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Glass history
spring and autumn

During the Western Zhou Dynasty more than 3100 years ago, our ancestors began to master the technology of glass manufacturing. In the early Western Zhou Dynasty tombs in Luogou, Luoyang, Henan Province, and Baoji Rujiazhuang, Shaanxi Province, a large number of glass tubes and glass beads were found. The earliest glass appeared in the late spring and autumn. For example, the more King Goujian sword, its sword on both sides are actually inlaid with light blue glass containing more small bubbles.

Han Dynasty

The glass of the Han Dynasty inherited the tradition of lead and barium glass in the Warring States Period and was more like jade. According to the shape of the device, the purpose is divided into glass containers, funeral glassware and glass decorations. There are more glassware imported from Roman Persia. More than 2,000 years ago, when Zhao Feiyan, who is said to be able to do handheld dance, lived in the "Zhaoyang Temple", "the windows are mostly green glass, and they are all illuminated. The hair must not be hidden." It shows that the transparent doors and windows at that time can already shine their eyebrows. It can be seen that the so-called "clear Windows" bedroom is not the beginning of modern times;

Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties

In the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, although the society was turbulent, the upper class's wealth and luxury style still led to the development of lead-barium glass, and the importation of Roman and Sassanid vessels increased. By the Northern Wei Dynasty, China had adopted glass blowing technology. The number of domestic glassware in this period is relatively small compared to imported Roman glass and Sassanid glass;

Sui Tang

During the Sui and Tang dynasties, there was a major development in glass manufacturing. In particular, the national unity of the Tang Dynasty, social stability, political, economic, and cultural prosperity provided conditions for the development of handicrafts. The glass composition of the Sui and Tang dynasties mainly used two different formulations of high-lead glass and sodium calcium glass. In particular, sodium calcium glass increased significantly during this period, which was inseparable from the economic and cultural exchanges between the East and the West at that time. In the Tang Dynasty, Buddhism's relics buried system was the use of glass bottles as the innermost layer of relics, which also promoted the development of the Chinese glass industry.

Song Dynasty

From the time of the Northern Song Dynasty, the glass process level has made great progress. 33 relics glass bottles unearthed in Beisongpeiji in Dingxian County, Hebei Province, with walls such as thin paper and crystal crystal; The polished glass unearthed in Tianchang, Anhui Province, and the hundreds of chicken egg-shaped glass bottles unearthed in Mixian County, Henan Province are proof of the Advancement of glass manufacturing technology in the Northern Song Dynasty and the development of glass blowing.

Yuan Dynasty

During the Yuan and Ming dynasties, glass was not valued. Even if there was still production, the technology did not improve much. In the Ming Dynasty, the number of Western glassware imported into our country dropped significantly. At this time, Islamic glass was going downhill(instead of Islamic glass, Venetian glass). This situation did not change until the early Qing Dynasty;

Qing Dynasty
In the Qing Dynasty, the court glass field was established since the reign of Emperor Kangxi. Many European glass craftsmen were hired to guide the royal family. They specialized in the manufacture of various advanced art glass and have been able to produce transparent glass and monochrome opaque glass of more than 15 colors. These measures not only promote the development of China's glass manufacturing industry, but also reflect the exchange of Chinese and foreign science and culture. In the Qing Dynasty, silk glass, coated carved glass, and snuff bottles were all treasures of the world's glass art. Among them, "package" decorative art is the innovation of the Qing Dynasty, the form and decoration has a variety of styles, and its style is more refined and beautiful.
modern times
China's modern glass industry is an important part of the national industry. It was born out of hand workshops, and the first batch of factories was born in the Westernization Movement. After the New Deal in the late Qing Dynasty, it entered a climax of development. After the Revolution of 1911, with the growth of the bourgeoisie, the National glass industry has been twists and turns in the game with bureaucratic capital and various powers, and the number of enterprises has continued to increase.
Centennial Storm Glass Factory Origin

In January of the 27th year of Guangxu, the Empress Dowager Cixi, who had fled to Xi'an, had to "take the length of foreign countries" and "go to China for a short time" and was determined to change the status quo of poverty and weakness. In April, the Qing government established the Office of Supervision and Administration to preside over the reform agency and announced the implementation of the "New Deal."
However, after the signing of the Treaty of Simplicity, the Chinese door was virtually empty, and foreign goods poured into China like huge waves. Not only that, foreign businessmen also set up factories in China, depriving them of resources and squeezing the working people. The Qing government suffered from internal and external problems and serious financial crisis. To this end, the Qing government repeatedly issued the captain, and the ministers inside and outside Beijing were advised to change politics and see what they saw. In September, the Qing government lowered the establishment of the Ministry of Commerce, placing the Ministry of Commerce in the central administrative system second only to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and ranking it before other ministries, and appointing Zhen Zhen as the book.
After the establishment of the Ministry of Commerce, relevant policies were successively issued to encourage private capitalists to start enterprises. They wanted to use private capital to promote economic development and raise taxes. Boshan Glass Company was established in this context.
In October of the 28th year of Guangxu, he went to Europe, America, and Japan to inspect the return of business to the country. He proposed to the Qing court the establishment of a business department. In April of the second year, the Qing court ordered the establishment of business laws. In June, Zhangzhenxun, an overseas Chinese capitalist, played on: the Treasury funds were in deficit and the financial resources were poor. He could gather huge sums of money and undertake all the undertakings, but he depended on business. He also proposed that "agriculture, industry, roads, and mines must be merged into the Ministry of Commerce. Otherwise, the power of the matter is different, and it is not the benefit of commercial warfare." In September, the Qing government lowered the establishment of the Ministry of Commerce, placing the Ministry of Commerce in the central administrative system second only to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and ranking it before other ministries, and appointing Zhen Zhen as the book.


Famous reputation

Boshan Glass Co., Ltd. mainly produces flat glass and is made of "blowing bubble chip method". The technology it used was a relatively advanced technology in the world at that time.
The article "An Overview of the Glass Industry in Boshan, Shandong Province" details the production of Boshan glass work: "The factory has a furnace, an oven, and a spread furnace. The firepower used by each furnace is issued by a tunnel(the tunnel is opened in the center of the factory, but it is formed from the hole), and the furnaces are connected on all four sides to supply firepower. There is a live gate to close it where there is no need for firepower. There is an engine to power the raw materials to make fine powder, so that easy to enter the furnace. There is a furnace made of stone and glass, which is very different from the ones used in the county. The cover is mostly made of cans. He used more generations to refine the glass liquid. The raw material enters one end, and the cooked material flows to the other end. The worker takes it out here and makes glass. "
The governor, Hutinggan, took office only three months after he presided over the opening ceremony of the company. His successor, Yangshixiang, sent an observation to Tangzhitian at the end of the year. After returning to Jinan, he reported: "The company's machinery and equipment are all the latest products in Germany, and the German technicians hired are also extremely fine. Moreover, the ore produced by Boshan was sent to Berlin for testing, which is the most ideal raw material. In the future, it will be profitable. However, more than 300,000 funds are urgently needed. At present, its self-financing is less than half. "Yushiyangshixiang added 50,000 more official shares.
After more than a year of construction, Boshan Glass Company was basically completed and was scheduled to be put into production in October of the 32nd year of Guangxu. At this time, boshan glass company is already famous, near and far merchants have come to negotiate and order, the company has a bright future.


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