitary conduct of this detatchment was owing principaly to a spirit of insubordination which seemed to prevail among the Kentucky Troops I returned to Camp about three oclock this morning with the loss of one man of the Miss. Dragoons kiled and one wounded having every reason to be pleased with steady good conduct of the officers and men of the Dragoons I have the hnor to be respectfully yr. Obt

Tho Hinds Lt. Col
Com Mis Dragoons

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