Letter from Andrew Jackson to Ninian Edwards and William Clark

Head quarters D. of the South.
Nashville June 27th 1815

     The Indians, on your frontier still hold a menacing attitude of hostility towards the United States. Peace, tranquility and perfect security must be afforded to your frontier. I am just advised that to secure this without a resort to arms, the President of the United States has appointed commissioners to treat with those Tribes bordering on our north west.
     Confidence is not entertained that peace will result from the friendly course adopted by the President of the United States nor can it be expected untill they are made to smart by our arms, and taught to disregard the talks of bad men, agents of British mercenaries to crush these ruthless Mauraders and give peace and safety to the frontier is the present object of the President of the United States in case the proposals of Peace, now offered should be rejected by these deluded wretches. And for this purpose I am authorised to call for an auxiliary force from the Militia of the States or Territories, composing my Division; as you will see in the extract of a letter from the Department of War of date 12th. Instatn herewith enclosed. I have to request you to keep me well advised of the Disposition of the Indians on your frontier. If it should be hostile advise me immediately, and in the mean-time organise for active service the Militia of your Territory, and hold them ready to march at a moments warning. Please advise me of their strength. I have the honor to be with due respect your obt. servt.

Andrew Jackson
Majr. Genl. Comdg.
D. of the South


Letter to Andrew Jackson from Samuel Carswell

Philada. June 26 1815
in confidence
Dear Sir
    Your favor of the 12th of Sepr. 1814, is received and the contents is duly noted; I am sorry to find that you have not had it in your power to drive out of Louisiana all the adherents to the British Government, as well as those that were in arms against you, for a domestic enemy is much more injurious to the Country than foreign; The vote of thanks of the General Assembly of Louisiana, is received in Pennsylvania with disgust, But it is not expected your officers will accept of it; The reason your letter was not acknowledged before this time, was, that it was out of my power to calculate any point to meet you at. The present is to request your age which will confer a particular favor on Your ob. Hble. Sert

Saml Carswell


Letter to Andrew Jackson from John Strother

Ft. Strother June 23d. 1815

Dear General
     I am still at this place with Colo Wm. Barnett, General Seveir not yet arrived, nor no dispatches from him, nor have we heard from Colo. John Kershaw since he left this place in the strange manner he did-- Colo. Barnettt is not only very unpleasantly situated, but in my opinon, very improperly neglected by his colleagues & I am of opinions he feels it sensably but bears it with silence-- this day he sends an express to Genl. Seveir, on the return of which, he will determine on something conclusive. If Genl. Seveir does not come on with the express, or give such assureances of his being on shortly after, I am of opinon, the boundary lines will not be commenced running this season-- should this be the case it may probably take an army to guard the commissioners in running them hereafter-- indeed from every thing which I am capable of drawing correct conclusions from at this place, I am as much disposed to believe that, the principal opposition tothe running the treaty lines will be experianced from the friendly part of the creeks, who I am told states, that they think the Genl. Government are in much of a hurry to get the lands before they, on their part, have compiled with the terms of the treaty in supplying them with provisions &c. Again, I am told that Colo. Hawkins (the notorious hostile cheif) has given it as his opinon, that unless the commissioners are fully authorised to make full & ample remuneration to the Indians for all the losses they had sustained in the course of the War, that blood would be split in running the lines, but more particularly in sectioning the country-- & that he had reason to beleive, & had no doubt, but that the Indians would claim themselves as protected under the provision of the British treaty--as a proof of this latter opinion, he shewed to Colo. Kershaw, or gave him a copy of a letter from Nichols, the British agent, who stated that, the Indians were determined to clim themselves protected by that treaty & through Hawkins forwarned the United States from Interfereing with the Indian lands--as the grounds of his first opinion relative to remuneration for losses--he furnished Colo. Kershaw witha  letter which Genl. Pinkney had sent him stating the terms on which the Genl. Government would make a peace--recollect, this Letter was dated previous to your treaty with them and had no connection with it. why Colo Hawkins should at this time attempt, at this time in this oblique manner, to make impropre impressions on the minds of teh commissioners, or any of them, I leave to be solved by politicians--mathematical objects is my province here, & to that text I stick.
     I fear that Colo Kershaw has received some improper impressions form their great little man Hawkins Colo Barnett will stick close to the text of the treaty & the law-- & if he is well seconded all will be right, & nothing but coercion on the part of the Indians, that with a very formadable force will stop him.
     Genl. Gaines passed this post on the 18th. 19th. Inst. for deposit &c. he apprehends no dainger of our being interupted in running the lines-- he has promised to order on a proper supply to this post, which would be quite acceptable, as we have had nothing except forrage, since we have been here but such private supplys as I had ordered on from Huntsville on my rout out-- The evil spirits stated by the natives to reside in a deep hole in the ten islands, have surely employed all their mischevious machinations to prevent this post from being supplyed with provisions, and thereby determined to starve out all the great men ordered here by the government--surely the place must be inchated-- at least to me it is among the unlucky spots in this world where I have been doomed to see & experience little else but trouble & heartakes--
     Your orders to the officers commanding at the different posts near the lines designated in the creek treaty to furnish the comissioners with such guards as they may call for was received by Colo. Barnett a few days past-- Adieu and believe me respectfully your Obt. Hble. Servant--

John Strother


Letter from Andrew Jackson to John Reid

Nashville 13th. of June 1815

Dr. Sir,
    I had the pleasure this moment of receiving your note of yesterday and regret exceedingly your Indisposition, the complaint you are affected with is one of the most disagreable, altho not dangerous-- I am sorry I have not a register to send you-- you will find it correctly published in the national inteligencer-- I have just been gratified with a few lines from our friend Duncan-- he asks where are you, that he has not heard of, or from you-- his reply to the Legislature is not finished, he is waiting for the explosion of two of the senators-- who are about to explode and let the treason out-- he says to me he will bust the whole-- I have had a laborious siege of it, and wanted your aid verry much-- the various communications to be made has kept us verry busy-- but we are now closing for the present mail--
     I will expect to see you either here or at my house as soon as your health will permit-- with respects to your lady & best wishes for your speedy recovery adieu

Andrew Jackson